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Publication numberUS5252346 A
Publication typeGrant
Application numberUS 07/974,239
Publication dateOct 12, 1993
Filing dateNov 10, 1992
Priority dateNov 10, 1992
Fee statusLapsed
Publication number07974239, 974239, US 5252346 A, US 5252346A, US-A-5252346, US5252346 A, US5252346A
InventorsVernon E. Krause
Original AssigneeHarvest States Cooperatives
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Liquid sugar, starch mixture
US 5252346 A
Abstract
A method for preparing a thixotropic animal feed suspension includes the steps of providing a liquid sugar solution and mixing a nongellatinized starch containing ingredient into the liquid sugar solution and thence mixing a dry bulk feed nutrient into the sugar and starch mixture to form a thixotropic suspension. All mixing steps are accomplished at ambient temperatures and the starch containing ingredient is preferably selected from feed stuffs, from wheat, corn, milo and mixtures thereof. The suspension resulting from this method is stable for long periods of time and at very low temperatures.
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Claims(3)
I claim:
1. A method for the preparation of a thixotropic animal feed suspension supplement consisting essentially of the steps of:
producing an ambient temperature liquid sugar solution containing approximately 14-31 weight percent lactose or sucrose sugars;
simple mixing 5-14 weight percent of an ambient temperature nongellatinized starch containing ingredient into the liquid sugar solution; and
simple mixing ambient temperature dry bulk calcium carbonate animal feed nutrients from 20-25 weight percent, into the ambient temperature sugar and starch mixture to form a thixotropic suspension without heating the mixture or its components;
said mixing steps all being accomplished at ambient temperatures, said supplement being stable for at least three weeks at temperatures as low as +10 F.
2. The method of claim 1, wherein said starch containing ingredient is selected from the group consisting of feed stuffs from wheat, corn, milo and mixtures thereof.
3. The method of claim 2, wherein said feed stuffs are whole kernel feed stuffs.
Description
TECHNICAL FIELD

The present invention relates generally to animal feed supplements, and more particularly to liquids for animal feeds which have thickening or stabilizing agents incorporated therein to slow the stratification of components in the liquid slurry and form a stable, thixotropic suspension.

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

Liquid feed supplements for cattle feed, as well as other livestock feed, are well-known in the feed industry. These liquids contain mostly minerals and additives that are not soluble, thereby requiring a thickening agent to slow the stratification of components in the liquid slurry, and to thereby increase the stability and shelf life of the product. In the prior art, clays and gums were commonly utilized as thickening or stabilizing agents.

While starches have been utilized in the past as a thickening agent, the prior art calls for heating and/or cooking the mixture in order to cause the thickening and stabilization of the mixture.

It is therefore a general object of the present invention to provide an improved feed supplement which utilizes starch as a stabilizing agent.

Another object of the present invention is to provide a method for making an edible liquid feed supplement for livestock, which does not utilize heat to cause thickening of the mixture.

These and other objects will be apparent to those skilled in the art.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

The method for preparing a thixotropic animal feed suspension includes the steps of providing a liquid sugar solution and mixing a nongellatinized starch containing ingredient into the liquid sugar solution and thence mixing a dry bulk feed nutrient into the sugar and starch mixture to form a thixotropic suspension. All mixing steps are accomplished at ambient temperatures and the starch containing ingredient is preferably selected from feed stuffs, from wheat, corn, milo and mixtures thereof. The suspension resulting from this method is stable for long periods of time and at very low temperatures.

DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENT

The method of this invention comprises an improved manufacture of liquid animal feed supplements using a starch containing compound as a thickening and stabilizing agent for a liquid solution comprised primarily of liquid molasses sources. The starch containing compounds replace more expensive thickening agents commonly utilized in the prior art, such as clays and gums. The resulting thixotropic suspension is utilized as a feed supplement having insoluble minerals and additives.

The following table sets forth the proportions of the ingredients which are used in the method of the invention:

              TABLE 1______________________________________            Lb/TonIngredient         A       B        C______________________________________ 1. Condensed Delactosed Whey              614     360      297 2. 100% Urea/Whey (Premix)              513     757      931 3. Salt            48      54      76 4. Potassium Chloride               60      68      71 5. Ammonium Sulfate               35      35      31 6. Liquid Vitamins A & D              .37     .50      .50 7. Trace Minerals 8.33    12.50    12.50 8. Vitamin E, 227 .09     .09      .09 9. Limestone (325 Mesh)              407     418      43210. Red Dog        270     210      10011. Ammonium Polyphosphate               37      86      1012. Phosphoric Acid              --      --       3713. Selenium 1600  3.6     --       3.814. Kelflo         --      --       .75______________________________________

The 100% urea/whey component is a premix consisting of approximately 50.5% whey and 49.5% urea. Cane, beet or corn sugars may be substituted for the condensed delactosed whey in this formula. The thickening agent disclosed in the above table is red dog. However, any starch containing feed stuff from wheat, corn and/or milo may be utilized. In addition, these feed stuffs may be whole kernel or separations of the kernel and still be effective as a stabilizing agent. Phosphoric acid may be substituted for or added to the ammonium polyphosphate shown in the table.

The method of the invention comprises combining all ingredients, including the starch-containing component at ambient temperature to provide a stable, thixotropic suspension.

EXAMPLE 1

On page 4 of the application, the formulation described in formula A of Table 1 provides a thixotropic suspension consisting of a minimum of 32 percent crude protein. An 8 ton batch of formula A was prepared by initially preparing a premix of 50.5% whey and 49.5% urea. Then, all liquid components of the formula were mixed for 15 minutes. The salt, potassium chloride, ammonium sulfate and ammonium polyphosphate were then added to the mixture and blended for 15 minutes. The thickening agent, red dog, was gradually added and blended over the next 18 minutes. The dry bulk ingredient, limestone, was then blended to the mixture for 12 minutes, and the final solution was then mixed for 10 minutes to reach the desired stable, thixotropic suspension. Preferably, the suspension is mixed at a rate of 1.25 pounds to 1.75 pounds with grain and roughage per head of cattle per day.

EXAMPLE 2

On page 4 of the application, the formulation described in formula A of Table 1 provides a thixotropic suspension consisting of a minimum of 45 percent crude protein. An 8 ton batch of formula A was prepared by initially preparing the urea/whey premix and then mixing the liquid components of the formula for 15 minutes. The salt, potassium chloride, ammonium sulfate and ammonium polyphosphate were then added to the mixture and blended for 15 minutes. The thickening agent, red dog, was gradually added and blended over the next 26 minutes. The dry bulk ingredient, limestone, was then blended to the mixture for 12 minutes, and the final solution was then mixed for 10 minutes to reach the desired stable, thixotropic suspension. Preferably, the suspension is mixed at a rate of 0.75 pounds to 1.25 pounds with grain and roughage per head of cattle per day.

The above examples provided a stable, thixotropic suspension which would remain stable for at least three weeks on the shelf at temperatures as low as 0-10 F. Because all preparation and mixing was conducted at ambient temperature, the cost for preparation of the mixture is much less than those mixtures requiring heating or other cooking.

EXAMPLE 3

The third formula described in Table formula C, is considered a "winter formula", because the thixotropic suspension remains stable down to temperatures -18 F. The minimum crude protein content of the formula C is 50 percent. An 8 ton batch of formula A was prepared by initially preparing the urea/whey premix and then mixing the liquid components of the formula for 15 minutes. The salt, potassium chloride, ammonium sulfate and ammonium polyphosphate were then added to the mixture and blended for 15 minutes. The thickening agent, red dog, was gradually added and blended over the next 26 minutes. The dry bulk ingredient, calcium carbonate, was then blended to the mixture for 12 minutes, and the final solution was then mixed for 10 minutes to reach the desired stable, thixotropic suspension. Preferably, the suspension is mixed at a rate of 1.25 pounds to 1.75 pounds with grain and roughage per head of cattle per day.

All three of the above-described examples produce suspensions having a moisture content of approximately 32-34 percent of the total suspension when measured by weight. Each formulation may be efficiently and economically produced by virtue of the use of nongellatinized starches in place of clays and gums, yet mixed an ambient temperatures without the need for heating. Preferably, the quantity of starches are added to create the desired viscosity which is between 5 and 14 percent by weight of the total suspension. The resulting suspensions remain thixotropic even at very low temperatures.

Whereas the invention has been shown and described in connection with the preferred embodiments thereof, it will be understood that many modifications, substitutions and additions may be made which are within the intended broad scope of the appended claims.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3684518 *Jan 19, 1970Aug 15, 1972Allied ChemAqueous suspension ruminant feed composition
US3982027 *Sep 18, 1974Sep 21, 1976Dansk Landbrugs Grovvareselskab A.M.B.A.Method for producing a feeding stuff suitable for ruminants
US3988483 *Sep 4, 1975Oct 26, 1976The Kansas State University Research FoundationLiquid starch-urea ruminant feed and method of producing same
US4055667 *Dec 3, 1975Oct 25, 1977Ogilvie Mills Ltd.Animal feeds
US4232046 *Oct 16, 1978Nov 4, 1980Kansas State University Research FoundationLiquid starch-urea ruminant feed and method of preparing same
US4247561 *Apr 16, 1979Jan 27, 1981Nelson R WProcess and method of use for a stable emulsified edible liquid starch product
US4267197 *Nov 13, 1979May 12, 1981Pacific Kenyon CorporationComprising an aqueous sugar solution, ammonium phosphate or sulfate as the gelling agent, and nutrients such as calcium carbonate, sulfate or phosphate
US4379844 *Mar 4, 1981Apr 12, 1983University Of WaterlooBioconversion of industrial cellulosic pulp materials to protein enriched product
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US6682762Oct 9, 2001Jan 27, 2004Heart-O-Dixie Animal Nutrition, LlcPoultry and livestock feed additive
Classifications
U.S. Classification426/74, 426/635, 426/807, 426/661, 426/658, 426/623, 426/630
International ClassificationA23K1/22, A23K1/14, A23K1/175, A23K1/00, A23K1/08, A23K1/16
Cooperative ClassificationY10S426/807, A23K1/08, A23K1/001, A23K1/1755, A23K1/14, A23K1/1643, A23K1/22
European ClassificationA23K1/16L, A23K1/175F, A23K1/14, A23K1/22, A23K1/00B, A23K1/08
Legal Events
DateCodeEventDescription
Dec 6, 2005FPExpired due to failure to pay maintenance fee
Effective date: 20051012
Oct 12, 2005LAPSLapse for failure to pay maintenance fees
Apr 27, 2005REMIMaintenance fee reminder mailed
Mar 29, 2001FPAYFee payment
Year of fee payment: 8
Oct 8, 1998ASAssignment
Owner name: CENEX HARVEST STATES COOPERATIVES, MINNESOTA
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:HARVEST STATES COOPERATIVES;REEL/FRAME:009500/0913
Effective date: 19980529
Apr 3, 1997FPAYFee payment
Year of fee payment: 4
Jan 12, 1993ASAssignment
Owner name: HARVEST STATES COOPERATIVES, NEBRASKA
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST.;ASSIGNOR:KRAUSE, VERNON;REEL/FRAME:006399/0404
Effective date: 19921116