US 516590 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
0-. F. A. CONVERT. APPARATUS FOR UARBONATING LIQUIDS.
Patented Mar. 13, 1894.
" ATENT CHARLES F. A. CONVERT, OF OHIOAGO,ILLINOIS.'
APPARATUS FOR CARBONATING LIQUIDS.
SPECIFICATION formingpart of Letters Patent No. 516,590, dated March 13, 1894. Application filed January 9, 1893 Serial No. 457.854. (No model.)
. by declare the following to be a full, clear,
and exact description of the invention,such as will enable others skilled in the art to which it appertains to make and use the same.
This invention relates to a novel construction in an apparatus for carbonating liquids and consists in the features of construction and combinations of parts hereinafter fully described and specifically claimed.
In the accompanying drawings illustrating my invention,Figure 1 is a vertical sectional view of the same. Figs. 2 and 3 are detail plan views. an enlarged scale of the gas and liquid supply pipes.
Referring nowto said drawings, A indicates the collecting tank and B the saturating cham ber mounted thereon and communicating therewith as more fully described hereinafter. The liquid and carbonic acid gas are led into the upper end of the saturating chamber B and the carbonated liquid is drawn off at the lower end of the tank through the outletport 1. The pipe or passage for introducing the liquid and gas into the saturating chamber is constructed as follows: A pipe 2 suitably supported upon the apparatus is provided at its outer end with two branches, namely, a branch 3 through which liquid can be admitted, and a gas supply pipe 4 so that gas and liquid can be admitted together to the said pipe 2. The pipe 2 leads upwardly to the upperend of the saturating chamberB and passes through the walls of the same and ends in an annular distributing pipe 5 which is provided with a plurality of perforations on its lower inner side, as clearly shown in Fig. 2.
Located within the saturating chamber B are a plurality of sieves or perforated pans 6 that extend across the chamber and are arranged from a point near the top to the bottom thereof, while extending through the center of these sieves upwardly beyond the upmost sieve is an upright pipe or passage 7. Mounted upon the upper'end of said pipe 7 Fig. 4: isa sectional view on through the pipe 7 communication between each compartment of the saturating chamber formed by said sieves or pans 6. A pressure gage 10 is mounted upon the saturating chamher and a liquid gage 11 upon the tank and saturating chamber, for obvious reasons.
The operation is as follows: -'The liquid and gas are both admitted under pressure into the pipe 2 through which they pass and escape through the perforated distributing pipe 5 into the saturating chamber. The liquid then falls upon the'hood 8 and then upon the first sieve through which it trickles to the next sieve, and so on through each sieve to the tank A. In this way it will be seen'that the liquid is effectually broken up during its passage through the saturating chamber by reason of its passage through the plurality of sieves, and in this condition it will absorb and become saturated with the carbonic acid gas which also issues from the distributing pipe 5 and passes down through the saturating chamber B and thus intermingling with the water will be absorbed thereby. By reason of the perforations in the pipe 7 it will be .gas would easily find its way into the pipe through any one of the perforations and out intoany of the compartments of the saturating chamber through the perforations in the pipe adjacent thereto, and this construction also insures the complete distribution of the gas to all parts of the saturating chamber, so that the gas is distributed equally through all parts of the chamber. After passing through the different sieves and entering the tank the carbonated liquid can be drawn off through the outlet port 1.
The gas supply pipe 4, is provided at its end with a small opening 12, as shown in Fig. 4:, and the opening at the end of the liquid supply pipe 3, is the same size as said pipe.
Valves are placed in such pipes to control the supply therethrough and thus the supply of gas admitted can be regulated so that it will all be absorbed by the liquid.
I claim as my invention 1. An apparatus of the kind specifiedcomprising a saturating chamber having a plurality of sieves or perforated pans, a supply pipe or passage entering the upper end of said chamber and terminating in an annular perforated distributing pipe, a distributing hood located beneath said distributing pipe, and a collecting tank communicating with the bottomof said chamber, substantially as described.
2. An apparatus of the kind specified com-