US 523304 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
R. F. COLLINS.
' FURNITURE HINGE. No. 523,304.
Patented July 17, 1894.v
.L .L .5- if@ l? UNITED STATES ATENT Gruen,
ROBERT F. COLLINS, OF WICHITA, KANSAS.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 523,304, dated July 17, 1894.
Application tiled May 29, 1893.
To all whom it may concern:
Be it known that I, ROBERT F. COLLINS, a citizen of the United States of America, residing at Wichita, in the county of Sedgwick and State of Kansas, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Furniture- Hinges, of which the following is a specification, reference beinghad therein to the accompanyingdrawings and the letters of reference thereon, forming a part of this specification, in which.;
Figure l is a top View of a bed-lounge in an extended position, representing my improved hinge applied thereto; Fig. 2, an end elevation of the same; Fig. 3, an end elevation of-the lounge in a folded position; Fig. 4, a perspective view of the hinge and Fig. 5, a front view of the same.
This invention relates to certain improvements in an adjustable, or extensible, hinge for furniture, and adapted more especially for hinging together the folding parts of a bedlounge, and consists in certain novel construction of parts, which improvements are fully set forth and explained in the following specification and pointed out in the claim.
Referring to the drawings-D represents the hinge proper, and a a guide plate for holding and guiding one strap of the hinge.
S represents one strap of the hinge which is of the usual pattern and is adapted, in the use herein shown, to be attached to lounge railR by means of screws in the usual manner, so the hinge joint will be even with said rail at the front of the lounge.
S represents the opposite hinge strap and is made narrower in body than the former strap, and with parallel sides, and is provided adjacent the hinge joint with a portion equal in width with said former strap, of such form as to provide the two opposite square shoulders m-m., and is further provided at its extended end with a cross head H.
Plate a is made of flat metal of equal width 'with the hinge proper, and is slit laterally at its sides as shown at z-z and .ZC-z in Fig. 5, and the side parts between said slits, as shown at CC, are bent over the plate toward each other and thus form a guide Way within which the neck of strap S' is arranged. The plate portion a extending from the slits z-z Serial No. 475,857. (No model.)
is made with its sides bent up and a little distance over the plate body, as shown at 'v -1.', which forms guide ways for the ends of crosshead H of strap S', as shown. The portion ol of said plate is provided with screw holes, as shown in Fig. 5, and the plate, between the guide ways o, c, is further provided with screw holes, as also shown in said figure, and the plate as united with strap S is adapted to be attached, by means of counter-sunk screws arranged through said screw holes, to the rail R of the lounge with the end portion d even with the rail, as shown in Fig. 1.
In the construction of the hinge it is intended that the straps S and S and plate a. shall be approximately the same length, and that the portion of strap S between thehinge joint and shoulders m-m shall be an equal distance with that of plate portion d from the plate end to slitsz-z,so the plate portion d may slide past shoulders m, fm, and the guide c, c, come against said shoulders as shown in Fig. 4, which shoulders form a stop to movement in the one direction, and the shoulders of cross head H, which are adapted to engage the opposite end of guide c, o, form a stop to movement in the opposite direction, Y
yand thus the hinge strap S becomes adjustable by sliding in its guide ways of plate a the distance being limited by said stops.
The plate a, besides serving as a guide for the strap S also prevents said strap scratching or wearing the wood of the raill R to which the plate a is attached.
In use when the lounge is extended for bed service the folding portion, having the rail R and the plates a, is permitted to be extended a distance; the limit 'of the adjustability of the hinge parts; as represented in Figs. 1 and 2. which'becomes necessary in order that the moldings of the lounge, which are common in lounges, may not prevent the proper letting down of said folding lounge portion; by the adjustability of the hinges, which action causes plates a to slide out on straps S. In
Fig. 3, and as the hinge joints are secured, by the straps S, so as notto extend beyond the lounge rail, there will be no parts of the hinges extending from the rails at the lounge front when thelounge is folded, and therefore there will be nothing to cause the front upholstering of the lounge to protrude when the lounge is folded.
The object in constructing the guide plate a of sheet metal is, to produce said plate with as little bulk asis possible so as not to interfere with the folding of the hinge, and the object in providing the diierential guide is to form the stops by the lesser guide-and protect. the cross-bead of strap S by the greater guide; which protection is essential in order that `portions of the lounge upholsterings and fittings may not be caught by the cross-head and prevent free operation of the hinge.
Having thus described my invention, what I claim as new and useful, and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is as follows:
In a hinge for furniture, the combination With the strap S of the strap S reduced between its ends providing the shoulders m m and cross head H and the sheet metal platea having its edges turned over at o o to embrace the head H and turned up at C C to embrace the reduced portion of the strap S', said plate having extensions d d whereby it is attached to the object to be hinged, said plate serving as a guide for the strap S', and also preventing said strap wearing the rail or lother piece to which the plate a is attached,
WM. J. I-lUTcHINs, A. Ross.