|Publication number||US5253317 A|
|Application number||US 07/795,708|
|Publication date||Oct 12, 1993|
|Filing date||Nov 21, 1991|
|Priority date||Nov 21, 1991|
|Publication number||07795708, 795708, US 5253317 A, US 5253317A, US-A-5253317, US5253317 A, US5253317A|
|Inventors||Richard C. Allen, James P. Graf|
|Original Assignee||Cooper Industries, Inc.|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (9), Referenced by (82), Classifications (13), Legal Events (5)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
This invention relates to a non-halogenated plenum cable and to its insulating and non-corrosive composition. More particularly, the present invention relates to a non-halogenated plenum cable used in electronic systems and to its non-halogenated flame retardant composition which insulates the plenum cable and which is non-corrosive.
Plenum cable is generally used in a building where fire codes require flame retardant cables. Typically, plenum cables are made of flame retardant halogenated materials. While these known plenum cables are effective flame retardants, there are serious problems associated with their use, especially in the case of a fire in the plenum of a building. One such problem is that when these known plenum cables burn, they release corrosive halogenated gases which severely damage the electronic systems or other corrosion sensitive materials which are often located in the plenum of buildings.
To date, there are presently a few plenum cables which utilize non-halogenated materials (U.S. Pat. Nos.: 4,941,729; 5,001,304; and 5,024,506). However, the non-halogenated materials used in these known plenum cables do not comprise the improved composition of non-halogenated materials disclosed herein.
It is therefore an object of the present invention to provide a non-halogenated plenum cable which has a polyetherimide copolymer jacket and at least one conductor having a non-halogenated insulation cover of a sulfone polymer.
It is another object of the present invention to provide a twisted pair type conductor which has a non-halogenated polyether sulfone insulation cover.
It is a further object of the present invention to provide a non-halogenated plenum cable and composition therefor which is flame-retardant, insulating and non-corrosive.
It is yet another object of the present invention to provide a non-halogenated plenum cable and composition therefore which does not release corrosive halogenated gases upon burning.
Other objects and advantages of the invention will become apparent from the following detailed description taken in conjunction with the drawings.
FIG. 1 is an end view of the inventive non-halogenated plenum cable.
FIG. 2 is a perspective view of the cable of FIG. 1.
Referring to FIGS. 1 and 2, the invention provides a non-halogenated plenum cable and composition therefore for use in buildings and especially in plenums of buildings, which is flame-retardant, insulating and non-corrosive. Specifically, the non-halogenated materials used in the plenum cable herein eliminate the possibility of creating corrosive halogenated gases upon burning and therefore eliminate corrosive damage to electronic systems and other corrosion sensitive materials, especially in the case of a fire in the plenum of a building.
The plenum cable herein is generally denoted by the numeral 10 and includes, in part, a core 12 and a circumferentially extending jacket 14 which envelopes the core. At least one insulated conductor extends through core 12 in a longitudinally parallel relationship to jacket 14.
The transmission medium in the preferred embodiment consists of twisted pairs 16 of insulated metallic conductors 18 which are formed by twisting together two metallic conductors with a mechanical twisting cable (not shown). Each of the metallic conductors 16 generally are made of solid or stranded metallic conducting materials, i.e., copper or tin coated copper and are covered with an insulating material 20 prior to the twisting process. The conductor may be an optical transmission medium, i.e., optical fibers covered with the non-halogenated sulfone polymer.
The insulating material is a non-halogenated sulfone polymer composition. In a preferred embodiment, the insulating material 20 on each conductor 18 is polyethersulfone, which is made by ICI (Imperial Chemical Industries, Ltd., Macclesfield, Cheshire, England) and referred to as ICI Victrex® polyethersulfone. In the preferred embodiment, ICI Victrex® polyethersulfone is used for insulating the metallic conductors because of its excellent electrical properties, such as dielectric strength and dielectric constant, and further for its excellent physical properties, such as tensile strength, abrasion resistance and low smoke emission.
The polyethersulfone cover 20 which covers metallic conductors 18 typically has a thickness of about 0.005 to 0.010 inches.
The twisted, polyethersulfone-insulated metallic conductors 18 are housed within core 12 which is also insulated with another insulating material which forms the jacket 14 around core 12 and conductor pairs 16. In the preferred embodiment, jacket 14 is a silicone polyetherimide copolymer sold by G. E. Plastics under the tradename of SILTEM®. The preferred embodiments utilizes G. E. SILTEM® silicone polyetherimide copolymer in the jacket because of its good physical properties, such as tensile strength, percent elongation, flame retardancy and low smoke emission.
SILTEM® is described as a non-halogenated thermoplastic silicone-polyimide copolymer of siloxane and etherimide. It has a tensile strength of 4000 psi, a gardner impact of 120 inch pounds, and an oxygen index of 46.
The silicone polyetherimide copolymer jacket 14 typically has a thickness of about 0.010 to 0.030 inches.
Therefore, it should be recognized that, while the invention has been described in relation to a preferred embodiment, those skilled in the art may develop a wide variation of structural details without departing from the principles of the invention. Therefore, the appended claims are to be construed to cover all equivalents falling within the true scope and spirit of the invention.
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|U.S. Classification||385/109, 174/107, 174/110.00R, 174/110.0SR, 174/121.00A|
|International Classification||H01B7/295, G02B6/44|
|Cooperative Classification||H01B7/295, G02B6/443, G02B6/4436|
|European Classification||G02B6/44C7F, G02B6/44C7A, H01B7/295|
|Nov 21, 1991||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: COOPER INDUSTRIES, INC.
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST.;ASSIGNORS:ALLEN, RICHARD C.;GRAF, JAMES P.;REEL/FRAME:005928/0527
Effective date: 19911119
|Feb 22, 1994||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: BELDEN WIRE & CABLE COMPANY, INDIANA
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:COOPER INDUSTRIES, INC.;REEL/FRAME:006867/0751
Effective date: 19940211
|May 20, 1997||REMI||Maintenance fee reminder mailed|
|Oct 12, 1997||LAPS||Lapse for failure to pay maintenance fees|
|Dec 23, 1997||FP||Expired due to failure to pay maintenance fee|
Effective date: 19971015