US 535588 A
Abstract available in
Claims available in
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
(No Model.) I
P. D. HORTON.
` FOUNTAIN PEN. No. 535,583. Patented Mar. 12, 1895.
ma Nonms Penas co, PHOTO-mmc.. wAsmNcmN. o. c.
raras PETER D. HORTON, OF OAKLAND, OALFORNIA, ASSIGNOR TO JAMES EDWARD DEPUE, OF SAME PLACE.
SPECIFICATON forming part of Letters Patent No. 535,588, dated March 12, 1895. Application tiled July 18,1894. Serial No. 517,934. (No model.)
To @ZZ whom it may concern:
Beit known that I, PETER D. HoRroN, a citizen of the United States, residing in the city of Oakland, county of Alameda, and State of California, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Reservoir Marking- Pens, of which the following is a specilication.
My invention has for its object the production of a handy and useful pen for making heavy lines on paper, wood and metal, and more particularly for writing and marking large or heavy characters on coarse surfaces Where the ordinary Writing-pen or ruling-pen can not be used to advantage. It is designed also as a substitute for and an improvement on the marking-pot and brush for marking boxes and packages. y
To such end and object my invention consists in the described construction of pen, or implement, composed of a hollow body which forms both the handle for the marking point and a receptacle for the ink, and a markingpoint formed of wood of porous character such as rattan or bass-Wood.
It consists also, in a wooden marking-point of novel construction, as hereinafter explained, in combination with a hollow-holder which constitutes a reservoir for the ink as Well as a handle for the marking-point.
The invention includes, also, a novel construction of all-wood handle and ink-reservoir and a marking-point in one structure, all as hereinafter fully described and pointed out in the claims.
These novel points and features are shown in the accompanying drawings forming part of this specification and referred to in the following description by letters.
Figure l represents one construction of my improved device in which the handle and reservoir-portion are formed of glass or hard rubber and the marking-point is a separate piece. Figs. 2, 2 and 3 are longitudinal sections in detail of the marking-point and the plug or stopper in which it is xed in the handle. Fig. 4: is a longitudinal section of a marking-point made of proper diameter to be fixed in the reservoir-handle without a plug. In this construction the marking-point is in- 5o tegral with the plug, and is fitted directly into the reservoir-handle. Figs. 5, 6, and7 represent a'construction in which the reservoir, handle and marking -point are formed together in a single structure.
A indicates a hollow body forming a holder and handle for the marking-point and a reservoir for the ink or marking fluid. This holder is made from a hollow cylinder of wood, glassLVhard-rubber, or metal. It is closed at one end either permanently,as shown at -ax- Fig. -lor by a cork or stopper, as seen at -D Figs. 5 and 6, and in the opposite end is fixed the marking-pointf-l Instead of being a separate part however, as represented in Fig. Ilthe marking-point in some cases is formed integral with, and on the end of, the hollow-handle, as shown in Figs. --5- and 6. u This is the construction which I prefer to follow in produc-ing pens or marking-devices of the larger sizes intended for use on coarse or heavy work, and such for example as would be used for marking boxes, sacks and large packages, and for marking heavy lines and stripes on coarse surfaces.
The markinfroint -B- when a se arate piece or part in the device is best made from rattan or cane, or from wood of similarly porous character. Bass-wood will be found a good material for the marking-points of the larger sizes. The part --B- is cut cylindrical With a conical end tapered to a point more or less acute at one end. ln some cases a conoidal shape is given to the point as illustrated in Figs.-1 and -2- and in some cases it is flattened on the two opposite sides, so that the extreme end or marking point is shaped like a wedge with flat faces meeting in a straight edge as shown in Fig. 2a. These taper marking points are made of different thicknesses or diameters with points of different shapes to suit or adapt them for different grades or character of work.
For the liner kinds of marking and letter-v ing and for work on comparatively smooth surfaces the point -B-of the smaller diameter with acutely tapered end is used, While in heavy and coarser work and such as require to be done on rough or uneven surfaces the larger or thicker point with bluntly pointed ends or with the wedge-shaped ends will be foundmore serviceable and better adapted for use. In such cases the width of the lines IOO produced by the marker is determined and regulated by the width of the extreme point of this part B; and this part being made of soft wood it can be readily cut and shaped with a pen knife, so that the person using the device can alter the shape of the acting point and change at pleasure the character of the lines or marks increasing the thickness of the line by cutting off the opposite sides of a conical point to produce a broad wedge shaped end, or rounding the flat sides of a wedge shaped point to change the line from a broad to a more or less narrow line. The smaller sizes of these marking points are inserted in a plug or stopper BX xed in and closing up the end of the reservoir-handle; but in the construction where the part B is of sufficient size, and this is the case with the larger sizes, the upper or rear end of the markingpoint is fixed directly into the end of the handle and the plug BX is dispensed with.
In the modification and simple construction which I have represented in Figs. 5, 6, and 7 of the drawings, the reservoir-handle and marking-point are made in one piece, as a single structure by boring out longitudinally from one end toward the other through the center of a cylindrical stick of soft Wood such as bass-wood and then twining off the solid wood at the end to produce the tapering conical point 13, the stick being left solid at that end for such purpose. The opposite end of this hollow handle A- is closed by a plug or stopper D that is removed when the handle is to be filled.
Across the pointed end before mentioned a cut or slit O is made longitudinally through the solid wood of the end and sufciently deep to extend into the hollow inkholding space above the end. In some cases several of these slits O are made, and where there are two or more they extend radially from the center or apex outward and usually at equal distances apart as shown in Fig. 7. The function of these slits is to supply or feed air into the reservoir in sufficient manner to produce a regular and cautious flow of the ink or marking fluid through the Wood of the point and by increasing the number 0f these slits the ink can be made to feed more or less freely through the fibers of the point. This flow can be increased also in those points B which are separate from fthe reservoir handle by boringa cavity Z X in the body of the point from the thicker end longitudinally a greater or less distance toward the point as shown at h Figs. n 'and 4. The points B of this form and in the larger sizes can be slitted longitudinally at the conical point as shown at cX Fig. 4 for the purpose of increasing the feed. of the ink through the fibers of the point.
It should be mentioned that the flow of ink from the reservoir through the marking-point will take place more freely if the fibers of the wood on the solid end be slightly crushed or bruised. This is more particularly the case with the all-wood marker shown in Figs. 6 and 7.
Having thus fully described my invention, what I claim as new, and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is
l. The combination of a tubular handle the hollow space whereof constitutes a reservoir for a liquid ink and a marking-point made of porous wood tapered on the outer end, its opposite end terminating in or forming the lower end of the ink reservoir, and its fibers running longitudinally and parallel with the axis of the handle, substantially as `hereinbefore specified.
2. The combination with a suitable handle having a receptacle to contain a supply of Huid-ink, of a marking-pointformed of a solid pencil of wood of porous character tapered at the outer end with the opposite end terminating in the ink receptacle, and having one or more slits extending longitudinally from the tapered end into the substance of the wood, substantially as hereinbefore specified.
3. The combination with a suitable handle having an ink-holding space, of a marking point formed of wood of porous character extending from the lower end of the handle having a tapered end, a recess or cavity in the inner end and one or more slits extending from the tapered point inward into the said cavity, substantially as hereinbefore specified.
4. A marking-point adapted for use in a hollow ink-holding handle constructed of wood of porous character in shape of a pencil with the end tapered as described, the bers of the wood running longitudinally as specitied.
In testimony that I claim the foregoing I have hereunto set my hand and seal.
PETER D. HORTON.
M. REGNER, C. W. M. SMITH.