|Publication number||US51368 A|
|Publication date||Dec 5, 1865|
|Publication number||US 51368 A, US 51368A, US-A-51368, US51368 A, US51368A|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (7), Classifications (1)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
No. 51,368. Patented Dec. 5, 186,5.
. e e p N j Q v"5s 'N Wnes'ses: lnventon fmtuad r K Jpm mm UNITED STATES PATENT v OFFICE.
RICHARD VOSE, OF NEW YORK, N. Y.
IMPROVEMENT IN CAR-SPRINGS.
ASpecification forming part of Letters Patent No. 51,368, dated December 5, 1865; antedated November 20, 1865.
To all whom it may concern:
Be it known that I, RICHARD Voss, of the city, county, and State of New York, have invented a new and Improved Combination Rubber and Steel Spiral Spring for Railroad-Cars and other Vehicles; and I do hereby declare that the following is a full, clear, and exact description thereof, reference being had to the accompanying drawings, in which- Figure 1 represents, by an elevation partly in section, my improved springs as arranged in a group and properly capped. Fig. 2 presentsa similar view of my springs, showing a modification of form in the india-rubber center differing from that illustrated in Fig. l. Fig. 3 is a section, and Fig. 4 an elevation, of a single spring capped and arranged to be used alone, Figs. 5 and 6 being plans of' the same with the cover off and on. Fig. 7 is a top view ol' the incased springs illustrated by Figs. 1 and 2, illustrating the form of the casing; and Fig. 8 is a top View of these springs with the upper cap removed, so as to show more clearly the mode of combining them in groups.
Similar letters of reference indicate like parts in all of the figures.
The nature of my invention consists in so combining a rubber center or core within an encircling metallic spiral spring as that the rubber shall adhere and be rmly united to the coils of the metallic spring' 5 and it relates also to one mode of obtaining this result by curing the rubber while in contact with the metallic spring.
In all forms of combination-springs having a rubber core or center surrounded by a metallic spiral coil heretofore made use of, the indiarubber and metal have been left entirely distinct from each other, the two parts of the compound spring being each made separately and then placed in juxtaposition, the finished indiarubberl column being inserted within the lperfected spiral spring. In the compound springs thus made the action of the india-rubber and of the metallic coil, although mutually auxiliary, is in each case independent, the elastic movements of the rubber being distinct and by no means coincident with those of the metallic spring.
Now, I have found by experiment that the power and efficiency of such a combination will be very materially increased by uniting and tinct peculiarities of the two elements or substances which compose it.
In manufacturing my improved springs I tirst form the metallic coil A of iron or steel, in the usual manner, but of a temper several degrees higher than is required in the finished spring, and which is regulated by the conditions of the after-process for curing the rubber in combination therewith. Within the metallic coil thus formed and tempered I insert acolumn of raw india-rubber, B,orits equivalentin guttapercha which has been properly sulphurized according to any of the well-known formulas, (I prefer Goodyears,) and which is spirally grooved and left of such a diameter as that it will touch the inner surface of the coil along its whole length, as seen in the section shown in Figs. 1 and 2 of the drawings, and then submit the whole to the action of heat until the india-rubber gum has become thorougly baked and vulcanized. By this process the india-rubber, being cured while in contact with the metallic coil, will become firmly cemented thereto.
The temper of the metallic spring, made purposely high in its manufacture, will, if properly graduated, be reduced by the heat required to vulcanize the rubber to that degree best adapted for eciency in use.
Instead of cementin g the rubber and steel together by curing the one in contact with the other, they may be united by some suitable and adhesive cement, and the change in the temper of the metal after the spiral coil has been formed be thus avoided but I prefer the mode first described of forming the spring as being productive of the best results.
The rubber center should be molded with al spiral groove upon its exterior surface, which should have the same pitch as the coils of the metallic spring, as illustrated in the sectional views thereof seen inl Figs. 1 and 3 ofthe drawings, and be so placed Within the metallic spring as that the grooves in the rubber shall coincide with the intervals between the metallic coils, as seen in the drawings. Otherwisethe/ indiarubber, when compressed, would be forced out between the coils and perhaps check their play.
As it is desirable that there should be some packing, however, between the metallic coils, to prevent the contact of steel against steel, a projecting iin, s, Fig. 2, may be left projecting centrally from in and along the spiral groove of the india-rubber center, so as to extend out partially between the metallic coils, as seen in Fig. 2; or else the spiral groove in the rubber may be formed large enough to receive the metallic coil without embracing it closely, leaving the thread separating and defining the groove in the rubber to project slightly between the coils.
In its operation my compound spring thus constructed is found extremely effective, and the combined action of the steel and rubber thus intimately united will be found to yield most perfect resilient power.
Although the central core or column of rubber may be used solid, I prefer to have a eentral aperture pierced longitudinally through the same.
And now, having thus fully described my invention, what I claim therein as new, and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is
1. yThe combination of an india-rubber column with the interior of aspiral spring of metal, when the rubber and metal are cemented together along the entire length of the metal- RIcHD. vosEy In presence ot'- A. L. BUTLER, WILLM. TosHAcK.
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