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Publication numberUS534545 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateFeb 19, 1895
Filing dateMay 10, 1894
Publication numberUS 534545 A, US 534545A, US-A-534545, US534545 A, US534545A
InventorsJohn T. Breadner
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Snow-guard
US 534545 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

(No Model.)

J. T. BREADNER.

SNOW GUARD.-

No. 534,545. Patented Feb, 19,1895.- 5 R Q UNITED ST TES PATENT FFICE.

JOHN T. BREADNER, OF PORT HENRY, NEW YORK.

SNOW-GUARD.

SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 534,545, dated February 19, 1895.

Application filed May 10, 1894.

- had therein to the accompanying drawings.

This invention pertains to snow-guards or shields designed more especially for use along the railway tracks and in localities and at points where {he snow is apt to drift and thus impede trave and it has for its object among others to provide a simple portable snow guard which can be readily set up at any desired point, and which may, or may not be provided with means for deflecting the snow across or over the track or roads. I provide sockets designed for receiving the standards of the guard, which sockets are adjustably held in place by means which will be sufficient to hold the same against the force of the storm and are provided with devices for supporting and holding the lower edge of the guard.

The guard may be made in one piece or in sections as may be desired and is held at the upper edge by devices, such as clamps, which permit of its ready removal when occasion may require. When the deflecting plates are employed they are so mounted as to permit of their being turned at any desired angle so as to utilize the force of the wind in carrying the snow across or over the track.

In locations where it will be necessary or advisable to employ the guard during the entire winter the anchoring means for the sockets may be permanently affixed in position by being inserted in the ground or anchored in rocks or other supports.

Other objects and ad vantages of the invention will hereinafter appear and the novel features thereof will be specifically defined by the appended claims.

The invention is clearly illustrated in the accompanying drawings, which, with the letters of reference marked thereon, form a part of this specification, and in which Figure l is a side elevation of one form of my improved snow guard set up, with portiqns broken away and parts in section. Fig,

Serial No, 510,749. (No model.)

2 is an end elevation thereof. Fig. 3 is a per spective ofv the socket, its clamp, and the anchoring means. Fig. 4 is an end elevation showing a guard upon each side of the track and each provided with a deflecting plate.

Like letters of reference indicate like parts throughout the several views.

Referring now to the details of the drawings by letter, A designates a socket preferably with pointed end as seen at a to facili-- tate its insertion in the ground, its upper end being screw-threaded as seen at a, to receive the threaded lower end of the standard of the guard. This socket is provided with a clamping collar A which encircles the same with its ends extended to form the lugs a which receive the bolt or screw A to clamp the same around the socket. At the opposite side the collar carries the upwardly-extending portion A which projects beyond the socket sufficiently to leave a space for the reception of the lower end of the guard which is designed to be held by the said upwardly-extending portion as seen in Figs. 1 and 2.

The socket pieces may be anchored in pocoupling sleeves or collars B which in turn receive the threaded upper ends of the rods 0 which may be anchored in the ground in any suitable way, in stone or other foundations, or they may be provided at their lower ends with feet 0' as shown in Figs. 1 and 2 which will be held in the earth in any suitable manner.- These couplings are right and left screw threaded and by manipulation the sockets may be straightened up or adjusted as occasion may require. 7

D are the standards which are preferably of tubing of any required diameter screw threaded at their upper and lowerends, the lower ends being screwed into the upper ends of the sockets as shown, while their upper ends are engaged in the T-couplings E which are joined by the'pipe F which may be of a length required, and two, three or more of the guards may be arranged in line by simply is designed to be supported as followsz-Its lower edge is inserted in position and there retained by the holders A and its upper edge by the clamps H which are of spring material and are mounted on the rod or pipe F or the couplings E in such a manner as to slide thereon in the direction of the length thereof so as to be placed at any desired point and also mounted so as to be moved on or around the pipe or coupling to and from the upper edge of the frame G so that the said frame may be placed in position, the clamps being first moved back so that their lower front ends will be at a higher point than the top of the frame and then moved back into the position in which they are shown in Figs. 1 and 2 to clamp the upper portion of the frame and hold it against displacement.

For convenience in handling the frame may be made in sections as indicated by dotted lines in Figs. 1 and 2, in which case additional clamps or holders will be provided as seen at H in Fig. l and which should be mounted for pivotal movement so they may be turned up or down as occasion may require.

In Fig. 4 I have shown one of my guards upon each side of a track, and in this instance each is provided with a deflecting plate I pivotally mounted as at ion the upper end of the guard as upon the couplings and braced by guys or braces l which are adjustable so that the plates may be turned at any desired angle to deflect the snow across or over the tracks as indicated by the arrows in Fig. 2.

Modifications indetails of construction may be resorted to without departing from the spirit of the invention or sacrificing any of its advantages. The tapering lower end of the socket piece serves to aid in preventing the throwing of the same by the frost.

Importance is attached to the reticulated guard G as it has been found that by the employment of such material the guard is less liable to injury from the winds which pass through the meshes of the material while the snow is stopped by the guard.

"What I claim as new is 1. A snow guard formed of a material provided with a plurality of passages therethrough and throughout its entire surface, substantially as shown and described.

2. A snow guard composed of detachable portable supporting portions and a frame provided with a reticulated medium designed to be supported thereby, as set forth.

3. The combination with a reticulated snow guard and a frame therefor, of detachable supporting devices therefor and holding means, as set forth.

4. A reticulated snow guard provided with an adjustable deflecting plate, as set forth.

5. A reticulated snow guard provided with a pivoted deflecting plate, as set forth.

6. A socketpiece provided with inclined projections and a clamp collar with a holder for a snow guard frame, as set forth.

7. A socket-piece provided with inclined projections, combined with anchor rods and couplings, as set forth.

8. The combination with sockets having anchoring means, of the standards, couplings and upper connecting pipe, the removable guard frame, and clamps for the upper edge of the frame, as set forth.

9. The combination with the sockets with anchoring means, of the standards detachably engaged in said sockets, couplings at the upper ends of said standards, the upper connecting pipe, the holders on the sockets for the lower edge of the snow guard frame, the removable frame with its reticulated medium, and the movable clamps for the upper edge of said frame, substantially as specified.

In testimony whereof I affix my signature in presence of two witnesses.

JOHN T. BREADNER.

Vitnesses:

THEOPHILE J. JoBIN, HYDE R. BARNETT.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2803437 *Jun 23, 1954Aug 20, 1957Borges Walter FSnow fence
US3358969 *Dec 13, 1965Dec 19, 1967Blumcraft Of PittsburghOrnamental railing
US4089179 *May 25, 1977May 16, 1978Trautman Frank AShoreline erosion control
US4296573 *Jul 18, 1979Oct 27, 1981Sico IncorporatedAudience control barrier
US5184800 *Jan 22, 1991Feb 9, 1993The Tensar CorporationPortable snow fence system
US5660377 *Jan 30, 1996Aug 26, 1997The Tensar CorporationSelf-tensioning permanent fence system
US20080251775 *Apr 16, 2007Oct 16, 2008Evaporite Systems, Inc.Portable modular windscreen
USRE28643 *Dec 6, 1974Dec 9, 1975 rnamental railing
DE1054105B *Mar 12, 1957Apr 2, 1959Hans RiegerSchneezaun
Classifications
Cooperative ClassificationE01F7/02