US 527239 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
F. R. GARFIELD; CASH REGBPTAGLE.
Patented Oct. 9, 1894.
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NITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 527,289, dated October 9, 1894.
Application filed April 19, 1894. Serial No. 508,157. (No model.)
To all whom it may concern:
Be it known that I, FRANK R. GARFIELD, of Concord, in the county of Middlesex and State of Massachusetts, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Cash-Receptacles, of which the following is a specification.
This invention consists in a money receptacle comprising a casing, a money drawer therein having a change side and a sales side, the latter having a bottom which is held in position bythe casing when the drawer is opened and drops automatically when the drawer is closed, and a cash-holder arranged to receive the contents of the sales side when the drawer is closed, the arrangement being such that the cash-holder is inaccessible from the exterior of the casing, and can receive the cash from the drawer only when the latter is pushed in, so that no one can obtain access to the cash-holder without unlocking Vor breaking into it.
Of the.accomp`anying drawings, forming part of this specification,-Figure 1 represents a front elevation of a cash receptacle embodying my invention. Fig. 2 represents a section on line 2-2 of Fig. 1, the money drawer bei-ng closed. Fig. 3 represents a similar section showing the money drawer open. Fig. 4 represents a top plan view of the money drawer.
The same letters and numerals of reference indicate the same parts in all the figures. A,
In the drawings, a represents a casing, which may be of any suitable form and construction, and contains guides for a money drawer b. Said drawer is here` shown as divided into several compartments, one of which is marked 4 in the drawings, and has a bottom piece 5 which is hinged at 3 3 to a portion of the drawer, and is adapted to swing downwardly, as lshown in Fig. 2, to permit the contents of the said compartment to fall into a receptacle c below the drawer, said receptacle being provided with a lock whereby it may be secured to the casing. The arrangement of the hinged bottom 5 is such that when the drawer is opened, as shown in Fig. 3, the hinged bottom will rest upon a ledge or guide o. forming part of the casing, and will be supported in a horizontal posi-y tion thereby, so that the compartment 4 will be closed at its bottom so long as the drawer is open. When the drawer is closed, the partition passing away from the ledge or guide a swings downwardly into the receptacle, c, as shown in Fig. 2, thus permitting the contents of the compartment 4 to drop into the said receptacle.
It will be seen that when the drawer b is closed, its front side prevents access to the money receptacle through the open bottom of the drawer, and that when the drawer is opened its back piece 6 prevents access to the receptacle c, so that while the drawer b communicates with the money receptacle when closed, so that money can drop freely from said drawer to the receptacle, there is no way of reaching the receptacle from the outside, except by unlocking the same.
The stop d attached to the casing prevents the drawer b from being pulled out far enough to permit access to the receptacle c through the opening which contains the drawer.
The drawer b is preferably provided with one or more additional compartments to receive change, and is here shown as provided with the ordinary change cups 8 and with longitudinal compartments 9, all located at one side of the compartment 4. For convenience I term the portion of the drawer including the said change cups and compartments the change sidef of the drawer, the compartment 4, having the drop bottom, being the sales side.
A salesman having occasion to give change, after making a sale, will place the money received in the change side of the drawer, and will take from the sale side an equal amount, giving the customer the change due him, and depositing the balance, which represents the amount of the same, in the sales side of the drawer. When the amount received by the salesman represents the exact amount of the sale, so that no change is required, it is deposited directly in the sales side. When the drawer is closed, the money representing the sale will drop into the receptacle or holder c, where it will be inaccessible to the salesman. It willbe seen, therefore, that at the end of the day the moneyin the holder c will be the sum of the days sales,`and the amount in the change side should be the same at the close as at the beginning of the days business. By thus depositing the money received from IOO sales every time the drawer is closed, so that it becomes inaccessible to the salesman, I greatly reduce the opportunity for theft from the money drawer, the only money constantly accessible being that in the change "side, the loss of any part of which can be readily detected.
I claim- A money receptacle comprising a casing, a money drawer therein having a change side and a sales side, the latter having a bottom which is held in position by the casing when the drawer is opened and drops automatically when the drawer is closed, and a cash-,holder arranged to receive the contents of the sales I5 side when the drawer is closed, as set forth.
In testimony whereof I have signed my name to this specification, in the presence of two subscribing witnesses, this 16th day of April, A. D. 1894:.
FRANK R. GARFIELD. Witnesses: i
, A, D. HARRISON,
ARTHUR W. CRossLEY.