US 524702 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
2' SheetsSheet 1.
(No Model) Patented Aug. 21,1894.
G. m WM M 2 Sheets-Sheet 2. J. M. BROWNING. MAGAZINE GUN.
Patenwd kug. 21, 1894.
To allj whom it may concern.- 'fBeit known that I, JOHN M. BROWNING, of
NITED STATES Jenn M. BROWNING, or OGDEN, UTAH 'rERRiroRY, AssIeNoR TO THE WINOHESTER REPEATING ARMS COMPANY, OF NEVV HAVEN, CON- NEOTICUT.
' Q. sPEoIFIcATIon forming part of Letters Patent nasae oa, da ed August 21, 1894-.
Application filed January 19, 1894. Serial No. 497,416. (No model.)
; "O'gdengin the county of Weber and Territory of Utah, haveinvented a newlmprovement in Magazine-Firearms; and I do hereby de- '-c\aie the following, when taken in connectlon with accompanying drawings and the lettersand'figures of reference marked thereon,
to be a full, clear, and exact description of the same, and whichsaid drawings constitute part of this specification, and represent, in
Figure 1, a broken view partly in section and partly in inside elevation of a magazine fire arm constructed in accordance with my tinventiom-and shown in its closed position Fig. 2, a'p1an view of the arm; Fig. 3, a-view corresponding to Fig. 1, but showing the gun in'itsopen position; Fig. 4, a View in transverse section on the line yy of Fig. 1,1001;- ing rearward; Fig. 5, a view in transverse section-on the line az'a; of Fig. 1, looking for- :ward; Fig. 6, a detached reverse plan view of the sliding breech-block; Fig. 7, a detached plan view of the carrier; Fig. 8, a view thereof in transverse section on the line 2-2 of the preceding figure. My invention relates to an improvement in magazine fire-arms, the object being to produce a simple, compact, safe and reliable gun, in which the nuniber of parts and the liability to derangement are reduced, which is constructed with particular reference to avoidzing the choking of the gun by the incorrect presentation of a cartridge, or the failure of a cartridge to be properly handled by the breech mechanism, and which is designed to 7 adapt the gun to take a longer cartridge than "has heretofore been available for use in a H similar v gun having a receiver of the same length.
,With these ends in view, my invention con- 1 ;.sists in a magazine fire-arm having certain de-' ,tails of construction, as will be hereinafter described and pointed out in the claims.
.: My. improvements are applied to a gun having up and down in a Vertical plane on the said pin as a center. The extreme forward end of this plate is constructed with a lugor nose 6, which rises, when the rear end of the plate is depressed, into the path taken by the cartridges 2, as they emerge from the magazine into the receiver, whereby the said lug or nose forms a magazine cut-offoperating to prevent more than one cartridge from enter- 6o said path until the gun is again closed. It
insures the easy operation of the gun, as it prevents the head of the incoming. cartridge from resting upon or impinging against the forward end of the carrier F, and thus causing the same to work with difliculty. It also prevents the chokingof the gun where the cartridges differ slightly in length, in which case, but for the said nose or lug,ashort cartridge on the-carrier might allow the next cartridge in the magazine to secure a partial entrance into the receiver, and by fouling the action of the carrier, choke the gun. By the use of this lug or nose, I secure an effective magazine cutofi without complicating the gun'by specialindependently organized devices for that pur- 8o pose. The forward end of the operating plate E is also constructed with two lifting faces e 6, corresponding to each other, and respectively located below and on opposite sides of the lug or nose 6 forming the magazine cut- 01f. The extreme forward end of the carrier F, rests upon the said lifting faces e e when the gun is closed, as shown in Fig. 1 of the drawings, the said end of the carrier being slotted or cut away to clear the magazine cutoff lug 6. At the beginning of the opening movement of the gun, the said lifting faces e 6' lift the carrier slightly, and hence the head of the cartridge, whereby the said head is brought into range with a fn'ojection g,
formed upon the under face of the forward endof the sliding breech-block G, whereby the breech-block is caused to positively engage with tho cartridge, and drawthe same back into the receiver upon the carrier F, [00
which is constructed as shown by Figs, 7 and S of the drawings, with adepression or pocket down, after the cartridge has been fully drawn into the receiver and cleared from the msgazine,a,nd disengagefrom the projection g so as to permit the-sliding breech-block to complete its rearward movement. I thus prov vide forpositively locatingeach cartridge in right position upon the carrier by nieans of the breech-block, so that no matter'how repidly -vthe gun may be fired, it cannot choke, by
reason of the carrierheing elevated to prelever H, by means of a. pin H, which ex tends into an elongated slot h formed in the;
sent the cartridge to the gun-barrel A before;
the cartridge isin'right position upon it. I
conceive it to be necessary to thus provide for insuring the right location of the car tridges upon the carrier by means of the breech-block, in a gun whereinthe cartridge is not, when the first opening-motion of the guh begins, located entirely on the carrier.
E, I pivotally connect the finger or operating lever, the upper end of which is connected by a pin h withithe forward end of the slid-f ing breech-block G, which is moved back and forth by the action of the said'lever. This finger-lever has the incidental function of guarding the trigger, and'is sometimes called i end of the op rati g plate E-rendat a point Y in rear of the connection therewith of thefin-g gerqlever H, a locking-block I, the lower end of which is pivotal-1y connected-with the rear end of the plate by means of a pin'i. This locking block moves-up anddown in the re ceiver at an angle slightly inclined rearwardi from the vertical, being constructed upon its opposite edges with vguides i 'i', which takeg into corresponding grooves 00 formed in the; 45-
opposite walls of the receiver, as shown in Fig. 2.- In its elevated vposition the upper;
end of this locking block stands directly back of'the' rear end of the breech-block, the samefj being then in its 1cl0sedpbsition.
other hand .when the sliding-block is de-v On the pressed by the opening of the gun, its upper end retires below the path of the breechb m shown n ig-.13.- anie' it the rearward o'r opcningmote'ine'nt ther'eo The upper end of this locking block is furnished with a short striking-piece I",limited in'endwise movement by means of a. pin 17, as clearly shown in Fig. 1 of the drawings. This striking-piece is arranged so that when the blockv is in itselevated orrclosed'position, ittrans'- 'mits the bloworimpact of the hammer'K upon its rear end to the firing-pin J, which engages with its iorward end. v
A locki'ng-block' constructed and arranged -as described, iprovidessimple-and effective means'for locking the breech-block 'in' itsclosed position, and by reason of its location,
enables a longer cartridge to be used than has heretofore been possible in a gun constructed with a receiver of the same length.
zontal pin F mounted in the receiver and lower face of the sliding breech block, ith an motion of the carrier is checked bytwo' cor.-
into grooves provided for them in the opposite they arrest the upward movement of the carchambenA in the gun-barrel A. The sliding N depending from its lower face, the said extractor and ejector beingof ordinary constr'uction and operation. The breech-block itself is constructed with two corresponding lcngis .pcsite walls of the receiver in the ordinary hammer-springK, and co-operates withasecr 0 having a sear-spri ng and triggerO', ,A trigand the-carrier F, are furnished with fricticn pinsQ, Q of ordinaryconstruction-endopererwiseloccted :as desired.
\ Assuming that the-gun is closed. as she" we will suppose that the lingo: or operating nperate-tedepness the rearend oftlie operate locking-block I, so as to permit the sliding hreeelnhhcck to befmcved rearward. At the depressed, its fcrwhrdbndaudhcnce th forward end of the carrienend hence the cartridgepmd the former rising intothe path of passed'entirely into the receiver. The lifting of the fcrwardv-end of the carrier and hence the cartridge by the lifting faces e e, brings the cartridge into position to be positively en- ;'aged' by the projection g of the-breech-block The carrier F is pivotally hung upon a horipassing through its rear end, and is swungor v lifted into its elevated position, iuwhic'h 'itjs shown by Fig. 3 of the drawings, bytlieenf ,7 gagemeut of a shoulder 9? depending tromtlic v upwardly projecting operating lug 1iffcrn cil at the rear end of the carrier.- The upward walls of the receiver, and bei-iigiocated so thatrier when it has brought the cartridge carried- 5 by it into right presentationin front of the With the rear endof the operating plate:
breech-block G, is furnished witlr'anextractor Mset intoits upper face, and with an ejector c li saniejtinre the imatheplste-Esiisibeing I the cartridge so es to be-in position to act as a magazine cut-off the instant the cartridge has.
v responding guides L, of which one is shown in Fig. 3 of thedrawings, these guides being set tudinal ribs g .9 (Fig. 4) *which enter suitable 5 I groovesv c 'c form-edto receive them inthe opmm hen miles-Wyndham; ger P mounted on. the same center 1) with the r sear O-,'.cperates-the-saine to releasethelium,'v met. hereinshown, the operating m .E' 7;
5 5 ation, but these maybe dispensed witlnor 0th iHaving' now described in detail the so... struction of my improved ginr, I will proceed I I to briefly set forth the'modeof-its operation/1r:
in Fig. .1' ofthe drawings, and that the ninespring has part y: introduced the ar- 7 -triiige2 into the receiver and upon the carrier,
' I: 5 leveris thrown down andfcrward; this will ing plate E, and therefore to draw down the slum j e and the lifting-flames e"-'e" ere belng'ielevated, the latter then cperating'to slightly ,lift the and positively drawn intc'ithevecciver in p case the magazine-spring does not act quickly enough or powerfully enough topush the cartridge unaided into the receiver; then 3' ust before the finger-lever reaches its extreme for-- ward position, as shown in Fig. 3, the shoulder or projection g of the breeclrblock engages with the operating lug F of the carrier, and
swings the same on its pivot so as to cause its forward end to be lifted, and present the point of the. cartridge in right position before the cartridge chamber A, to be forced thereinto by the'breech-block as the same moves forward, which it will immediately begin to do when the closing movement of the finger-lever is begun. Then after the breech-block has moved forward into its closed position and the cartridge has been introduced into place in the cartridge-chamber A, the locking-block moves into place back of the breechblock, and the operating-plate assumes its closed position, in which its nose e is depressed below the path of the cartridges, and in which its lifting faces a e permit the forward end of the carrier to take its lowest position. I
It will be seen from the foregoing that my improved gun is composed of comparatively few parts, compactly arranged, and is not liable to derangement, and that it'may be operated with great rapidity without danger of choking. g
It is obvious that in carrying out my invention some changes from the construction herein shown and described may be made, and I would'have it understood that I do not limit myself to such construction, but hold myself at liberty to make such changes and alterations therein as fairly fall within the spirit and scope of my invention.
Having fully described my invention, what I claim as new, and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is
1. In a magazine fire-arm, the combination with the barrel, magazine 'and receiver thereof, of an operating-plate pivotally hung atits forward end, a downwardly movable finger or operating lever and an upwardly movable locking-block connected with the rear end of the said plate, and a sliding breech-block connected with theupper end of the finger or operating lever and actuated thereby, substantially as set forth.
2. In a magazine fire-arm, the combination with the barrel, magazine and receiver thereof, of an operating plate pivotally hung at its forward end, a downwardly movable finger or operating lever pivotally connected with the rear end of the operating-plate and forming a guard for the trigger, an upwardly movable locking-block pivotally connected with the rear end of the said plate at a point in rear of the pivotal connection of the said finscribed.
33. In a magazine firearm, the combination with the barrel, magazine and receiver there; of, of a plate pivotally hung at its forward end and constructed thereat with a nose or lug forming a magazine cut-off, and risin into the path in which the cartridges emerge from the magazine when" the rear end or the plate is depressed, a sliding breech-block, and a finger or operating lever pivotally connected with the rear end of the said plate, i and connected at its upper end with the breech-block which it actuat'es, and forming a guard for the trigger substantially as described.
4. In a magazine firearm, the combination I with the magazine and carrier thereof, of a plate hung at its forward end and constructed thereat with two lifting faces upon which the forward end of the carrier restswhen the same is in its lowest position, and wh reby when in its lowest position upon the said lifting face, a. sliding breech-block, a finger or operating lever pivotally connected with the rear end of the operating plate, connected at its upper end with the breech-blockwhich it actuates, and forming a guard for the trig ger and means for locking the breecbblock in its closed position, substantially as de 6. In a magazine fire-arm, the combination with a sliding breech-block and an operating plate pivotally hung at its forward end, of a carrier resting at its forward end, when in its lowest position, upon thesaid plate which lifts the said end of the carrier when the plate is operated in the opening movement of the gun, the said breeclrblock being constructed upon its lower face to engage the head of the cartridge when the carrier is lifted, as described, and the saidcarrier being constructed to permit the cartridge to drop away from the breech-block after the cartridge has been fully entered into the receiver of the arm, substantially as set forth.
7. In a magazine fire-arm, the combination with the barrel, magazine and receiver thereof, of a plate pivotally hung; at its forward end, a downwardly movable finger or operating lever pivotally connted with the rear end of the plate and operating thesame, and forming a guard for the trigger, an upwardly movable locking-block connected with the rear end of the said plate, a sliding breechblock connected with the upper end of the.
finger or operating lever, and actuated thereby, and a carrier located within the receiver and arranged to have an initial lifting move- 1 i0 13 by the piaie, au'bsmntially the combination 1e receiver mam Y? us forwavrfi aims 16w? pivotally com 511;; guard for thQL-riggar, zsliding breechbimk cmnec'ted wiih the upper end 051 the or eperatiing lever and mama-teal thereby, a carrier losatefi within the recaiver, and lacking blsk connectad wiih the Tea: emi 01- th-e opera-ting plate, arrangad to play up 5 nested Win 35m 333111 C1116 of the plaza farm- '3 mm down ia the reoeier and provided wiih a sfisriking piece which, in the closed pfisiiion 15 spacificazion in the presence m0 subscrib- 2::
JOHN M. BROWNING.
FRED C EARLE, GEO. D. SEYMOUR.