US 522387 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
No. 522,387. Patented July s, 1894.
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RASMUS PEDERSON, OF DRAMMAN, MINNESOTA.
SPECIFICATIONVforming part of Letters vPatent No. 522,387, dated July 3 1894. Application filed March 13,1894. Serial No. 503,430- (No model.)
\ Be it known that I, RAsMUs PEDERsoN, a citizen of the United States, residing at Dramman, in the county of Lincoln and State of Minnesota, have invented certainK new and useful Improvements in Wagon-Seats; and I do hereby declare the following to be a full,
clear, and exact description of the invention,
such as willenable others skilled in the art to which it appertains to make and use the same.
My invention relatesv to seats and is of a `construction especially adapting the same for use on wagons, farm implements and various other kinds of vehicles.
VTo this end, the invention consists of several novel features hereinafter fully described and defined in the claims.
The inventionfis illustrated in the accompanying drawings, wherein, like letters referring to like parts throughout the several views- Figure 1 is a front View, partly in elevation, but chiefly in vertical section, showing my i improved seat as applied for use on a wagonbox or body. Fig. 2 is an end view of the same, some parts being broken away. Fig. 3 is a front elevation of the seat detached. Fig. 4 is a view chieiiy in vertical section, on the line X X of Fig. 3, the seat being shown in elevation; and Fig. 5 is'a detail in cross'section, on the line X2 X2 of Figs. 3 and 4, with the spring removed.
a, represents a wagon-bed or body, or ,any other base of support, to which the seat might be attached.
b represents the body of the seat. p d d d2 represent asectional supporting standard for the seat body b; of which parts, d is the pedestal section, shown as provided with an expanded base, securable by bolts d3 or otherwise, to the Wagon-box a, and d cl2 are upper sections secured to the seat-body, arranged concentric with each other and telescoping with the pedestal d, one on the exterior and the other on the interior thereof. The pedestal section d is recessed to form therein angular guiding surfacesd4; and one of the upper sections, theinternal member d2, as shown, is provided with a rectangular guiding surface d, which works in the recesses and engages with certain of the angular surfacesd4 of the pedestal section d. In virtue of this construction, the seat-body b together with the upper standard sections d d2 may be lifted above the pedestal section d, and the angular surface d5, on the section d2 may be made to engage with any of the angular surfaces d4 on the pedestal section d, so as tosecure the seat-body on the pedestal section, in any one of several different positions or angular adjustments in the horizontal plane. In other words, the seat-body b may be set at any one of several different angles tothe transverse line of the wagon-body a, and be there held with freedom for vertical slidin g motion on the pedestal section and against any rotary motion on said pedestal section. To secure this result, all that is necessary is, that the supporting standard for the seat-bodyshould be composed of at least two telescoping sections having engaging surfaces, which are adapted for engagement in dierent horizontal angular positions, with a wrench like action.
or of any other polygonal form in cross section. As shown, the pedestal section d is cylindrical on`its exterior surface, and the recess therein is cruciform in cross section and radial from a hollow center, and is therefore adapted to receive the engaging surface d5, on the standard section d2, in any one of four angular positions. It must be obvious, however, that these engaging surfaces d4 and d5 might take any of the other forms already noted, and that the engaging surfaces for cooperation in this guiding and holding action between the telescoping sections of the standard, might be on the interior or exterior of either of two sections, as long as they were adapted to engage with each other and hold the parts indifferent angular positions in the horizontal plane. The section d2, for example, might be dispensed with, and the guiding surfaces d or the equivalents thereof be formed on the section d. When the parts are in working position,one of the standard sections carried by the seat, rests upon and Vis supported by a spring f, supported by the pedestal section d.
The seat-body b lis centrally` pivoted to the standard sections d d?, by pivot or hinge-bolt g, working through a bracket-casting g', and' the upper ends of the said standard section. The bracket casting g' is secured to the bot- TOO tom of the seat by bolts g2 or in any other snitable way, and is properly recessed torreceivc the upper ends of the said standard sections. The outer ends of the seat-body are connected with the standard section d', by yielding or spring-braces 7c of curvilinear form, which are preferably made of comparativelystid' spring steel. These braces 7c are connected at their ends to the said seat-body b and the said standard section d', by screw-bolts 7c', or in any other suitable way. In virtue of this construction, the spring f takes the direct strain` from the load on the seat and gives the necessary yieldlng action in the vertical plane, parallel with the axis of the supporting standard; while the spring-braces r, and the pivotal connection of` the seat with the standard, alford a sidewise yielding action to the seat, under any nnequally:distributed` strains l or jars. The combined effect of the springsf and 7s, on the seat-body b, is to render the same spring cushioned in everydirection,except longitudinally of the wagon-body. The seat is there fore, a very easy riding one.
The fact that the seat-body is securable t0 its support in any one of several different angular positions in the horizontal plane, with freedom for vertical sliding motion with its springs, While held against any rotary motion on lts support, is a great advantage in the class of uses, for which the seat was espe` cially designed.
On the open prairie, in certain lseasons of the year,the winds are violentand bitter cold, and are very hard to endure by a driver who has to face them. With my improved seat, it will not be necessary for the driver to face the blast. I-Iecan adjust `the seat into such an angle,that he can sit with his back or his side to the Wind, and thus be to a large extent protected. A swiveled seat for this purpose would notbe so desirable; for the reason that such a seat would not afford a good base of resistance in handling a fractions team. Such a seat (swiveled) would be liable to turn on its support, at the very time when the driver needed a firm position, to hold or check his animals.
The standard section CZ is shown as provided with a rearwardly extended lug g3, which `forms a rest or back-stop for the hinge bracket g of the seat body and thereby prevents, inco-operation with the hinge bolt g, the seat from turning backward.
What Iclaim, and desire to secure by Letters Patent of the United States, is as follows:
1. In a seat, the combination with a suitable support of a seat-body securable thereon with freedom for vertical motion and against rotary motion in any one of several different angular positions in the horizontal plane, and springs between said support and seat-bod y, substantially as described.
2. `In-a seat, thelcombination with a seatscoping oneinside and the other outside of t said pedestal section, the said pedestal section and one of said upper sections having angular engaging surfaces which are adapted for engagement, in different horizontal angu-w lar positions, with a wrench likeaction, sub stantially as and for the purposes set. forth.
4. In a seat, the combination with the seatbody Z), of the sectional standard composed of the pedestal section (Z, havingthe angular guiding surfaces d, the upper sections d d? telescoping with said pedestal section,the i-nternal member cl2 of which has the angular guiding surface d5 and the springf, arranged and operating as described.
5. In a seat, the combination with a central support, of a seat-body centrally pivoted to said support, and spring braces `connectlng the outer or end portions of said seat with said support, for aifording a sidewise yielding action to said seat-body,substantiallyasidescribed.
6. In a seat, the combination with a sec-i` tional supporting standard, composedofval lower or pedestal section and one or l more upper sections telescoping with said pedestal section, of a springbetween said pedestaland uppersection or sections, a seatbody centrally pivoted to said upper standard section` or sections and springbraces connectingthe` outer or end portions of said seat with said upper standard sections, substantiallyas de-r scribed.
7 The combination with the sectional standl ard d d d2, two telescoping members of which have angular engaging surfaces d'1 d of `the l spring f between the lixed and the movable standard sections, the seat-bodylb centrally pivoted to said standard section d d2, andthe curvilinear spring-braces 7c connecting .the`
outer or end portions of said seatbody, with said standard section d', all arranged and Opf erating substantially as and for the purposes set forth.
In testimony whereof I aflix mysignature in presence of two witnesses.`
RASMUS IEDERSONJ Witnesses:
A. C. MATTI-mwa, PETER PETERSON.