US 517352 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
(No Model.) 2 Sheets-Sheet 1. C. C. MAXWELL. LAND PRESSER.
No. 517,352. Patented Mar. 27, 1894'.
(No Model.) 1 2 Sheets-Sheet, 2. G. C. MAXWELL. LAND PRESSBR.
No. 517,352. Patented Mar.27,1894.
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NITED STATES LAN D-PRESSER.
' SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 517,352, dated March 27, 1894.
Application filed June 22, 1893. fierial No. 478,536- (No model.)
To aZZ whom it may concern.-
Be it known that I, CHARLES C. MAXWELL, a citizen of the United States, residing at Watertown, in the county of (Jodington and State of South Dakota, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Land-Pressers; and I do declare the following to be a full, clear, and exact description of the invention, such as will enable others skilled in the artto which it appertains to make and use the same.
This invention has relation to an improvement in land pressers, and it has for its prime object to provide a machine with tapering lugs arranged upon rollers, and also tapering, circular flanges arranged thereon, which will press and pack the loose soil on the surface so as to produce corresponding depressions in the earth instead of pulverizing the top as has heretofore been done with land rollers.
Other objects and advantages will appear from the following description and claims when taken in connection with the annexed drawings, in which- Figure 1, is a rear elevation of my improved machine. Fig. 2, is a vertical, transverse, sectional View, taken in the plane indicated by the dotted line as, w, on Fig. 1. Fig. 3, is a sectional, detail view of one of the rollers, with my improvements applied. Fig. 4, illustrates in perspective and partly broken away two sections of the circular flanges. Fig. 5, is a cross sectional View of one of the strips of a roller, illustrating a modification of the pegs or lugs. Fig. 6, is a perspective view of one of the strips, bearing a series of pegs, and Fig. 7, is a perspective view of one of the scrapers.
Referring by letter to said drawings: A, indicates a frame, which may be of a general, rectangular form in outline, and is provided with a suitable seat a, and a draft tongue I). The style of frame may be varied as it forms no part of my invention. Depending from this frame are suitable hangers B, in which is journaled a transverse shaft 0, as shown.
As a convenient embodiment of my invention, I have illustrated two rollers although it is obvious that more or less may be employed. These rollers may comprise a ring or head D, at opposite ends having a hub c, in which the shaft 0, is received, and said shaft may be secured to the heads by a key or other suitable fastening devices. These heads have a circumferential flange d, and an inwardly directed lateral flange e.
5 5 E, indicates longitudinal strips of board or other suitable material which are secured at opposite ends by bolts f, and nuts or other fastening devices to the inwardly directed flanges e of the head.
F, indicates the pegs or lugs, which are designed to project from the outer surface or periphery of the rollers. These pegs or lugs are preferably of a truncated cone shape in outline, and in making them of metal, for-the sake of lightness and cheapness, I would form them hollow, as better shown in Figs. 2, and 3, of the drawings, while in making them of wood or similar material, I would form them solid, as shown in Fig. 5, of the drawings. These pegs may be cast and a number of them formed entire, with perforated flanges g, at their bases so that they may be secured upon the strips E, by nails h, screws, or the like. The circumferential flanges D, of the heads, are designed to extend from the base of the rollers, a distance corresponding with or approximately the same as the pegs F, and these flanges may also taper from their bases, outwardly, (see Fig. 3,) so that when drawn over the ground or earth, they may form creases of a corresponding shape.
H, indicates circular flanges. These flanges which-are made hollow for the sake of lightness, are also formed with flanges 2', at their bases, by which they are secured upon the surface of the rollers. I have illustrated one of these flanges arranged between every four sets of pegs or lugs F, although it is obvious that they may be arranged farther apart or nearer together as desired, although a machine of the construction illustrated, has been found to give good results. In order that these flanges, which taper as described, may be readily placed upon the roller and removed when desired, I prefer to form them in sections, and I provide the end of one section with a groove or recess is, and the contiguous end of another section with a tongue or tenon Z, to enter said groove or recess in the oppo- 'site section.
In using wooden pegs,I provide them with a tenon m, and provide the strips E, with holes n, to receive said tenon, although it is obvious that other means might be employed for securing the pegs upon the rollers.
1, indicates a longitudinal bar, which is arranged in rear of the rollers and is held in position by brackets K, which are secured to armed with tapering pegs or lugs arranged at intervals in circular series, and also having tapering, annular flanges arranged at suitable intervals between the circular series of pegs, substantially as specified.
2. A land press having a revoluble roller armed with tapering pegsorlugs arranged at intervals in circular series and also having tapering, annular flanges arranged at suitable intervals between the circular series of pegs, and heads having annular flanges of a corresponding shape, and provided with journal apertures to receive a shaft, substantially as specified.
3. The combination with a roller; of hollow, tapering pegs-orilngsranranged in-circular se riesaand hollow, tapering @flamges rintercepting *the said pegs substantially as specified.
a. in a sland press, the combination with;a suitable frame; of .the rollers joumnaled fin rhangers depending from said rfirame, a zlongitudinal :barsupported embracketsextending vfroxn thehangers, thescrapersxofi-a afcnm,.-sub :stantiallysas shown, and mounted to *thebar, l-rthe :tapering megs secured 21o thesurface of :the EIQHBI' tin 'nireular seniesya-nd thelinterceptingacireularflanges also secured to the surface of the rollensubstantialiyas specified.
In testimony whereof I affix mysignatu re :in gpresence of two witnesses.
CHARTJES C. MAX WELL.
the hangers B, as shown. Iprovide this bar with scrapers L, which areof aform substantially as shown in Fig. 7, of the drawings,and may comprise a strip of steel or other suitable v material, bent at 19, so as to form a scraping edge g, which is designed to assume a position adjacent to the surface of the roller, .ber tween the pegs and flanges thereon so as to thoroughly remove any dirt or mud which may adhere to the roller surface during operation. These scrapers haveam angularvbend r, at their-opposite tends to receive the inner? and under sidewof the .hariI, and theangular: portionsare perforated as :at s, :to receive .a bolt or screw. Witha deviceef the:charactersdescribed,.1i amenabled to pack and ,pressth'e loose soil: so as to produce hard pressedcreases,andl holes or depressions, .withont pulverizing the top, and these creases and holesrwill catch; fine :loose dirt, which might otherwise beg blown away firom ltheiroots of :grain, and by a such provisions, I can retain the moisture: much longer .after rain, whichis due to ther fact that the earth being packed,-will;absonb l and hold themoisture, much better than if rolled solid upon .the :top OI'JlBfit. loose. l Having described my invention, what I claimfis- 1. A-land :press havingamevoluble roller,
J. B. ALEXANDER, AARON MOREHOUSE.