|Publication number||US52014 A|
|Publication date||Jan 16, 1866|
|Publication number||US 52014 A, US 52014A, US-A-52014, US52014 A, US52014A|
|Inventors||Offici ezekibl M. Baetlett|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (35)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
Erica@ EZEKIEL M. BARTLETT, OF LOUISIANA, MISSOURI.
IMPROVEMENT IN SPECULA FOR UTERINE DISEASES.
Specification forming part of Letters Patent No. 52,0111, dated January 16, 1866.
To all 'whom it may concern:
Be it known that I, EZEKIEL M. BARTLETT, of Louisiana, in the county ot' Pike and State of Missouri, have invented anew, useful, and Improved Speculuui to Facilitate the Treatment of Uterine and other Diseases 5 and I do hereby declare that the following is a full, clear, and exact description of the construction and operation thereof, reference being had to the annexed drawings, making a part of this specification, wherein similar letters refer to similar parts. 4
The instrument ma-y be made of German silver or other material. I
Figure l represents the instrument with its valves closed. Fig. 2 represents them expanded. Fig. 3 represents the interior plunger.
To enable others skilled in the art to make and use my invention, I will proceed to describe its construction and operation.
A is a band or collar, to the upper edge of which is hinged a series of valves, a. B is an inner band or collar, hinged at one side to the bottom edge of band or collar A, and fitting inside thereof. To the bottom of A there are attached two set-screws, b, which pass through the lower edge of B, by which the instrument is operated.
The operation is a follows When readyfor use the instrument is closed, as seen in Fig. l, with the plunger inside. In operating the instrument the inner collar, B,is pressed up on the inside of the valves a by means of the setscrews b, by which means they can be uniformly expanded to any desired extent, and there held, as shown in Fig. 2.
To lessen the size of the instrument, which is often desirable, any number of the valves a may be turned over, as shown in red lines in Fig. 2 at a--say each alternate valve, or more, as the case may require.
The instrument is so simple, and its mode of operation so obvious to those skilled in the profession, that a minute description of its delicate mode of operation is quite unnecessary.
What I claim as my invention, and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is-
l. The series of valves a., so hinged to the outer band or collar, A, that they may be contracted and expanded at pleasure, al1 acting together, or any number of them turned over and the remainder only used.
2. The bands or collars A and B, hinged together, as represented, and operated by the setscrews b, so as either to allow the contraction of the valves, or gently to expand them to any required extent, at pleasure.
3. The combination of the plunger, valves, bands or collars, hinges, and set-screws, for the purposes intended, and operating as set forth.
EZEKIEL M. BARTLETT.
Attest CONRAD SMITH, THOMAS BERKLEY.
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US3044461 *||Jan 21, 1960||Jul 17, 1962||Barbara Murdock||Procto-sigmoidoscope|
|US5895351 *||Feb 6, 1998||Apr 20, 1999||Arthrotek Inc.||Tissue distracting cannula|
|US6126594 *||Jul 21, 1998||Oct 3, 2000||Bayer; Izhack||Anoscope for internal hemorrhoidectomy|
|US6174282 *||Sep 9, 1998||Jan 16, 2001||Mca Medical Products Pty Ltd||Speculum|
|US6280379 *||Dec 1, 2000||Aug 28, 2001||Scott Resnick||Speculum|
|US6287251||Oct 2, 2000||Sep 11, 2001||Mca Medical Products Pty Ltd||Speculum|
|US6436033 *||Aug 22, 2001||Aug 20, 2002||Mca Medical Products Pty Ltd.||Speculum|
|US7261688||Apr 5, 2002||Aug 28, 2007||Warsaw Orthopedic, Inc.||Devices and methods for percutaneous tissue retraction and surgery|
|US7374534 *||Mar 9, 2005||May 20, 2008||Dalton Brian E||Retractor and method for percutaneous tissue retraction and surgery|
|US7981030||Jul 25, 2007||Jul 19, 2011||Warsaw Orthopedic, Inc.||Devices and methods for percutaneous tissue retraction and surgery|
|US7988624||Dec 14, 2006||Aug 2, 2011||Warsaw Orthopedic, Inc.||Devices and methods for percutaneous tissue retraction and surgery|
|US8118738||Sep 6, 2007||Feb 21, 2012||Daniel Larkin||Vaginal speculum including collapsible and expandable frame|
|US8192463||Apr 28, 2008||Jun 5, 2012||Mcloughlin Joseph||Surgical retractor and related methods|
|US8523770||May 2, 2012||Sep 3, 2013||Joseph McLoughlin||Surgical retractor and related methods|
|US8747308||Jul 19, 2012||Jun 10, 2014||Rashida Muzzammel||Lateral vaginal retractor|
|US9101354||Aug 29, 2012||Aug 11, 2015||Applied Medical Resources Corporation||Wound retractor with gel cap|
|US9241697||Jun 19, 2014||Jan 26, 2016||Applied Medical Resources Corporation||Wound retractor|
|US9307975||Jun 19, 2014||Apr 12, 2016||Applied Medical Resources Corporation||Wound retractor|
|US20030014068 *||Sep 12, 2002||Jan 16, 2003||Bonutti Peter M.||Expandable cannula|
|US20030191371 *||Apr 5, 2002||Oct 9, 2003||Smith Maurice M.||Devices and methods for percutaneous tissue retraction and surgery|
|US20060206008 *||Mar 9, 2005||Sep 14, 2006||Dalton Brian E||Retractor and method for percutaneous tissue retraction and surgery|
|US20070060939 *||Sep 2, 2005||Mar 15, 2007||Zimmer Spine, Inc.||Expandable and retractable cannula|
|US20070118023 *||Dec 14, 2006||May 24, 2007||Smith Maurice M||Devices and methods for percutaneous tissue retraction and surgery|
|US20070270655 *||Jul 25, 2007||Nov 22, 2007||Smith Maurice M||Devices and methods for percutaneous tissue retraction and surgery|
|US20080051734 *||Oct 31, 2007||Feb 28, 2008||Bonutti Peter M||Expandable cannula|
|US20090069634 *||Sep 6, 2007||Mar 12, 2009||Daniel Larkin||Vaginal speculum including collapsible and expandable frame|
|USRE46134||Jun 19, 2015||Sep 6, 2016||Warsaw Orthopedic Inc||Devices and methods for percutaneous tissue retraction and surgery|
|USRE46134||Jun 19, 2015||Sep 6, 2016||Warsaw Othopedic, Inc.||Devices and methods for percutaneous tissue retraction and surgery|
|USRE46148||Jun 19, 2015||Sep 20, 2016||Warsaw Orthopedic Inc||Devices and methods for percutaneous tissue retraction and surgery|
|USRE46148||Jun 19, 2015||Sep 20, 2016||Warsaw Orthopedic, Inc.||Devices and methods for percutaneous tissue retraction and surgery|
|EP1011413A1 *||Sep 9, 1998||Jun 28, 2000||MCA Medical Products PTY. LTD.||A speculum|
|EP1994889A2 *||Apr 2, 2003||Nov 26, 2008||Warsaw Orthopedic, Inc.||Devices for percutaneous tissue retraction|
|EP1994889A3 *||Apr 2, 2003||Feb 18, 2009||Warsaw Orthopedic, Inc.||Devices for percutaneous tissue retraction|
|EP2258276A2 *||Apr 2, 2003||Dec 8, 2010||Warsaw Orthopedic, Inc.||Devices for percutaneous tissue retraction|
|WO2003086202A3 *||Apr 2, 2003||Apr 15, 2004||Sdgi Holdings Inc||Devices and methods for tissue retraction|