US 521772 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
2 Sheets-Sheet 1.
W. VAUGHAN, Jr.
Patented June 19, 1894.
D ngz (No Model.)
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` W. VAUGHAN, Jr. DOOR AND HINGE.
110.521,772. P@1en1edrune`19,1s94f ATTORNEYS.'
UNITED STATES` PATENT OFFICE.
WILLIAM VAUGHAN, JR., or PAssAIo, NEW '.IERsEY, AssIGNoE oE ONE-HALE To WILLIAM LATHAM, or sAME PLACE.
DOOR AND HINGE.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 521,772, dated .T une 19,1894.
' Application filed February 9, 1894. Serial No. 499,591.` (No model.)
To aIZZwh/om it rita/y concern.'
Be it known that I, WILLIAM VAUGHAN, Jr., of Passaic, iii the county of Passaic and State of New Jersey, have invented a new and Improved Door and Hinge, of which the following 1s a full, clear, and exact description.
My Invention relates to improvements in doors and hinges and especially in hinges.v
The object of my invention is to produce a door and hinge which may be hung in any Y ordinary structure, but which is especially applicable for a cellarway, or bulli-head,which is adapted to close snugly and leave a practically flat exterior surface without any protruding of hinges or other parts, which permlts the doors to be securely looked on the Inside, and which provides for thorough drainage so that no Water can run through the doors into the room below; Y
To this end my invention consists of certain features of construction and combinations of proved `doors and hinges, the doors being parts, vas will be hereinafter described and claimed.
g Reference is to be had to the accompanying drawings, forming a part of this speciiication,
1n which similar gures of reference indicate corresponding parts in all the views. l
Figure 1 is a broken plan View ot' my imhung in a suitable frame and one door being thrown open. Fig. 2 is a cross section on the l1ne 2-2 in Fig. 1. Fig. 3 is an edge viewof one of the doors, showing in detail the fastening device thereon. Fig. 4is a front elevation of a modified form of hinge which is adapted for kuse on furniture and the like. Fig. 5 is a cross section on the line 5-5 of Flg. 4. Fig. 6 is a cross section on the line 6 -6 of Fig. 4. Fig. 7isacross section on the line 7-7 of Fig. 4; and Fig. 8 is a longitudinal section on the line 8-8 of Fig. 4.
The'doors are hung in a suitable lat frame 10, which is preferably of metal and which, as illustrated, is provided With'pins 10EL on the under side, which are adapted to be embedded 'in masonry or other material, so as to hold the frame in place.` The frame is provided with the usual opening 11, which is closed by the doors to be hereinafter described, and
tion, and thus any Water which leaks'through the frame around the doors will be caught by the gutter and carried off Without doing any damage.
The doors 15 are hung on opposite sides of the'opening 11 so as to completely cover the same when closed, and one door is provided with a gutter 16 at its free edge, which gutter is adapted to lie beneath the edge of the opposite door and in grooves 17 in the rib 12, as shown in Fig. 2, and so any water which leaks between the doors will be caught in thel gutter 16and delivered into the gutter 13.
The hinges of the doors 15 are arranged so 'as to sustain the weight of the doors and any which is iirmly bolted to the edge of the door on the under side of the latter and which has a shoulder 19 fitted against the edge of the door, and the outer portion of the butt is thus brought Iiush with the top of the door. The butt 18 projects beyond the edge of the door and is slotted, as shown at 20, to receive the hinged link 21 which is pivoted in the slot and is provided with an inclined end 21a to fit a corresponding inclination 21b on the butt 18, as shown in Fig. 2. The other end of the link is pivoted in a slotted block 22 which is fastened rigidly-to the frame 10 or which may 'be madea part of the frame as desired. The
a little lower and the recesses dispensed withV with the same effect.
It will be seen that this construction of hinge is very strong and that no part of the hinge projects above the level of the doors and frame. The fastening device with which the doors are provided does not forni a part of my invention and any other suitable fas tening may be substituted. Its construction will be briefly described, however, to show that the doors may be securely locked.
On one of the doors, near its free edge and on the under side is a cam lever 26 which is pivoted between lugs 27 and to which are secured fastening bolts or rods 28, these being arranged in the usual way so as to move in opposite directions, and they slide in keepers 29 and are adapted to enter holes 30 in the rib 12, so that by throwing the lever in a way to push the bolts through the holes 30, the door will be securely locked, and by moving the lever in the opposite direction, the bolts will be withdrawn and the door unlocked. The fastening device is secured to the outer door which, when closed, lies over the gutter 16, and by fastening this door the inner door is also fastened as the projecting gutter, contacting with the outer door, prevents the inner one from being raised.
It will be understood that the doors lie perfectly flush with each other on their outer faces, but one is called the inner door because it has a projection thereon; that is the gutter 16 extending beneath the door.
As shown in Figs. Il to 3, the hinge is adapted for use on articles of furniture having swinging doors, but may be used in connection with any swinging door. As here shown the hinge is provided with a butt or plate 31 which is fastened to the support 32, the latter being recessed, as shown at 32, so that the butt may lie within the recess and the outer portions of the knuckles 33 on the back part of the butt be iiush with the front face of the support 32. The butt 31 has also end flanges 34 which, at their outer edges are also flush with the support 32 and these serve, in a measure, as guides and wear plates for the end knuckles 35 of the butt 36, which is attached to the edge of the door 37 and has its outer edge as well as the outer sides of the knuckles 35, iiush with the face of the door and with the face of the support 32. The knuckles 33 and 35 of the plates or butts 31 and 36 are connected by a link 38, similar to the link 2l already described, and this link is provided with side lugs 39 and 39a which interlock with the knuckles 35 and 33 and are pivoted thereto by means of pintles in the usual way. The lugs 39n are nearly straight at their outer ends, so that when the hinge is closed they will lie iush with the support 32 and the face of the link 38 is arranged to lie flush with the support and door when the hinge is closed, as shown in Figs. 5 and 6, while the plate 3l rests on the knuckles 35. The lugs 39 and 39a are enlarged and rounded at their outer ends, as shown at 40, to afford a goed bearing for the hinge pintles, and the lugs 39 have, at
their outer ends, projecting bosses 4l which are adapted to engage a Iiange 42 on the butt 36 when the door 37 is closed, and thus the strain is taken olii the hinge pintle and a solid bearing provided for the swinging parts. When the hinge is opened, the door swings outward in the usual way, carrying with it the butt 36 and link 38, the latter swinging until its end portions strike the knuckles 33, after which the knuckles 35 continue to turn until they and the door 37 are substantially parallel with the support 32. It will be seen that in either form of hnge,no chance is left for water to collect and, by freezing, interfere with the action of the hinge.
Having thus described my invention, I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent- 1. The combination with the door frame having a gutter in its upper face around the door opening, of the hinged doors one of which is provided at its free edge with a gutter discharging into the first named gutter; the free edge of the other door being adapted to overlap the said guttered edge of the first named door, substantially as described.
2. The combination with the door frame having recesses in its upper face at opposite sides of its door opening, ot1 the hinged doors iiush with the outer face of the frame and each provided with slotted hinge butts having inclined or undercut end walls 19, links pivoted in the butt slots and having said ends inclined or shaped to engage the correspond ingly shaped portions 19, and the stationary slotted butts secured to the outer walls of said frame recesses and to which the opposite or outer ends of the links are pivoted, substantially as described.
3. The combination, with the door frame having recesses therein and bea ring blocks in the bottoms of the recesses, of the swinging door, the slotted butts secured to the door, the slotted blocks in the recesses of the frame, and the links connecting the blocks and butts and adapted to lie upon the bearing blocks, substantially as described.
4. The herein-described hinge, comprising a pair of butts having projecting knuckles, a flange on one of the butts, a link arranged between the knuckles and having side lugs interlocking with the knuckles and pivoted thereto, and bosses on one set of lugs to over- -lie the upper side of the iiange of the butt, substantially as described.
5. The herein-described hinge, comprising a butt having end llanges and knuckles arranged between the ilanges, a second butt having projecting knuckles thereon and a flange at right angles to the knuckles, and a link connecting the two sets ot knuckles, the link having side lugs projecting between the knuckles with bosses on one set of the lugs to engage the flange on the second butt, substantially as described.
(l. The herein described hinge, comprising IOO a butt having end flanges, knuckles projectbeing flat endedand the othe set of lugs lng from the back part of the butt between having end.l bosses to engage the flange of the sald ianges, a, second butt having projecting second butt, substantially as described.
knuckles and a flange at right angles to the WILLIAM VAUGHAN, JR. 5. knuckles, and a link connecting the knuckles Witnesses:
of the` two butts, the link having side lugs to l WARREN B. HUTCHINSON,
interlock with the butts, the lugs on one-side C. SEDGWICK.