|Publication number||US5221934 A|
|Application number||US 07/861,665|
|Publication date||Jun 22, 1993|
|Filing date||Apr 1, 1992|
|Priority date||Apr 1, 1992|
|Also published as||EP0564381A2, EP0564381A3|
|Publication number||07861665, 861665, US 5221934 A, US 5221934A, US-A-5221934, US5221934 A, US5221934A|
|Inventors||Michael E. Long|
|Original Assignee||Eastman Kodak Company|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (4), Non-Patent Citations (1), Referenced by (6), Classifications (9), Legal Events (5)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
1. Field of the Invention
The present invention relates to an ink jet printing device which can expel a drop of ink and control the color intensity of said drop.
2. Description of the Prior Art
There is known in the field an ink jet printing device wherein the liquid is kept at a predetermined level in a small tube having its free end directed upwards (U.S. Pat. No. 3,179,042). Inserted in the tube are two electrodes located on the same horizontal plane, whereby they remain submerged under an ink layer of a predetermined thickness. The ink jet is generated by an instantaneous vaporization of the portion of ink inside the tube located between the two electrodes, so as to expel the ink layer upwards.
Also known is an ink jet printing device which electrically generates an agitated condition between an electrode and a counterelectrode, which in turn causes a plurality of ink particles to be emitted through the nozzle (U.S. Pat. No. 4,432,003). Another ink jet device uses a separate piezoelectric transducer to expel the drops after they have acted upon by an electrochemical means (U.S. Pat. No. 3,982,251).
It is an object of this invention to provide an improved ink jet printing head which can place colored patterns on a receiver of varying intensities and drop sizes.
This object is achieved in an electrochemical resistive ink jet printing head which uses an ink having at least a solvent and a leuco dye or coloring agent comprising:
(a) an ink reservoir for containing such ink in preparation for printing;
(b) means defining an ink jet channel connected to the reservoir to deliver ink from the reservoir to the chamber;
(c) means defining an ink chamber for receiving ink from the channel for containing a quantity of ink for expulsion;
(d) means to deliver an electrical charge or current to ink in the ink chamber including an electrode and a counterelectrode; and potential or current across the electrode and counterelectrode to electrochemically alter composition of the leuco material contained in the ink prior to expulsion for a drop of ink from the chamber.
Features and advantages of the invention include: (1) simplicity of the head design because the means for producing a colored material and depositing said material onto the paper are one in the same, and (2) controlling the current or voltage, the amount of colored material produced and deposited on the receiver, can be varied.
FIG. 1 is a block diagram which illustrates the electrochemical resistive ink jet head in accordance with the invention.
FIG. 1 shows an electrochemical resistor ink jet head 10, which is supplied by ink 12, from an ink jet reservoir 14, through structure defining a supply channel 16, by either capillary action, gravity, under pressure by a mechanical pump (not shown), or other such means which is well know in the art. A gated power supply 18, provides either a controlled voltage or current through wires 20 and 20a, to electrode 22, and counterelectrode 24 and to the ink which is in a chamber 26 provided in the ink jet head base 30. The ink contains a leuco coloring agent or dye which becomes colored from electrochemical activity. The ink which is in the chamber is then electrochemically activated, ejected from the chamber due to the heat or agitation caused the electrical and electrochemical process, and is deposited on receiver 28. The electrode and counterelectrode are mounted on the ink jet head base 30, and enclosed with a cover plate 32 and 32a.
Tetrazolium salts can be used as a leuco dye in the ink jet head 10 of FIG. 1. Typical tetrazolium salts and their reduction in the FIG. 1 apparatus are illustrated below: ##STR1## An example of such a tetrazolium compound is 2,3,5-triphenyl-2H-tetrazolium chloride.
In one example the ink was composed of 2,3,5-triphenyl-2H-tetrazolium chloride as the electrochemically active leuco coloring agent or dye in water methanol in a 2:1 ratio by volume to form a 0.05M solution. An ionic salt, such as potassium chloride could be added to control the resistance of the ink solution, but was not used in this preferred embodiment. Other materials to control bacterial growth, viscosity, drying, wetting, drop spreading, etc., as is practiced in the art could also be added.
The invention has been described in detail with particular reference to a preferred embodiment thereof, but it will be understood that variations and modifications can be effected within the spirit and scope of the invention.
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US3179042 *||Jun 28, 1962||Apr 20, 1965||Sperry Rand Corp||Sudden steam printer|
|US3982251 *||May 6, 1975||Sep 21, 1976||Ibm Corporation||Method and apparatus for recording information on a recording medium|
|US4432003 *||Oct 20, 1981||Feb 14, 1984||Ing. C. Olivetti & C., S.P.A.||Ink-jet printing device|
|US4502054 *||Jun 28, 1982||Feb 26, 1985||Ing. C. Olivetti & C., S.P.A.||Selective ink-jet printing device|
|1||*||Pimbley, W. T.; Leuco Dye System for Ink Jet Printing; IBM TDB, V23, N4, Sep. 1980, p. 1387.|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US5606351 *||Jun 20, 1994||Feb 25, 1997||Eastman Kodak Company||Altering the intensity of the color of ink jet droplets|
|US6003975 *||Jul 15, 1996||Dec 21, 1999||Agfa-Gevaert N.V.||DEP printhead structure and printing device having an improved printing electrode structure|
|US6332669 *||Jun 5, 1998||Dec 25, 2001||Ricoh Company, Ltd.||Ink jet head including vibration plate and electrode substrate|
|US6341851 *||Jan 19, 2000||Jan 29, 2002||Matsushita Electric Industrial Company, Ltd.||Ink jet recording apparatus including a pressure chamber and pressure applying means|
|US6409310||Dec 30, 1997||Jun 25, 2002||Idanit Technologies Ltd.||Ink-jet print head|
|US8657414||Jul 27, 2009||Feb 25, 2014||Hewlett-Packard Development Company, L.P.||Fluid-ejection printhead die having an electrochemical cell|
|U.S. Classification||347/55, 347/96|
|International Classification||B41J2/05, B41J2/01, C09D11/00|
|Cooperative Classification||B41J2/01, C09D11/328|
|European Classification||C09D11/328, B41J2/01|
|Apr 1, 1992||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: EASTMAN KODAK COMPANY A NJ CORPORATION, NEW YORK
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST.;ASSIGNOR:LONG, MICHAEL E.;REEL/FRAME:006089/0343
Effective date: 19920325
|Sep 27, 1996||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 4
|Jan 16, 2001||REMI||Maintenance fee reminder mailed|
|Jun 24, 2001||LAPS||Lapse for failure to pay maintenance fees|
|Aug 28, 2001||FP||Expired due to failure to pay maintenance fee|
Effective date: 20010622