|Publication number||US527184 A|
|Publication date||Oct 9, 1894|
|Filing date||Nov 27, 1893|
|Publication number||US 527184 A, US 527184A, US-A-527184, US527184 A, US527184A|
|Inventors||Frank W. Rickey|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (6), Classifications (2)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
P. W. RICHEY. STAPLE FASTENER FOR WOODEN VESSELS 0R BOXES. No. 527,184. Patented Oct. 9, 1894.
INVENTOR: x126 636mm (70% ms PETERS co. vuomuma. wAsummoN u c Unirrnb STATES PATENT OFFICE.
FRANK W. RIOHEY, OFGHICAGO, ILLINOIS.
STAPLE-FASTENER FOR WOODEN VESSELS OR BOXES.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 527,184, dated October 9, 1894.
Application filed November 27,1893- Serial No. 492.177. (No model.)
. citizen of the United States, residing at Chicago, in the countyof Cook andState of Illinois,h ave invented certain new and usefulIrnprovements in Stap1e-Fasteners for Wooden Vessels or Boxes, of which the following is a specification, reference being bad therein to the accompanying drawings.
This invention relates to staple fasteners for wooden vesselsand boxes.
The main and primary object of the present invention is to provide a cheap and suitable device of this characterthat can be readlly applied to wooden vessels and boxes by anyone without special instructions, and to this end the invention therefore contemplates a simple and useful device of thischaracter providing effective means for securing covers to packing boxes, tobacco pails, jelly boxes, ialgd, butter, candy and other pails, and the With these and other objects in view which will readily appear as the nature of the invention is better understood,the same consists in the novel construction, combination and arrangement of parts hereinafter more fully described, illustrated and claimed.
In the accompanying drawings-Figure 1 is a side elevation of a staple fastener constructed in accordance with this invention. Fig. 2 is an end view thereof. Fig. 3 is a detail cross sectional view of the flexiblemain body portion of the fastener, the lines X-X and FF indicating the difference in the thickness and width of the wire comprising the body portion. Fig. 4 is a detail plan view showing a section or length of wire illustrating the manner of manufacturing the herein described fastener. Fig. 5 is a detail view illustrating one of the improved staple fasteners as applied to a box preparatory to driving the point-shanks. Fig. 6 is a similar view showing one of the fasteners after having been applied to a package showing the angle of the point shanks as they appear when driven into the wood.
Referring to the accompanying drawings, A designates the main straight body portion of a staple fastener adapted to be used at the corner of a box or package for the purpose of securing the coverthereto, and said body portion A, is formed out of a suitable length of flexible wire rolled into half oval shape to provide the fastener with a flattened side a, which clamps fiat onto the box or package and the cover which it secures thereto, and as illustrated in Fig. 3, of the drawings the width of the body portion of the fastener, indicated by the lines F-F is greater than the thickness thereof,thereby providing acoustruction of staple fastener having the necessary strength, while at the same time requiring only one half the amount of material to manufacture the same that is required for the manufacture of similar fasteners formed out of round wire.
The main body portion A, of the staple fastener has bent from both ends thereof at about an angle of ninety-five degrees the do.- plicate point-shanks B, that are adapted to enter the box side and the cover that is to be secured thereto by the fastener. The outer extremities of the point-shanks B, are provided at both sides of the longitudinal center of the fastener with the point 'bevels E, the outer side edges 0, of which bevels taper at an angle of about forty-five degrees to the entering point D, of the fastener. The point bevels E, are made uniformly on the point extremities of both of the shanks B, and by reason of being formed at both sides of the longitudinal center of the fastener such bevels form at their inner meeting edges the central point ridge G, that is disposed in alignment with the longitudinal center of the fastener and also tapers to the point D, and the said point bevels E, are out or formed on an angle of about ninety degrees from the central point ridge G, to the outer side edges 0, that taper into the sharp points D.
The specific construction of points de scribed, provide the fasteners with points having knife edges Gand O, which together with the point bevels forming these knife edges form points of a half diamond shape that will out their way into the wood of the cover of the box or package irrespective of (homo of the grain without a splitting of the wood. It will be further noted that the specific construction of the point extremities of the pointshanks provides means whereby the said points will be forced inward at a sharper angle to the main body portion A, as the same in position.
alignment with the body portion'thereof is overcome, inasmuch as the herein described points of the fasteners are duplicate constructions and are made to correspond on both sides of the longitudinal center of the fastener, so that in driving the pointsin they will drive perfectly parallel, or in other words I will not turn or twist out of longitudinal alignment with the body of the fastener, and this feature is of the utmost importance in securing covers to packages.
In manufacturing the herein-described fastener, a single length of Wire of the proper size and strength is out into the proper lengths to form a number of thefasteners as is illustrated inFig. 4, of the drawings, ittbeing understood that any suitable machine capable of performing the work isused to make the, fasteners. By reference to Figs, of the drawings,'it will be seen that one point is claimed, and desired to extremity is shown completed, While the other end shows the imprint of the cutting knives of the machine employed to manufacture the fastener, such machine providing for cutting or shaping two points at one operation, while at the same time substantially severing the fastener and leaving the same cut and ready for bending into the proper shape described.
Having thusdescribed the invention, what be secured by Letters Patent, is The herein-described staple fastener for wooden vessels and boxes formed of a single length of wireand comprisinga straight body portion'having duplicate point-shanks bent fro in both ends thereof at an angle, said pointshanks being provided at theirout'er extremities With duplicate point bevels formed at both sides of the longitudinal centers thereof and tapered at the other-outer side edges into an entering point, said point bevels meeting at the center of the shanks in a point ridge also tapering to the entering point, substantially as set forth.
In testimony WhereofI affix my signature in presence of two witnesses.
FRANK vV. RIOHEY. Witnesses:
SOL. FREEHLING, MORRIS J AOOBSON.
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|US2861269 *||Jun 19, 1952||Nov 25, 1958||Acme Steel Co||Method and apparatus for forming and driving an improved staple|
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|US3377904 *||Aug 22, 1966||Apr 16, 1968||Osborne O. Olson||Fastener for corner joints|
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