Photographic head and body rest
US 527056 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
- W. M. GILS-0N.. PHOTOGRAPHIG HEAD AND BODY REST.
Patented Got. 9, 1894.
Egg-1 UNITED STATES? PATENTr OFFICE.
WILLIAM M. GILSON, OF BLANCHARD, IOWA.
PHOTOGRAPHIC HEAD AND BODY REST.
SPECIFICATION forming part of LettersPatent No. 527,056, dated October 9, 1894. Application filed December 9, 1893. Serial No. 493.198. (No model.)
To all whom it may concern.-
Be it known that I, WILLIAM M. GILsoN, a
citizen of the United States, residing at Blanchard, in the county of Page and State of Iowa, have invented a new and useful Photographic Head and Body Rest, of which the following is a specification.
My invention relates to improvements in photographic head-rests, the objects in View being to produce a cheap and simple device that may be conveniently operated and adjusted so as to support in any desired position against movement the head and body'of an infant, small child, or grown person, so as to insure a perfect picture and obviate any blurring thereof.
Various other objects and advantages of the invention will appear in the following description and the novel features thereof will be particularly pointed out in the claims.
Referring to the drawingsz-Figure 1 is a perspective view of a head-rest embodying that is usually employed. In the present instance, however, I secure to the under side and back of a seat a loop or keeper 1, in which I locate a binding-screw 2 and adjust by means of said binding-screw in a horizontal manner to and from the seat, an arm 3, at whose outer end I locate a T-shaped coupling 4. In this coupling 4 a binding-screw 5 is located, and the same is designed to impinge upon and provide the means of adjustment of a vertical main standard 6, at whose upper end a cap 7 is secured. A disk 8 is formed on one side of the cap and vertically disposed, said disk being centrally perforated, and a clamping-disk 9 is applied to the face of the disk 8 and similarly perforated. These two disks receive an eye-bolt 10, upon whose threaded end a binding-nut 11 is arranged, and which is adapted to be seated or bound against the stationary disk and thus draw the eye-bolt 10 Within the movable disk 9.
A horizontal rest-arm 12 is adjustably arranged within the eye of the bolt 10 and may be secured at any point of its horizontal or vertical adjustment by means of the aforesaid binding-nut 11. j At the forward end of this rest-arm 12 a disk 13 is formed, the-same being perforated to correspond With-similar perforations formed in a pair of curved bodyembracing arms 14 of the ordinary construction, and through these perforations of the disk and body-embracing arms 14 a bindingscrew 15 is passed. The device may be thus employed for retaining in position the body of the child or grown person as desired, the embracing-arms 14 being adjustable relatively so as to conform to the size of the person and to support the body erect in the desired position and against any possible movement. I prefer, however, to also adapt the device for supporting the head of the person,
'and I will therefore proceed to describe an additional attachment.
1 Located upon the main standard 6 is a T-/L shaped coupling 16, the same being adjustable up and down upon said standard and secured at any point by a binding-screw 17. This T-coupling, by means of an intermediate connection 18, is connected to a second or outer T-coupling 19, which carries a. binding-screw 20 designed to impinge upon and serve as the means for securing in adjusted position a second vertical standard 21 which projects above the first mentioned standard and is provided at its upper end with a T-head 22. The T-head 22 has a binding-screw 23 located in its upper end, and the same impinges upon and secures in any desired horizontal adjustable position a horizontal arm 24, which may be adjusted in and out above the arm 12. The outer end of this arm has formed thereon a perforated disk 25 and at opposite sides of this disk 25 are disks 26 whichhave their outer faces inclined and are centrally perforated as shown. A screw 27 passes through the three disks and through the rear disk-like ends of the head-rest arms 29 and binding-nuts 30 are arranged on the extremities of the'screw and serve to clamp the disk-like ends of the arms upon the inclined disks.
As illustrated in Fig. 3fof the accompanying drawings, the disks 26 are provided with laterally extending circumferential iianges; and the inner terminals or disks of the arms 29 are concave-convex, and bear against the outer edges of the iianges of the disks 26. By raising these arms the same are loosened by reason of the inclined faces of the disks, and by lowering them to embrace the head they are tightened or brought together so as to form a suitable rest that is stable and iagtnst which the 4head may recline and be The screw 27 is rigidly seculed to the disk 25 by any suitable means; and the disks 26 are loosely arranged on the screw, and have their flat faces fitting against the disk 25. When the arms 29 are raised, the cam disks 26 will be pressed against the disk 25, and sufficient friction will be created to prevent the disks 26 from rotating with the arms.
From the foregoing description it will be seen that I have provided a very simple device, that is what might be termed universally adjustable and is thus adapted for holding the bodies as well as the heads of persons during photographing.
Having described my invention, what I claim is- 1. In a photographic head and body rest, the combination of a standard a horizontal arm supported by the standard and terminating at its front end in a centrally perforated disk, a transverse screw passing through the perforation of the disk and rigidly connected with the disk and) having its opposite sides threaded, the disks 26 provided at their pe-` ripheries with laterally extending circumferential` cam flanges, the head rest arms provided at their inner ends with concavo-con- 4o vex disks centrally perforated to receive the screw and arranged thereon and fitting against the said cam flanges, and nuts arranged on the outer extremities of the screws and engaging the disks of said arms, substantially as described.
2. In a photographic head and body rest, the combination of a seat provided with a rearwardly offset vertically disposed socket, the main standard 6 vertically adjustable therein and carrying at its upper end the adjustable body supporting and embracing arms 14 extending over the rear of the seat, the vertical standard 2l rearwardly oset from the main standard 6 and adjustably connected therewith, the horizontal arm terminating at its front end in a centrally perforated disk, a transverse screw passing through the perforation ofthe disk and rigidly connected with the disk and having its opposite sides threaded, the disks 26 provided at their peripheries with laterally extending circumferential cam iianges, the head rest arms provided at their inner ends with concavo-convex disks centrally perforated to receive the screw and arranged thereon and fitting against the said cam flanges, and nuts arranged on the outer extremities of the screws and engaging the disks of said arms, substantially as described.
In testimony that I claim the foregoing as my own I have hereto allixed my signature in the presence of two witnesses.
' W'ILLIAM M. GILSON.
M. BRYANT, J. J. THOMPSON.