US 534326 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
A. L. GARFORD. BICYCLE SADDLE.
No. 534,326. Patented Feb. 19; 1896.
its head d clamps the wires to the cantle.
UNITED STATES PATENT ()FFICE.
ARTHUR L. GARFORD, OF ELYRIA, OHIO.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 534,326, dated February 19, 1895.
Application filed March 8, 1894- To aZZ whom it may concern:
Be it known that I, ARTHUR L. GARFORD, a citizen of the United States, residing at Elyria, in the county of Lorain and State of Ohio, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Bicycle-Saddles; and I do hereby declare the following to be a full, clear, and exact description of the invention, such as will enable others skilled in the art to which it appertains to make and use the same.
My invention relates to bicycle saddles, and particularly to the form of the spring and to the means for connecting the rear end thereof with the rear end of the saddle leather.
The invention'consists in the construction and combination of parts as hereinafter described and claimed.
In the drawings Figure 1 is a side elevation of my improved saddle, the rear part of the leather and cantle being shown in vertical section. Fig. 2 is a bottom view of the rear part of the spring and the cantle. Fig. 8 is a rear elevation of the saddle. Fig. 4 is a rear view of the cantle; and Fig. 5 is a view of a modified form of spring.
Referring to the parts by letters, A represents the saddle leather or seat.
B represents the rear frame or cantle, to which the rear end of the seat is secured.
0 represents the hook which is secured to the front end of the seat. The spring is secured to the front and rear ends of the seat through said hook and cantle respectively.
The spring E consists of two curved spring Wires e e which preferably are substantially parallel with each other from their front ends to a point near their rear ends, when they are bent in the manner to be presently described. As shown, the wires 6 e are integral parts of one wire bent at its middle so that the parts thereof are substantially parallel as described. The loop 6 formed by thus bending the Wire is at the front end of the spring as used, and it engages with the hook The rear end of the spring is attached to the cantle by a screw bolt D which passes between the parts 6 e of the two wires 6 e, which parts are parallel as they pass beneath said cantle, and screws into the cantle; and In Serial No. 502,794. (No model.)
order to prevent the wires from spreading and thereby escaping from the grasp of the bolt head, the cantle is provided, on its under side, with the longitudinal grooves b b, in which said wires lie and are held by said bolt. The
dles; and it is clear that to make this adjustable connection available for the intended purpose, the spring must project-,at first before the leather has stretched, backward beyond the cantle. Now it would be objectionable to have the ends of the wires project backward beyond the cantle, because they would be very liable to catch in the riders clothes, as he is mounting or dismounting. Primarily for the purpose of avoiding this objectionable feature, the rear end of each wire is recurved to a position when it is parallel with itself; and these two recurved ends 6 and the adjacent portion 6 of the wires of which they are parts, lie in substantially the same plane. In the cantle are two other longitudinal grooves b b in which the ends 6 lie, whereby they serve to some extent to prevent the spreading of the wires e e. These ends 6 also afford an additional support to the rear part of the saddle, and serve to a great degree to prevent side motion of the saddle under the rider.
The shape of the spring near its rear end may be varied to a considerable extent, as appears from the two forms thereof shown in the drawings.
In the springs shown in Figs. 1 to 3 both wires are bent into a short spiral, and, then they are parallel with each other in the parts which pass beneath the cantle and lie in said grooves.
In the form of the spring shown in Fig; 5, the wires e e are substantially parallel from the front loop to the recurved ends.
A clamp G of any suitable construction affords means for attaching the spring to the seat support of a bicycle or other similar vehicle.
Having described my invention, I claim- 1. In a bicycle saddle, a spring consisting of the following integral parts, viz., the two wires 6 e, the connecting loop 6 and the recurved rear ends a which are parallel to and lie in substantially the same plane with the adjacent parts of the wires e 8, combined with the saddle leather, a hook on one end thereof adapted to engage with said loop and the cantle secured to the other end of the saddle leather, and a screw bolt which passes between the two wires 6 e of the spring and screws into the cantle, thereby clamping said wires to the cantle, substantially as and forthe purpose specified.
2. In a bicycle saddle, the combination of a saddle leather, a hook secured to its front end, and a cantle secured to its rear end having longitudinal grooves in its under side, with a double wire spring engaging at its front end with said hook and having its rear parts parallel and lying in said grooves, and a screw bolt which passes between said wires and screws into the cantle thereby clamping the wires to the cantle, substantially as and for the purpose specified.
3. The combination of a spring consisting of the following integral parts, viz., the two substantially parallel wires e e, the connecting loop c and the recurved rear ends e which are parallel to and in the same plane as the adjacent parts of the wires 6 e',with a saddle 1eather,a hook secured to its front end and engaging with said loop, a cantle secured to its rear end having in its under side 1ongitudinal grooves in which the parts e and the adjacent parts of the wires e e lie, and a screw bolt which passes between the wires e e and is screwed into said cantle, thereby clamping the wires e e to the cantle, substantially as and for the purpose specified.
In testimony whereof I aifix my signature in presence of two witnesses.
ARTHUR L. GARFORD.
E. L. THURSTON, L. F. GRISWOLD.