|Publication number||US5180006 A|
|Application number||US 07/900,411|
|Publication date||Jan 19, 1993|
|Filing date||Jun 18, 1992|
|Priority date||Jun 19, 1991|
|Also published as||EP0519799A1|
|Publication number||07900411, 900411, US 5180006 A, US 5180006A, US-A-5180006, US5180006 A, US5180006A|
|Inventors||Christian Marsais, Frederic Letrange|
|Original Assignee||Valeo Thermique Moteur|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (10), Referenced by (7), Classifications (10), Legal Events (4)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
This invention relates to a device for mounting two tubular pipe connections on two adjacent apertures of a casing of a heat exchanger, especially a heat exchanger for cooling lubricating oil for the engine of a motor vehicle.
In heat exchanges of this kind, the two pipe connections serve respectively as an inlet and an outlet for a liquid, for example a water and glycol mixture, for cooling the oil which flows through a chamber mounted in the interior of the casing. This chamber generally comprises a stack of pairs of half plates, with the oil entering and leaving through two conduits which are sealingly attached through the wall of the casing. Such a heat exchanger is conventionally mounted between the engine casing and the oil filter that is associated with it.
Up to the present time, the two tubular pipe connections are brazed or welded on to the corresponding apertures of the housing, and this gives rise to a number of drawbacks. Firstly, fitting of the two pipe connections necessitates a brazing or welding operation and therefore an additional operation during the manufacturing process. In addition, this arrangement involves making the heat exchanger of such a size as to be inconvenient in the case where the pipe connections are of bent configurations.
A main object of the invention is to overcome the above mentioned drawbacks.
According to the invention, a device for mounting two tubular pipe connections on two adjacent apertures of a casing of a heat exchanger is characterised in that both pipe connections are joined to a common base plate which is arranged to be carried by snap-fitting means on the casing, the base plate defining two orifices which communicate respectively with the two pipe connections and which are adapted to be aligned with the apertures of the casing, and in that a sealing member is interposed between the base plate and the casing in the vicinity of the apertures and orifices.
It is thus made possible to fit in a simple snap-fitting operation both of the two pipe connections simultaneously on to the casing, with a sealing member interposed to provide sealing between the pipe connections and the casing.
According to a preferred feature of the invention, the base plate includes two flexible lugs, which extend in directions substantially parallel to each other, with each said lug having a tooth adapted to snap-fit into a hole formed in a tongue which is fixed with respect to the casing.
Preferably, each of the said tongues projects from a cover plate of the casing, while the said apertures are formed through a side wall of the casing.
Preferably, each of the two said apertures of the casing is surrounded by a collar portion which projects into the interior of the casing, each of the two orifices of the base plate being surrounded by a collar portion which is arranged to be introduced into the corresponding aperture of the casing.
According to a further preferred feature of the invention, the sealing member includes a body portion having two through apertures, each of which is surrounded by a cylindrical collar portion which is arranged to be compressed between the collar portion of the corresponding aperture of the casing and the collar portion of the corresponding orifice of the base plate when the latter is snap-fitted on to the casing. Thus the two collar portions of the sealing member are compressed during the snap-fitting of the base plate on to the casing, so providing the necessary sealing effect.
According to yet another preferred feature of the invention, the base plate includes a slot which may for example serve for the attachment of the heat exchanger on to the engine casing.
Each of the tubular pipe connections is preferably of bent configuration, defining for example a right-angle bend.
According to yet a further preferred feature of the invention, each of the tubular pipe connections has a slot for positioning a pipe connecting the heat exchanger to associated apparatus.
The base plate and its two tubular pipe connections are preferably made integrally with each other by moulding in a plastics material, for example of the polyamide type.
A preferred embodiment of the invention will be described below, by way of example and with reference to the accompanying drawings.
FIG. 1 is a plan view, shown partly cut away, of a casing of a heat exchanger having a mounting device in accordance with the present invention.
FIG. 2 is a plan view, again partly cut away, as seen in the direction of the arrow F2 in FIG. 1.
FIG. 3 is a partial plan view seen in the direction of the arrow F3 in FIG. 2.
FIG. 4 is a side view, partly cut away, showing the sealing member in the mounting device of the invention.
FIG. 5 is a partial view on a larger scale, shown in cross section taken on the line V--V in FIG. 2.
Reference is made first, in particular, to FIGS. 1, 2, 3 and 5 showing a mounting device 10 in accordance with the invention, which is Provided on a casing 12 of a heat exchanger. In this particular embodiment, this heat exchanger is a radiator for cooling the lubricating oil for the engine of a motor vehicle.
The casing 12 has side walls with parallel generatrices, comprising a semi-circular wall 14 which is joined, through two flat walls 16 and 18 and two short, curved corner wall portions 22, to a flat side wall 20. Two adjacent apertures 24 are formed through the wall 20. Each of these apertures 24 is surrounded by a collar portion 26 which projects into the interior of the casing (FIG. 5).
A chamber 28, defined by a stack of pairs of half plates 30 (see FIG. 5) and intended to contain the oil which is to be cooled, is arranged within the casing 12. The oil flows into the chamber 28 through inlet and outlet ducts (not shown) which extend into the casing 12 in a sealed manner. The casing is further delimited by a base plate 32 (FIG. 2) and an opposed cover plate 34 which can be seen in FIGS. 1, 2 and 3.
The oil flowing through the chamber 28 is cooled by heat exchange with a cooling liquid, for example a mixture of water and glycol, which flows in the internal space 36 (FIG. 5) which is defined between the casing 12 and the chamber 28. The inlet and outlet for the cooling liquid comprise two tubular pipe connections 38 and 40, which in this particular example are each bent to form a right angle. These two tubular pipe connections are joined to a common base plate 42 which is snap-fitted on to the casing 12 of the heat exchanger.
The base plate 42 comprises a generally flat body portion 44 from which the two tubular pipe connections 38 and 40 project. The body portion 44 defines two openings or orifices 46 which are spaced apart by the same distance as the two apertures 26 of the casing. Each of the orifices 46 of the base plate 42 is surrounded by a collar portion 48, which projects from the base plate in a direction opposite to that of the corresponding pipe connection. Each collar portion 48 is arranged to be introduced into the corresponding aperture 24 of the casing (see FIG. 5). The base plate 42 also has two flexible lugs 50 which are joined if the body portion 44 and which extend in directions substantially parallel to each other. Each flexible lug 50 carries a ramp tooth 52 adapted to be snap-fitted into a rectangular hole 54 formed through a tongue 56, which is fixed to the cover plate 34 of the casing.
As can be seen most particularly in FIG. 2, the two tongues 56 are joined at right angles to the cover plate 34 and extend substantially parallel to each other. During the snap-fitting operation, the two flexible lugs tend to move closer together, subsequently moving further apart when the ramp teeth 52 have penetrated into the corresponding holes 54 in the tongues 56. The two tongues 56 and the cover plate 34 from which they project are preferably formed integrally with each other, for example in a metal such as aluminium. On the other hand the base plate 42, together with the two pipe connections 38 and 40 and the two flexible lugs 50, are preferably made integrally with each other by moulding in a plastics material, for example of the polyamide type.
In this particular embodiment, and as can be seen best in FIG. 5, each ramp tooth 52 has a ramp wall 58 inclined at an angle A, which is for example 15 degrees, with respect to the general direction of the flexible lug 50.
As shown in FIG. 2, the base plate 42 includes an extension portion 60, which defines a slot 60 that serves for example to locate the heat exchanger on the engine casing of the vehicle.
A sealing member 64 is fitted in the space which is defined between the side wall 20 of the casing 12 and the body portion 44 of the base plate 42. The sealing member 64, which is shown by itself in FIG. 4, includes a body portion 66, generally oblong in shape and having two apertures 68 formed through it. The apertures 68 are spaced apart by the same distance as the apertures 24 of the casing and the orifices 46 of the base plate 42. Each of the apertures 68 is surrounded by a cylindrical collar portion 70. The sealing member 64 is made of a compressible material, for example an elastomer, such that during snap-fitting of the base plate 42 on to the casing 12, each of the collar portions 70 is compressed between the collar portion 26 of the corresponding aperture 24 of the casing and the collar portion 48 of the corresponding orifice 46 of the base plate 42.
As can be seen best in FIG. 2, the pipe connections 38 and 40 are formed with slots which are indicated at 72 and 74 respectively. The purpose of these slots is to locate an external pipe, which is arranged to slide over the connecting tube section 76, 78 forming the longer arm of the L-shaped pipe connection 38 or 40 respectively.
The invention enables the two pipe connections to be fitted simultaneously by snap-fitting the base plate 42 on to the casing 12 in a single operation. In particular, the invention makes it possible to provide bent pipe connections which are very much smaller in size than those bent pipe connections which have hitherto required to be brazed on to the casing of the heat exchanger.
Although the invention has been described above with particular reference to a heat exchanger of the oil cooling radiator type, it may be used for other heat exchangers for motor vehicles.
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US2222721 *||Apr 13, 1936||Nov 26, 1940||Gen Motors Corp||Oil cooler|
|US3848901 *||Jul 9, 1973||Nov 19, 1974||Parker Hannifin Corp||Fluid line joint for a valve base plate|
|US4191244 *||Feb 9, 1978||Mar 4, 1980||Caterpillar Tractor Co.||Modular heat exchanger with resilient mounting and sealing element|
|US4247133 *||Jul 20, 1979||Jan 27, 1981||Wabco Steuerungstechnik Gmbh & Co.||Device with mounting plates for a valve battery|
|US4479668 *||Jun 23, 1981||Oct 30, 1984||Valeo||Bent tube and tube assembly, particularly for connecting a heat-exchanger to a circuit|
|US4696339 *||Oct 30, 1985||Sep 29, 1987||Suddeutsche Kuhlerfabrik Julius Fr. Behr, Gmbh & Co. Kg||Oil cooler|
|US4765658 *||Mar 20, 1986||Aug 23, 1988||Valeo||Fluid box for a heat exchanger, in particular for a motor vehicle, and a rapid action coupling for connecting it to a fluid circuit|
|US4786085 *||Jan 21, 1988||Nov 22, 1988||Rasmussen Gmbh||Coupling device for tubular members|
|US4887849 *||Feb 2, 1989||Dec 19, 1989||Hutchinson||Connection system for interconnecting a heat exchanger and a pipe union|
|US5022461 *||Sep 15, 1989||Jun 11, 1991||Valeo Thermique Moteur||Rapid action coupling system for a heat exchanger fluid tank|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US5511612 *||Sep 23, 1993||Apr 30, 1996||Calsonic Corporation||Oil cooler having water pipe reinforcement|
|US5556137 *||Oct 31, 1994||Sep 17, 1996||Itt Automotive, Inc.||Fluid connector assembly|
|US6889636||Sep 3, 2003||May 10, 2005||David S. W. Yang||Two-cycle engine|
|US7669640 *||May 25, 2005||Mar 2, 2010||Valeo Climatisation S.A.||Casing with external seal and immobilization cover for a passenger heating, ventilation and/or air conditioning installation|
|US20050045122 *||Sep 3, 2003||Mar 3, 2005||Yang David S.W.||Two-cycle engine|
|US20060000580 *||May 25, 2005||Jan 5, 2006||Veleo Climatisation S.A.||Casing with external seal and immobilization cover for a passenger heating, ventilation and/or air conditioning installation|
|US20080106095 *||Nov 8, 2006||May 8, 2008||Harris Richard K||Heater core connector tube|
|U.S. Classification||165/178, 165/78, 165/916, 285/26|
|International Classification||F28F9/02, F28F9/04|
|Cooperative Classification||Y10S165/916, F28F9/0246, F28F2275/085|
|Jun 18, 1992||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: VALEO THERMIQUE MOTEUR, FRANCE
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST.;ASSIGNORS:MARSAIS, CHRISTIAN;LETRANGE, FREDERIC;REEL/FRAME:006199/0356
Effective date: 19920601
|Aug 27, 1996||REMI||Maintenance fee reminder mailed|
|Jan 19, 1997||LAPS||Lapse for failure to pay maintenance fees|
|Apr 1, 1997||FP||Expired due to failure to pay maintenance fee|
Effective date: 19970122