|Publication number||US5209665 A|
|Application number||US 07/420,264|
|Publication date||May 11, 1993|
|Filing date||Oct 12, 1989|
|Priority date||Oct 12, 1989|
|Also published as||DE69030096D1, DE69030096T2, EP0494982A1, EP0494982B1, US5453013, WO1991006090A1|
|Publication number||07420264, 420264, US 5209665 A, US 5209665A, US-A-5209665, US5209665 A, US5209665A|
|Inventors||Zeb Billings, Harold D. Pierce, Martin R. J. Moore, Sr.|
|Original Assignee||Sight & Sound Incorporated|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (40), Non-Patent Citations (1), Referenced by (145), Classifications (18), Legal Events (7)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
The present invention relates, generally, to electronic amusement devices, and more particularly to electronic amusement devices which reproduce digitized sound.
It is desirable that a child find a toy entertaining and interesting, and that the toy be educating and provide feedback to the child. To this end a number of sound producing amusement devices use audio interaction. In such devices, sounds are prerecorded in analog form on disc or tape, or are recorded in digital form. Such sound producing devices generally provide little visual interaction, and are not particularly conducive to stimulating a child's imagination. Examples of such toys are described in U.S. Pat. No. 4,516,620 issued to Breedlove on May 7, 1985, and in U.S. Pat. No. 4,706,536 issued to Sanders on Nov. 17, 1987.
Electronic audio toys that require spelling, reading, or fine motor skills, are not appropriate for small children. Furthermore, in many electronic audio toys, once the toy begins generating a particular sound, the sound is generated to completion. During the interim, the generation of new or different sounds is inhibited. This can be a source of frustration to small children; to the small child's mind, when a stimulus is provided, e.g., a button is pushed, a sound should be generated, and the toy therefore is not responding to an appropriate stimulus.
Another problem with electronic audio toys is maintaining the power supply. For example, if a toy is thrown in a toy box, and a button inadvertently depressed, when the child returns the batteries may be exhausted. Many existing electronic audio toys generate sound using a sound microchip in conjunction with an inexpensive piezo speaker, and the resulting sound is of relatively low quality. Other problems with electronic audio toys include incorporating speakers into the toy while maintaining a suitable profile and providing a sensing mechanism that is appropriate for small children.
Accordingly, there is a need for an electronic amusement device that provides high quality audio and visual stimulation while encouraging a child to use his or her imagination. Preferably the device would, to some extent, be educational, yet maintain a child's interest and be suitable for a small child to use. Furthermore, there is a need for an energy saving mechanism to prevent rapid discharge of batteries and an interrupt feature to provide for immediate response each time a child selects a sound to be generated.
According to the invention there is provided an interactive audio-visual work comprising a text and graphics portion and an electronic unit predisposed on a substrate. The electronic unit selectively generates one of a plurality of sounds in response to input signals provided by a plurality of selectively actuable switches maintained on the substrate. Circuitry and logic are provided to interrupt the generation of a previously selected sound prior to completion, and initiating the generation of a subsequently selected sound.
A preferred exemplary embodiment will hereinafter be described in conjunction with the appended drawing, wherein like elements are denoted with like designations and:
FIGS. 1A is a top plan view of the preferred exemplary embodiment;
FIGS. 1B is a rear elevational view of the preferred exemplary embodiment;
FIG. 1C is a right elevational view of the preferred exemplary embodiment;
FIG. 1D is a front elevational view of the preferred exemplary embodiment;
FIG. 1E is a left elevational view of the preferred exemplary embodiment;
FIG. 1F is a top plan view of the preferred exemplary embodiment with pages of a graphics portion open;
FIG. 2 is an exploded view of the electronic unit of FIG. 1;
FIG. 3 is a plan view of the underside of the membrane of FIG. 2;
FIG. 4 is a schematic diagram of the electronic sound generator and associated circuitry; and
FIG. 5A is an elevational cross-section of the preferred exemplary embodiment of the louvered speaker aperture.
FIG. 5B is an elevational cross-section of an alternative embodiment of the louvered speaker aperture.
Referring to FIGS. 1A-1F, an interactive audiovisual work 10, the preferred exemplary embodiment of the present invention, comprises a graphics portion 100 and an electronic unit 104, residing on a substrate 105. Graphics portion 100 suitably comprises a book including a plurality of pages 102 (102a, 102b, 102c, etc; FIG. 1F), each bearing graphics and/or text bound along a spine 100a by respective staples 60 (FIG. 1E) or by some other conventional binding mechanism. Graphics portion 100 is preferably of planar dimensions in accordance with the dimensions of substrate 105: of a length substantially coextensive with the length of substrate 105; and of a width a predetermined amount less than the width of substrate 105 (corresponding to the width of electronics unit 104).
Electronics unit 104 is likewise of dimensions in accordance with the dimensions of substrate 105; electronics unit 104 is generally rectangular in shape, of a length substantially coextensive with that of substrate 105 and of a width corresponding to the difference in width between graphics portion 100 and substrate 105. As will hereinafter be more fully described, electronics unit 104 includes a touchpad 106 including a plurality of individual touchpoints (also sometimes referred to as switchpoints) 107a, 107b, etc. Each touchpoint is demarked with a predetermined graphic. When an individual touchpoint is depressed, a sound related to the subject of the touchpoint graphic is generated by electronic unit 104.
Graphics portion 100 and electronic unit 104 are affixed to substrate 105 in predetermined disposition to facilitate coordinated use of electronic unit 104 in conjunction with graphics portion 100.
Spine 100A of graphics portion 100 and electronic unit 104 are suitably disposed along opposing edges of substrate 105, with touch pad 106 proximate to the side of graphics portion 100, opposite the spine. Thus, when pages 102A, 102B, etc., are opened, touchpad 106 remains exposed and readily accessed while reviewing the text on pages 102. To facilitate the turning of pages 102 while at the same time disposing touchpad 106 proximate to the edge of pages 102, respective interior corners 111 (best seen in FIGS. 1A and 1F) are blunted, or notched. Ready access to the corners of pages 102 is thus provided so that even a child with limited manual dexterity can readily turn pages 102.
The substantive content of the text and graphics of graphics portion 100 suitably corresponds to the text of a story with graphics interposed at appropriate places in the text. Such graphics correspond (preferably identical) to one of the respective graphics denoting one of touchpoints 107 on touchpad 106. The user is intended to depress the appropriate touchpoint 107 at the proper place in the story. For example, touchpoint 107A may be demarked with a picture of a dog, and the story may read, "The dog barked" followed by a picture of a dog. The picture of a dog on touchpoint 107A is then touched, effecting generation of a barking sound. Each touchpoint 107, when depressed, effects generation of a unique and distinct sound corresponding to the graphic demarking the touchpoint. Touchpad 106 may also be used as a sound generator independently of the story to allow for a child's imaginative use of the audio visual work.
Referring now to FIG. 1F and 2, electronic unit 104 suitably comprises: an upper casing cover 112; a circuit board 206; a thin-line, high-fidelity speaker 204; respective batteries 202 and battery receptacles 216; a flexible membrane 210; a flexible label strip 120; and a molded base 212.
Upper casing 112 and base 212 cooperate to contain the various electrical components of electronic unit 104, and to maintain label strip 120, membrane 210 and molded base 212 in predetermined relative disposition to define a matrix of the respective component switch points 107A, B, etc. of touchpad 106.
Casing 112 suitably includes a touchpad aperture 214, a louvered speaker aperture 108, and a removable battery cover 110. Touchpad aperture 214 is suitably elongated and rectangular in shape extending along the longitudinal side of casing 112 adjacent graphics portion 100. If desired, however, touchpad aperture 214 may comprise a plurality of smaller apertures of the same or varying shape disposed to overlie respective switch points 107 on touchpad 106. Speaker aperture 108 is configured to cooperate as part of a resonant chamber to baffle and front load speaker 204 to facilitate production of higher fidelity sounds than would otherwise be possible with a relatively small speaker. Aperture 108 will hereinafter be more fully described in conjunction with FIG. 5.
Base 212 includes suitable supports 215, 217 and 219 for circuit board 206, speaker 204, and battery receptacles 216, respectively, and a plurality of forward holding tabs 223. Base 212 further suitably includes a touchpad ground plane 222, comprising a slightly recessed portion, in which respective conductive patches 225, suitably formed of conductive paint, are deposited, separated by a plurality of projecting spacer bars 224. As shown in FIG. 2, spacer bars 224 are suitably formed in base 212, e.g., by molding.
Referring briefly to both FIGS. 2 and 3, label strip 210, membrane 210, and ground plane 222 of base 212 cooperate to form touchpad 106. Label strip 120 is suitably a strip of paper upon which the graphics, e.g. pictures or icons, are printed at predetermined positions corresponding to the spacing of conductive patches 225 of ground plane 222. If desired, label strip 120 can be coated or overlaid with a protective plastic film (not separately shown). Membrane 210, suitably comprising a polyester or mylar film, bears a triple interleaved (interdigitated) conductor matrix 211 on the underside thereof. As best seen in FIG. 3, matrix 211 comprises a plurality of conductors configured to provide a respective interdigitated grouping 302 of three conductors corresponding to each touchpoint, spaced apart from the conductor groupings by respective nonconductive areas 308 disposed in accordance with the relative spacing of conductive patches 225 in ground plane 222. Each conductor grouping 302 suitably comprises a unique set of three conductors, as will be more fully described in conjunction with FIG. 4.
In assembly, label strip 120 is maintained in alignment with touchpad aperture 214, with the respective touchpoint graphics exposed through aperture 214. Label strip 120 overlies flexible membrane 210, which in turn overlies ground plane 222. Flexible membrane 210 rests upon spacer bars 224, with spacer bars 224 aligned with respective nonconductive areas 308 separating the respective touchpoint conductor groupings, and setting off the conductor groupings 302 from underlying conductive patches 225 by a predetermined distance. When a touchpoint graphic is touched (depressed), flexible membrane 210 is concomitantly depressed, bringing the particular underlying conductor grouping 302 into contact with the associated conductive patch 225, effecting an electrical connection between the respective interdigitated conductors of the grouping. The presence of spacer bar 224 between the affected touchpoint and the adjacent touchpoints prevents the depression of one touchpoint from causing the adjacent grouping of conductors to come into contact with its associated conductive patch 225. Further, there is sufficient spacing between each of touchpoints 107 to minimize the likelihood of a finger depressing more than one touchpoint at a time.
Membrane 210 is physically secured and electrically connected to the printed circuit board 206 by a clip 226 (FIG. 2), suitably formed of polished spring steel. The support structure for circuit board 206 suitably comprises a recess 221 disposed between respective notched rear circuit board supports 215 and forward holding tabs 223. Circuit board 206 rests on base 212 in recess 221 with the rear of circuit board 206 received in the notches of rear supports 215. The front of circuit board 206 is disposed between holding tabs 223, lying, in assembly, under an edge portion 306 of membrane 210 such that connectors 304 on membrane 210 are disposed directly over a plurality of connecting strips 227 on the front of circuit board 206. Clip 226 lies under holding tabs 223, and exerts downward pressure on membrane 210 to ensure that connectors 304 on the lower side of membrane 210 are in electrical contact with connecting strips 227 on the upper surface of circuit board 206.
As will hereinafter be more fully explained in conjunction with FIG. 4, circuit board 206 suitably comprises and interconnects a conventional sound generator chip, e.g., sound digitizer, and cooperating components. Briefly, electronic unit 104 selectively generates one of a plurality of sounds in accordance with actuation of touchpad 106. If during generation of a first sound a touchpoint 107 is touched, the first sound is immediately ended and the sound corresponding to the subsequently depressed touchpoint immediately started. When no touchpoint 107 is depressed, electronic unit 104 consumes little power. Further, even when a touchpoint 107 is continuously depressed, a sound is generated only once, and little power consumed after completion of the sound generation.
As previously mentioned, aperture 108 forms part of a resonant chamber which baffles and front loads speaker 204 to increase fidelity. Speaker 204 is suitably a 32 ohm thin line speaker, such as a CEL-2732 speaker, available from Zeitek, of Taiwan. Alternatively, a 64 ohm speaker may be used. A rim 228, best seen in FIG. 2, is provided about the periphery of speaker 204, extending a predetermined distance above the active surface of the speaker. In assembly, rim 228 abuts the underside of casing 112 with speaker 204 underlying aperture 108. If desired, aperture 108 can be formed as an insert snap fit, or otherwise affixed, in a corresponding aperture in casing 112.
Referring now to FIG. 5A, louvered speaker aperture 108 is comprised of louvers 510 (510A, 510B, etc.). Louvers 510 are comprised of a substantially trapezoidal upper portion 502, a substantially rectangular lower portion 504 and a substantially trapezoidal vertical connecting portion 506. Vertical portions 506 connect upper portions 502 and lower portions 504, disposing upper portion 502, vertically spaced and offset horizontally from lower portion 504 by predetermined distances. The relative disposition of adjacent louvers 510 is such that a vertical space is maintained between upper portion 502 on one louver and the lower portion 504 on the adjacent louver. A plurality of recessed portions 514, are provided to receive speaker rim 228 (FIG. 2). Similarly, a plurality of cut away portions 512 on louvers 510A and 510B, respectively, are provided to prevent the cone of speaker 508 from coming into contact with louvers 510.
In the preferred exemplary embodiment the length of the upper portion 502 is approximately 1.5 millimeters long on the upper edge, approximately 2.0 millimeters long on the lower edge, and approximately 0.5 millimeters in height. The distance between upper portions 502 on adjacent louvers is approximately 2.5 millimeters. The lower portions 504 are approximately 2.75 millimeters by 0.75 millimeters with a spacing of approximately 1.25 millimeters between lower portions on adjacent louvers. The vertical separation between an upper portion 502 on one louver and a lower portion 504 on adjacent louver is approximately 0.75 millimeters. This design results in protection of the speaker from a small child attempting to insert something into the speaker, and provides for front loading of the speaker to increase sound quality.
Referring now to FIG. 5B, in an alternative embodiment, louvered speaker aperture 108 is comprised of an upper portion 522 and a lower portion 524. Upper portion 520 is substantially trapezoidal and is offset horizontally from rectangular lower portion 524. The trapezoidal shape of upper portion 522 provides a vertical space between upper portion 522 on one louver and lower portion 524 on the adjacent louver. This design also results in protection of the speaker from a small child attempting to insert something into the speaker, and provides for front loading of the speaker to increase sound quality.
Referring to FIG. 4, digital sound generator 460, hereinafter DSG 460, resides on circuit board 206. DSG 460 can be any suitable digital sound generator, which generates selected sound indicia in response to address signals supplied thereto, and includes a reset input terminal that effects a relatively fast reset of the chip when actuated. If desired, a sound synthesizer can be utilized. However, a much less complex, and less expensive, digital sound generator chip such as an ES 3016 Sound Magician, available from Electronic Speech Systems, Inc. is preferred. Digital representations of a predetermined number (e.g., 10) of selected sounds are stored within the chip, and selectively accessed to provide a corresponding analog sound output, in response to input signals (generated in response to instructions of touch pad 106).
DSG 460 suitably includes, integral to the chip, a programmed logic array (PLA), a suitable sound control unit (e.g., microprocessor), a read-only memory (ROM), an output port servicing respective digital outputs Q0-Q4 (only Q0 shown), and a digital to analog (D/A) converter. Digital indicia of the respective sounds, suitably compressed in accordance with a predetermined algorithm as known in the art, are stored in the integral ROM together with various command information, (e.g., the compression/expansion algorithm and operating program for the sound control unit). The PLA, programmed in accordance with conventional techniques, performs logical operations on respective address (sound select) signals provided at respective input terminals (I0-I6) to determine a particular sound to be generated, and the state of the digital outputs. In response to the address (sound select) signals, the PLA generates an address to the sound control unit, which responsively accesses the digital representation of the selected sound in the ROM, and generates an expanded (decompressed) digital representation of the sound. The decompressed sound indicia is applied through the D/A converter to generate an analog sound output, provided at respective output terminals A01 and A02 for application to speaker 204. When the sound generation is completed, the sound control unit generates an appropriate signal to the PLA, which in turn causes a logic low signal to be provided at logic output QO.
Depending upon the programming of the PLA, the DSG 460 optionally includes means 560 for controlling the generating of a selected sound so that the selected sound is generated a predetermined number of times for each time one of the actuable switches is activated, and means 562 for precluding generation of more than one iteration of the selected sound in response to a given actuation of one of the actuable switches (that is, for precluding more than one iteration of the sound associated with a given actuation of a given individual actuable element).
DSG 460 also suitably includes an integral clock generator for providing a clock signal to various components of the chip. An inexpensive oscillator 440 (e.g., inductor 442, capacitors 444, 446) is coupled to the clock generator at respective inputs X1 and X2. However, power is provided to oscillator 440 only during such times as a high logic level signal is provided at an oscillator enable input terminal (OSCE).
Sound generation is, however, interrupted by application of a logic low level signal to a reset input (RESET).
Each of conductor groupings 302 of matrix 221, corresponds to a unique combination of conductors connected inputs I0-I6 of DSG 460. Matrix 211 is represented diagrammatically in FIG. 4 as a plurality of conductors, e.g., 402-409. The respective junctures of conductor combinations 402-409 represent the respective interdigitated conductor groupings 302 and touchpoints 107). Conductor 409 is electrically connected to ground through a capacitor 422 suitably 47 microfarads, and conductors 407 and 408 are electrically connected to inputs I5 and I6 of DSG 460 and, through capacitors 424A and 424B, respectively, to the reset input of DSG 460. Conductors 402-406 are each connected to a respective input (I0-I4) of DSG 460.
As disclosed earlier, when a particular touchpoint 107 is depressed the three conductors comprising the corresponding conductor grouping 302 are electrically connected by the associated conductive patch 225. Thus, when a touchpoint 107 is depressed:
the correspondening inputs, (i.e. one of inputs I5 and I6, and one of inputs I0-I4), are temporarily grounded through conductor 409 and capacitor 422 (capacitor 422 is initially discharged, as will be explained); and
the reset terminal of DSG 460, is temporarily coupled to ground through one of capacitors 424, conductors 407 or 408, conductor 409 and capacitor 422. Grounding (selecting) one of inputs I0 through I4 and one of inputs I5 and I6 causes the PLA on DSG 460 to selectively generate control signals to effect generation of a selected one of the respective sounds represented in the ROM.
As previously noted, depression of a touchpoint 107 while a sound generation operation is in process, will interrupt the in-process sound generation and initiate a sound generation operation corresponding to the subsequently depressed touchpoint. This "interrupt" feature is effected by temporarily resetting DSG 460 in response to depression of any touchpoint, then releasing (enabling) DSG 460 within a sufficiently short period that the touchpoint would typically still be depressed, so that DSG 460 then reacts to the address input signals generated by the touchpoint depression. More specifically, capacitors 424 are initially discharged. When a touchpoint 107 is depressed, a current path is completed from battery 202 to ground, through a limiting resistor 452 (suitably 100,000 ohms), one of capacitors 424, one of conductors 407 and 408, conductor 409 and capacitor 422. The reset terminal of DSG 460, connected to the juncture of resistor 452 and capacitors 424, is thus initially placed at ground potential, resetting DSG 460 and causing DSG 460 to immediately cease sound production. However, capacitors 424A and 424B are charged by power source 202 through resistor 452, quickly (e.g., within several milliseconds) reaching a potential corresponding to logic high, effectively re-enabling DSG 460. This allows DSG 460 to again produce sound, provided that one of touchpoints 107 is still depressed when the logic high potential is reached. This would typically be the case. The time constants of capacitors 424 are chosen to assure that the capacitors reach logic high potential prior to the release of touch point 107 in typical usage.
As also previously noted, provisions are made to extend the life, and prevent inadvertant exhaustion, of battery 202; little power is consumed when none of touchpoints 107 is depressed, and a sound is generated only once in response to a depression of a touchpoint 107. When DSG 460 has completed generating a selected sound, a logic low level signal is generated at output terminal 20. Output Q0 is connected to oscillator enable input OSCE, disabling the oscillator 440. When oscillator 440 is disabled, DSG 460 requires only several microamps. Thus, power consumption is reduced when sound generation is not in process. Grounding Reset terminal (RESET) causes the output of Q0 to go HIGH, which in turn drives OSCE HIGH, enabling the oscillator, and allowing sound to be produced. A resistor 426, suitably 1000 ohms and a diode 436, are provided to limit the current into Q0 and prevent Q0 (and OSCE) from being pulled to ground (when Q0 and OSCE are HIGH) by the positive side of capacitor 422, (which may be at ground potential).
Furthermore, inputs I0 through I6 of DSG 460 are each provided with a current source, which, when connected to capacitor 422 by depression of touchpoint 107, charge capacitor 422 at a rate determined by the time constant of capacitor 422 and a resistor 432 (suitably 4.7 M ohms). When capacitor 422 is charged, inputs I0 through I6 are effectively held at a logic high potential. Thus, all touchpoints 107 are effectively inhibited until the depressed touchpoint is released, breaking the current path between battery 202 and capacitor 422, and permitting capacitor 422 to discharge.
Thus, it should be apparent that the present invention provides an interactive audiovisual work that fully satisfies the aims and advantages set forth above. Although the invention has been described in conjuntion with specific embodiments thereof, it is evident that many alternatives, modifications and variations will be apparent to those skilled in the art. Accordingly, it is intended to embrace all such alternatives, modifications and variations that fall within the spirit and broad scope of the appended claims.
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US3553851 *||Mar 27, 1969||Jan 12, 1971||Paige Richard E||Talking book|
|US3600528 *||Sep 25, 1969||Aug 17, 1971||Lematex Corp||Multiple switch construction|
|US3641684 *||Jan 11, 1971||Feb 15, 1972||Paige Richard E||Talking book|
|US3702032 *||Jan 13, 1971||Nov 7, 1972||Doering Erich||Sound carrier and reproducing device for use with instruction books and the like|
|US3738021 *||Oct 15, 1970||Jun 12, 1973||Matsushita Electric Ind Co Ltd||System for synchronizing sounds with learning materials|
|US3744150 *||Jan 3, 1972||Jul 10, 1973||Mattel Inc||Sound illustrated book|
|US4002355 *||Jul 16, 1975||Jan 11, 1977||Sendor Bernard T||Book with sound track and visual display|
|US4123631 *||Feb 16, 1977||Oct 31, 1978||Owens-Illinois, Inc.||Touch switch|
|US4273538 *||Aug 30, 1979||Jun 16, 1981||Douglas Alan Ross||Educational aid|
|US4303811 *||Dec 3, 1979||Dec 1, 1981||W. H. Brady Co.||Kit for use in the construction of custom prototype membrane switch panels|
|US4337375 *||Jun 12, 1980||Jun 29, 1982||Texas Instruments Incorporated||Manually controllable data reading apparatus for speech synthesizers|
|US4348191 *||Oct 29, 1980||Sep 7, 1982||Lipsitz Barry R||Electronic game board|
|US4355984 *||Mar 25, 1980||Oct 26, 1982||Nuvatec, Inc.||Teaching device|
|US4358278 *||Feb 25, 1980||Nov 9, 1982||Goldfarb Adolph E||Learning and matching apparatus and method|
|US4403965 *||Oct 1, 1980||Sep 13, 1983||Texas Instruments Incorporated||Electronic teaching apparatus|
|US4411628 *||Sep 11, 1981||Oct 25, 1983||Texas Instruments Incorporated||Electronic learning aid with picture book|
|US4423290 *||Dec 22, 1980||Dec 27, 1983||Sharp Kabushiki Kaisha||Speech synthesizer with capability of discontinuing to provide audible output|
|US4425098 *||Aug 13, 1982||Jan 10, 1984||Doering Erich||Sound-illustrated, bound book|
|US4466801 *||May 25, 1982||Aug 21, 1984||Texas Instruments Incorporated||Electronic learning aid with means for repeating an element of nonspoken sound|
|US4516260 *||Aug 29, 1980||May 7, 1985||Texas Instruments Incorporated||Electronic learning aid or game having synthesized speech|
|US4516777 *||Nov 21, 1983||May 14, 1985||Nikora Robert J||Mobile self-contained video game system with instantaneously selectable game cartridges|
|US4547630 *||Dec 5, 1983||Oct 15, 1985||Gte Automatic Electric Incorporated||Speech synthesized time announcement circuit|
|US4555601 *||Jan 26, 1983||Nov 26, 1985||Sharp Kabushiki Kaisha||Membrane keyboard|
|US4562315 *||Sep 20, 1984||Dec 31, 1985||W. H. Brady Co.||Capacitance membrane switch|
|US4564954 *||Jan 5, 1983||Jan 14, 1986||Sharp Kabushiki Kaisha||Noise reduction circuit of synthetic speech generating apparatus|
|US4636881 *||Sep 10, 1984||Jan 13, 1987||James T. Shaw||Talking book with an infrared detector used to detect page turning|
|US4703573 *||Feb 4, 1985||Nov 3, 1987||Montgomery John W||Visual and audible activated work and method of forming same|
|US4706536 *||Feb 5, 1986||Nov 17, 1987||Jtg Of Nashville, Inc.||Membrane keyboard for songbook tone generator|
|US4749354 *||Jun 3, 1987||Jun 7, 1988||Edward Kerman||Interactive audio teaching aid|
|US4752230 *||Apr 2, 1987||Jun 21, 1988||Dainippon Kaiga Co., Ltd.||Picture book|
|US4765623 *||Feb 12, 1988||Aug 23, 1988||Cardillo Gary J||Talking crystal ball toy|
|US4778391 *||Nov 5, 1987||Oct 18, 1988||Weiner Avish J||Sound-producing amusement or educational devices|
|US4809246 *||Apr 24, 1987||Feb 28, 1989||Lih Jeng||Sound illustrated book having page indicator circuit|
|US4818827 *||Apr 7, 1988||Apr 4, 1989||Amp Incorporated||Low force membrane switch|
|US4969209 *||Jun 29, 1988||Nov 6, 1990||Prs Corporation||Broadcast receiver capable of selecting stations based upon geographical location and program format|
|US4990092 *||Aug 14, 1989||Feb 5, 1991||Tonka Corporation||Talking book|
|JPH0213037A *||Title not available|
|JPS5921990A *||Title not available|
|JPS6039878A *||Title not available|
|JPS62181979A *||Title not available|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US5374195 *||May 13, 1993||Dec 20, 1994||Mcclanahan Book Company, Inc.||Talking book|
|US5404444 *||Feb 5, 1993||Apr 4, 1995||Sight & Sound Incorporated||Interactive audiovisual apparatus|
|US5413486 *||Jun 18, 1993||May 9, 1995||Joshua Morris Publishing, Inc.||Interactive book|
|US5416276 *||May 23, 1994||May 16, 1995||Hou; Chin-Jung||Printed circuit board having protecting means|
|US5417575 *||Apr 14, 1992||May 23, 1995||Mctaggart; Stephen I.||Electronic book|
|US5433610 *||Jun 16, 1994||Jul 18, 1995||Godfrey; Joe||Educational device for children|
|US5453013 *||Aug 11, 1994||Sep 26, 1995||Western Publishing Co., Inc.||Interactive audio visual work|
|US5474484 *||Sep 8, 1994||Dec 12, 1995||Lemelle; Julie A.||Doll used to teach children to use the emergency 911 telephone numbers|
|US5484292 *||Nov 24, 1992||Jan 16, 1996||Mctaggart; Stephen I.||Apparatus for combining audio and visual indicia|
|US5495557 *||Aug 23, 1994||Feb 27, 1996||Hyman; Greg||Electronic toy for forming sentences|
|US5534888 *||Feb 3, 1994||Jul 9, 1996||Motorola||Electronic book|
|US5569868 *||Aug 24, 1994||Oct 29, 1996||Tiger Electronics, Inc.||Sound generating book|
|US5604517 *||Jan 14, 1994||Feb 18, 1997||Binney & Smith Inc.||Electronic drawing device|
|US5609488 *||Feb 14, 1994||Mar 11, 1997||Mctaggart; Stephen I.||Method of combining audio and visual indicia|
|US5631883 *||Jul 17, 1995||May 20, 1997||Li; Yi-Yang||Combination of book with audio device|
|US5636995 *||Jan 17, 1995||Jun 10, 1997||Stephen A. Schwartz||Interactive story book and graphics tablet apparatus and methods for operating the same|
|US5648753 *||Nov 22, 1994||Jul 15, 1997||Martin; Frank A.||Interchangeable sound effect device|
|US5670760 *||Oct 24, 1995||Sep 23, 1997||Golden Books Publishing Company, Inc.||Multi-switch membrane-switch assembly|
|US5674076 *||Feb 14, 1995||Oct 7, 1997||Serenity Productions, Inc.||Hand-held sound generating device|
|US5681170 *||Jun 7, 1995||Oct 28, 1997||Hasbro, Inc.||Electronic learning apparatus with self-adjusting level of difficulty|
|US5697494 *||Oct 10, 1995||Dec 16, 1997||Golden Books Publishing Company Inc.||Roller contact switch and smart book using same|
|US5739814 *||Sep 28, 1992||Apr 14, 1998||Sega Enterprises||Information storage system and book device for providing information in response to the user specification|
|US5768223 *||Feb 4, 1997||Jun 16, 1998||Li; Yi-Yang||Audio device|
|US5772208 *||Nov 7, 1995||Jun 30, 1998||Mctaggart; Stephen I.||Game board incorporating apparatus for selectively providing sensory game enhancement and method for making the same|
|US5772247 *||Apr 25, 1996||Jun 30, 1998||International Book Marketing Ltd.||Art kit in book form|
|US5795209 *||Jan 2, 1996||Aug 18, 1998||Moore; Steven Jerome||Package amusement device and method|
|US5799267 *||Jun 7, 1995||Aug 25, 1998||Siegel; Steven H.||Phonic engine|
|US5803748||Sep 30, 1996||Sep 8, 1998||Publications International, Ltd.||Apparatus for producing audible sounds in response to visual indicia|
|US5810604 *||Dec 28, 1995||Sep 22, 1998||Pioneer Publishing||Electronic book and method|
|US5851119 *||Oct 7, 1996||Dec 22, 1998||Stephen A. Schwartz And Design Lab, Llc||Interactive story book and methods for operating the same|
|US5890119 *||Jan 16, 1997||Mar 30, 1999||Yamaha Corporation||Digital sound generating system permitting a shared use of a hardware resource between different type tone generators|
|US5905429 *||Apr 25, 1997||May 18, 1999||City Of Lights, Inc.||Audio label|
|US5973250 *||Sep 12, 1996||Oct 26, 1999||Anthony M. Zirelle||Miniature multiple audio highlight playback device|
|US5975910 *||Nov 10, 1997||Nov 2, 1999||Sims-Barnes; Wanda L.||Literacy training device|
|US5989098 *||Feb 11, 1999||Nov 23, 1999||Reynolds; Peter||Audio visual display apparatus and kit|
|US6005545 *||Dec 14, 1995||Dec 21, 1999||Sega Enterprise, Ltd.||Image processing method and electronic device|
|US6041215||Mar 31, 1998||Mar 21, 2000||Publications International, Ltd.||Method for making an electronic book for producing audible sounds in response to visual indicia|
|US6046670 *||Dec 14, 1998||Apr 4, 2000||Martin; Frank A.||Interchangeable sound effect device|
|US6079985 *||Oct 23, 1997||Jun 27, 2000||Hasbro, Inc.||Programmable sound and music making device|
|US6125188 *||Oct 20, 1997||Sep 26, 2000||Matthew C Hennessy||Compact personal monitor system|
|US6167233 *||Aug 31, 1998||Dec 26, 2000||Voicemark, Llc||Device for recording multiple discrete messages for a book|
|US6185851 *||Apr 1, 1996||Feb 13, 2001||Lj Laboratories, L.L.C.||Picture frame with associated audio messages|
|US6244960 *||Mar 5, 1998||Jun 12, 2001||Sega Enterprises, Ltd.||Tablet unit and virtual experience method|
|US6263310||Sep 20, 1999||Jul 17, 2001||Lj Laboratories, L.L.C.||Method for producing remotely a commemorative device having an audio message circuit|
|US6322369 *||Oct 20, 1999||Nov 27, 2001||Yetta L. Patterson||Christian learning tool|
|US6377926||Feb 13, 2001||Apr 23, 2002||Lj Laboratories, L.L.C.||Method for producing remotely a display device storing one or more audio messages|
|US6381573||Dec 5, 2001||Apr 30, 2002||Lj Laboratories, L.L.C..||Method for producing remotely a display device storing one or more audio messages|
|US6385581||Dec 10, 1999||May 7, 2002||Stanley W. Stephenson||System and method of providing emotive background sound to text|
|US6393401||Dec 6, 2001||May 21, 2002||Lj Laboratories, L.L.C.||Picture display device with associated audio message|
|US6393402||Dec 6, 2001||May 21, 2002||Lj Talk Llc||Method for producing remotely a picture display device storing one or more associated audio messages|
|US6416326||Mar 27, 1998||Jul 9, 2002||Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd.||Method for turning pages of a multi-purpose learning system|
|US6757393 *||Nov 3, 2000||Jun 29, 2004||Marie L. Spitzer||Wall-hanging entertainment system|
|US6763995||Apr 25, 2000||Jul 20, 2004||Pil, L.L.C.||Method and system for illustrating sound and text|
|US6893317||Dec 19, 2003||May 17, 2005||James Vlodek||Storybook lantern|
|US6910894 *||May 24, 2002||Jun 28, 2005||Edward A. Basconi||Hands on instruction manual|
|US7111774||Oct 16, 2002||Sep 26, 2006||Pil, L.L.C.||Method and system for illustrating sound and text|
|US7201317||Mar 24, 2004||Apr 10, 2007||Pil, L.L.C.||Method and system for illustrating sound and text|
|US7203455||May 30, 2003||Apr 10, 2007||Mattel, Inc.||Interactive multi-sensory reading system electronic teaching/learning device|
|US7218311 *||Jun 21, 2003||May 15, 2007||Akins Randy D||Sequential image advancing system (the S.I.A.S.)|
|US7280979||Feb 16, 2000||Oct 9, 2007||West Corporation||Methods and apparatus for intelligent, purpose-based selection of goods and services in telephonic and electronic commerce|
|US7283974||Nov 12, 2002||Oct 16, 2007||West Corporation||Methods and apparatus for intelligent selection of goods and services in telephonic and electronic commerce|
|US7290700||Apr 28, 2006||Nov 6, 2007||Pil, L.L.C.||Method and system for illustrating sound and text|
|US7364068||Dec 21, 2004||Apr 29, 2008||West Corporation||Methods and apparatus for intelligent selection of goods and services offered to conferees|
|US7386485||Jun 25, 2004||Jun 10, 2008||West Corporation||Method and system for providing offers in real time to prospective customers|
|US7402042||May 30, 2003||Jul 22, 2008||Mattel, Inc.||Electronic learning device for an interactive multi-sensory reading system|
|US7437313||Dec 31, 2002||Oct 14, 2008||West Direct, Llc||Methods, computer-readable media, and apparatus for offering users a plurality of scenarios under which to conduct at least one primary transaction|
|US7540406||Nov 5, 2007||Jun 2, 2009||Publications International, Ltd.||Method and system for illustrating sound and text|
|US7729945||Oct 17, 2000||Jun 1, 2010||West Corporation||Systems and methods that use geographic data to intelligently select goods and services to offer in telephonic and electronic commerce|
|US7739162||Jul 17, 2001||Jun 15, 2010||West Corporation||System, method, and business method for setting micropayment transaction to a pre-paid instrument|
|US7792702||Jun 24, 2004||Sep 7, 2010||West Corporation||Methods and system for providing offers in real time while preserving confidential information|
|US7822647||Oct 26, 2010||West Corporation||Method and system for providing real time offers to a user based on obsolescence of possessed items|
|US7831933 *||Nov 9, 2010||Leapfrog Enterprises, Inc.||Method and system for implementing a user interface for a device employing written graphical elements|
|US7853488||Dec 14, 2010||West Corporation||Method, program storage device, and apparatus for offering a user a plurality of scenarios under which to conduct a primary transaction|
|US7865129 *||Oct 27, 2006||Jan 4, 2011||Bobby Lynn Maslen||Early learning book system with internal, electronic media activity, such as lighting and sound activity|
|US7916124||May 3, 2006||Mar 29, 2011||Leapfrog Enterprises, Inc.||Interactive apparatus using print media|
|US7922099||Dec 30, 2005||Apr 12, 2011||Leapfrog Enterprises, Inc.||System and method for associating content with an image bearing surface|
|US7936339||May 3, 2011||Leapfrog Enterprises, Inc.||Method and system for invoking computer functionality by interaction with dynamically generated interface regions of a writing surface|
|US7967214||Jun 28, 2011||Solicore, Inc.||Card configured to receive separate battery|
|US7996279||Sep 24, 2007||Aug 9, 2011||West Corporation||Methods and apparatus for intelligent selection of goods and services in telephonic and electronic commerce|
|US8059796||Nov 26, 2003||Nov 15, 2011||Telebuyer, Llc||Commercial product routing system with video vending capability|
|US8098272||Jan 17, 2012||Telebuyer, Llc||Commercial product routing system with video vending capability|
|US8111279||Feb 7, 2012||Telebuyer Llc||Commercial product routing system with video vending capability|
|US8181879||Dec 28, 2007||May 22, 2012||Solicore, Inc.||Mailing apparatus for powered cards|
|US8201727||Jun 19, 2012||West Corporation||Methods and apparatus for intelligent selection of goods and services offered to conferees|
|US8207998||Feb 17, 2000||Jun 26, 2012||Telebuyer, Llc||Commercial product routing system with video vending capability|
|US8244613||Aug 14, 2012||West Corporation||System, method, and business method for settling micropayment transactions to a pre-paid instrument|
|US8261967||Jul 19, 2006||Sep 11, 2012||Leapfrog Enterprises, Inc.||Techniques for interactively coupling electronic content with printed media|
|US8290829||Oct 16, 2012||West Corporation||Methods and apparatus for intelligent selection of goods and services in telephonic and electronic commerce|
|US8306908||Nov 6, 2012||West Corporation|
|US8315364||Nov 20, 2012||Telebuyer, Llc||Commercial product telephonic routing system with mobile wireless and video vending capability|
|US8315909||Nov 20, 2012||West Corporation||Methods and apparatus for intelligent selection of goods and services in point-of-sale commerce|
|US8315915||Nov 20, 2012||West Corporation|
|US8594557||Jun 8, 2011||Nov 26, 2013||Mattel, Inc.||Interactive electronic device with optical page identification system|
|US8655746||Nov 21, 2011||Feb 18, 2014||Tuxis Technologies Llc||Methods and system for providing real time offers to a user based on obsolescence of possessed items|
|US8712857||Sep 30, 2003||Apr 29, 2014||Tuxis Technologies Llc||Methods and apparatus for intelligent selection of goods and services in mobile commerce|
|US8738491||Jul 25, 2012||May 27, 2014||Tuxis Technologies Llc||System, method, and business method for settling micropayment transactions to a pre-paid instrument|
|US8769567||Jan 22, 2007||Jul 1, 2014||Tuxis Technologies Llc||Methods, media, and apparatus for intelligent selection of items encoded onto portable machine-readable entertainment media|
|US8793165||Dec 1, 2011||Jul 29, 2014||Tuxis Technologies Llc||Method, program storage device, and apparatus for offering a user a plurality of scenarios under which to conduct a primary transaction|
|US8800861||May 23, 2012||Aug 12, 2014||Tuxis Technologies Llc||Methods and apparatus for intelligent selection of goods and services offered to conferees|
|US8836749||Feb 14, 2007||Sep 16, 2014||Telebuyer, Llc||Security monitoring system with combined video and graphics display|
|US8839314||Mar 15, 2013||Sep 16, 2014||At&T Intellectual Property I, L.P.||Device, system, and method for managing television tuners|
|US8842151||Feb 14, 2007||Sep 23, 2014||Telebuyer, Llc||Security monitoring system with flexible monitoring sequence|
|US8952887||Feb 27, 2009||Feb 10, 2015||Leapfrog Enterprises, Inc.||Interactive references to related application|
|US9053485||Feb 14, 2007||Jun 9, 2015||Telebuyer, Llc||Security monitoring system with image comparison of monitored location|
|US20030116620 *||Oct 16, 2002||Jun 26, 2003||Jin Song||Method and system for illustrating sound and text|
|US20030130904 *||Nov 12, 2002||Jul 10, 2003||West Direct, Inc.|
|US20030214128 *||May 16, 2003||Nov 20, 2003||Roberts Richard J.||Ergonomic multimedia flipbook|
|US20030219703 *||May 24, 2002||Nov 27, 2003||Basconi Edward A.||Hands on instruction manual|
|US20040016809 *||Dec 4, 2002||Jan 29, 2004||Song Jin K.||Method and system for illustrating sound and text|
|US20040043365 *||May 30, 2003||Mar 4, 2004||Mattel, Inc.||Electronic learning device for an interactive multi-sensory reading system|
|US20040043371 *||May 30, 2003||Mar 4, 2004||Ernst Stephen M.||Interactive multi-sensory reading system electronic teaching/learning device|
|US20040069117 *||Jun 21, 2003||Apr 15, 2004||Akins Randy D.||Sequential image advancing system (the S.I.A.S.)|
|US20040070192 *||May 30, 2003||Apr 15, 2004||Miriam Kelley||Book/clipped container combination|
|US20040076935 *||May 30, 2003||Apr 22, 2004||Mattel, Inc.||Method for teaching linguistics|
|US20040173447 *||Sep 25, 2003||Sep 9, 2004||Young-Woo Lee||Membrane switch and its application to acoustic strip wallpaper and picture board|
|US20040178256 *||Mar 24, 2004||Sep 16, 2004||Pil, L.L.C.||Method and system for illustrating sound and text|
|US20040213140 *||Jan 29, 2004||Oct 28, 2004||Taylor John W.||Interactive electronic device with optical page identification system|
|US20060033725 *||Jun 3, 2004||Feb 16, 2006||Leapfrog Enterprises, Inc.||User created interactive interface|
|US20060067577 *||Jan 12, 2005||Mar 30, 2006||James Marggraff||Method and system for implementing a user interface for a device employing written graphical elements|
|US20060077184 *||Jan 12, 2005||Apr 13, 2006||James Marggraff||Methods and devices for retrieving and using information stored as a pattern on a surface|
|US20060078866 *||Jan 12, 2005||Apr 13, 2006||James Marggraff||System and method for identifying termination of data entry|
|US20060080608 *||Jan 12, 2005||Apr 13, 2006||James Marggraff||Interactive apparatus with recording and playback capability usable with encoded writing medium|
|US20060125805 *||Nov 3, 2005||Jun 15, 2006||James Marggraff||Method and system for conducting a transaction using recognized text|
|US20060191992 *||Apr 28, 2006||Aug 31, 2006||Publications International, Ltd.||Method and system for illustrating sound and text|
|US20060292543 *||Aug 29, 2006||Dec 28, 2006||James Marggraff||Scanning apparatus|
|US20070030605 *||Jul 17, 2006||Feb 8, 2007||Treu An' Current, Llc||Voice recorder apparatus|
|US20070097100 *||Nov 1, 2005||May 3, 2007||James Marggraff||Method and system for invoking computer functionality by interaction with dynamically generated interface regions of a writing surface|
|US20070105075 *||Oct 27, 2006||May 10, 2007||Maslen Bobby L||Early learning book system with internal, electronic media activity, such as lighting and sound activity|
|US20070132836 *||Feb 14, 2007||Jun 14, 2007||Telebuyer, Llc||Security monitoring system with image comparison of monitored location|
|US20070151487 *||Oct 24, 2006||Jul 5, 2007||Allan Villapanda||Portable desktop|
|US20080022322 *||Jun 30, 2006||Jan 24, 2008||Sbc Knowledge Ventures L.P.||System and method for home audio and video communication|
|US20080067231 *||Nov 5, 2007||Mar 20, 2008||Publications International, Ltd.||Method and system for illustrating sound and text|
|US20080070216 *||Sep 20, 2006||Mar 20, 2008||James Becker||Book having audio information|
|US20080105751 *||Oct 31, 2007||May 8, 2008||Steven Landau||Powered Authenticating Cards|
|US20080109309 *||Oct 31, 2007||May 8, 2008||Steven Landau||Powered Print Advertisements, Product Packaging, and Trading Cards|
|US20080156690 *||Dec 28, 2007||Jul 3, 2008||Steven Landau||Mailing Apparatus For Powered Cards|
|US20080156885 *||Dec 28, 2007||Jul 3, 2008||Steven Landau||Card Configured To Receive Separate Battery|
|US20080254428 *||Jun 18, 2008||Oct 16, 2008||Mattel, Inc.||Interactive electronic device with optical page identification system|
|US20090322853 *||Feb 14, 2007||Dec 31, 2009||Telebuyer, Llc||Security monitoring system with flexible monitoring sequence|
|US20110236869 *||Sep 29, 2011||Mattel, Inc.||Interactive electronic device with optical page identification system|
|US20110244438 *||Nov 3, 2010||Oct 6, 2011||Christian Noel Guy Legrand||Children's Musical Book|
|US20130346838 *||Aug 26, 2013||Dec 26, 2013||Dulcetta, Inc.||Dynamic audio playback of soundtracks for electronic visual works|
|USRE43026 *||Dec 13, 2011||Steven Jerome Moore||Package amusement device and method|
|WO1998003962A1 *||Jul 23, 1997||Jan 29, 1998||Junkyard Dogs, Ltd.||Electroluminescent display apparatus|
|WO1999024954A1 *||Oct 30, 1998||May 20, 1999||Sims Barnes Wanda L||Literacy training device|
|U.S. Classification||434/169, 446/397, 446/143, 200/5.00A, 434/178, 341/34, 434/317|
|International Classification||G10H1/34, G09B5/06, A63F9/24, A63H33/38|
|Cooperative Classification||A63H33/38, G09B5/062, A63F2009/2476, G10H1/344|
|European Classification||G10H1/34C, A63H33/38, G09B5/06B|
|Jan 19, 1993||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: WESTERN PUBLISHING CO., INC., WISCONSIN
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST.;ASSIGNOR:SIGHT & SOUND, INC.;REEL/FRAME:006399/0898
Effective date: 19930104
|Apr 3, 1995||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: SIGHT AND SOUND INC., WISCONSIN
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:PIERCE, HAROLD D.;REEL/FRAME:007436/0878
Effective date: 19900208
Owner name: SIGHT AND SOUND INC., WISCONSIN
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNORS:BILLINGS, ZEB;MOORE, MARTIN R. J. SR.;REEL/FRAME:007436/0880
Effective date: 19900206
|Oct 17, 1996||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 4
|Dec 26, 1996||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: GOLDEN BOOKS PUBLISHING COMPANY, INC., WISCONSIN
Free format text: CHANGE OF NAME;ASSIGNOR:WESTERN PUBLISHING COMPANY, INC.;REEL/FRAME:008274/0827
Effective date: 19960508
|Dec 5, 2000||REMI||Maintenance fee reminder mailed|
|May 13, 2001||LAPS||Lapse for failure to pay maintenance fees|
|Jul 17, 2001||FP||Expired due to failure to pay maintenance fee|
Effective date: 20010511