US 531939 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
P. HIRES. KITCHEN CABINET.
Patented Jaen. l, 1895t N UNITED STATES PATENT EEicE.
PIHLLIP HIRES, OF CLINTON, KENTUCKY, ASSIGNOR OF TVO-THIRDS TO E. L. DUNNAVENT AND GEO. YV. BURY, OF SAME PLACE.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 531,939, dated January 1, 1 895. l
Application tiled April 5, 1894. Serial No. 506,497 (No morisl To all whom t may concern:
Be it known that I, PHILLIP Hines, a citizen of the United States, residing at Olinton, in the county of Hickman and State of Kentucky, have invented a new and useful Kitchen- Cabinet, of which the following is a specification.
My invention relates to kitchen cabinets, and has for its object to provide a device having suitable bins and other closures for the reception of articles necessary in culinary operations, and having a drop-leaf adapted to serve as a table or kneading board; and furthermore, to provide means whereby this table or kneading board may be adjusted laterally to give the operator access to the various receptacles without reaching thereover.
Further objects and advantages of this invention will appear in the following description, and the novel features thereof will be particularly pointed out in the appended claim. A
In the drawings: Figure 1 is a perspective view with the drop-leaf in its lowered position, and opposite the opening in the front of the cabinet. Fig. 2 is a similar view showing the drop-leaf arranged in one of its adjusted or side positions to give access to the receptacles at one side of the cabinet. Fig. 3 is a central vertical section. Fig. t is a detail view of the removable spice tray. Fig.
5 is a horizontal section to show the sliding connection between the drop-leaf and the front of the cabinet.
Similar numerals indicate corresponding parts in all the figures of the drawings.
The casing 1 of the cabinet is provided in its front wall with an opening which is fitted with a drop -leaf 2, such drop -leaf being hinged at its lower edge to a strip 3, which is slidably connected at the upper edge of the portion of the front wall of the cabinet which is below said opening. This sliding connection preferably consists of a groove 4, formed by an inner bar 5 and an outer bar 6,.secured respectively to the inner and outer surfaces of said lower portion of the front wall of the casing, and extending above the upper edge of said wall, as shown clearly in Figs. 2 and 3. The sliding bar or strip 3 is seated in this groove and is held from vertical displacement by means of a stationary stud 7', projecting forwardly from the inner bar 5, and fitting in a groove Sin the rear side of the sliding strip. The length of this groove is approximately equal to the length of the strip, whereby the leaf may be moved toward either side of the cabinet to expose one-half of the front thereof at a time, as shown in Fig. 2.
The drop-leaf is provided upon its outer side with a hinged supporting leg 9, which is adapted to rest at its lower end upon the door when the drop-leaf is in its horizontal position. The leaf is further provided with the vertical side cleats 10, which are adapted to dt within and contiguous to the side walls of the cabinet, when the leaf is in its elevated or closed position, and a guard strip 11, which extends between said side cleats at the rear or lower edge of the leaf, to prevent articles thereon from being pushed back into the cabinet.
The interior construction and arrangement of the cabinet may be varied to suit the requirements, but I prefer to divide the lower portion thereof, below the plane of the lower edge of the drop-leaf, by a vertical partition 12, thus forming the side compartments or bins 13, for the reception of flour, meal, dac.; arrange a narrow shelf 14 at the rear side of the cabinet, approximately in the plane of the lower edge of the drop-leaf; and provide said bins, below the plane of the shelf, with sliding covers 15 and 16, which are fitted at their front and rear edges in horizontal grooves in the front and rear walls of the cabinet and are arranged in different hori- Zontal planes, whereby both may be moved to one side of the cabinet to give access to the other bin. The rear sides of the bins are preferably closed by a removable panel 17, provided at its lower edge with a tongue to tit in a groove in the door of the cabinet, rabbeted at its upper edge to agree with a rabbet on the lower edge of the upper portion of the rear side of the cabinet, and engaged by a turn-button 18.
Above the plane of the above-described shelf I arrange a removable spice tray 19, resting at its extremities upon horizontal strips 20, and provided with a series of sep-,
arated compartments closed by a common hinged cover 21. A pivoted hook 22 is preferablyy provided to support the cover of the spice box in its elevated or open position. I also arrange drawers at the top of the cabinet; but this feature, as well as others, described in connection with theinterior construction of the cabinet, may be varied to suit the uses for which the device is designed. a
It is a serious objection to cabinets which are provided with kneading boards or tables forming front closures, that the operator mustreach over such kneading board in order to remove articles from the interior of the cabi net; and it is necessary in constructing an article of this kind, under such circumstances, to make the cabinet sufciently shallow to be accessible; but bythe arrangement which I have above described the operator is enabled to move the kneading board or table either to right or left without disturbing its contents, and thereby reach any part of acomparatively deep cabinet withoutV inconvenience.
It will be understood that in practice, vari ons changes in the form, proportion, and the minor details of construction may be re 4sorted to without departing from the principle or sacrificing any of the advantages of this invention.
I .Having-described my invention, what I claimeis-- Y l In a kitchen cabinet, the combination of a casing havin g in its front side an opening and below the plane of the lower side of this opening duplicate bins or. receptacles separated by an interposed partition, sliding covers for the said receptacles, arranged in adjacent horizontal planes and fitted at their front and rear edges in grooves in .the front and rear walls of the casing, said grooves extending from one side wall to the other whereby both of the covers may be arranged over either receptacle, a strip slidably mounted in a guide or way adjacent to the lower side of the opening in the front of the casing, means for'preventing the displacement and for limiting the.
longitudinal movement of said strip, a kneading board hinged at one edge to the upper exposed edge of said strip and adapted to close the openingin the front side of the casing, and means for supporting the board in a yhorizontal position, substantially as specified.
In testimony that I claim the foregoing as my own I have hereto affixed r'my signature in 5 5 the presence of two witnesses.
- PHILLIP HIRES. Witnesses:
RoBT. W. MOORE, R. D. RENNICK.