Sash holder and fastener
US 534923 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
S. H. SHOUT. SASH HOLDER AND FASTENER- 7 N0. 534,923. Patented Feb. 26 1895.
I I T S S S S S S S S S S Nrrsn STATES PATENT SAMUEL H. SHOUT, OF PARIS, KENTUCKY.
SASH HOLDER AND FASTENER.
SPEGIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 534,923, dated February 26, 1895 Application filed December 4, 1894:. Serial No. 530,819. (No model.)
To all whom it may concern.-
Be it known that I, SAMUEL H. SHOUT, a citizen of the United States, residing at Paris, in the county of Bourbon and State of Kentucky, haveinvented new and useful Improvements in Sash Holders and Fasteners, of which the following is a specification.
My invention relates to an improved sash holder and fastener, and has for its object to provide a device of the nature described by means of which both the upper and lower sashes may be locked securely together to hold the sashes closed and that will permit either one or both of the sashes being'partially raised or lowered and yet be inaccessible from the outside, whereby the sashes may be held open at any desired point for the purpose of affording ventilation to the room and yet render it impossible for any one upon the, outside to manipulate the fastening so as to raise or lower either sash sufficiently to effect an entrance into the room, and to these ends my invention consists in the novel features and the construction and combination of parts hereinafter fully described and afterward definitely pointed out in the claims following 'thedescription.
In the accompanying drawings forming a part o this specificationFigure l is a perspective view of a window partly broken away illustrating my improved sash holder and fastener applied thereto. Fig. 2 is a similar view of my improved device detached, the parts being shown separated.
Referring to the drawings the numeral 1 indicates a portion of a window frame of ordinary construction in which are fitted in the usual manner the sashes 2 and 3. To the inner face of one of the side rails of the upper sash 2 is secured by screws 4, 4, a bracket 5 from which projects a square or angular lug 6 that terminates in a screw-threaded shank 7. 8 indicates a rod provided at its upper end with an eye 9 having an aperture corresponding in shape to the lug 6 over which it fits, and is held in place thereon by a nut 10 screwed over the shank 7. To the lower end of the rod 8 is rigidly secured a collar 11 through which loosely passes a rod 12, said collar having tapped therein a thumb-screw 13 by means of which the two rods may be immovably clamped together. The upper 10 over the shank 7.
end of the rod 12 has also rigidly secured to it a collar 14 through which the rod 8 loosely passes. The lower end of the rod 12 is bent laterally at a right angle, as at 15 and is adapted to engage a tubular socket 16 which is provided with a base plate 17 by means of which said socket may be secured to the upper rail of the lower sash, suitable screw holes being formed in the base plate for the purpose.
In applying my improved fastener the bracket 5 is first secured in place by screwing the same to the inner side of one of the side rails of the upper sash at the proper point. The adjusting rods 8 and 12 arelthen attached thereto by slipping the eye 9 over the lug 6 and securing it in place by screwing the nut The base plate 17 of the tubular socket 16 is then screwed to the top rail of the lower sash in line with the hooked or bent portion 15 of the rod 8 and said hooked portion inserted in the socket- 16.
In order that the bracket 5 may be properly fitted to the inner side of the rail of the sash, it being the usual practice to bevel and mold said inner sides of the rails, I bevel or incline the under side of said bracket, as shown, to correspond to the shape of the rail and also groove or flute it to match the mold 111 12 may be easily moved in either direction, for the purpose hereinafter described, the upper portion of the bar 8 is flattened and tempered at two different points, as at 18 and 19, the planes of the two flattened portions lying at right angles to one another, as clearly shown in Fig. 2 of the drawings. One end of the base plate 17 carrying the tubular socket 16 is provided with an upturned flange 26) that In order that the adjusting bars 8 and permits the hooked portion of the bar 8 being moved laterally a sufficient distance to disengage said hooked portion from the tubular socket, but acts as a stop to prevent it: from being moved to one side violently or a sufficient distance to render liable the breakage of the rod 8.
The operation of the device is as follows: The fastener having been secured to the upper sash in the manner described and it being desired to lock the sashes in their closed position, the set screw 13 is loosened and the rods 8 and 12 are adjusted until the hook 15 is in alignment with the socket 16 when it is inserted therein and the set screw tightened up, thus effectually locking the two sashes so that it is impossible to lower the upper sash or raise the lower sash. Should it be desired to open either of the sashes the entire distance the hook 15 is withdrawn from the socket 16, the flattened portion 19 of the bar 8 affording a sufficient elasticity to the bar to permit of the movement, and upon releasing the bars the flattened spring portion 18, of the bar 8 will cause the bars 8 and 12 to swing back behind the side rail of the upper sash out of the path of the meeting rail of the lower sash, when said sash may be raised to its highest position or the upper sash completely lowered. Should it be desired to partially open either window to afford ventilation and yet prevent the entrance to the room of any one from the outside, the hook 15 is withdrawn from the socket 16 and either or both of the sashes opened to the desired distance. to the proper length, the hook inserted in the socket and the set screw 13 tightened to lock the adjusting bars together, when it will be impossible to move either sash relative to the other so as to afford an entrance through the window; and in order to prevent any one on the outside from reaching over the window and unscrewing the nut 10 and detaching the rod 8 from the bracket 5 I provide the shank 7 with a shoulder 21 behind which the eye 9 rests over the angular lug 6, it being thus rendered impossible to lift said eye from off the lug without unscrewing the set screw 13, and this cannot be reached from the outside.
It will be noted that when the device is in position upon a window the bar 8 lies directly over the lowermost screw that secures the bracket 5 to the sash, thus rendering access thereto with a screw-driver or similar tool impossible, thereby preventing the detachment of the device by removing the screws serving to fasten the bracket to the sash.
The fastener as thus constructed is not attached to or connected with the window frame in any manner whatever, being attached to the window sashes alone, whereby the frame is not defaced or marred, and the sashes may be removed without disturbing the fastening device.
My device is more especially designed for windows provided with sash balances, but it is evident that it may be used on windows of any ordinary construction.
Having described my invention, what I claim is 1. In a sash fastener, the combination with .the rod 8 having both lateral and forward play or flexure and secured at its upper end The bars 8 and 12 are then adjusted to one of the side rails of the upper sash and provided at its lower end with a collar 11 having a set screw 13, of the rod 12 loosely passing through said collar and detachably secured to the upper rail of the lower sash, substantially as described.
2. In a sash fastener, the combination with the rod 8 secured at its upper end to one of the side rails of the upper sash and provided at its lower end with a rigidly attached collar 11 having a set screw 13, of the rod 12 loosely passing through said collar and provided at its lower end with a hook 15, and a socket 16 secured to the upper rail of the lower sash and adapted to be detachably engaged by said hook, substantially as described.
3. In a sash fastener, the combination with the rod 8 secured at its upper end to one of the side rails of the upper sash and having the flattened portions 18 and 19 lying in planes at right angles to one another and provided at its lower end with a rigidly attached collar 11 having a set screw 13, of the rod 12 loosely passing through said collar and provided at its lower end with a hook l5, and a socket 16 secured to the upper rail of the lower sash and adapted to be detachably engaged by said hook, substantially as described.
4. In a sash fastener, the combination with the rod 8 secured at its upper end to one of the side rails of the upper sash and having the flattened portion 18 and provided at its lower end with a rigidly attached collar 11 having a set screw 13, of the rod 12 loosely passing through said collar and provided at its lower end with a book 15, a socket 16 secured to the upper rail of the lower sash and adapted to be detachably engaged by said hook, and a stop 20 arranged opposite said socket, substantially as described.
5. In a sash fastener, the combination of the rods 8 and 12 adjustably clamped together and one of them having both lateral and forward play or fleXure, the rod 8 being provided at one end with an angular eye 9, and the rod 12 having at one end a book 15, the bracket 5 provided with an angular lug 6 adapted to be engaged by said eye, and screw-threaded shank 7, a nut for securing said eye in place, and a tubular socket 16, adapted to be detachably engaged by the hook 15, substantially as described.
In testimony whereof I have hereunto set my hand and affixed my seal in presence of two subscribing witnesses.
SAMUEL H. SHOUT. [L. s.]
P. I. MCCARTHY, W. E. BOARD.