US 533553 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
H. D. PERKY. ROLL MACHINE FOR REDUCING GEREALS FOR FOOD.
Patented Feb. 5, 1895.
UNITED STATES PATENT @Erica HENRY D. PERKY, OF. DENVER, CULORADO, ASSIGNOR TO THE CEREAL MACHINE COMPANY, `OF SAME PLACE;
ROLL-MACHINE Fon REeuciNe CEREALS son Foco.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 533,553, dated February 5, 189,5;
Application tiled April 28, 1894. Serial No. 509.406. (No model.)
To all whom it may concern.-
Be it known that I, HENRY D. PERKY, a citizen of the United States, and a residentof Denver, in the county of Arapahoe and State of Colorado, have invented certain new' and useful Improvements in Roll- Machines for Reducing Cereals for Food; and I do declare the following to be a full, clear and exact description of the invention, such as Will enable others skilled in the art to which -it appertains to make and use the same, reference being had to the accompanying drawings, and to letters of reference marked thereon, which form a part of this specification.
Figure l of the drawings is a front elevation of my invention. Fig. 2 is a' partial vertical section thereof. Fig. 3 is a horizontal section on line cc:r, Fig. 2. Fig. et shows details of the shell. Fig. 5 is an elevation of roll with a shell removed therefrom. Y
The invention is designed to facilitate the formation of the films or threads of material, as discharged from a grain reducing machine, into hollow cylindrical or cup shape.
In the accompanying drawings the letterA designates the frame of a grain reducing machine, having a cicumferentially grooved shredding roller B, and a compressing roll C engaging the same, designed to reduce the grain previouslysoftened by boiling and drying to proper consistency, to threadlike or shredded form, the threads or shreds being discharged therefrom by the comb or scraper D having edge teeth conformed to and engaging the grooves of the roll B.
E represents a slide box for one of the rolls, engaging a slide-Way F of the frame on each side, whereby said roll is allowed to be separated slightly from its fellow in order to form a ribbon or lm of the material, having a ribbed or corrugated surface. The adjustment is controlled by the set screws G.
Below the rolls and above the frame support, is provided in said frame, a passage or through way Il, for the reception of a traveling receiver, such receiver being usually removable from the frame.
In the drawings the form of receiver represented is a traveling band or belt I, moving around pulleys J, J, which bear in the ends of an elongated frame L, which is held in the passage H of the frame by means of the set screws m, which pass through side bearings of the frame. These screws also facilitate the adjustment of the receiver to true position.
At one end of the frame a slide bearing n, is provided for the band pulley said bearing having a tension screw and nut as at a.
The traveler frame carries the vertical slotbearings N, arranged opposite to each other on the sides of said frame, and being designed to receive the journals of the receiving rollers R.
The threads or films of material discharged from the reducing rolls upon the traveling band are carried thereby in extended form to the nearest receiving roller R, which takes up the same and Winds it in circular form, and in layers until the desired thickness of Wall is reached. Then this roller with its contents being removed, the material on the band is taken up by the next roller in series and formed thereon to be removed in turn. It will be observed that the feed from the ma chine on the band to the rollers is continuous, and the formation of the food rings or cups i expeditious, no time being lost in stopping the machine to remove or replace a roller, a matter of great importance in the production of these articles of food in large numbers and at a low price.
In order to further facilitate the production and preparation of these rings or cups,77 each roller is provided with the detachable metallic shells S, which are slipped on said roller from its ends toward its middle portion, the adjacent ends of said shells being separated from each other a little, to provide a Way for the cutter P, by means of which the material Wound upon the shells is divided, allotting to each shell its proper portion. The shells are usually formed With a divided Wall to allow them to be compressed in discharging the rings or cups of food; and this construction also gives them a spring-like hold upon the roller. The shell is also usually provided with a base ange h at one end.
Each shell S is not alone a former or Shaper of the food material, but also it constitutes a pan or cooking utensil, as it is designed to be placed upon its ilanged end, in upright position, with its contents, for cooking, in a suitable oven. The perfect form of the rings or cups is thereby preserved, and the danger of their injury before cooking reduced to a minimum. When these shells are employed in suitable numbers, two or three winding rollers R, willbe found sufcient for the machine.
The dividing knife or cutter P, preferably a disk, is carried on an arm V, pivoted or otherwise connected to the frame. The cutter is adjustablerin order that it may be readily applied to any roller of the series, for this'purpose the arm 'V is provided with a slot or slideway u, and a connecting pin or clamp-screw e'.
Z is a board underneath that portion ofthe traveling band which is under the rollers R. The purpose of this board is to support the traveling band where it passes under the receiving rollers and hold it in contact with said rollers.
Having described this invention, what I claim, and desire to secure by Letters Patent, 1S-1 1. In a food-reducing machine, the combination with the reducing rolls and discharging comb; of the adjustable and removable receiver frame, its traveling` band, pulleys and tension device, substantially as specified.
2. In a food-reducing machine, the combination with the reducing rolls and discharging` comb; of the receiver frame, its pulleys and traveling band, the vertical slot-bearings of said receiver frame, the removable receiver rollers, and a dividing cutter, arranged to be brought into successive engagement with said receiving rollers, substantially as specified.
3. Ina food reducing machine, the combination with the reducing rolls, and discharging comb; of the receiver frame, its pulleys and traveling band, the vertical slot-bearings of said receiver frame, the `removable receiver rollers, and metallic receiver shells adapted to engage said yrollers and removable therefrom, substantially as specified.
4.. A divided removable metallic receiver shell provided with a base-flange and adapted to tit'on the receiver roller of a traveling receiver, substantially as specified.
In testimony whereof l. aix my signature in presence of two witnesses.
HENRY D. PERKY.
J. M. STANLEY, HARRY C. JAMES.