|Publication number||US5275179 A|
|Application number||US 07/677,157|
|Publication date||Jan 4, 1994|
|Filing date||Mar 29, 1991|
|Priority date||Oct 14, 1987|
|Publication number||07677157, 677157, US 5275179 A, US 5275179A, US-A-5275179, US5275179 A, US5275179A|
|Original Assignee||L'nard Associates, Inc.|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (5), Referenced by (7), Classifications (10), Legal Events (5)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
This application is a continuation of application Ser. No. 306,808, filed Feb. 3, 1989 which is a continuation of application Ser. No. 107,980, filed Oct. 14, 1987 now abandoned.
Many bedridden patients, usually paralysis victims, have their legs substantially locked together in close juxtaposition. This condition is known as valgus wherein the muscles of the hip contract so that the legs cannot be spread. Such patients normally lay on their sides in a fetal position. Skin abrasions, sores and ulcers often are created at the knees, ankles and feet where the non-muscular portions of the legs tend to more forcibly engage. Slight movement of either leg aggravates this situation.
Pillows or the like are often forcibly inserted between such a patient's legs. However, pillows are often of improper thickness, and do not stay in place.
Therefore, a principal object of this invention is to provide a method and means for preventing skin abrasions for patients having legs substantially locked in juxtaposition which will prevent abrasion between the patient's legs as they bear against each other.
A further object of the invention is to provide a method and means for preventing skin abrasions for patients having legs substantially locked in juxtaposition which will prevent abrasion between the patient's legs as they bear against each other, and which will maintain this protection regardless of patient movement.
A still further object of this invention is to provide a means for preventing skin abrasions for patients having legs substantially locked in juxtaposition which is easily attached to the patient.
A still further object of this invention is to provide a means for preventing skin abrasions for patients having legs substantially locked in juxtaposition which is comfortable to the patient.
A still further object of this invention is to provide a means for preventing skin abrasions for patients having legs substantially locked in juxtaposition which can be easily removed, cleaned and reused.
A still further object of this invention is to provide a means for preventing skin abrasions for patients having legs substantially locked in juxtaposition which will not interfere with the blood circulation in the patient's legs.
A still further object of this invention is to provide a means for preventing skin abrasions for patients having legs substantially locked in juxtaposition which will only partially encompass one of the patient's legs to keep the leg from becoming unduly warm.
A still further object of this invention is to provide a means for preventing skin abrasions for patients having legs substantially locked in juxtaposition which can be used on either leg of the patient.
These and other objects will be apparent to those skilled in the art.
The method of this invention pertains to preventing skin abrasions and the like in patients whose legs are substantially locked together in juxtaposition. The method comprises the taking of an elongated flexible planar pad with a length extending from above the patient's knees to the bottom of the patient's foot. The width of the pad is approximately one-half of the girth of one of the patient's legs. The pad is placed between the patient's legs so that the opposite sides of the pad cover the inner surface of at least one leg from a point above the knee to a point substantially to the bottom of the foot of one leg. The pad is affixed to one leg of the patient at points above the knee and above the ankle of one leg to hold the pad against any substantial movement with respect to the one leg.
The apparatus of this invention comprises a pad for the foregoing method. The pad is a flexible planar pad having a top, bottom, side edges, and opposite leg engaging surfaces. The leg engaging surfaces comprise a soft resilient material so that the skin and flesh of the inner portion of a patient's legs will be protected from abrasive action. A first strap means is secured to the pad adjacent its upper end for securing the pad to a patient's leg just above the knee. A second strap means is secured to the pad adjacent the bottom thereof for securing the pad to the patient's leg just above the ankle. A third strap means can be used alternately and it is secured to the pad just below the knee portion to again secure the pad to the leg of the patient just below the knee.
The pad is formed by a layer of canvas material to which is affixed the soft resilient material which forms the padding thereof. The canvas material is folded along a central seam, and the outer periphery of the overlapped portions of the pad are then sewn together.
Opposite notch elements are cut into the pad at the side edges towards the upper portion thereof. These notched edges are not sewn and form an access to the interior compartment of the pad.
The strap means are threaded through opposite pairs of vertical slots in one surface of the pad.
The upper portion of the pad is formed in a downwardly extending concave shape, and the bottom of the pad is formed in a downwardly extending convex shape.
FIG. 1 is a plan view of the pad of this invention;
FIG. 2 is a plan view of the pad of this invention during an initial stage of fabrication with the strap elements omitted therefrom;
FIG. 3 is an enlarged scale sectional view taken on line 3--3 of FIG. 1;
FIG. 4 is a partial sectional view at an enlarged scale taken through one of the strap elements;
FIG. 5 is an elevational view of one leg of a patient;
FIG. 6 is a partial perspective view of the opposite side of the leg shown in FIG. 5 with the pad attached thereto; and
FIG. 7 is a perspective view of the pad of this invention affixed to the leg of a patient in a position different than that of FIG. 6.
The numeral 10 designates the pad of this invention which is comprised of canvas layer 12, with a soft resilient padding material 14 secured to one surface thereof. The material 14 is a washable polyester fiber having the texture of wool fleece and is available under the trademark "Kodel". The pad 10 is symmetrically cut about a center fold 16 and is thereupon folded on both center folds 16 and fold 18 into the configuration shown in FIG. 2. At that stage of the fabrication, the canvas layer 12 is on the outside. The lower portion of the pad is then secured together by sewn seam 20. The pad is then turned inside out so that the material 14 appears on the outside thereof, and seam 22 is then put in place to substantially enclose the interior of the pad.
V-shaped notches 24 are cut in opposite sides of the pad near the top thereof. The notches are not sewn closed and serve as access to the interior compartment 26 of the pad. Access to the interior compartment 26 is desirable as will be described hereafter.
The pad 10 includes a top 28 which has a concave shape that extends downwardly, and a bottom 30 which has a convex shape which also extends downwardly. The numerals 32 and 34 designate the side edges of the pad.
A first pair of vertical cuts or slots 36 are located in the upper portion of the pad. A second pair of spaced vertical slots 38 are located towards the bottom portion of the pad; and a third pair of spaced vertical slots 40 are located immediately below the notches 24. A first strap 42 is threaded through slots 36; a second strap 44 is threaded through slots 38; and a third strap 46 can be threaded through slots 40 if it is desired to have a securing means at that point on the leg. The first strap 42 is adapted to secure the pad to the leg immediately above the knee; the second strap 44 is adapted to secure the pad to the leg immediately above the ankle; and the third strap 46, if needed, is adapted to secure the pad to the leg immediately below the knee. It should be noted that the horizontal space between slots 36 is slightly greater than the horizontal space between the lower slots 38 (six inches versus four inches). A conventional Velcro strap 48 is secured to one end of each of the straps and is adapted to fix the free ends of the straps together is conventional fashion.
Each of the straps is comprised of three felt layers 50 (see FIG. 4) which have foam layers 52 interposed therebetween. These straps are soft and are slightly resilient and are intended to be very comfortable to the leg of the patient.
The dimensions for a typical pad 10 adapted for use on an adult are as follows: The vertical height of the pad is approximately 23 inches. The notches 24 are approximately 11/2 inches in vertical height, and extend no more than 21/2 inches into the body of the pad from the side edges thereof. The vertical slots described above are approximately two inches in length. The width of the pad at the top is approximately 12 inches, and the width at the lower end is approximately eight inches. The slots 36 are approximately two inches from the top 28, and the slots 38 are approximately two inches from the bottom 30. The first strap 42 is approximately 181/2 inches in length and the lower strap 44 is approximately 15 inches in length. The third strap 46, if used, should be approximately 15-181/2 inches in length, and preferably closer to 181/2 inches in length. The notches 24 are approximately five inches from the top 28 of the pad. The thickness of the material 14 is approximately three inches, but obviously can be compressed to 1/2 inch-3/4 inches.
FIGS. 6 and 7 show a patient's legs 54 and 56. With reference to FIG. 5, the numeral 58 designates a patient's thigh; the numeral 60 designates the knee area; the numeral 62 designates the kneecap; the numeral 64 designates the knee joint. The numeral 66 shows the area of the thigh which includes the quadrucep muscle group. The numeral 68 designates the ankle, with the numerals 70, 72 and 74 designating the patient's heel, calf and foot.
The normal operation of the device of this invention is as follows: With at least the straps 42 and 44 attached to the pad, the pad is inserted between the legs 54 and 56 of the patient. The ends of the straps 42 and 44 are secured together just above the knee and just above the ankle as described above by utilizing the Velcro fastener 48. Since the spacing between slots 36 and slots 38 are approximately the "diameter" of the patient's leg at those respective points, the straps pull the pad into close engagement with the leg but do not serve to squeeze the leg so as to impede blood circulation in the leg. With the lower strap 44 being between the ankle and the calf of the leg, and the upper strap 42 being between the knee and the major diameter of the thigh, the pad 10 is held substantially immobile on the leg. However, as slight bending of the knee takes place, the notches 24 permit the lower portion of the pad below the notches to flex freely even though the portion of the pad above the notches and above the knee remain substantially stationary. Preferably, the notches 24 are positioned slightly below the kneecap 62. The corners 76 of the pad serve to maintain padded material between the legs of the patient even though the leg may flex slightly to slightly displace the pad above the knee.
It is important that the lower end or bottom 30 of the pad extend substantially to the medial distal heel to cover all pressure points that might exist between the patient's two legs.
The pad 10 serves to equalize the pressure exerted by the weight or pressure of one leg on the other and relieves the high pressure points between the heels, ankles, and knees of the patient.
The straps of the pad can be washed by removal thereof, and they can be replaced when necessary. This is accomplished by reaching the hand inside the interior of the pad and manipulating the strap out of the vertical slots in which the strap is mounted.
Similarly, the pad can be removed from the patient, laundered, and reused.
Thus, from the foregoing, it is seen that this device will accomplish at least all of its stated objectives.
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US2606554 *||Sep 17, 1949||Aug 12, 1952||Moe Simon||Thumb sucking discouraging device|
|US3911497 *||Nov 13, 1974||Oct 14, 1975||Burnett & Co Wm T||Arm protecting device|
|US4736477 *||Dec 30, 1986||Apr 12, 1988||The Better Back Care Corporation||Knee pillow|
|US4922929 *||Aug 31, 1989||May 8, 1990||Dejournett Richard L||Padded elbow brace|
|US4953569 *||May 17, 1988||Sep 4, 1990||L'nard Associates, Inc.||Joint protector pad|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US5829443 *||Apr 4, 1997||Nov 3, 1998||Cunningham; James||Immobilization device and method|
|US6056712 *||Sep 11, 1997||May 2, 2000||Grim; Tracy E.||Multi-functional orthosis for the foot, heel, ankle and lower leg|
|US6135974 *||Mar 24, 1998||Oct 24, 2000||Matz; Samuel O.||Post-injury support hose|
|US6508205 *||Aug 17, 2000||Jan 21, 2003||Arden K. Zink||Fly bite and botfly prevention legging for equine|
|US6895971 *||Sep 21, 2000||May 24, 2005||Hydroskin Pty Ltd||Limb protection system|
|US20040149293 *||Jan 5, 2004||Aug 5, 2004||Freedman Shannon L.||Pediatric arm restraint|
|US20100014626 *||Jun 30, 2009||Jan 21, 2010||Fennell Martin J||Method And Device For Determining Elapsed Sensor Life|
|U.S. Classification||128/882, 128/892, 128/881|
|International Classification||A61F13/06, A61F13/00|
|Cooperative Classification||A61F13/069, A61F2013/00395, A61F13/06|
|European Classification||A61F13/06D9, A61F13/06|
|Nov 22, 1993||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: L NARD RESTORATIVE CONCEPTS, INC., FLORIDA
Free format text: NUNC PRO TUNC ASSIGNMENT;ASSIGNOR:L NARD ASSOCIATES, INC.;REEL/FRAME:006777/0445
Effective date: 19931029
Owner name: RESTORATIVE CARE OF AMERICA INCORPORATED, FLORIDA
Free format text: NUNC PRO TUNC ASSIGNMENT;ASSIGNOR:L NARD RESTORATIVE CONCEPTS, INC.;REEL/FRAME:006777/0440
Effective date: 19931029
Owner name: RESTORATIVE CARE OF AMERICA INCORPORATED, FLORIDA
Free format text: QUIT-CLAIM ASSIGNMENT;ASSIGNORS:LONARDO, ROBERT;LONARDO, ANNE;REEL/FRAME:006777/0450
Effective date: 19931028
|Jul 28, 1997||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: ROBERT LONARDO, FLORIDA
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:RESTORATIVE CARE OF AMERICA INCORPORATED;REEL/FRAME:008621/0955
Effective date: 19970721
|Aug 12, 1997||REMI||Maintenance fee reminder mailed|
|Jan 4, 1998||LAPS||Lapse for failure to pay maintenance fees|
|Mar 17, 1998||FP||Expired due to failure to pay maintenance fee|
Effective date: 19980107