|Publication number||US5318261 A|
|Application number||US 07/982,760|
|Publication date||Jun 7, 1994|
|Filing date||Jul 10, 1992|
|Priority date||Jul 11, 1991|
|Also published as||DE59204683D1, EP0547208A1, EP0547208B1, WO1993001418A1|
|Publication number||07982760, 982760, PCT/1992/96, PCT/AT/1992/000096, PCT/AT/1992/00096, PCT/AT/92/000096, PCT/AT/92/00096, PCT/AT1992/000096, PCT/AT1992/00096, PCT/AT1992000096, PCT/AT199200096, PCT/AT92/000096, PCT/AT92/00096, PCT/AT92000096, PCT/AT9200096, US 5318261 A, US 5318261A, US-A-5318261, US5318261 A, US5318261A|
|Inventors||Georg Petershofer, Alexander Simon, Horst Felzmann|
|Original Assignee||Isovolta Osterreichische Isolierstoffwerke Aktiengesellschaft|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (8), Referenced by (7), Classifications (9), Legal Events (3)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
The invention concerns a device for hanging panels from load-beating structures in concealed manner and consisting of two bent metal parts affixed to the panels, and further it concerns a method for locking in positive manner this device to the panel.
As regards the visible fastening of panels to load-beating structures, it is known to enclose said panels in U-channels themselves affixed to the load-bearing structure. These U-channels incur the drawback they will not accommodate the thickness tolerances entailed by manufacturing. "Undersized" panels (i.e. too thin) relative to the nominal thickness shall only sit loosely inside the channel, whereas "thicker" panels can be inserted only by bending the channel while ruining the panel surface. Moreover the panels only can be gripped at their edges, and frequently this is inadequate when affixing large-area panels. In addition, half the U-channel always is visible from the outside.
In order to achieve masked affixing of panels to load-beating structures, U channels may be affixed to said structures by entering channels milled into the panel edge. The channels are parallel to the plane of the panel and are half the panel-thickness deep. As a result the panel thickness available for mechanical strength is reduced to less than half. Accordingly this method only allows mounting in masked manner panels no more than a certain size to load-beating structures.
The object of the invention is to create a device for affixing panels of various thicknesses and various formats in masked manner.
The problem basic to the invention is solved in that a U-shaped bent metal part 1, 1' is juxtaposed with an angle metal part 2, 2' so as to be mutually displaceable in the direction of the legs, both metal parts evincing obliquely bent end zones at one end which by entering two channels milled into the panel thereby positively lock into it. Advantageously lateral guide sections are present at one of the level leg zones of one of the two metal parts to receive the other metal part in displaceable manner. Furthermore, the two metal parts can be advantageously adjusted relative to each other by means of an adjustment screw.
In one advantageous embodiment of the device of the invention, the end zones of the bent metal parts subtend an angle of 45° to 80° with the panel plane and are mutually converging.
In another advantageous embodiment mode of the invention, the end zones of the bent metal parts are mutually diverging.
The invention moreover relates to a method to positively lock the device of the invention onto the panel. This method is characterized in that the channels are machined into the panel surface at an angle matching one of the angled end zones of the bent metal parts and by inserting and affixing the oblique end zones. The milled depth amounts to 50 to 95%, preferably 75 to 85% of the panel thickness and the sidewalls of the channels advantageously are milled to be arcuate. Also, a chamfered milling base is introduced when making the channels.
In a last and advantageous embodiment mode of the invention, milling is carried out by a manual milling machine displaceable in a milling guide and adjustable in a milling jig about a shaft at various angular positions relative to the panel surface.
The invention is elucidated below in relation to FIGS. 1 through 10 and in two advantageous embodiment modes for affixing the devices of the invention in positive manner.
FIG. 1 shows the elevation of the device of the invention, the part 2b of the right-angled metal part 2 resting against the panel, the angled end zones 6, 7, a guide channel 4, the U-channel metal part 1 and the adjustment screw 3 also being shown.
FIG. 2 shows a top view of the device of the invention along arrow II of FIG. 1.
FIG. 3 is a side view of the device of FIG. 1, with the U-shaped metal part 1 and the right-angled metal part 2, which rest against each other by their legs 1a, 2a and which are mutually adjustable by means of an adjustment screw 3 or nut, being kept together by the guide channel 4. The legs 2b and 1b of the metal parts 1, 2 rest against the panel 5.
The metal parts 1, 2 comprise end zones 6, 7 which in this embodiment mode are bent to be converging and which are received in the channels 8, 9 milled into the panel 5.
FIG. 4 is an elevation of another embodiment mode of the invention showing the zone 2b resting flat against the panel 5', the angled end zone 6', the adjustment screw 3', a guide channel 4' and the U-shaped metal part 1'. FIG. 6 shows the second angled end zone 7' which is bent approximately centrally out of the leg 1b' resting against the panel 5'.
FIG. 5 is the top view of the device of the invention shown in FIG. 4.
FIG. 6 is a side view of the embodiment mode of the invention shown in FIG. 4, a U-shaped bent metal part 1' and a right-angled metal part 2' resting against each other by their legs 1a' and 2a' and being mutually adjustable by an adjustment screw 3', the leg 2a' being laterally held in place by the guide channels 4' of the metal part 2'. In this particular embodiment, the end zones 6', 7' are angled to be merely divergent and are inserted into the channels 8', 9' milled into the panel 5'.
FIG. 7 shows a milling jig 10 with a milling guide 11 receiving a manual miller which can be adjusted by rotation about the shaft 13 at angles of 45° and 60° relative to the panel surface using the toggle 12.
FIG. 8 is a top view of the jig shown in FIG. 7.
FIG. 9 shows a milling jig 10' with a milling guide 11' mounted by T-screws 12' and bolts 13' at a fixed angle of 60° to the panel surface. The milling jig 10' also comprises bore holes to set the milling guide 11' in the opposite direction.
FIG. 10 is the top view of the system shown in FIG. 9.
Illustratively the device of the invention may be made of galvanized steel, stainless steel or aluminum alloys. The thickness of the material is between 1.5 and 3.5 mm.
By means of a jig shown in FIGS. 7 and 8, channels 8 and 9 are milled into the panel 5. The milling guide of the milling jig 10 is preadjusted by the toggle 12 at an angle for instance of 45° or 60° to the panel surface, and said milling jig is set on the panel and a manual milling machine, omitted from the drawing, is displaced along the milling guide 11 toward the panel 5 whereby the circular miller finally mills a channel with an arcuate channel wall into the panel 5. Illustratively the depth of milling may be 80% of the depth of the panel. Preferably the milling bottom shall be chamfered.
Thereupon a device such as shown in FIGS. 1 through 3 is inserted into these channels 8, 9, then tensioned, and prestressed by the adjustment screw 3 and affixed in position, the prestressing magnitude being determined by the tightening force of the adjustment nut 3 and as result may control the connection between the device and the panel 5.
To make channels that are mutually diverging, the apparatus described in relation to FIGS. 9 and 10 shall advantageously be used. This apparatus comprises a milling jig 10' in which the milling guide 11' is at a fixed angle of 60° to the panel surface. Milling the channels using a manual milling machine displaceable in the milling guide 11' takes place similarly to the apparatus described in relation to FIGS. 7 and 8. The angled end zones 6', 7' of the device of the invention shown in FIGS. 4 through 6 are then inserted into these mutually diverging channels and the said device is then prestressed and affixed in position, the prestressing being produced by tightening the adjustment screw. To prevent any bulging or detachment of the legs 1b', 2b' resting against the panel 5' between the angled end zones 6', 7' during prestressing, the legs 1b', 2b'are extended beyond the ends.
The devices of the invention shown in FIGS. 1 through 3 and 4 through 6 are suitable for the masked suspension of panels of the most diverse formats, that is, also for large-scale panels, further panels of the most varied thicknesses, from load-bearing structures. The visible panel surfaces remain undamaged during the advantageous procedure for positively locking the device of the invention to the panel on account of the presence of channels.
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|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
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|US8215073 *||Oct 15, 2008||Jul 10, 2012||Hurricane Fabric, Llc||Weather protection system|
|US8282168||Sep 14, 2007||Oct 9, 2012||Johnson Controls Technology Company||Component, in particular for a vehicle seat|
|US20030189144 *||Jul 5, 2001||Oct 9, 2003||Byrne Christopher Russell||Clamp|
|US20090145048 *||Oct 15, 2008||Jun 11, 2009||Hurricanefabric.Com, Llc||Weather protection system|
|US20100181816 *||Sep 14, 2007||Jul 22, 2010||Johnson Control Technology Company||Component, in particular for a vehicle seat|
|WO1997023696A1 *||Dec 20, 1996||Jul 3, 1997||James Hardie Research Pty. Limited||A cladding board mounting system|
|U.S. Classification||248/205.1, 52/713|
|International Classification||E04F13/24, F16B5/07, E04B1/38, F16B5/06, E04F13/08|
|Mar 10, 1993||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: ISOVOLTA OSTERREICHISCHE ISOLIERSTOFFWERKE AKTIE
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNORS:PETERSHOFER, GEORG;SIMON, ALEXANDER;FELZMANN, HORST;REEL/FRAME:006639/0865;SIGNING DATES FROM 19930223 TO 19930302
|Jun 7, 1998||LAPS||Lapse for failure to pay maintenance fees|
|Sep 22, 1998||FP||Expired due to failure to pay maintenance fee|
Effective date: 19980607