|Publication number||US5344749 A|
|Application number||US 08/118,738|
|Publication date||Sep 6, 1994|
|Filing date||Sep 10, 1993|
|Priority date||Sep 11, 1992|
|Also published as||DE69331891D1, DE69331891T2|
|Publication number||08118738, 118738, US 5344749 A, US 5344749A, US-A-5344749, US5344749 A, US5344749A|
|Inventors||Eric Kiekens, Paul Callant|
|Original Assignee||Agfa-Gevaert, N.R.|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (8), Referenced by (15), Classifications (24), Legal Events (6)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
The present invention relates to filter dyes and their use as antihalation and anti-cross-over dyes in photographic elements.
Non-spectrally sensitizing dyes are widely used in photographic elements, particularly in photographic elements of the silver halide type. They may be used in a photosensitive silver halide emulsion layer as screening dyes, in an undercoat adjacent to the photosensitive layer and/or in a backing layer on the side of the support opposite to the photosensitive layer(s) to absorb reflected and scattered light thereby serving as antihalation dye or in an overcoat or interlayer to shield a particular photosensitive layer against undesired exposure being therefore referred to as filter or absorber dye, thereby adjusting the sensitivity of a photographic element as required in the production specifications.
For example in order to improve image sharpness an absorber dye can be present in one or more filter layers between silver halide emulsion layers that are coated at opposite sides of a transparent film support of an X-ray recording material. The imagewise exposure of said recording material proceeds in a cassette between a pair of X-ray intensifying screens that each are held in contact with an adjacent silver halide emulsion layer. By said arrangement the imaging light that would cross the support and to some extent becomes scattered thereby, is considerably attenuated and cannot give rise to an unsharp image in an opposite silver halide emulsion layer.
Spectrally the dye absorption spectrum should approximately be equal to the sensitivity spectrum of the corresponding silver halide emulsion in the layer of which a sharp image has to be reproduced.
On the one hand it is very important that filter dyes remain, i.e. that they are non-migratory, in the layer wherein they have been incorporated especially when this layer is in direct contact with the silver halide emulsion layer in order to prevent a desensitizing action on the silver halide. On the other hand the filter dyes may not stain the photographic material after image processing. Therefore preference is given to filter dyes that decolorize or can be removed from the photographic element in the processing stage. This requirement is nowadays becoming more and more stringent as rapid processing times are of increasing interest.
As described in U.S. Pat. No. 3,560,214 dyes comprising a carboxyl and phenyl substituted pyrazoline nucleus linked through a methine group to a dialkylaminophenyl group can be removed relatively easily in alkaline aqueous processing liquids but lack sufficient fastness to diffusion in hydrophilic colloid layers.
Other filter dyes characterized by the presence of a 2-pyrazolin-5-one nucleus substituted with a carboxyphenyl group and including a methine group or chain linked to a dialkylamino group are described in U.S. Pat. No. 4,857,446. The decolorization of said filter dyes proceeds very rapidly in alkaline aqueous processing baths. The monomethine dyes have an absorption spectrum of which the maximum is in the shorter wavelength range of the visible spectrum so that normally a second filter dye is needed to block or absorb green light and even a third one to absorb radiations of longer wavelengths, e.g. radiations in the red or even in the infrared region.
Once a filter dye has been selected, the problem is how to get the filter dye in a coated layer so that all the requirements mentioned previously are met.
One of the possibilities is to make use of solid particle dispersions of water insoluble dyes as has been described in EP 0,384,633 A2; EP 0,323,729 A2; EP 0,274,723 B1, EP 0,276,566 B1, EP 0,351,593 A2 and U.S. Pat. Nos. 4,900,653; 4,904,565; 4,949,654; 4,940,654; 4,948,717; 4,988,611 and 4,803,150.
Another possibility is offered in Research Disclosure 19551 (Jul. 1980) which describes an approach of associating hydrofobic compounds with latex polymer particles.
EP 0,401,709 A2 describes the dissolution of hydrophobic dyes into oil droplets being substantially insoluble in water and the preparation of the corresponding oilformer dispersions or loaded polymer latex dispersions.
To prevent dye wandering, the dye is often coated with a mordant to bind the dye in the layer in which it is coated as is e.g. illustrated in U.S. Pat. No. 2,527,583. As dye mordants polymers are often used.
Another possibility is offered by adsorption of dyes at the surface of very fine light-insensitive silver halide crystals with the expectable disadvantages of the coating of more silver halide crystals and possibly fixation difficulties.
Very few dyes satisfy the above requirements especially when rapid processing is concerned. Moreover, apart from the requirement of non-diffusibility and of rapid decolorizing or removal by rapid processing that the dyes should meet, they should have high stability in the photographic material, not only under the influence of the ingredients present in the emulsion layers prior to coating, but especially under severe storage conditions of the packed material e.g. under circumstances of high temperatures and high degrees of humidity.
It is an object of the present invention to provide new dyes that can be incorporated in non-migratory state in hydrophilic colloid layers of photographic materials wherefrom they can be rapidly removed in alkaline aqueous liquids used in the processing of said materials.
It is a further object of the invention to provide new dyes providing high density in the required spectral region, thereby reducing the cross-over effect in double-sided photographic elements, particularly radiographic materials.
Other objects will become apparent from the description hereinafter.
In accordance with the present invention dyes are provided corresponding to the following general formula (I): ##STR1## wherein n represents 0 or 1;
represents 0, 1 or 2;
Q represents the atoms necessary to form an acidic nucleus such as pyrazolone, barbituric acid, thiobarbituric acid, rhodanine, hydantoine, oxazolidindione, thio-oxazolidindione, isoxazolinone etc.;
R1 represents hydrogen, substituted or unsubstituted alkyl, substituted or unsubstituted aryl, COOR2,NHCOR3 or NHSO2 R4 with R2 representing hydrogen or substituted or unsubstituted alkyl, R3 and R4 representing substituted or unsubstituted alkyl, or substituted or unsubstituted aryl;
X represents OR5, SR5 or NR6 R7 wherein R5 represents H, substituted or unsubstituted alkyl, substituted or unsubstituted aryl and
each of R6 and R7 which may be the same or different represents hydrogen, substituted or unsubstituted alkyl, substituted or unsubstituted aryl or the necessary atoms, e.g. trimethylene, to form a ring together with the N-atom to which they are attached and the C-atom of the phenylene ring in ortho position with respect to said N-atom; R6 and R7 together may also represent the necessary atoms to form a ring with the N-atom to which they are attached; L1, L2, L3 represent substituted or unsubstituted methine with the proviso that at least one of L1, L2 or L3 must be substituted by --CONR8 R9 ;
R8 and R9 which may be the same or different represent hydrogen, substituted or unsubstituted alkyl, substituted or unsubstituted aryl, NH2, NHR10, NR11 R12 with R10, R11 and R12 representing a substituted or unsubstituted alkyl, or a substituted or unsubstituted aryl and wherein at least one of R1 to R12 contains an ionizable group.
More preferably dyes of the present invention correspond to formula (II): ##STR2## wherein each of n, p, X, R1, L1, L2 and L3 has one of the meanings given hereinbefore and wherein
R13 represents hydrogen, substituted or unsubstituted alkyl, substituted or unsubstituted aryl, or sulfolanyl,
R14 represents hydrogen, substituted or unsubstituted alkyl, substituted or unsubstituted aryl, COOR2, NHCOR3, NHSO2 R4, with R2, R3 and R4 representing hydrogen, substituted or unsubstituted alkyl, R3 and R4 representing hydrogen, substituted or unsubstituted alkyl, or substituted or unsubstituted aryl, and wherein at least one of R1 to R14 contains an alkali-soluble group.
In accordance with the present invention a photographic element is provided comprising a support and at least one photo-sensitive silver halide emulsion layer, wherein said element comprises, dispersed in a hydrophilic water-permeable colloid binder, e.g. gelatin, at least one dye according to the above general formula.
Further in accordance with the present invention a photographic element is provided comprising a support and at least one photosensitive silver halide emulsion layer, wherein said element comprises said at least one dye according to the above formula in a solid particle state by acidifying the slightly alkaline coating solution "in situ" at the moment the coating solution is applied.
The presence of an amide group as a substituent on the methine chain is very characteristic for the dyes suitable for use in this invention.
The absence of this amide-group does not only affect the spectral behavior, shifting the absorption to shorter wavelengths, but doesn't allow the dye to be decolorized quickly enough, as required in rapid processing conditions, especially for 38 s processing cycles.
The synthesis of dyes according to the present invention may follow different suitable ways, a schematic way of synthesizing said dye being illustrated in reaction scheme 1 given hereinafter. ##STR3##
The monomethine dyes can be synthesized via different suitable ways.
One way consists in the conversion of dialkylaminobenzene A to the alpha-keto-ester B. At least three methods are described in literature:
a. The reaction of A with diethyl oxalate in the presence of aluminum trichloride (Guyot, Compt. Rend. 144, 1120 (1907)).
b. The reaction of A with oxalyl chloride, followed by ethanolysis of the intermediate acid chloride (Staudinger, Stockmann, Chem. Ber. 42, 224 (1909)).
c. The reaction of A with ethyl oxalyl chloride (Michler, Hanhardt, Chem. Ber. 10,2081(1877)).
The thus obtained ester B is then converted to the amide C by treatment with ethanolamine.
Following the second suitable way, amides such as C can be obtained directly by reaction of amines with the intermediate acid chloride as is described (but not for C) in Wright and Gutsell, J. Org. Chem. 24, 265 (1959).
Keto-amides such as C can easily be condensed with acidic nuclei such as pyrazolones by several known methods including refluxing the components in toluene with azeotropic destillation or refluxing the components in ethanol using known catalysts such as amines, amine salts or zinc chloride.
Dispersions of the dye obtained following reaction scheme 1 according to this invention show a maximum absorption peak at a wavelength of 560 nm, said wavelength value being shifted about 100 nm more bathochromically in comparison with the corresponding dye without amide-substitution.
Trimethine (and even pentamethine) dyes may be obtained following reaction scheme 2 according to this invention. ##STR4##
From the prior art it is known that the presence of one or more anionic, weakly-acidic groups in the dyes is important to provide sufficient non-migratory character at coating pH values in the range of 4 to 8.
In the acid pH range the filter dyes according to the present invention can be incorporated in aqueous coating compositions in dispersed form by using commercial mixing devices for making colloidal dispersions, e.g. in gelatin. The size of the dye particles obtained is chosen to facilitate coating and rapid decoloration of the dye. Where the dyes are initially crystallized in the form of particles larger than desired for use, conventional techniques for achieving smaller particle sizes can be employed, such as ball milling, roller milling, sand milling and the like. The solid particle dispersions cannot only be prepared in the presence of gelatin as a colloidal medium but also e.g. in colloidal silica. A preferred method of preparing an aqueous solid particle dispersion of a photographically useful compound, for incorporation in one of the layers of a photographic silver halide material comprises the steps of
dissolving a non-watersoluble but alkali-soluble compound in an aqueous alkaline solution, if necessary with the help of an organic water soluble solvent
precipitating the said compound from said solution in the presence of colloidal silica sol, preferably in the further presence of a dispersing agent by lowering the pH of the solution, e.g. by neutralizing with an aqueous acidic solution
removing water-soluble salts formed by the precipitation and any organic solvent used, and
concentrating the dispersion either during or after the precipitation by dialysis or ultrafiltration or after precipitation by flocculation and decantation, followed by washing and further decantation.
Said precipitation in the presence of colloidal silica sol preferably occurs in the further presence of a dispersing agent, like e.g. a 2-N,N,N-trialkylamino-acetic acid and can be performed by simultaneous addition of an aqueous alkaline solution comprising the alkaline-soluble compound and an aqueous acidic solution, to a stirred solution comprising the total or partial amount of colloidal silica sol and of dispersing agent while keeping the pH constant, preferably at a value of less than 6.0, the rest of said amount if any being present in at least one of said solutions.
Preferred dispersing agents used during the preparation of solid silica dispersions are one or more partially ionizable polymer(s) or one or more surfactant(s) or a combination thereof.
Another possibility to obtain ultra fine dye dispersions consists in acidifying a slightly alkaline coating composition during the preparation of the coating composition or "in situ" just before coating it onto the supporting layer. It has been found that the application of this dosage technique allows us to obtain the dyes in a very fine solid particle form, homogeneously divided into the coated layer so that solid particles can hardly be observed even by means of microscopic techniques.
The non-diffusing dyes the synthesis of which has been described hereinbefore and which are added to a hydrophilic layer of a photographic element as a solid particle have a mean diameter of less than 10 μm, more preferably less than 1 μm and still more preferably less than 0.1 μm.
At a pH of at least 10 the dispersed filter dyes are easily solubilized so they are removed almost completely from a hydrophilic waterpermeable colloid layer of a photographic silver halide emulsion material by its common alkaline aqueous liquid processing and leave almost no residual stain. The presence of sulfite in the processing solution contributes to a more rapid discoloration of the filter dyes.
Particularly for 38 s processing cycles, comprising a development, fixing, rinsing and drying step, photographic elements with dyes according to this invention in one or more hydrophilic layers are very rapidly discolored.
The hydrophilic colloidal layer(s) in which the dye(s) are incorporated in accordance with the present invention can be a backing layer, an antihalation undercoating layer, a silver halide emulsion layer, an intermediate layer and a protective outermost-layer.
Emulsion layers in accordance with this invention may contain light-sensitive silver halide crystals with a diameter of at least 0.1 μm. Intermediate layers in accordance with the present invention may contain very fine light-insensitive silver halide particles with a diameter of 10 to 100 nm known as Lippmann emulsions, incorporated into said layers e.g. to serve as scavengers to prevent oxidized developer products to migrate into adjacent layers.
The layers previously mentioned as suitable layers comprising a filter or antihalation dye may be incorporated in e.g. X-ray materials, graphic arts materials, diffusion transfer materials, black and white or color cinematographic materials etc.
According to a preferred embodiment the dye or dyes are incorporated in a antihalation back coating layer for single-coated materials or a antihalation undercoating layer or layers, especially for double-coated materials as e.g. X-ray photographic materials.
In an outermost layer or layers or in an emulsion layer or layers one or more dyes according to this invention may be used to adjust the sensitivity of the photographic material as required by the production specifications. So it is possible to apply a dosing feeder just before coating the hydrophilic layer concerned and to control the production of the photographic material in this way, the dye(s) being present in the form of a gelatinous dispersion or in a solid particle state.
The dyes absorbing in the green spectral range being frequently used trimethine dyes can be used advantageously between silver halide emulsion layers of double-sided emulsion coated (duplitized) photographic film material applied in X-ray recording for use with green light emitting X-ray conversion phosphor screens. By said arrangement the green light that would cross the support and to some extent become scattered thereby, is considerably attenuated and cannot give rise to an unsharp image into an opposite silver halide emulsion layer.
Green light emitting phosphor screens and their use in combination with green sensitive silver halide emulsion layers of a double side coated (duplitized) film are described e.g. in U.S. Pat. No. 4,130,428, wherein also several measures, e.g. the use of filter dyes, to reduce cross-over light have been described.
In a particular embodiment of the present invention the dyes are incorporated into a radiographic material that is provided at both sides of the support with a silver halide emulsion layer and an antistress layer as a protective layer coated thereover. The radiographic material preferably has on both sides of the film support silver halide emulsion coatings that are split into two distinctive emulsion layers having silver halide crystals of different average grain size one of which is a high speed emulsion layer and the other is a low speed emulsion layer; the high speed emulsion layer being situated at a larger distance from the support than the low speed emulsion layer. This way the sensitometric curve can be fine-tuned, giving the perfect profile for the specific application. The layer arrangement may also be opposite to the previously cited sequence in order to get a higher contrast. Moreover even without using a separate anticrossover layer this layer arrangement reduces crossover, especially in the critical low density area. In the presence of crossover preventing antihalation undercoat layers containing the dyes according to this invention the crossover reduction is improved without leaving a color stain upon processing, especially upon rapid processing in less than 60 seconds, preferably in 38 seconds as a reference processing time of materials with high-throughput.
All combinations of symmetrically double-sized films with a symmetric or asymmetric set of intensifying screens or combinations of double-sized films with asymmetric emulsion layers, whether or not duplitized, in combination with a symmetric or asymmetric set of intensifying screens can be useful, depending on the specific needs required.
According to another embodiment said green-light absorbing dyes can be used in a antihalation layer of a photographic silver halide emulsion material in order to improve image sharpness by absorbing exposure light penetrating the emulsion layer(s) into the direction of the support. The use of said mainly green light absorbing dyes in an antihalation layer is particularly advantageous in silver halide emulsion materials that are made spectrally sensitive to green light and of which the exposure proceeds with a green light emitting laser e.g. argon ion laser the main power of which is emitted at 488 and 514 nm.
The following examples illustrate the present invention without however limiting it thereto.
In Table I, formulae of the dyes as used in the examples are given.
TABLE I______________________________________Formulae of the dyes used in the examples.______________________________________Dye 1 (invention) ##STR5## (I)Dye 2 (comparative example 1, corresponding to Dye 1 of Table1 of US-P 4,857,446) ##STR6## (II)Dye 3 (comparative example 2, corresponding to Dye 11 ofTable 2 of US-P 4,857,446) ##STR7## (III)______________________________________
89.4 ml of oxalyl chloride and 500 ml diethylether were placed in a reactor vessel and colled to 0° C. A solution of N,N-dimethylaniline in 500 ml diethyl ether was carefully added over a period of 1 hr. The reaction mixture was stirred overnight at 0° C., after which time 183 ml ethanolamine was added, followed by a solution of 80 g NaOH in 1000 ml water. The yellow precipitate (193 g) was filtered and was shown to have an amide structure corresponding to formula B, given hereinbefore. 1.18 g of the amide, 1.09 g 1-(4-carboxyphenyl)-3-methyl pyrazolone and 1 g ZnCl2 were refluxed in 25 ml ethanol for 24 hrs. The resulting red precipitate (1.9 g) was rinsed with acetone and dried, and was shown by spectroscopy to have the structure of product C (dye 1) given hereinbefore.
Procedure for the preparation of the dye dispersion
10 g of filter dye was dispersed at 40° C. in 200 g of a 10% aqueous gelatin solution by using a rotating pearl mill containing as a milling material zirconium oxide pearls sizing 0.6 to 0.8 μm. At a dye particle size of about 1 μm the milling process was stopped and the dispersion separated from the milling material.
Chromium (III) acetate as a hardening agent and an additional amount of gelatin were added to the above prepared dye dispersion kept at a temperature of 36° C. and a pH value of 6.1.
Said dispersion was double-side coated and dried on a polyethylene terephthalate film support of 175 μm thickness in order to obtain at each side a dye coverage of0.1 g/m2, a gelatin coverage of 1 g/m2 and a coverage of hardening agent of 0.016 g/m2.
In Table II the maximum absorption wavelength (λ-max) of the coated materials is given together with the half band width (HWB) values of the absorption wavelength expressed in nm, the density (D) measured at λ-max and at 540 nm, the latter being the main emission wavelength of a Gd2 O2 S:Tb phosphor used in X-ray intensifying screens. Absorption spectra were measured at a Diano Corporation
Match Scan spectrophotometer with diffuse light.
TABLE II______________________________________Optical properties of dyes in the coated layer. λ-max HBWDye No. (nm) (nm) D at λ-max D at 540 nm______________________________________1 (invention) 560 166 0.41 0.402 (comparison) 455 176 0.43 0.243 (comparison) 500 231 0.63 0.60______________________________________
In order to assess the resistance to diffusion of the dye in the coated layer, the above described coating of each dye was rinsed with destilled water at 20° C. for 5 minutes. Before and after rinsing the spectral density D at λ-max was measured at the double-side coated material as has been summarized in Table III.
TABLE III______________________________________Density measured at the maximum absorption wavelength λ-max. D at λ-maxDye No. Before rinsing After rinsing______________________________________1 (invention) 0.41 0.402 (comparison) 0.43 0.433 (comparison) 0.63 0.62______________________________________
The negligible change in spectral density D at λ-max before and after rinsing with water is a measure for the resistance to diffusion of the dye in the coating layer.
To check the decolorizing properties of the dyes in practical circumstances the dyes were coated on both sides of a polyethylene terephtalate film support in an anti-cross-over layer and were overcoated with an emulsion layer and a protective layer. The dye coverage was adjusted so that the optical density at 540 nm was 0.15 for the double side coated sample. Next, the samples were processed in a 90 or 38 seconds processing cycle and the spectral density at λ-max of the dye was determined. A low value of this spectral density means that the dye decolorizes well during the processing. The composition of the sample coatings, developer and fixers and the processing conditions are given hereinafter: Composition of the coated samples.
In the emulsion layer no use was made of a spectral sensitizer because of the interference of its absorption spectrum with the dyes under investigation. The coating weight, expressed in g/m2 per side of the different layers, was as follows:
______________________________________anti-cross-over layer:gelatin 1 g/m2dye see Table IVchromium(III) acetate 0.016 g/m2emulsion layer: all amounts are given in g/m2AgBr(I)-crystals (2 mole % of iodide; 98 mole % of 4.15bromide) (as AgNO3)gelatin 2.104-hydroxy-6-methyl-1,3,3a,7- 0.006tetraazaindenesorbitol 0.20protective layer:gelatin 1.10polymethylmethacrylate 0.023(average particle diameter: 6 μm)formaldehyde 0.10______________________________________
Processing conditions and composition of developers.
Conditions for the 90 seconds processing cycle.
processing machine: CURIX 402 (Agfa-Gevaert trade name) with the following time (in seconds (sec.)) and temperature (in °C.) characteristics:
loading: 3.4 sec.
developing: 23.4 sec./35° C. in developer AGFA G138 (trade name)
cross-over: 3.8 sec.
fixing: 15.7 sec./35° C. in fixer AGFA G334 (trade name)
cross-over: 3.8 sec.
rinsing: 15.7 sec./20° C.
drying: 32.2 sec. (cross-over time included)
total time: 98.0 sec.
Conditions for the 38 seconds processing cycle.
processing machine: CURIX HT530 (Agfa-Gevaert trade name) with the following time (in seconds (sec.)) and temperature (in ° C) characteristics:
loading: 0.2 sec.
developing: 9.3 sec./35° C. in developer II described hereinafter
cross-over: 1.4 sec.
rinsing: 0.9 sec.
cross-over: 1.5 sec.
fixing: 6.6 sec./35° C. in fixer II described hereinafter
cross-over: 2.0 sec.
rinsing: 4.4 sec.
cross-over: 4.6 sec.
drying: 6.7 sec.
total time: 37.6 sec.
Composition of the three-part developer for the 38 seconds processing cycle
______________________________________concentrated part Ahydroquinone 106.0 gpotassium sulphite (65% solution) 249.0 gpotassium bromide 12.0 gethylenediamine tetraacetic acid, 9.6 gsodium salt trihydratepotassium hydroxyde 77.0 gpotassium carbonate 38.0 gsodiumtetraborate, decahydrate 70.0 g5-methylbenzotriazole 0.076 gdiethylene glycol 56.0 gdemineralized water to make 1 literpH adjusted to 11.80 at 25° C. with potassium hydroxide.concentrated part B:phenidone (1-phenyl-3-pyrazolidinone) 20.0 gacetic acid 30.1 g5-nitro-indazole 1.15 gdiethylene glycol to make 100 mlconcentrated part C:glutaric dialdehyde 50% solution) 17.8 gpotassium metabisulphite 26.0 gwater to make 100 ml______________________________________
For initiation of the processing the three parts were mixed in the following ratio: 250 ml of part A, 700 ml of water, 25 ml of part B and 25 ml of part C. No starter solution was added. A pH of 10.40 at 25° C. was measured.
______________________________________Composition of fixer II (containing a hardener)concentrated part A:ammoniumthiosulphate (78% solution) 661 gsodium sulphite 54 gboric acid 25 gsodium acetate trihydrate 70 gacetic acid 40 gwater to make 1 literpH adjusted with acetic acid to 5.30 at 25° C.concentrated part B:water 150 mlacetic acid 10 gsulphuric acid 13 galuminium sulphate (34% solution) 27 gwater to make 250 ml______________________________________
The fixer ready for use was then made by mixing concentrated part A, water and concentrated part B in the following ratio: respectively 250 ml, 687.5 ml and 62.5 ml. A pH of this mixture of 4.25 at 25° C was measured.
Densities at λ-max of the dyes after processing are given in Table IV.
TABLE IV______________________________________Evaluation of the optical densities of the dyes. optical density at coated dye amount λ-maxDye No. in after processingcycle g/m2 per side 90 s cycle 38 s______________________________________1 (invention) 0.038 0.000 0.0202 (comparison) 0.063 0.000 0.0153 (comparison) 0.025 0.005 0.025______________________________________
As can be seen from Table IV, even in the 38 s-processing cycle the optical density at the maximum absorption wavelength is reduced to an acceptable level.
The coatings of item 3 were repeated, except for the addition per mole of AgNO3 used for the emulsion of 470 mg of the spectral sensitizer anhydro-5,5'-dichloro-3,3'-bis(n.sulfobutyl)-9-ethyloxacarbo-cyanine hydroxide. In addition a coating without a dye added to the anti-cross-over layer was performed as a reference.
Exposure, sensitometric and densitometric data:
Samples of those coatings were exposed with green light of 540 nm during 0.1 seconds using a continous wedge and were processed during the 90 seconds cycle described below. The density as a function of the light dose was measured and therefrom were determined the following parameters:
fog level (with an accuracy of 0.001 density),
the relative speed S at a density of 1 above fog (the sample with the comparative example was adjusted to a relative speed value of 100),
Determination of the cross-over percentage:
The cross-over percentage (% cross-over) was determined as follows. The double side coated samples were adjusted between a single green light emitting screen (CURIX ortho Regular: Agfa-Gevaert trade name) and a white paper, replacing the second screen. This film-screen element, directed with its light emitting screen to the X-ray tube, was then exposed with varying X-ray doses, expressed as log E. After processing these samples in the 90 seconds cycle, the minimal dose (log E) needed to obtain a density of 0.5 above fog was determined for the frontlayer (log E front) and the backlayer (log E back) separately. The cross-over percentage was then calculated according to the following equation:
% cross-over=100/antilog(logE back-logE front)
In table V the results of these photographic tests are tabulated.
TABLE V______________________________________Photographic effect of the dyes in an anti-cross-overlayer: sensitometry and cross-over percentage.sample coated dye amount sensitometryDye No. per side (g/m2) fog speed % cross-over______________________________________no dye (reference) 0 0.016 100 40dye 1 (invention) 0.038 0.017 83 30dye 2 (comparison) 0.063 0.017 89 31dye 3 (comparison) 0.025 0.017 83 28______________________________________
This table shows that the dyes (invention and comparative examples) significantly reduce the cross-over percentage with an acceptable decrease in sensitivity. It is further shown that fog is not influenced in the presence of the dyes, and that even with a significantly lower coating weight, the dye according to the invention shows a similar crossover percentage as dye 2 used in the comparative coating. Besides even versus dye 3, which is coated in a lower amount and which shows similar sensitometric results and cross-over characteristics, the decolorizing properties are better for the dye in accordance with this invention, especially for shorter processing cycles, e.g. the 38 s cycle, as has been shown in Table IV hereinbefore.
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|US20030226979 *||Mar 17, 2003||Dec 11, 2003||Fuji Photo Film Co., Ltd.||Radiographic intensifying screen|
|US20070179144 *||Mar 22, 2007||Aug 2, 2007||Duffy Kevin J||5(Z)-5-(6-Quinoxalinylmethylidene)-2-[(2,6-dichlorophenyl)amino]-1,3-thiazol-4(5H)-one|
|US20100286041 *||Feb 4, 2010||Nov 11, 2010||Smithkline Beecham Corporation||(5z)-5-(6-quinoxalinylmethylidene)-2-[(2,6-dichlorophenyl)amino]-1,3-thiazol-4(5h)-one|
|U.S. Classification||430/428, 430/507, 430/522, 430/963, 430/517, 430/958, 430/510, 430/523, 430/966, 430/139|
|International Classification||G03C1/00, G03C1/83, G03C1/76, C09B23/01, C09B23/00|
|Cooperative Classification||Y10S430/167, Y10S430/159, Y10S430/164, C09B23/0091, C09B23/005, G03C1/832|
|European Classification||G03C1/83C, C09B23/00S, C09B23/00B10|
|May 4, 1994||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: AGFA-GEVAERT, N.V., BELGIUM
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNORS:KIEKENS, ERIC;CALLANT, PAUL;REEL/FRAME:006975/0184
Effective date: 19930820
|Feb 25, 1998||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 4
|Feb 14, 2002||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 8
|Mar 26, 2002||REMI||Maintenance fee reminder mailed|
|Mar 2, 2006||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 12
|Dec 17, 2007||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: AGFA HEALTHCARE N.V., BELGIUM
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:AGFA-GEVAERT N.V.;REEL/FRAME:020254/0713
Effective date: 20071108