Search Images Maps Play YouTube News Gmail Drive More »
Sign in
Screen reader users: click this link for accessible mode. Accessible mode has the same essential features but works better with your reader.

Patents

  1. Advanced Patent Search
Publication numberUS5163266 A
Publication typeGrant
Application numberUS 07/733,616
Publication dateNov 17, 1992
Filing dateJul 22, 1991
Priority dateJul 22, 1991
Fee statusLapsed
Publication number07733616, 733616, US 5163266 A, US 5163266A, US-A-5163266, US5163266 A, US5163266A
InventorsKenneth J. Herzog
Original AssigneeHerzog Kenneth J
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Air clutch capper spindle
US 5163266 A
Abstract
An improved cap disc air clutch mechanism is provided, in which a pair of improved cap disc air clutch mechanisms will sense the torque between a cap and neck of a container and will allow cap tightening discs thereon to stop once the desired torque is reached and at the same time, allow the respective spindle shafts to continue to rotate. The improved cap disc air clutch mechanisms are adjustable to different torques by varying air pressure thereto, since the torque required for caps and containers varies considerably.
Images(1)
Previous page
Next page
Claims(3)
What is claimed is:
1. An improved cap disc air clutch mechanism driven by a spindle shaft carried on a spindle block in a capper machine, so that with another spaced apart improved cap disc air clutch mechanism simultaneously spinning in an opposite direction, will engage a cap for tightening the cap onto a neck of a container, each said improved cap disc air clutch mechanism comprises:
a) a clutch hub keyed onto the spindle shaft which prevents movement circumferentially between said clutch hub and the spindle shaft;
b) a clutch spool attached to the bottom of the spindle shaft, while at the same time rotatable about said clutch hub;
c) a cap tightening disc disposed within said clutch spool for engaging the cap;
d) a plurality of torque pins disposed about and into the top of said clutch spool;
e) a plate mounted concentrically on said clutch hub bearing on said clutch spool and in engagement with said torque pins;
f) a friction plate assembly mounted concentrically on said clutch hub engaging said plate and in engagement with said torque pins;
g) a bearing assembly mounted on a top portion of said clutch hub for rotation therewith and adjustably engageable with a top of said friction plate assembly;
h) means for applying pressure onto said bearing assembly, so that said friction plate assembly can provide torque to said torque pins and into said clutch spool; and
i) means for applying air pressure to the first said means to vary pressure on said bearing assembly, to said friction plate assembly, to said plate and to said clutch spool, whereby both said clutch mechanisms will sense the torque between the cap and the neck of the container and will cause said friction plate assembly to slip and said cap tightening discs to stop tightening once the maximum desired torque is reached and at the same time, allow the spindle shafts to continue to rotate.
2. An improved cap disc air clutch mechanism as recited in claim 1, wherein said air pressure applying means includes;
a) an air clutch hub mounted fixedly on said spindle block;
b) an external air line connected to a duct in said hub; wherein said means for applying pressure to said bearing assembly includes an air clutch piston reciprocably mounted on said air clutch hub receiving air pressure from said duct and engaging said bearing assembly so that air pressure from said air clutch hub causes said air clutch piston to bear against said bearing assembly.
3. An improved cap disc air clutch mechanism as recited in claim 2, wherein said air pressure applying means includes an air pressure regulator connected into said line, so that said air pressure regulator can vary the air pressure to said air clutch piston to vary the frictional forces in said friction plate assembly, thereby varying the torque setting.
Description
BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

The instant invention relates generally to machines for putting screw caps onto containers and more specifically it relates to an improved cap disc air clutch mechanism which provides air pressure to adjust the mechanism to sense the torque between a cap and the neck of a container.

There are available various conventional machines for putting screw caps onto containers which do not provide the novel improvements of the invention herein disclosed.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

A primary object of the present invention is to provide an improved cap disc air clutch mechanism that will overcome the shortcomings of the prior art devices.

Another object is to provide an improved cap disc air clutch mechanism that is designed to act as a torque limiter by utilizing air pressure to sense the torque between a cap and a neck of a container, thereby allowing the cap tightening discs to stop once the desired torque is reached, while the spindle shaft continues to spin.

An additional object is to provide an improved cap disc air clutch mechanism that is adjustable to different torques by the use of an air pressure regulator and gauge connected by an air line to an air clutch piston which presses downwardly on a bearing on top of a friction plate assembly.

A further object is to provide an improved cap disc air clutch mechanism that is simple and easy to use.

A still further object is to provide an improved cap disc air clutch mechanism that is economical in cost to manufacture.

Further objects of the invention will appear as the description proceeds.

To the accomplishment of the above and related objects, this invention may be embodied in the form illustrated in the accompanying drawing, attention being called to the fact, however, that the drawing is illustrative only and that changes may be made in the specific construction illustrated and described within the scope of the appended claims.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWING FIGURE

FIG. 1 is a vertical cross sectional view of the instant invention with a bottle, cap and a portion of another improved cap disc air clutch mechanism in engagement shown in phantom.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS

Turning now descriptively to the drawings, in which similar reference characters denote similar elements the figure illustrates an improved cap disc air clutch mechanism 10. In use a pair of spaced apart improved cap disc air clutch mechanisms 10 are provided, in which each are driven by a spindle shaft 12 carried on a spindle block 13 in a capper machine (not shown), so that both can act simultaneously, spinning in opposite directions, for engaging a cap 14 and tightening the cap 14 onto a neck of a container 16 (both shown in phantom).

Each of the improved cap disc air clutch mechanisms 10 consists of a clutch hub 18 keyed at 20 onto the spindle shaft 12 which prevents movement circumferentially between the clutch hub 18 and the spindle shaft 12. A clutch spool 22 is attached to the bottom of the spindle shaft 12 by a retaining washer 24 and clutch mounting screw 26, while at the same time is rotatable about the clutch hub 18 by a is disposed within the clutch spool 22 for engaging the cap 14. A plurality of torque pins 34 are disposed about and into the top of the clutch spool 22. A thick large plate 36 is mounted on the clutch hub 18 to sit upon the clutch spool 22 and is in engagement with the torque pins 34. A friction plate assembly 38 is mounted on the clutch hub 18 to sit upon the thick large plate 36 and is in engagement with the torque pins 34. A bearing assembly 40 is mounted on the top portion of the clutch hub 18 for rotation therewith and is engagable with the top of the friction plate assembly 38. A mechanism 42 is for applying air pressure onto the bearing assembly 40, so that the friction plate assembly 38 can provide torque to the torque pins 34 and into the clutch spool 22.

Another mechanism 44 is for varying the air pressure into the air pressure applying mechanism 42 to change tension from the clutch hub 18 through the friction plate assembly 38 and into the clutch spool 22. Both of the improved cap disc air clutch mechanisms 10 will sense the torque between the cap 14 and neck of the container 16 and will allow the cap tightening discs 32 to stop once the desired torque is reached and at the same time, allow the spindle shafts 12 to continue to rotate.

The clutch spool 22 further includes a lower detachable flange 46, so that the cap tightening disc 32 can be installed into the clutch spool 22. A plurality of lower flange screws 48 are for securing the lower flange 46 onto the upper portion 50 of the clutch spool 22 after the cap tightening disc 32 is installed thereto.

The friction plate assembly 38 includes a plurality of large plates 52, a plurality of small plates 54 and a plurality of friction pads 56. The large plates 52, the small plates 54 and the friction pads 56 are mounted o the clutch hub 18 in a stacked relationship, in which generally one of the small plates 54 sits between two of the friction pads 56 and one of the large plates 52 sits between two of the friction pads 56. The large plates 52 are in engagement with the torque pins 34, so as to provide better dissipation of heat due to friction therebetween from the friction pads 56 and better distribution of pressure to the torque pins 34.

The air pressure applying mechanism 42 includes an air clutch hub 58 mounted by a retaining screw 60 to the underside of the spindle block 13. An air clutch piston 62 is carried in the underside of the air clutch hub 58, between a pair of piston seals 64 and a retaining ring 66. An air line 68 is connected into the air clutch hub 58 by a connector 69, so that air pressure therefrom can cause the air clutch piston 62 to bear against the bearing assembly 40.

The air pressure varying mechanism 44 includes an air pressure regulator 70 having an air pressure gauge 72, which is connected into said air line 68 by connectors 74, so that the air pressure regulator 70 can vary the air pressure to the air clutch piston 62 to change the tension on the friction plate assembly 38, thereby varying the torque setting. One regulator may adjust two clutches simultaneously (not shown) while the machine is operating.

While certain novel features of this invention have been shown and described and are pointed out in the annexed claims, it will be understood that various omissions, substitutions and changes in the forms and details of the device illustrated and in its operation can be made by those skilled in the art without departing from the spirit of the invention.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3403763 *Jan 16, 1967Oct 1, 1968Twin Disc IncPower transmitting device having hydraulically actuated friction plates and torque sensing means
US3405499 *Aug 23, 1966Oct 15, 1968Horix Mfg CompanyTorque limiting apparatus
US3491516 *Oct 25, 1967Jan 27, 1970Pneumatic Scale CorpClosure applying apparatus
US3807539 *Aug 11, 1972Apr 30, 1974Reed JTorque limiting devices
US3955341 *Oct 14, 1975May 11, 1976Horix Manufacturing CompanyApparatus for screwing caps on containers
US4222215 *Mar 23, 1979Sep 16, 1980Kewpie Kabushiki KaishaScrew-capping device
US4246738 *Jun 18, 1979Jan 27, 1981Shibuya Kogyo Company, Ltd.Air chuck for capping or uncapping machine
US4558554 *Oct 26, 1983Dec 17, 1985Metal Closures LimitedApplication heads for applying closures to containers
US4715248 *Jul 11, 1986Dec 29, 1987Gant Lawrence AManual differential lock-up
US4793120 *Dec 24, 1987Dec 27, 1988Herzog Kenneth JClutch and cap disc assembly
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
WO1999003772A1 *Jun 29, 1998Jan 28, 1999I.M.A. Industria Macchine Automatiche S.P.A.Tool for capping bottles with screw caps
Classifications
U.S. Classification53/317, 192/56.3, 53/331.5
International ClassificationB67B3/20
Cooperative ClassificationB67B3/2073
European ClassificationB67B3/20L
Legal Events
DateCodeEventDescription
Jun 25, 1996REMIMaintenance fee reminder mailed
Nov 17, 1996LAPSLapse for failure to pay maintenance fees
Jan 28, 1997FPExpired due to failure to pay maintenance fee
Effective date: 19961120
Aug 31, 1999SULPSurcharge for late payment
Mar 26, 2008ASAssignment
Owner name: AUTO-KAPS, LLC, NEW YORK
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:HERZOG, KENNETH J;REEL/FRAME:020704/0465
Effective date: 20080307