US 53240 A
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UNITED STATES HUGH BAINES, OF MANCHESTER, ENGLAND.
Specification forming part of Letters Iatcnt No. 53,2110, dated March 13, 1866.
To all whom it may concern:
Be it known that I, HUGH BA1NEs,of Manchester, England, but now temporarily residing in the city of Montreal, Canada, have invented new and useful Improvements in Railroad-Tracks; and I do hereby declare that the following is a full, clear, and exact description thereof, which will enable others skilled in the art to make and use the same, reference being had to the accompanying drawings, forming part of this specification, in which- Figure l is an elevation ot' one track of a railroad, showing what I term the expansionmitcrs 5 Fig. 2, a similar view to Fig. l, showing the fish-plate7 and lock-latein7 so termed; Fig. 3, a plan or top view ot' both Figs. l and 2, showing the connection of rails with the cross-ties ot' the ailroad5 Fig. a, a transverse vertical section ot' expansion and contraction niiters, so termed, together with the railroad-chair and cross and longitudinal ties; Fig. 5, a transverse vertical section of rail through fish-plates and lock-latch; Fig. 6, a ground plan, showing both sides ot' railwaytrack with open miters for expansion.
A A in the drawings represent the crossties of the railroad, placed at suitable distances apart, on which, extending from one to the other, rest the longitudinal ties B B, having along and upon their upper surfaces a series of diagonal plates, C U, forming the bed for the rails F and H, between the contiguous ends of which are placed the half-miters E and G, one, E, in contact with end of rail F, and the other, G, in contact with end ot' rail H, the two forming, when placed side by side with each other, a continuation of the two rails, and are of uniform shape therewith in cross-section, these miters and ends ot' rails contiguous therewith fitting by their flanges L a, in the longitudinal grooves ot' the chair-plate D, inserted in the diagonals C ot' the longitudinal ties B, and made llush, or nearly so, therewith.
J J are fish-plates, which I so term, placed one upon each side ofthe rail, overlapping the joints of the miters E and G with the rails F and H, bolts O, having heads P at one end and loosely passing through the plates and the miters or rails F and H in contact therewith,
being used for tightly binding the whole together and to the rail by screwing up thenuts Q upon one of the bolts, which, when set, are then held byinterlocking the latch-bar K, hung upon a fuleruin-pin of one ot' the fish-plates, with them, as shown in Fig. 2.
I is a key connecting halt-miter O to rail H for drawing back the haltmiter G in contracting.
lhe half-imiter G is to be made in various lengths to allow for the expansion and contraction in the continuous rail, and to bring the entire expansion or contraction into one place at each quarter of a mile, more or less, instead of at every rail length, as hitherto.
It is clearly apparent from the above description that when half-imiter E and rail F are iirinly spiked to diagonals C, longitudinal and transverse ties, and placed immediately adjoining switches, crossings, and at every quarter of a mile, more or less, half-miter G and rail H, when connected with close joints, lishplates, and lock-latches, can only expand into and contract out ot' half-ruiter E.
lt may be here remarked that all the nuts of fish-plato bolts at every rail length I intend to secure with a lock-latch, K, as shown over miters in the drawings, and that furthermore all the various parts composing my joint for rails are to be made of the proper materials and strength.
What I claim as new, and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is-
The combination of ties, longitudinals, diagonals, rails, fish-plates, lock-latches, expansion and contraction niiters resting on chairs of the diagonals at every quarter ot' a mile (more or less) of the railroad, allowing no expansion or contraction at each rail length, but making one continuous rail for a quarter of amile, more or less, to expand in and contract onto-l' miters E and G, substantially as described.
rIhe above specification ot' my invention signed by me this 4th dayot January, 1866.
Jive. STARK, WILLIAM J. GREEN.