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Publication numberUS5196372 A
Publication typeGrant
Application numberUS 07/899,162
Publication dateMar 23, 1993
Filing dateJun 15, 1992
Priority dateSep 9, 1989
Fee statusPaid
Publication number07899162, 899162, US 5196372 A, US 5196372A, US-A-5196372, US5196372 A, US5196372A
InventorsNobuo Mikoshiba, Kazuo Tsubouchi, Kazuya Masu
Original AssigneeCanon Kabushiki Kaisha
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Process for forming metal deposited film containing aluminum as main component by use of alkyl hydride
US 5196372 A
Abstract
A process for forming a Si-containing Al film of good quality according to the CVD method utilizing an alkyl aluminum hydride, a gas containing silicon and hydrogen, which is an excellent deposited film formation process also capable of selective deposition of Si-containing Al.
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Claims(27)
We claim:
1. A process for forming a deposited film comprising the steps of:
(a) providing a substrate having an electron donative surface (A) in a space for formation of the deposited film;
(b) introducing a gas of an alkyl aluminum hydride, a gas containing silicon atoms and hydrogen gas into said space for formation of deposited film; and
(c) maintaining the temperature of said electron donative surface (A) within the range of from the decomposition temperature of said alkyl aluminum hydride to 450 C. to form said deposited film comprised substantially of aluminum and containing silicon on said electron donative surface (A).
2. The process according to claim 1, wherein said alkyl aluminum hydride is dimethyl aluminum hydride.
3. The process according to claim 1, wherein said alkyl aluminum hydride is monomethyl aluminum hydride.
4. The process according to claim 1, wherein said substrate is constituted of a material selected from single monocrystalline silicon, polycrystalline silicon and amorphous silicon.
5. The process according to claim 1, wherein said substrate is a III-V compound semiconductor containing an element belonging to the group III of the periodic table and an element belonging to the group V of the periodic table.
6. The process according to claim 1, wherein said substrate is a II-VI compound semiconductor containing an element belonging to the group II of the periodic table and an element belonging to the group VI of the periodic table.
7. The process according to claim 1, wherein said substrate is a metal containing at least one element selected from tungsten, molybdenum, tantalum, aluminum, titanium and copper.
8. The process according to claim 1, wherein said substrate is a metal.
9. The process according to claim 1, wherein said substrate is a semiconductor.
10. The process according to claim 1, wherein said substrate is silicide.
11. The process according to claim 1, wherein said aluminum film is monocrystalline.
12. A process for forming a deposited film comprising the steps of:
(a) providing a substrate having an electron donative surface (A) and an electron non-donative surface (B) in a space for formation of the deposited film;
(b) introducing a gas of an alkyl aluminum hydride, a gas containing silicon atoms and hydrogen gas into said space for formation of the deposited film; and
(c) maintaining the temperature of said electron donative surface (A) within the range of from the decomposition temperature of said alkyl aluminum hydride to 450 C. to form said deposited film comprised substantially of aluminum and containing silicon selectively on said electron donative surface (A). c
13. The process according to claim 12, wherein said alkyl aluminum hydride is dimethyl aluminum hydride.
14. The process according to claim 12, wherein said alkyl aluminum hydride is monomethyl aluminum hydride.
15. The process according to claim 12, wherein said electron donative surface (A) is formed of a material selected from monocrystalline silicon, polycrystalline silicon and amorphous silicon, and said electron non-donative surface (B) is formed of an insulating material.
16. The process according to claim 12, wherein said electron donative surface (A) is formed of a III-V group compound semiconductor containing an element belonging to the group III of the periodic table and an element belonging to the group V of the periodic table, and said electron non-donative surface (B) is formed of an insulating material.
17. The process according to claim 12, wherein said electron donative surface (A) is formed of a II-VI group compound semiconductor containing an element belonging to the group II of the periodic table and an element belonging to the group VI of the periodic table, and said electron non-donative surface (B) is formed of an insulating material.
18. The process according to claim 12, wherein said electron donative surface (A) is formed of a metal containing at least one element selected from tungsten, molybdenum, tantalum, aluminum, titanium and copper, and said electron non-donative surface (B) is formed of an insulating material.
19. The process according to claim 12, wherein said electron donative surface (A) is formed of a metal and said electron non-donative surface (B) is formed of an insulating material.
20. The process according to claim 12, wherein said electron donative surface (A) is formed of a semiconductor and said electron non-donative surface (B) is formed of an insulating material.
21. The process according to claim 12, wherein said electron donative surface (A) is formed of silicide and said electron non-donative surface (B) is formed of an insulating material.
22. A process for forming a deposited film, which comprises depositing silicon-containing aluminum on a substrate according to the chemical vapor deposition method utilizing a gas of an alkyl aluminum hydride, a gas containing silicon atoms and hydrogen gas.
23. A process for forming a deposited film, which comprises selectively depositing silicon-containing aluminum according to the chemical vapor deposition method utilizing a gas of an alkyl aluminum hydride, a gas containing silicon atoms and hydrogen gas on a substrate having an insulating surface and an electroconductive surface.
24. The process according to anyone of claims 1, 12, 22 and 23, wherein the gas containing silicon atoms is selected from SiH4, Si2 H6, Si3 H8, Si(CH3)4, SiCl4, SiH2 Cl2 and SiH3 Cl.
25. A process for forming a deposited film which comprises selecting a gas of an alkyl aluminum hydride, a gas containing silicon atoms and hydrogen gas; and selectively depositing silicon-containing aluminum by chemical vapor deposition on a substrate having an insulating surface and a semiconductive surface utilizing said gases.
26. The process according to claims 1 or 12 wherein the temperature is 200-450C.
27. The process according to claim 26, wherein the temperature is 200-400 C. e
Description

This application is a continuation of application Ser. No. 07/578,449 filed Sep. 7, 1990, now abandoned.

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

1. Field of the Invention

This invention relates to a process for forming a deposited film, particularly a process for forming an Al-Si deposited film which can be preferably applied to electrodes or wiring of a semiconductor integrated circuit device, etc.

2. Related Background Art

In the prior art, in electronic devices or integrated circuits by use of semiconductors, for electrodes and wiring, aluminum (Al) or a metal containing aluminum as main component such as Al-Si and the like has been primarily used. Al has many advantages in that it is inexpensive and high in electroconductivity, that it can also be internally chemically protected because a dense oxidized film can be formed on the surface, and that it has good adhesion to Si, etc.

As the method for forming a film for electrodes and wiring of Al or Al-Si as mentioned above, there has been used in the prior art the sputtering method such as magnetron sputtering, etc.

However, selective deposition and selective growth can not be realized by the sputtering method which has been used in the prior art. The sputtering is the physical deposition method based on flying of sputtered particles in vacuum, the film thickness at the stepped portion or the insulating film side wall becomes extremely thin, leading to wire breaking in an extreme case. Nonuniformity of film thickness or wire breaking has the drawback that reliability of LSI is markedly lowered.

On the other hand, since the integration degree of the integrated circuit such as LSI, etc. is increased, and fine formation of wiring or multi-layer wiring has been particularly required in recent years, there is an increasing strong demand for Al or Al-Si wiring. However, to date this demand has not been met by the Al or Al-Si wiring of the prior art. With finer dimensional formation by increased integration degree, the surface of LSI, etc. is subject to excessive unevenness due to oxidation, diffusion, thin film deposition, and etching, etc. For example, electrodes or wiring metal must be deposited on the surface with a stepped difference, or deposited in a via-hole which is fine in diameter and deep. In 4 Mbit or 16 Mbit DRAM (dynamic RAM), etc., the aspect ratio (via-hole depth/via-hole diameter) of via-hole in which a metal composed mainly of Al such as Al-Si, etc. is to be deposited is 1.0 or more, and the via-hole diameter itself also becomes 1 μm or less. Therefore, even for a via-hole with large aspect ratio, a technique which can deposit an Al-Si compound is needed.

Particularly, for performing sure electrical connection to the device under insulating film such as SiO2, etc., rather than film formation, Al-Si is required to be deposited so as to embed only the via-hole of the device. In such case, a method of depositing an Al alloy only on Si or metal surface and not depositing it on an insulating film such as SiO2, etc. is required.

As the improved sputtering method, there has been developed the bias sputtering method in which a bias is applied on a substrate and deposition is performed so as to embed Al or an Al-Si compound only in the via-hole by utilizing the sputter etching action and the deposition action on the substrate surface. However, since the bias voltage of some 100 V or higher is applied on the substrate, deleterious influence on the device occurs because of the damaging effects of charged particles and change in threshold of MOS-FET, etc. Also, because of presence of both etching action and deposition action, there is the problem that the deposition speed cannot be essentially improved.

In order to solve the problems as described above, various types of CVD (Chemical Vapor Deposition) methods have been proposed. In these methods, chemical reaction of the starting gas in some form is utilized. In plasma CVD or optical CVD, decomposition of the starting gas occurs in gas phase, and the active species formed there further reacts on the substrate to give rise to film formation. In these CVD methods, surface coverage and unevenness on the substrate surface is good. However, carbon atoms contained in the starting gas molecule are incorporated into the film. Also, particularly in plasma CVD, the problem of damage by charged particles (so called plasma damage) as in the case of the sputtering method was still present.

The thermal CVD method, in which the film grows through the surface reaction primarily on the substrate surface, is good in surface coverage on unevenness such as stepped portion of the surface, etc. Also, it can be expected that deposition within via-hole will readily occur. Further, wire breaking at the stepped portion can be avoided. Furthermore, there are no damages caused by charged particles as have been observed in the case of this plasma CVD or the sputtering method. The type of method includes, for example, the method seen in Journal of Electrochemical Society, Vol. 131, p. 2175 (1984). In this method triisobutyl aluminum (i-C4 H9)3 Al (TIBA) is used as organic aluminum gas and an Al film is formed at a film formation temperature of 260 C. and a reaction tube pressure of 0.5 Torr. The substrate temperature is then maintained at about 450 C. and SiH4 is introduced to diffuse Si in the Al film, thus obtaining an Al-Si film.

When TIBA is to be used, a continuous film can not be obtained unless pretreatment is effected in which prior to film formation, TiCl4 is flowed to activate the substrate surface to form nuclei. Furthermore, in case where TIBA is used, there is a problem that surface flatness is not sufficient even when TiCl4 is used. By this method it is not possible to effect selective growth such as Al-Si deposition only in via-holes.

Another method, is described in Japanese Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 27, No. 11, p. L2134 (1988). In this method, TIBA and Si2 H6 diluted with Ar gas are supplied, and the gases are heated before TIBA reaches the substrate. By this method, an Al-Si film of a low resistivity can be epitaxially grown on a Si(100) wafer. Although the film obtained by this method has good high quality, there are involved the problems that control is difficult due to necessity of heating the gases and that apparatus for effecting this method is complicated.

Japanese Laid-Open Patent Application No. 63-33569 describes a method of forming a film by using no TiCl4, but using in place thereof organic aluminum and heating it in the vicinity of the substrate. According to this method, Al can be deposited selectively only on the metal or semiconductor surface from which the naturally oxidized film has been removed.

In this case, it is clearly stated that the step of removing the naturally oxidized film on the substrate surface is necessary before introduction of TIBA. Also, it is described that, since TIBA can be used alone, no carrier gas is required to be used, but Ar gas may also be used as the carrier gas. However, the reaction of TIBA with another gas (e.g. H2) is not contemplated at all, and there is no description of use of H2 as the carrier gas. Also, in addition to TIBA, trimethyl aluminum (TMA) and triethyl aluminum (TEA) are mentioned, but there is no specific description of other organic metals. This is because, since the chemical properties of organic metals generally vary greatly if the organic substituent attached to the metal element varies even slightly, it is necessary to conduct individual investigations and detailed experimentation to determine what organic metal should be used.

In the CVD method as described above, not only is there an inconvenience in that the naturally oxidized film must be removed, but there is also the drawback that no surface smoothness can be obtained. Also, there is the restriction that heating of the gas is necessary, and such heating must be done in the vicinity of the substrate. Moreover, it must also be experimentally determined at what proximity to the substrate heating must be done, whereby there is also the additional problem in that the place for setting the heater cannot be necessarily freely chosen.

In the pre-text of the 2nd Symposium of Electrochemical Society, Branch of Japan (Jul. 7, 1989), on page 75, there is a description of film formation of Al according to the double wall CVD method. In this method, TIBA is used and the device is designed so that the gas temperature of TBA can be made higher than the substrate temperature. This method may be also regarded as a modification of the above-mentioned Japanese Laid-open Patent Application No. 63-33569. In this method as well, Al can be selectively grown only on a metal or semiconductor. However, not only is it difficult to control the difference between the gas temperature and the substrate surface temperature, but there is also the drawback that the bomb and the pipeline must be heated. Moreover, according to this method, there are involved such problems in that no uniform continuous film can be formed, that flatness of the film is poor, etc., unless the film is made thick to some extent.

As set forth above, the prior art methods have to solve problems that it is difficult to obtain a flat Al-Si film of a low resistivity and good quality, and that there is considerable limitation in apparatus and in film formation.

As described above, prior art methods cannot necessarily effect satisfactory selective growth of Al-Si, and even where possible, there is a problem with respect to flatness, resistance, purity, etc. of the Al film formed. Also, there has been the problem that the film formation method is complicated and is difficult to control.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

As described above, in the technical field of semiconductors in which higher integration has been desired in recent years, for providing inexpensively a semiconductor device which is more highly integrated and also superior in performance, there remained much room for improvement.

The present invention has been accomplished in view of the technical tasks as described above, and an object of the present invention is to provide a process for forming a deposited film which can form an Al-Si film of good quality as the electroconductive material at a desired position with good controllability.

Another object of the present invention is to provide a process for forming a deposited film which can obtain an Al-Si film which has extremely broad general purpose utility and yet is of good quality, without requiring no complicated and expensive deposited film forming device.

Still another object of the present invention is to provide a process for forming a deposited film which can form an Al-Si film excellent in surface characteristic, electrical characteristics, purity, etc. according to the CVD method utilizing alkyl aluminum hydride, hydrogen, and a gas containing silicon atoms.

Still another object of the present invention is to provide a process for forming a deposited film of an Al-Si film which is extremely broad in general purpose utility and excellent in selectivity, without requiring particularly a complicated and expensive deposited film forming device.

Still another object of the present invention is to provide a process for forming a deposited film which can form and Al-Si film under good selectivity according to the CVD method utilizing alkyl aluminum hydride, hydrogen and a gas containing silicon atoms.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

FIG. 1 is a schematic view for illustration of a suitable deposited film forming device in practicing the deposited film forming process according to the process of the present invention.

FIG. 2 is a schematic view for illustration of another suitable deposited film forming device in practicing the deposited film forming process according to the present invention.

FIGS. 3A-3E are schematic sectional views for illustration of the deposited film forming process according to one embodiment of the present invention.

FIGS. 4A-4D are illustrations for explaining the mechanism of Al deposition according to the present invention.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS

Preferred embodiments according to the present invention are described in detail below, but the present invention is not limited by these embodiments, and it may have a constitution which accomplishes the object of the present invention.

One preferred embodiment of the present invention is a process for forming a deposited film comprising the steps of:

(a) providing a substrate having an electron donative surface (A) in a space for formation of the deposited film;

(b) introducing a gas of an alkyl aluminum hydride, a gas containing silicon atoms and hydrogen gas into the space for formation of the deposited film; and

(c) maintaining the temperature of the electron donative surface (A) within the range of from the decomposition temperature of the alkyl aluminum hydride to 450 C. to form an aluminum film containing silicon on the electron donative surface (A).

Further, another preferred embodiment of the present invention is a process for forming a deposited film comprising the steps of:

(a) providing a substrate having an electron donative surface (A) and a electron non-donative surface (B) in a space for formation of the deposited film;

(b) introducing a gas of an alkyl aluminum hydride, a gas containing silicon atoms and hydrogen gas into the space for formation of the deposited film; and

(c) maintaining the temperature of the electron donative surface (A) within the range of from the decomposition temperature of the alkyl aluminum hydride to 450 C. to form an aluminum film containing silicon selectively on the electron donative surface (A).

In the following, prior to detailed description, initially, the process for forming a deposited film by use of an organic metal is outlined.

The decomposition reaction of an organic metal, and hence the thin film deposition reaction will vary greatly depending on the kind of the metal atom, the kind of the alkyl bonded to the metal atom, the means of causing the decomposition reaction to occur, the atmospheric gas, etc.

For example, in the case of M-R3 (M: the group III metal, R: alkyl group), trimethyl gallium: ##STR1## in thermal decomposition under goes radical cleavage wherein Ga--CH3 bond is cleaved, while triethyl gallium: ##STR2## in thermal decomposition is decomposed through β-elimination into: ##STR3## and C2 H4. On the other hand, triethyl aluminum attached with the same ethyl group: ##STR4## in thermal decomposition undergoes radical decomposition in which Al--C2 H5 is cleaved. However, triiso-butyl aluminum having iC4 H9 bonded therein: ##STR5## is subject to β-elimination.

Trimethyl aluminum (TMA) comprising CH3 groups and Al has a dimer structure at room temperature: ##STR6## and thermal decomposition is radical decomposition in which Al--CH3 group is cleaved, and at a temperature of 150 C. or lower, it reacts with atmospheric H2 to form CH4, and finally forms Al.

However, at a high temperature of 300 C. or higher, even if H2 may be present in the atmosphere, CH3 group will withdraw H from the TMA molecule, until finally Al-C compound is formed.

Also, in the case of TMA, in light or a certain region controlled in electric power in H2 atmosphere high frequency (ca. 13.56 MHz) plasma, C2 H6 will be formed by the bridging CH3 between two Al's.

In essence, since even an organic metal comprising CH3 group which the simplest alkyl group, C2 H5 group or iC4 H9 group and Al or Ga has a reaction mode depending on the kind of the alkyl group, the kind of the metal atom, the excitation decomposition means, for deposition of a metal atom from an organic metal on a desired substrate, the decomposition reaction must be strictly controlled. For example, when Al is to be deposited from triisobutyl aluminum: ##STR7## in the low pressure CVD method comprising mainly thermal reaction, unevenness of μm order is formed on the surface, whereby the surface morphology is inferior. Also, hillock generation by heat treatment, Si surface roughening through Si diffusion at the interface between Al and Si occur, and also migration resistance is inferior, making its utility for ultra-LSI process difficult.

For this reason, a method for controlling precisely both the gas temperature and the substrate temperature has been attempted. However, the device is complicated, and the method is of the sheet treatment type in which deposition can be effected only on one wafer by one deposition process. Besides, since the deposition speed is 500 A/min. at the highest, the throughput necessary for bulk production cannot be realized.

Similarly, when TMA is employed, Al deposition has been attempted by use of plasma or light, the device also becomes complicated due to use of plasma or light, and also because of the sheet type device. There remains room for improvement for of throughput.

Dimethyl aluminum hydride (DMAH) as the alkyl aluminum hydride to be utilized in the present invention is substance known as alkyl metal, but it could not be estimated at all what Al thin film could be deposited depending on what reaction mode, unless deposited films are formed under all the conditions. For example, in an example of deposition Al by optical CVD from DMAH, the surface morphology is inferior, and the resistivity value was greater than the bulk value (2.7 μohmcm) by several μohm to 10 μohm cm, thus being inferior in film quality.

Now, referring to the drawings, preferred embodiments of the present invention are described in more detail.

In the present invention, for depositing an Al-Si film of good quality as the electroconductive deposition film on a substrate, the CVD method is used.

More specifically, by use of dimethyl aluminum hydride (DMAH): ##STR8## or monomethyl aluminum hydride (MMAH2): ##STR9## as alkyl aluminum hydride which is an organic metal as the starting gas containing at least one atom which becomes the constituent of the deposited film, a gas containing Si atoms as the starting gas and H2 as the reaction gas, an Al-Si film is formed by gas phase growth with a gas mixture of these on a substrate.

As the substrate applicable in the present invention, a material having electron donative property may be employed.

The electron donative material is described in detail below.

The electron donative material refers to one having existing free electrons or free electrons intentionally formed in the substrate, as for example, a material having a surface on which the chemical reaction is promoted through give-and-take of electrons with the starting gas molecules attached on the substrate surface. For example, generally metals and semiconductors correspond to such material. These having very thin oxidized film on the metal or semiconductor surface are also included, since, with such thin film, the chemical reaction can occur between the substrate and the attached starting molecules.

Specifically, there may be included semiconductors such as single crystalline silicon, polycrystalline silicon, amorphous silicon, etc., binary system or ternary system or quaternary system III-V compound semiconductors comprising combinations of Ga, In, Al as the group III element and P, As, N as the group V element, or II-IV compound semiconductors, or metals themselves such as tungsten, molybdenum, tantalum, aluminum, titanium, copper, etc., or silicides of the above metals such as tungsten silicide, molybdenum silicide, tantalum silicide, aluminum silicide, titanium silicide, etc., further metals containing either one of the constituent of the above metals such as aluminum silicon, aluminum titanium, aluminum copper, aluminum tantalum, aluminum silicon copper, aluminum silicon titanium, aluminum palladium, titanium nitride, etc. may be used.

On the substrate with such constitution, Al is deposited only through simple thermal reaction in the reaction system of the starting gas and H2. For example, the thermal reaction in the reaction system between DMAH and H2 may be basically considered as follows: ##STR10## DMAH assumes a dimer structure at room temperature. Also, with MMAH2, a high quality Al film could be formed by thermal reaction as shown below in Examples.

Since MMAH2 has low vapor pressure as 0.01 to 0.1 Torr at room temperature, a large amount of the starting material can be transported with difficulty, and the upper limit value of the deposition speed is several hundred Å/min. In the present embodiment, it is most desirable to use DMAH having a vapor pressure of 1 Torr at room temperature.

In another embodiment of the present invention, the CVD method is used for selective deposition of a good Al film as the electroconductive deposition film on the substrate.

More specifically, as described above, by use of dimethyl aluminum hydride (DMAH) or monomethyl aluminum hydride (MMAH2), a gas containing Si atoms as the starting gas and H2 as the reaction gas, an Al-Si film is selectively formed on the substrate by gas phase growth with a gas mixture of these.

The substrate applicable in the present invention has a first substrate surface material for formation of the surface on which Al-Si is deposited, and a second substrate surface material on which no Al-Si is deposited. And, as the first substrate surface material, a material having the electron donative surface is used.

In contrast, as the material for forming the surface on which Al-Si is not deposited selectively, namely the material for forming the electron non-donative surface, conventional insulating materials, oxidized silicon formed by thermal oxidation, CVD, etc., glass or oxidized film such as BSG, PSG, BPSG, etc., thermally nitrided film, silicon nitrided film by plasma CVD, low pressure CVD, ECR-CVD method, etc.

FIG. 1 is a schematic view showing a preferably deposition film forming device for applying the present invention.

Here, 1 is a substrate for forming an Al-Si film. The substrate 1 is mounted on a substrate holder 3 provided internally of the reaction tube 2 for forming a space for formation of a deposited film which is substantially closed to FIG. 1. As the material constituting the reaction tube 2, quartz is preferable, but it may be also made of a metal. In this case, it is preferable to cool the reaction tube. The substrate holder 3 is made of a metal, and is provided with a heater 4 so that the substrate mounted thereon can be heated. And, the constitution is made so that the substrate temperature can be controlled by controlling the heat generation temperature of the heater 4.

The feeding system of gases is constituted as described below.

5 is a gas mixer, in which the first starting gas, the second starting gas and the reaction gas are mixed, and the mixture is fed into the reaction tube 2. 6 is a starting gas gasifier provided for gasification of an organic metal as the first starting gas.

The organic metal to be used in the present invention is liquid at room temperature, and is formed into saturated vapor by passing a carrier gas through the liquid of the organic metal within the gasifier 6, which is in turn introduced into the mixer 5.

The evacuation is constituted as described below.

7 is a gate valve, which is opened when performing evacuation of a large volume such as during evacuation internally of the reaction tube 2 before formation of the deposited film. 8 is a slow leak valve, which is used when performing evacuation of a small volume such as in controlling the pressure internally of the reaction tube 2 during formation of the deposited film. 9 is an evacuation unit, which is constituted of a pump for evacuation such as turbo molecular pump, etc.

The conveying system of the substrate 1 is constituted as described below.

10 is a substrate conveying chamber which can house the substrate before and after formation of the deposited film, which is evacuated by opening the valve 11. 12 is an evacuation unit for evacuating the conveying chamber, which is constituted of a pump for evacuation such as turbo molecular pump, etc.

The valve 13 is opened only when the substrate 1 is transferred between the reaction chamber and the conveying space.

As shown in FIG. 1, in the starting gas gasifier 6 which is the gas formation chamber for forming the starting gas, the liquid DMAH maintained at room temperature is bubbled with H2 or Ar (or other inert gas) as the carrier gas to form gaseous DMAH, which is transported to the mixer 5. The H2 gas as the reaction gas is transported through another route into the mixer 5. The gases are controlled in flow rates so that the respective partial pressures may become desired values.

In the case of forming a film by this device, the first starting gas may be of course MMAH2, but DMAH with a vapor pressure sufficient to become 1 Torr at room temperature is the most preferred. Also, DMAH and MMAH2 may be used in a mixture.

As the second starting gas containing Si, there can be used Si2 H6, SiH4, Si3 H8, Si(CH3)4, SiCl4, SiH2 Cl2 and SiH3 Cl. Of these compounds, Si2 H6 which can be easily decomposed at the low temperature of 200-300 C. The gases such as Si2 H6 are diluted with H2 or Ar and transported to the mixer 5 through a system other than the DMAH system.

The deposited film formed at a substrate temperature of 160 C. to 450 C. by use of such starting gas and reaction gas, with a thickness of for example 400 Å, has a resistivity at room temperature of 2.7-3.0 μohmcm which is substantially equal to Al bulk resistivity, and is a continuous and flat film. At this time, the pressure during film formation can be chosen to be within the range from 10-3 Torr to 760 Torr. Also, even when the film thickness may be 1 μm, its resistivity is ca. 2.7-3.0 μohmcm, and a sufficiently dense film can be formed also with a relatively thicker film. Also, the reflectance in the visible light wavelength region is approximately 80%, whereby a thin film excellent in surface flatness can be deposited.

The substrate temperature is desirably the decomposition temperature of the starting gas containing Al or higher, and 450 C. or lower as described above, but specifically the substrate temperature of 200 to 450 C. is more desirable, and when deposition is carried out under this condition, by making the DMAH partial pressure 10-4 to 10-3 Torr, the deposition speed becomes as high as 100 Å/min. to 800 Å/min., whereby sufficient high deposition speed corresponding to the cost as the Al-Si deposition technique for ultra-LSI can be obtained.

A more preferable substrate temperature condition is 270 C. to 350 C., and the Al-Si film deposited under this condition is also strongly orientatable and, even when subjected to the heat treatment at 450 C. for 1 hour, the Al-Si film on the Si monocrystalline or Si polycrystalline substrate becomes a good Al-Si film without generation of hillock, spike as seen in the film forming method of the prior art. Also, such Al-Si film is excellent in electro-migration resistance.

In the device shown in FIG. 1, Al-Si can be deposited on only one sheet of substrate in deposition for one time. Although a deposition speed of ca. 800 Å/min. can be obtained, it is still insufficient for performing deposition of a large number of sheets within a short time.

As the deposition film forming device for improving this point, there is the low pressure CVD device which can deposit Al-Si by simultaneous mounting of a large number of sheets of wafer. Since the Al-Si film formation according to the present invention utilizes the surface reaction on the electron donative substrate surface, in the hot wall type low pressure CVD method wherein only the substrate is heated, Al can be deposited on the substrate by use of DMAH and H2 and the Si starting gas such as Si2 H6, etc.

The reaction tube pressure may be 0.05 to 760 Torr, desirably 0.1 to 0.8 Torr, the substrate temperature 160 C. to 450 C., desirably 200 C. to 400 C., the DMAH partial pressure 110-5 -fold to 1.310-3 -fold of the pressure in the reaction tube, the Si2 H6 partial pressure 110-7 -fold to 110-4 -fold of the pressure in the reaction tube, and under such conditions, Al-Si can be desirably deposited on the electron donative substrate.

FIG. 2 is a schematic illustration showing a deposited film forming device to which such present invention is applicable.

57 is a substrate for formation of Al-Si film. 50 is an outside reaction tube made of quartz for forming a space for formation of deposited film substantially closed to the surrounding, 51 an innerside reaction tube made of quartz located for separating the flow of gas within the outside reaction tube 50, 54 a flange made of a metal for opening and closing of the opening of the outside reaction tube 50, and the substrate 57 is located within the substrate holding member 56 provided internally of the innerside reaction tube 51. The substrate holding member 56 should be preferably made of quartz.

Also, in the present device, the substrate temperature can be controlled by the heater portion 59. The pressure internally of the reaction tube 50 is constituted so as to be controllable by the evacuation system connected through the gas evacuation outlet 53.

The gas feeding system is constituted to have a first gas system, a second gas system, a third gas system and a mixer (none are shown in FIG. 2) similarly as the device shown by the symbols 5 and 6 in FIG. 1, and the starting gases and the reaction gas are introduced into the reaction tube 50 through the starting gas inlet 52. These gases react on the surface of the substrate 57 during passage internally of the innerside reaction tube 51 as shown by the arrowhead 58 in FIG. 2 to deposit Al-Si on the substrate surface. The gases after the reaction pass through the gap formed between the innerside reaction tube 51 and the outside reaction tube 50, and evacuated through the gas evacuation outlet 53.

In taking the substrate in and out, the flange 54 made of a metal is permitted to fall by an elevator (not shown) together with the substrate holding member 56 and the substrate 57 to be moved to a predetermined position where the substrate is mounted and detached.

By forming a deposited film under the conditions as described above by use of such device, Al-Si films of good quality can be formed in all the wafers within the device.

As described above, the film obtained according to the Al-Si film formation process based on the embodiment of the present invention is dense with little content of impurity such as carbon, etc. and resistivity which is similar to bulk, and also has high surface smoothness, and therefore remarkable effects as described below can be obtained.

(1) Reduction of hillock

Hillock is the occurrence of concavities on the Al-Si surface due to partial migration of Al-Si when inner stress during film formation is released in the heat treatment step. Also, similar phenomenon occurs by local migration by current passage. The Al-Si film formed by the present invention has little inner stress and is approximate to the state of monocrystal. For this reason, in the heat treatment at 450 C. for one hour, as contrasted to formation of 104 -106 /cm2 of hillocks in the Al-Si film of the prior art, the hillock number could be greatly improved as 0 to 10/cm2. Thus, due to substantial absence of Al-Si surface concavity, the resist film thickness and the interlayer insulating film can be made thin to be advantageous for making it finer and flatter.

(2) Improvement of electro-migration resistance

Electro-migration is the phenomenon that the wiring atoms move by passage of a current of high density. By this phenomenon, voids are generated and grown along the grain boundary, whereby as accompanied with reduction of the cross-sectional area, the wiring generates heat to be broken. In the prior art, the anti-migration property has been improved by adding Cu, Ti, etc. to Al-Si to form an alloy. However, the alloy formation results in complication of the etching step and difficulty of minute formation.

Migration resistance is generally evaluated by average wiring life.

The wiring formed by the sputtering method or the CVD method of the prior art has obtained an average wiring life of 1102 to 103 hours (in the case of a wiring cross-sectional area of 1 μm2) under the current passage test conditions of 250 C., 1106 A/cm2. In contrast, the Al-Si film obtained by the Al-Si film formation method based on the embodiment of the present invention could obtain an average wiring life of 103 to 104 hours with a wiring having a cross-sectional area of 1 μm2.

Hence, according to the present invention, for example, when the wiring width is 0.8 μm, a wiring layer thickness of 0.3 μm can sufficiently withstand practical application. That is, since the wiring layer thickness can be made thinner, unevenness on the semiconductor surface after arrangement of wiring can be suppressed to a minimum, and also high reliability in passing ordinary current can be obtained. Also, this is possible by a very simple process.

(3) Reduction of alloy pits in contact portion

By the heat treatment in the wiring step, eutectic reaction between Al in the wiring material and Si in the substrate may occur resulting in penetration of Al-Si eutectic called as alloy pit into the substrate in spike pattern, thereby destroying shallow junction.

As countermeasure, it is usual to employ a material other than pure Al when the depth of junction is 0.3 μm or more and to employ barrier metal technique of Ti, W, Mo type.

However, there remain some points to be improved such as complication of etching, rise of contact resistivity and the like. In Al-Si formed according to the present invention, generation of alloy pits in contact portion with substrate crystal due to heat treatment in the wiring step can be inhibited and wiring with good contact can also be obtained. In other words, wiring can be effected only with an Al-Si material without destroying junction even when the junction is formed in a depth of about 0.1 μm.

(4) Improvement of surface smoothness (patterning characteristic improvement of wiring)

In the prior art, roughness of the surface of a metal thin film caused inconvenience in the alignment step for the mask and the substrate in the patterning step and in the etching step.

That is, there is unevenness extending to several μm on the surface of Al film according to the prior art method, whereby the surface morphology is poor, and therefore had the following disadvantages.

1) Alignment signals cause diffused reflection to occur at the surface, whereby noise level becomes higher and inherent alignment signals cannot be discriminated.

2) For covering large surface unevenness, the resist film thickness must be taken large, which is opposite to fine formation.

3) If the surface morphology is poor, halation due to the resist internal reflection will occur locally, whereby resist remaining occurs.

4) If the surface morphology is poor, the side wall becomes notched in the wiring etching step according to its unevenness.

According to the present invention, the surface morphology of Al-Si film to be formed is markedly improved to cancel all the drawbacks described above.

In other words, in the patterning step, at the line width of the resolving power limit of the exposure machine, the alignment precision 3=0.15 μm can be accomplished, whereby wiring having smooth side plane is rendered possible without causing halation to occur.

(5) Improvement of resistance in contact hole and through hole and of contact resistance

In the prior art method, if the size of the contact hole becomes as fine as 1 μm1 μm or less, Si in the wiring is precipitated on the substrate of the contact hole during heat treatment in the wiring step to cover thereover, whereby resistance between the wiring and the element becomes markedly larger.

According to the embodiment of the present invention, since a dense film is formed according to the surface reaction, Al-Si has been confirmed to have a resistivity of 2.7-3.3 μohm cm. Also, the contact resistivity can attain 110-6 ohmcm2 at an area of 0.6 μm0.6 μm when the Si portion has an impurity of 1020 cm-3.

That is, according to the present invention, a good contact with the substrate can be obtained.

(6) It becomes possible to lower heat treatment during wiring step lower or to abolish the heat treatment step.

As described in detail above, by applying the present invention to the wiring formation method of a semiconductor integrated circuit, the yield can be improved, and reduction of cost can be promoted to great extent as compared with Al wiring of the prior art.

FIGS. 3A-3E show how the Al-Si film according to the present invention is selectively grown.

FIG. 3A is an illustration showing schematically the cross-section of the substrate before formation of the Al-Si deposited film according to the present invention. 90 is the substrate comprising an electron donative material, and 91 a thin film comprising an electron non-donative material.

In the case of using DMAH and Si2 H6 as the starting gases, when a gas mixture containing H2 as the reaction gas is fed onto the substrate 1 heated within a temperature range from the decomposition temperature of DMAH to 450 C., Al is precipitated on the substrate 90, whereby a continuous film of Al is formed as shown in FIG. 3B. Here, the pressure within the reaction tube 2 should be desirably 10-3 to 760 Torr, and the DMAH partial pressure preferably 1.510-5 to 1.310-3 -fold of the pressure within the above reaction tube. The Si2 H6 partial pressure should preferably be 110-7 to 110-4 -fold of the pressure within the reaction tube 2.

When deposition of Al-Si is continued under the above conditions, via the state of FIG. 3C, the Al-Si film grows to the level of the uppermost portion of the thin film 91 as shown in FIG. 3D. Further, when grown under the same conditions, as shown in FIG. 3E, the Al-Si film can grow to 5000 Å substantially without growth in the lateral direction. This is the most characteristic point of the deposited film obtained by the present invention, and it will be understood how a film of good quality can be formed under good selectivity.

As the result of analysis according to Auger's electron spectroscopy or photoelectric spectroscopy, no entrainment of an impurity such as carbon or oxygen is recognized in this film.

The deposited film thus formed has a resistivity of, for example, with a film thickness of 400 Å, 2.7-3.0 μohmcm at room temperature which is substantially equal to the bulk resistivity of Al, and becomes continuous and flat film. Also, even with a film thickness of 1 μm, its resistance at room temperature is approximately 2.7-3.0 μohmcm and a sufficiently dense film is formed with a relatively thicker film. The reflectance in the visible wavelength region is approximately 80%, and a thin film with excellent surface flatness can be deposited. The substrate temperature in performing such selective deposition should be desirably the decomposition temperature of the starting gas containing Al or higher and 450 C. or lower as mentioned above, but specifically a substrate temperature of 200 to 450 C. is desirable, and when deposition is performed under such condition, the deposition speed is sufficiently great as 100 Å/min. to 800 Å/min. when DMAH partial pressure is 10-4 to 10-3 Torr. Thus a sufficiently great deposition speed can be obtained as the Al-Si deposition technique for ultra-LSI.

A more preferable substrate temperature condition is 270 C. to 350 C., and the Al-Si film deposited under this condition is also strongly orientatable and, even when subjected to the heat treatment at 450 C. for 1 hour, the Al-Si film on the Si monocrystalline or Si polycrystalline substrate becomes a good Al-Si film without generation of hillock, spike. Also, such Al-Si film is excellent in electro-migration resistance.

In the device shown in FIG. 1, Al-Si can be deposited on only one sheet of substrate in deposition for one time. Although a deposition speed of ca. 800 Å/min. can be obtained, it is still insufficient for performing deposition of a large number of sheets within a short time.

As the deposition film forming device for improving this point, there is the low pressure CVD device which can deposit Al-Si by simultaneous mounting of a large number of sheets of wafer. Since the Al-Si deposition according to the present invention utilizes the surface reaction of the electron donative substrate surface, in the hot wall type low pressure CVD method wherein only the substrate is heated, a Al-Si compound containing 0.5 to 2.0% of Si can be deposited on the substrate by adding DMAH, H2 and a Si starting gas such as Si2 H6, etc.

The reaction tube pressure may be 0.05 to 760 Torr, desirably 0.1 to 0.8 Torr, the substrate temperature 160 C. to 450 C., desirably 200 C. to 400 C., the DMAH partial pressure 110-5 -fold to 1.310-3 -fold of the pressure in the reaction tube, the Si2 H6 partial pressure 110-7 -fold to 110-4 -fold of the pressure in the reaction tube, and under such conditions, Al-Si can be selectively deposited on only the electron donative substrate. In the case of such selective deposition, a good Al-Si film can also be formed under the above described conditions by use of the deposited film forming apparatus such as described above by referring to FIGS. 1 and 2.

As described above, the film obtained according to the Al-Si film selective formation process based on the embodiment of the present invention is dense with very little content of impurity such as carbon, etc. and resistivity which is similar to bulk, and also has high surface smoothness, and therefore remarkable effects as described below can be obtained.

(1) Reduction of hillock

The Al-Si film formed according to the present invention has little internal stress and is approximate to the state of monocrystal. For this reason, in the heat treatment at 450 C. for one hour, as contrasted to formation of 104 -106 /cm2 of hillocks in the Al-Si film of the prior art, the hillocks number could be greatly improved as 0 to 10/cm2.

(2) Improvement of electro-migration resistance

In the prior art, the anti-migration property has been improved by adding Cu, Ti, etc. to Al-Si to form an alloy. However, the alloy formation results in complication of the etching step and difficulty of minute formation.

The wiring formed by the method of the prior art has obtained an average wiring life of 1102 to 103 hours (in the case of a wiring cross-sectional area of 1 μm2) under the current passage test conditions of 250 C., 1106 A/cm2. In contrast, the Al-Si film obtained by the Al-Si film selective formation method based on the embodiment of the present invention could obtain an average wiring life of 103 to 104 hours with a wiring having a cross-sectional area of 1 μm2.

(3) Reduction of alloy pit in contact portion

The Al-Si selectively formed according to the present invention can suppress generation of alloy pit at the contact portion with the substrate crystal even by the heat treatment during wiring step, and also a wiring with good contact characteristic can be obtained. That is, even when the junction is made shallow to the extent of 0.1 μm, the junction will not be destroyed with only the Al-Si material.

(4) Improvement of surface smoothness (patterning characteristic improvement of wiring)

According to the present invention, the surface morphology of the Al-Si film to be formed can be improved remarkably, whereby all of the problems of the prior art can be improved.

(5) Improvement of resistance in contact hole and through hole and contact resistance

According to the present invention, since a dense film is selectively formed by the surface reaction even when the opening may be 1 μm1 μm or less, it has been confirmed that the Al-Si completely filled within the contact hole and through hole each has a resistivity of 2.7-3.3 μohmcm. Also, the contact resistivity can attain 110-6 ohmcm2 in the case where the Si portion has an impurity of 1020 cm-3 in a hole of 0.6 μm0.6 μm.

That is, according to the present invention, the wiring material can be completely embedded only in the minute opening, and also good contact with the substrate can be obtained. Therefore, the present invention can contribute greatly to improvement of resistance within hole and contact resistance which have been the greatest problems in the fine process of 1 μm or less.

(6) It is possible to make the heat treatment temperature during wiring step lower or to omit the heat treatment step.

As described in detail above, by applying the present invention to the wiring formation method of a semiconductor integrated circuit, particularly embedding of contact hole or through hole, the yield can be improved, and reduction of cost can be promoted to great extent as compared with Al-Si wiring of the prior art. n

EXAMPLE 1

First, the procedure for Al-Si film formation is as follows. By use of the device shown in FIG. 1, the reaction tube 2 is internally evacuated to ca. 110-8 Torr by the evacuation unit 9. However, Al-Si film can be also formed even if the vacuum degree within the reaction tube 2 may be worse than 110-8 Torr.

After washing of Si wafer, the conveying chamber 10 is released to atmospheric pressure and Si wafer is mounted in the conveying chamber. The conveying chamber is evacuated to ca. 10-6 Torr, and then the gate valve 13 is opened and the wafer is mounted on the wafer holder 3.

After mounting of the wafer on the wafer holder 3, the gate valve 13 is closed, and the reaction chamber 2 is evacuated to a vacuum degree of ca. 110-8 Torr.

In this Example, DMAH is fed through the first gas line. As the carrier gas of DMAH line H2 which is the same as the reaction gas is employed. The second gas line is used for H2 and the third gas line for Si2 H6.

By passing H2 through the second gas line, the pressure within the reaction tube 2 is made a predetermined value by controlling the opening of the slow leak valve 8. A typical pressure in this Example is made approximately 1.5 Torr. Then, the wafer is heated by current passage through the heater 4. After the wafer temperature has reached a predetermined temperature, DMAH and Si2 H6 are introduced into the reaction tube through the DMAH line and the Si2 H6 line. The total pressure is ca. 1.5 Torr, and the DMAH partial pressure is made ca. 1.510-4 Torr. The Si2 H6 partial pressure is made 210-6 Torr. When Si2 H6 and DMAH are introduced into the reaction tube 2, Al-Si is deposited. After a predetermined deposition time has elapsed, feeding of DMAH and Si2 H6 is stopped. Next, heating of the heater 4 is stopped to cool the wafer. Feeding of H2 gas is stopped, and after evacuation internally of the reaction tube, the wafer is transferred to the conveying chamber, and only the conveying chamber is made atmospheric before taking out the wafer. The outline of Al-Si film formation is as described above.

EXPERIMENTAL EXAMPLE 1

Al-Si films were deposited at the respective temperatures each for 10 sheet samples following the same procedure as described in Example 1 under the following conditions:

Total pressure: 1.5 Torr

DMAH partial pressure: 1.510-4 Torr

Si2 H6 partial pressure: 210-6 Torr.

The Al-Si films deposited by varying the substrate temperature at 13 levels were evaluated by use of various evaluation methods. The results are shown in Table 1.

It has been confirmed from the results that films of extremely excellent quality can be obtained within the temperature range of 160 to 450 C., more preferably 200 to 400 C., optimally 270 to 350 C.

                                  TABLE 1__________________________________________________________________________Evaluation  Substrate temperature (C.)item   150     160 200 250 270 300 330 350 370 400 430 450 470__________________________________________________________________________Carbon -- 0   0   0   0   0   0   0   0   0   0   0   1˜9content (%)Resistivity  -- 2.7˜         2.7˜             2.7˜                 2.7˜                     2.7˜                         2.7˜                             2.7˜                                 2.7˜                                     2.7˜                                         2.7˜                                             2.7˜                                                 2.7˜(μΩ  cm)     3.3 3.3 3.3 3.3 3.3 3.3 3.3 3.3 3.3 3.3 3.3 3.3Reflectance  -- 85˜95         85˜95             85˜95                 85˜95                     85˜95                         85˜95                             85˜95                                 85˜95                                     85˜95                                         70  60 or                                                 60 or(%)                                               lower                                                 lowerAverage  -- 103 ˜         103 ˜             103 ˜                 103 ˜                     103 ˜                         103 ˜                             103 ˜                                 103 ˜                                     103 ˜                                         102 ˜                                             102 ˜                                                 102 ˜wiring    104         104             104                 104                     104                         104                             104                                 104                                     104                                         103                                             103                                                 103life (hour)Deposition  -- 1˜9         100˜             100˜                 100˜                     100˜                         100˜                             100˜                                 100˜                                     100˜                                         100˜                                             100˜                                                 1000Speed         800 800 800 800 800 800 800 800 800 800(Å/min)Hillock  -- 0˜103         0˜103             0˜103                 0˜10                     0˜10                         0˜10                             0˜10                                 0˜104                                     0˜104                                         0˜104                                             0˜104                                                 0˜104density(cm-2)Spike  -- 0˜10         0˜10             0   0   0   0   0   0˜30                                     0˜30                                         0˜30                                             0˜30                                                 0˜30generationratio (%)__________________________________________________________________________ Note: No deposition occurs at substrate temperature of 150 C. Average wiring life is time to wire breaking when current is passed at a current density of 1  106 A/cm2 through a crosssectional area of 1 μm2 at 250 C. Spike generation ratio is destruction probability at the junction portion of 0.15 μm depth.
EXPERIMENTAL EXAMPLE 2

Following the same procedure as in Example 1 to set the parameters as follows:

Total pressure: 1.5 Torr

DMAH partial pressure: 510-4 Torr

Substrate temperature (Tsub): 300 C.

and the Si2 H6 partial pressure was varied from 1.510-7 Torr to 110-4 Torr to effect deposition. The Si content (wt. %) of the Al-Si films were varied from 0.005% to 5% approximately in proportion to the Si2 H6 partial pressure. As to resistivity, carbon content, average wiring life, deposition speed, hillock density and spike generation, the same results as in Experimental example 1 were obtained. However, in samples having a Si content of 4% or higher, deposition was generated in the films which appeared to be Si to worsen surface morphology, thereby making the reflectance 65% or lower. Samples having a Si content of less than 4% exhibited a reflectance of 80 to 95%, which was the same as in Experimental example 1.

EXAMPLE 2

First, the procedure of Al-Si film formation is as follows. By the evacuation unit 9, the reaction tube is evacuated internally to ca. 110-8 Torr. Al-Si film can be formed even if the vacuum degree in the reaction tube 2 may be higher than 110-8 Torr.

After washing of the Si wafer, the conveying chamber 10 is released to atmospheric pressure and the Si wafer is mounted in the conveying chamber. The conveying chamber is evacuated to ca. 110-6 Torr, then the gate valve 13 is opened and the wafer is mounted on the wafer holder 3.

After mounting of the wafer holder 3, the gate valve 13 is evacuated to a vacuum degree in the reaction chamber 2 of ca. 110-8 Torr.

In this Example, the first gas line is used for DMAH. As the carrier gas for the DMAH line, Ar is employed. The second gas line is used for H2. The third gas line is provided for Si2 H6.

By passing H2 through the second gas line, the pressure within the reaction tube 2 is made a predetermined value by controlling the opening of the slow leak valve 8. A typical pressure in this Example is made approximately 1.5 Torr. Then, the wafer is heated by current passage through the heater 4. After the wafer temperature has reached a predetermined temperature, DMAH and Si2 H6 are introduced into the reaction tube through the DMAH line and the Si2 H6 line. The total pressure is ca. 1.5 Torr, and the DMAH partial pressure is made ca. 1.510-4 Torr. The Si2 H6 partial pressure is made 210-5 Torr. When Si2 H6 and DMAH are introduced into the reaction tube 2, Al-Si is deposited. After a predetermined deposition time has elapsed, feeding of DMAH and Si2 H6 is stopped. Next, heating of the heater 4 is stopped to cool the wafer. Feeding of H2 gas is stopped, and after evacuation internally of the reaction tube, the wafer is transferred to the conveying chamber, and only the conveying chamber is made atmospheric pressure before taking out the wafer. The outline of Al-Si film formation is as described above.

EXPERIMENTAL EXAMPLE 3

For deposited films formed according to the method of Example 2, concerning resistivity, carbon content, average wiring life, deposition speed, hillock density, generation of spike and reflectance, the same results as in Example 1 were obtained.

EXPERIMENTAL EXAMPLE 4

Following the same procedure as in Example 2 to set the parameters as follows:

Total pressure: 1.5 Torr

DMAH partial pressure: 510-4 Torr

Substrate temperature (Tsub): 300 C. and the Si2 H6 partial pressure was varied from 1.510-7 Torr to 110-4 Torr to effect deposition. The Si content (wt. %) of the Al-Si films were varied from 0.005% to 5% approximately in proportion to the Si2 H6 partial pressure. As to resistivity, carbon content, average wiring life, deposition speed, hillock density and spike generation, the same results as in Experimental example 1 were obtained. However, in samples having a Si content of 4% or higher, deposition was generated in the films which appeared to be Si to worsen surface morphology, thereby making the reflectance 65% or lower. Samples having a Si content of less than 4% exhibited a reflectance of 80 to 95%, which was the same as in Experimental example 1.

EXAMPLE 3

This Example 3 is film formation according to the low pressure CVD method.

EXPERIMENTAL EXAMPLE 5

A silicon substrate was placed in the low pressure CVD method shown in FIG. 2, and Al-Si film was formed within the same badge. The film formation conditions were made a reaction tube pressure of 0.3 Torr, a DMAH partial pressure of 3.010-5 Torr, a Si2 H6 partial pressure of 1.010-6 Torr, a substrate temperature of 300 C., and a film formation time of 10 minutes.

As the result of film formation under such conditions, an Al-Si film of 7000 Å was deposited. The film quality was very good, exhibiting the same properties as one prepared at a substrate temperature of 300 C. shown in Experimental example 1.

EXAMPLE 4

This Example 4 shows a film formation method using MMAH2 in place of DMAH.

EXPERIMENTAL EXAMPLE 6

The procedure of Example 1 was repeated to effect deposition with the exception that MMAH2 was used as the starting gas and the parameters were set as follows:

Total pressure: 1.5 Torr

MMAH2 partial pressure: 510-4 Torr

Si2 H6 partial pressure: 1.010-5 Torr

As a result, Al-Si thin films were deposited within the substrate temperature range of 160 C. to 400 C. which contained no carbon impurity and were excellent in flatness and denseness similarly as in Experimental example 1.

EXAMPLE 5

This Example 5 performs deposition using a gas other than Si2 H6 as a gas of the compound containing silicon atoms.

EXPERIMENTAL EXAMPLE 7

The procedure of Example 1 was repeated to effect deposition with the exception that SiH4 was used in place of Si2 H6 as the starting material containing Si and the parameters were set as follows:

Total pressure: 1.5 Torr

DMAH partial pressure: 510-4 Torr

SiH4 partial pressure: 110-5 Torr

As a result, Al-Si thin films were deposited within the substrate temperature range of 160 C. to 400 C. which contained no carbon impurity and were excellent in flatness and denseness similarly as in Experimental example 1.

Examples 6 to 8 and Experimental examples 8 to 15 described below are examples when forming Al-Si films selectively.

EXAMPLE 6

In this Example 6, selective deposition of Al-Si is effected by use of the device shown in FIG. 1. The reaction tube 2 is internally evacuated to ca. 110-8 Torr by the evacuation unit 9. However, Al-Si film can be also formed even if the vacuum degree within the reaction tube 2 may be worse than 110-8 Torr.

After washing of the Si wafer, the conveying chamber 10 is released to atmospheric pressure and the Si wafer is mounted in the conveying chamber. The conveying chamber is evacuated to ca. 110-6 Torr, then the gate valve 13 is opened and the wafer is mounted on the wafer holder 3.

After mounting of the wafer on the wafer holder 3, the gate valve 13 is closed, and the reaction chamber 2 is evacuated to a vacuum degree of ca. 110-8 Torr.

In this Example, DMAH is fed through the first gas line. As the carrier gas of DMAH line, H2 is employed. The second gas line is used for H2 and the third gas line for Si2 H6. By passing H2 through the second gas line, the pressure within the reaction tube 2 is made a predetermined value by controlling the opening of the slow leak valve 8. A typical pressure in this Example is made approximately 1.5 Torr. Then, the wafer is heated by current passage through the heater 4. After the wafer temperature has reached a predetermined temperature, DMAH and Si2 H6 are introduced into the reaction tube through the DMAH line and the Si2 H6 line. The total pressure is ca. 1.5 Torr, and the DMAH partial pressure is made ca. 1.510-4 Torr. The Si2 H6 partial pressure is made 210-6 Torr. When Si2 H6 and DMAH are introduced into the reaction tube 2, Al-Si is deposited. After a predetermined deposition time has elapsed, feeding of DMAH and Si2 H6 is stopped. Next, heating of the heater 4 is stopped to cool the wafer. Feeding of H2 gas is stopped, and after evacuation internally of the reaction tube, the wafer is transferred to the conveying chamber, and only the conveying chamber is made atmospheric before taking out the wafer. The outline of Al-Si film formation is as described above.

EXPERIMENTAL EXAMPLE 8

Si substrates (N type, 1-2 ohmcm) were subjected to thermal oxidation at a temperature of 1000 C. according to the hydrogen combustion system (H2 :4 liters/M, O2 :2 liters/M).

The film thickness was 7000 Å•Å, and the refractive index 1.46. A photoresist was coated on the whole Si substrate, and a desired pattern was baked by an exposure machine. The pattern was such that various holes of 0.25 μm0.25 μm100 μm100 μm were opened. After development of the resist, with the photoresist as the mask, the subbing SiO2 was etched by the reactive ion etching (RIE), etc. to have the substrate Si partially exposed. Thus, 130 sheets of samples having various sizes of SiO2 holes of 0.25 μm0.25 μm100 μm100 μm were prepared, the substrate temperature was set at 13 levels, and for the samples each of 10 sheets at the respective temperatures, Al-Si films were selectively deposited following the procedure as described above under the following conditions:

Total pressure: 1.5 Torr

DMAH partial pressure: 1.510-4 Torr

Si2 H6 partial pressure: 210-6 Torr

The Al-Si films deposited by varying the substrate temperature at 13 levels were evaluated by use of various evaluation methods. The results are shown in Table 2.

                                  TABLE 2__________________________________________________________________________Evaluation  Substrate temperature (C.)item   150     160 200 250 270 300 330 350 370 400 430 450 470__________________________________________________________________________Carbon -- 0   0   0   0   0   0   0   0   0   0   0   1˜9content (%)Resistivity  -- 2.7˜         2.7˜             2.7˜                 2.7˜                     2.7˜                         2.7˜                             2.7˜                                 2.7˜                                     2.7˜                                         2.7˜                                             2.7˜                                                 2.7˜(μΩ  cm)     3.3 3.3 3.3 3.3 3.3 3.3 3.3 3.3 3.3 3.3 3.3 3.3Reflectance  -- 85˜95         85˜95             85˜95                 85˜95                     85˜95                         85˜95                             85˜95                                 85˜95                                     85˜95                                         70  60 or                                                 60 or(%)                                               lower                                                 lowerAverage  -- 103 ˜         103 ˜             103 ˜                 103 ˜                     103 ˜                         103 ˜                             103 ˜                                 103 ˜                                     103 ˜                                         102 ˜                                             102 ˜                                                 102 ˜wiring    104         104             104                 104                     104                         104                             104                                 104                                     104                                         103                                             103                                                 103life (hour)Deposition  -- 1˜9         100˜             100˜                 100˜                     100˜                         100˜                             100˜                                 100˜                                     100˜                                         100˜                                             100˜                                                 1000Speed         800 800 800 800 800 800 800 800 800 800(Å/min)Hillock  -- 0˜103         0˜103             0˜103                 0˜10                     0˜10                         0˜10                             0˜10                                 0˜104                                     0˜104                                         0˜104                                             0˜104                                                 0˜104density(cm-2)Spike  -- 0˜10         0˜10             0   0   0   0   0   0˜30                                     0˜30                                         0˜30                                             0˜30                                                 0˜30generationratio (%)__________________________________________________________________________ Note: No deposition occurs at substrate temperature of 150 C. Average wiring life is time to wire breaking when current is passed at a current density of 1  106 A/cm2 through a crosssectional area of 1 μm2 at 250 C. Spike generation ratio is destruction probability at the junction portion of 0.15 μm depth.

In the above samples, no Al-Si was deposited on SiO2 at a temperature range from 160 C. to 450 C., and Al-Si was deposited only on the portion with opening of SiO2 to have Si exposed. Also, when deposition was carried out in the above temperature range continuously for 2 hours, similar selective depositability was maintained.

EXPERIMENTAL EXAMPLE 9

Following the same procedure as in Example 1 to set the parameters as follows:

Total pressure: 1.5 Torr

DMAH partial pressure: 510-4 Torr

Substrate temperature (Tsub): 300 C.

and the Si2 H6 partial pressure was varied from 1.510-7 Torr to 110-4 Torr to effect deposition. The Si content (wt.%) of the Al-Si films were varied from 0.005% to 5% approximately in proportion to the Si2 H6 partial pressure. As to resistivity, carbon content, average wiring life, deposition speed, hillock density and spike generation, the same results as in Experimental example 8 were obtained. However, in samples having a Si content of 4% or higher, deposition was generated in the films which appeared to be Si to worsen surface morphology, thereby making the reflectance 65% or lower. Samples having a Si content of less than 4% exhibited a reflectance of 80 to 95%, which was the same as in Experimental example 8.

Furthermore, similarly as in Experimental example 8 selective depositability depending on substrate surface material was also confirmed over the entire region.

EXAMPLE 7

First, the procedure of Al-Si film formation is as follows. By the evacuation unit 9, the reaction tube 2 is evacuated internally to ca. 110-8 Torr. Al-Si film can be formed even if the vacuum degree in the reaction tube 2 may be worse than 110-8 Torr.

After washing of the Si wafer, the conveying chamber 10 is released to atmospheric pressure and the Si wafer is mounted in the conveying chamber. The conveying chamber is evacuated to ca. 110-6 Torr, then the gate valve 13 is opened and the wafer is mounted on the wafer holder 3.

After mounting of the wafer holder 3, the gate valve 13 is closed and evacuated to a vacuum degree in the reaction chamber 2 of ca. 110-8 Torr.

In this Example, the first gas line is used for DMAH. As the carrier gas for the DMAH line, Ar is employed. The second gas line is used for H2. The third gas line is provided for Si2 H6.

By passing H2 through the second gas line, the pressure within the reaction tube 2 is made a predetermined value by controlling the opening of the slow leak valve 8. A typical pressure in this Example is made approximately 1.5 Torr. Then, the wafer is heated by current passage through the heater 4. After the wafer temperature has reached a predetermined temperature, DMAH and Si2 H6 are introduced into the reaction tube through the DMAH line and the Si2 H6 line. The total pressure is ca. 1.5 Torr, and the DMAH partial pressure is made ca. 1.510-4 Torr. When Si2 H6 and DMAH are introduced into the reaction tube 2, Al-Si is deposited. After a predetermined deposition time has elapsed, feeding of DMAH and Si2 H6 is stopped. Next, heating of the heater 4 is stopped to cool the wafer. Feeding of H2 gas is stopped, and after evacuation internally of the reaction tube, the wafer is transferred to the conveying chamber, and only the conveying chamber is made atmospheric before taking out the wafer. The outline of Al-Si film formation is as described above.

EXPERIMENTAL EXAMPLE 10

Al-Si films were formed according to the method of Example 7. For the deposited films obtained, concerning resistivity, carbon content, average wiring life, deposition speed, hillock density, generation of spike and reflectance, the same results as in Experimental example 8 were obtained.

Also, selective depositability with substrate was the same as in Experimental example 8.

EXPERIMENTAL EXAMPLE 11

Following the same procedure as in Example 7 to set the parameters as follows:

Total pressure: 1.5 Torr

DMAH partial pressure: 510-4 Torr

Substrate temperature (Tsub): 300 C.

and the Si2 H6 partial pressure was varied from 1.510-7 Torr to 110-4 Torr to effect deposition. The Si content (wt. %) of the Al-Si films were varied from 0.005% to 5% approximately in proportion to the Si2 H6 partial pressure. As to resistivity, carbon content, average wiring life, deposition speed, hillock density and spike generation, the same results as in Experimental example 8 were obtained. However, in samples having a Si content of 4% or higher, deposition was generated in the films which appeared to be Si to worsen surface morphology, thereby making the reflectance 65% or lower. Samples having a Si content of less than 4% exhibited a reflectance of 80 to 95%, which was the same as in Experimental example 8. Furthermore, similarly as in Experimental example 8, selective depositability depending on substrate surface material was also confirmed over the entire region.

EXAMPLE 8

This Example is selective deposition of Al-Si according to the low pressure CVD method.

EXPERIMENTAL EXAMPLE 12

By means of the reduced pressure CVD device shown in FIG. 2, Al-Si films were formed on the substrates with the constitutions as described below (Samples 5-1-5-179).

Preparation of Sample 5-1

On a monocrystalline silicon as the electron donative first substrate surface material, a thermally oxidized SiO2 film as the electron non-donative second substrate surface material was formed, and patterning was effected according to the photolithographic steps as shown in Experimental example 8 to have the monocrystalline silicon surface partially exposed.

The film thickness of the thermally oxidized SiO2 film was found to be 7000 Å, with the size of the exposed portion of the monocrystalline silicon, namely opening being 3 μm3 μm. Thus, Sample 5-1 was prepared. (Hereinafter, such sample is expressed as "thermally oxidized SiO2 (hereinafter abbreviated as T-SiO2)/monocrystalline silicon").

Preparation of Samples 5-2-5-179

Sample 5-2 is an oxidized film formed by normal pressure CVD (hereinafter abbreviated as SiO2)/monocrystalline silicon.

Sample 5-3 is a boron doped oxidized film formed by normal pressure CVD (hereinafter abbreviated as BSG)/monocrystalline silicon.

Sample 5-4 is a phosphorus doped oxidized film formed by normal pressure CVD (hereinafter abbreviated as PSG)/monocrystalline silicon.

Sample 5-5 is a phosphorus and boron doped oxidized film formed by normal pressure CVD (hereinafter abbreviated as BSPG)/monocrystalline silicon formed by normal pressure CVD.

Sample 5-6 is a nitrided film formed by plasma CVD (hereinafter abbreviated as P-S:N)/monocrystalline silicon.

Sample 5-7 is a thermally nitrided film (hereinafter abbreviated as T-S:N)/monocrystalline silicon.

Sample 5-8 is a nitrided film formed by low pressure CVD (hereinafter abbreviated as LP-S:N)/monocrystalline silicon.

Sample 5-9 is a nitrided film formed by ECR device (hereinafter abbreviated as ECR-SiN)/monocrystalline silicon.

Further, by combinations of the electron donative first substrate surface materials and the electron non-donative second substrate surface materials, Samples 5-11-5-179 shown in Table 3 were prepared. As the first substrate surface material, monocrystalline silicon (monocrystalline Si), polycrystalline silicon (polycrystalline Si), amorphous silicon (amorphous Si), tungsten (W), molybdenum (Mo), tantalum (Ta), tungsten silicide (WSi), titanium silicide (TiSi), aluminum (Al), aluminum silicon (Al-Si), titanium aluminum (Al-Ti), titanium nitride (TiN), copper (Cu), aluminum silicon copper (Al-Si-Cu), aluminum palladium (Al-Pd), titanium (Ti), molybdenum silicide (Mo-Si), tantalum silicide (Ta-Si) were employed. These samples and Al2 O3 substrates, SiO2 glass substrates were placed in the low pressure CVD device shown in Table 2, and Al-Si films were formed within the same badge. The film forming conditions were a reaction tube pressure of 0.3 Torr, a DMAH partial pressure of 3.010-5 Torr, a Si2 H6 partial pressure of 1.010-6 Torr, a substrate temperature of 300 C. and a film formation time of 10 minutes.

As the result of film formation under such conditions, concerning all the samples applied with patterning from Sample 5-1 to 5-179, deposition of Al-Si film occurred only on the electron donative first substrate surface film to embed completely the opening with the depth of 7000 Å. The film quality of the Al-Si film was found to be very good, exhibiting the same properties as one prepared at a substrate temperature of 300 C. shown in Experimental example 8. On the other hand, on the second substrate surface which is electron non-donative, no Al-Si film was deposited at all, whereby complete selectivity was obtained. On both the Al2 O3 substrate and the SiO2 glass substrate which are electron non-donative, no Al-Si film was deposited at all.

EXPERIMENTAL EXAMPLE 13

By use of the low pressure CVD device shown in FIG. 2, Al-Si film was formed on the substrate with the constitution as described below.

On a thermally oxidized film as the electron non-donative second substrate surface material, a polycrystalline Si as the electron donative first substrate surface material was formed, patterning was effected according to the photolithographic steps as shown in Experimental example 8 to have the thermally oxidized film surface partially exposed. The film thickness of the polycrystalline silicon at this time was 2000 Å, with the size of the thermally oxidized film exposed portion, namely opening being 3 μm3 μm. Such sample is called 6-1. By combinations of the electron non-donative second substrate surface materials (T-SiO2, CVD-SiO2, BSG, PSG, BPSG, P-SiN, T-SiN, LP-SiN, ECR-S:N) and the electron-donative first substrate surface materials (polycrystalline Si, amorphous Si, Al, W, Mo, Ta, Wsi, TiSi, TaSi, Al-Si, Al-Ti, TiN, Cu, Al-Si-Cu, Al-Pd, Ti, Mo-Si), Samples of 6-1-6-169 shown in Table 4 were prepared. These samples were placed in the low CVD device shown in FIG. 2, and Al-Si film was formed within the same badge. The film forming conditions were a reaction tube pressure of 0.3 Torr, a DMAH partial pressure of 3.010-5 Torr, a Si2 H6 partial pressure of 1.010-6 Torr, a substrate temperature of 300 C. and a film forming time of 10 minutes. As the result of film formation under such conditions, in all the samples from 6-1 to 6-169, no Al-Si film was deposited at all at the opening having the electron non-donative second substrate exposed, but Al-Si of about 7000 Å was deposited only on the electron donative first substrate, whereby complete selectivity was obtained. The film quality of the Al-Si film deposited was found to be very good, exhibiting the same properties as one prepared at a substrate temperature of 300 C. in Experimental example 8.

                                  TABLE 3__________________________________________________________________________Mono-    Poly-crystal- Crys-        Amor-                             Al--line     talline        phous                       Ti--  Si--     Mo--                                                      Ta--Si       Si  Si  W  Mo Ta WSi                        TiSi                           Al AlSi                                 AlTi                                    N  Cu Cu AlPd                                                Ti Si Si__________________________________________________________________________T-SiO25-1 5-11        5-21            5-31               5-41                  5-51                     5-61                        5-71                           5-81                              5-91                                 5-101                                    5-111                                       5-121                                          5-131                                             5-141                                                5-151                                                   5-161                                                      5-171SiO25-2 5-12        5-22            5-32               5-42                  5-52                     5-62                        5-72                           5-82                              5-92                                 5-102                                    5-112                                       5-122                                          5-132                                             5-142                                                5-152                                                   5-162                                                      5-172BSG  5-3 5-13        5-23            5-33               5-43                  5-53                     5-63                        5-73                           5-83                              5-93                                 5-103                                    5-113                                       5-123                                          5-133                                             5-143                                                5-153                                                   5-163                                                      5-173PSG  5-4 5-14        5-24            5-34               5-44                  5-54                     5-64                        5-74                           5-84                              5-94                                 5-104                                    5-114                                       5-124                                          5-134                                             5-144                                                5-154                                                   5-164                                                      5-174BPSG 5-5 5-15        5-25            5-35               5-45                  5-55                     5-65                        5-75                           5-85                              5-95                                 5-105                                    5-115                                       5-125                                          5-135                                             5-145                                                5-155                                                   5-165                                                      5-175P-SiN5-6 5-16        5-26            5-36               5-46                  5-56                     5-66                        5-76                           5-86                              5-96                                 5-106                                    5-116                                       5-126                                          5-136                                             5-146                                                5-156                                                   5-166                                                      5-176T-SiN5-7 5-17        5-27            5-37               5-47                  5-57                     5-67                        5-77                           5-87                              5-97                                 5-107                                    5-117                                       5-127                                          5-137                                             5-147                                                5-157                                                   5-167                                                      5-177LP-SiN5-8 5-18        5-28            5-38               5-48                  5-58                     5-68                        5-78                           5-88                              5-98                                 5-108                                    5-118                                       5-128                                          5-138                                             5-148                                                5-158                                                   5-168                                                      5-178ECR-SiN5-9 5-19        5-29            5-39               5-49                  5-59                     5-69                        5-79                           5-89                              5-99                                 5-109                                    5-119                                       5-129                                          5-139                                             5-149                                                5-159                                                   5-169                                                      5-179__________________________________________________________________________ (note) Numeral shows sample No.

                                  TABLE 4__________________________________________________________________________Poly-Crystal-  Amor-line      phous                              Al--Si        Si  W  Mo Ta WSi                     TiSi                        Al AlSi                              AlTi                                 Ti--N                                     Cu Si--Cu                                            AlPd                                               Ti Mo--Si                                                      Ta--Si__________________________________________________________________________T-SiO26-1  6-11         6-21            6-31               6-41                  6-51                     6-61                        6-71                           6-81                              6-91                                 6-101                                     6-111                                        6-121                                            6-131                                               6-141                                                  6-151                                                      6-161SiO26-2  6-12         6-22            6-32               6-42                  6-52                     6-62                        6-72                           6-82                              6-92                                 6-102                                     6-112                                        6-122                                            6-132                                               6-142                                                  6-152                                                      6-162BSG  6-3  6-13         6-23            6-33               6-43                  6-53                     6-63                        6-73                           6-83                              6-93                                 6-103                                     6-113                                        6-123                                            6-133                                               6-143                                                  6-153                                                      6-163PSG  6-4  6-14         6-24            6-34               6-44                  6-54                     6-64                        6-74                           6-84                              6-94                                 6-104                                     6-114                                        6-124                                            6-134                                               6-144                                                  6-154                                                      6-164BPSG 6-5  6-15         6-25            6-35               6-45                  6-55                     6-65                        6-75                           6-85                              6-95                                 6-105                                     6-115                                        6-125                                            6-135                                               6-145                                                  6-155                                                      6-165P-SiN6-6  6-16         6-26            6-36               6-46                  6-56                     6-66                        6-76                           6-86                              6-96                                 6-106                                     6-116                                        6-126                                            6-136                                               6-146                                                  6-156                                                      6-166T-SiN6-7  6-17         6-27            6-37               6-47                  6-57                     6-67                        6-77                           6-87                              6-97                                 6-107                                     6-117                                        6-127                                            6-137                                               6-147                                                  6-157                                                      6-167LP-SiN6-8  6-18         6-28            6-38               6-48                  6-58                     6-68                        6-78                           6-88                              6-98                                 6-108                                     6-118                                        6-128                                            6-138                                               6-148                                                  6-158                                                      6-168ECR-SiN6-9  6-19         6-29            6-39               6-49                  6-59                     6-69                        6-79                           6-89                              6-99                                 6-109                                     6-119                                        6-129                                            6-139                                               6-149                                                  6-159                                                      6-169__________________________________________________________________________ (note) Numeral shows sample No.
EXPERIMENTAL EXAMPLE 14

When deposition was carried out according to the same procedure as shown in Experimental example 8 by use of MMAH2 as the starting gas and setting the conditions as follows:

Total pressure: 1.5 Torr

MMAH2 partial pressure: 510-4 Torr,

Si2 H6 partial pressure: 110-5 Torr

in the temperature range of the substrate temperature from 160 C. to 400 C., an Al-Si thin film containing no carbon impurity and having excellent flatness, denseness and selectivity with the substrate surface materials was deposited similarly as in Experimental example 8.

EXPERIMENTAL EXAMPLE 15

When deposition was carried out by following the procedure of Experimental example 8, but substituting SiH4 for Si2 H6 as the starting material containing Si and setting the conditions as follows:

Total pressure: 1.5 Torr

DMAH partial pressure: 510-4 Torr,

SiH4 partial pressure: 110-5 Torr

in the temperature range of the substrate temperature from 160 C. to 400 C., an Al-Si thin film containing no carbon impurity and having excellent flatness, denseness and selectivity with the substrate surface materials was deposited similarly as in Experimental example 8.

COMPARATIVE EXPERIMENT

An Al film was formed on a monocrystalline silicon under the following conditions.

By passing Ar in place of H2, Al was deposited by pyrolysis of DMAH. The total pressure at this time was made 1.5 Torr, the DMAH partial pressure 1.510-4 Torr, and the substrate temperature of 270-350 C.

When the Al film thus formed was evaluated, about 2% of carbon was found to be contained at the minimum.

Resistivity became greater by 2-fold or more than the case when hydrogen was employed.

As to reflectance, it was lowered to about 1/3 to 1/9 relative the case when hydrogen was employed.

Similarly, wiring life was shorter by 1 to 2 cipher, generation probability of hillock became greater by 2 cipher or more, and a large number of spikes were found to be generated.

As to the deposition speed, it was lowered to 1/2 to 1/4.

As described above, Al deposited only by decomposition of DMAH without use of H2 is inferior in film quality, and was unsatisfactory as the Al film for a semiconductor device. a

Separately, without use of H2, DMAH was decomposed by the optical CVD method to deposit Al. As the result, some improvement such as no containment of carbon, and the like was observed from as the Al film prepared as compared with the case when no light was employed, but other characteristics were not improved so much, and the Al film was still unsatisfactory as the Al film for a semiconductor device.

As described above, the mechanism of Al deposition according to the present invention may be presently hypothesized as follows.

When DMAH reaches the electron donative substrate, namely the substrate having electrons under the state on which hydrogen atoms are attached (FIG. 4A) with the methyl groups directed toward the substrate side, one electron of the substrate cuts one bond of Al and a methyl group (FIGS. 4B and 4C).

The reaction scheme at this time is as follows:

(CH3)2 AlH+2H+2e→2CH4 ↑+Al-H

Further, similar reactions will proceed for the hydrogen atoms remaining on deposited Al having free electrons (FIG. 4D). Here, when hydrogen atoms are deficient, hydrogen molecules constituting the reaction gas are decomposed on the substrate to supply hydrogen atoms. On the other hand, since there is no electron on the electron non-donative surface, the above-mentioned reaction will not proceed and no Al deposited.

FIGS. 4A-4D are illustrations for better understanding of the reaction mechanism, and the numbers of H, e and Al shown in FIGS. 4A-4D are not necessarily coincident.

In the case of an Al-Si film, Si atoms are incorporated into Al during the process of the reaction as described above.

As described above, according to the present invention, a low resistivity, dense and flat Al-Si film could be deposited on a substrate.

Also, depending on the kind of the substrate, Al-Si can be formed with excellent selectivity.

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Classifications
U.S. Classification438/603, 257/E21.295, 438/604, 438/688, 257/E21.171
International ClassificationH01L21/3205, H01L21/285, C23C16/42
Cooperative ClassificationH01L21/28562, C23C16/42, H01L21/32051
European ClassificationC23C16/42, H01L21/3205M, H01L21/285B4H2
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