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Publication numberUS536131 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateMar 19, 1895
Filing dateJan 10, 1895
Publication numberUS 536131 A, US 536131A, US-A-536131, US536131 A, US536131A
InventorsThomas Coldwell
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
US 536131 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

(No Model.) I 2 Sheets-8heet 1-. T; & W. H. OOLDWELL.

' I AWNING- No.-536,131.- v Patented Mar. 19, 1895.

gkmm H (No Model.) 2 Sheds-Sheet 2.

/ T. 8: W. H. OOLDWELL.


H0. 536,131. Patented Mar. 19, 1895.

.71 1 ZZYz Z zz zi a? 2/ v 2 7 )5 G 9 O l LII a u u QM/bnmeo I I 3 is a view similar to Fig. 2 showing the awnpants.

, other devices for connecting, the end frames.

- It will thus be seen that the settee can be the following to be a full, clear, and exact deawnings for lawn seats and the likeand consists 1n the novel features of construction and back portionsprovided with lateral UNITED STATES.





SPECIFICATION forming part of I ietters Patent No. 536,131, dated March 19, 1895.

Application filed January 10, 1895.

.To all whom it. may concern:

. Be it known that we, THoMAs OOLDWELL and WILLIAM H. OoLDwE L, citizens of the United States, residing at Newburg, in the county of Orange and State of New York, have invented certain new and. useful Improvements in Awnings; and we do hereby declare scription of the invention, such as will enable others skilled in the art to which it appertains to make and use thesame.

Our invention is an improvement in lawn hereinafter described reference being had to the accompanying drawings which illustrate several forms in which we have contemplated embodying our invention.

Referring to the said drawings, Figure 1 represents a side elevation of a lawn seat with our awning applied thereto. Fig. 2 is a similar View of the awning showing it in a different'position, the seat being taken away. Fig.

ing in position to shade the back of the'occu- Fig. 4 is a front view of the settee and awning, the front portion of the awning being cut awayas indicated by the parts shown in section. Figs. 5 and 6 are detail views illustrating the manner of constructing the settee. Figs. 7, 8 and 9 are views similar to Figs. 1, 2and 3 showing a slightlymodified Fig. 10 is a view simi-l modified form of awning frame.

In the form shown in Figs. 1 to 6 inclusive, A A represent the two end frames of the settee formed of 'cast'iron and having 'theseat flanges a as shown which form a broad sur face to receive theslats B B of, the seat and back. The broadseat and back portions of the end frames are provided with tapering dovetailed lugs a. a as indicated in Figs. 4: and 5 which are engaged by tapering dove tailed recesses b in the slats (see Fig. 6) there'- by locking the parts of the settee rigidly to- I gether without the use of stays, braces or any I over the cross bar C very readily taken apart and set up and can Serial No. 534,443. (No model.)

be very cheaply made and conveniently transported.

The frameof the awning is supported by two upright standards 0 G which are preferably bolted to the end frames A Aof the settee (as shown in Figs. 1, 2 and 3) so that they can be attached to and detached from the same very readily. The standards 0 O are connected at the top by a cross bar 0 link 0 is pivoted to each of the standards 0 0 adjacent to their upper ends and to eachlink two end bars 0 c are pivoted, extending forward and backward respectively as shown in the drawings. The end bars 0' c are connected at their outer ends by a cross bar 0' similar to the cross bar 0 and the end bars 0 c are connected in a similar manner by a cross bar 0 It will be seen that the cross bars 0', G and O are parallel and the awning strip D is secured to the cross bar 0 at one endand to the bar 0 at the other end, passing loosely over the top of cross bar 0 We prefer to attach the awning strip D in such a manner to' cross bars Q and C that the. ends of the strip will hang down in the form of a fringe, or scalloped edge as shown in Fig. 4.

' The end bars 0 c are provided with a series of notches or recesses c which are adapted to engage a stud or pin 0 on each'of the standards 0 C to adjust the awning to different positions. In Fig. I we have shown the pins or studs 0 in the first notches of end bars c c and the awning in a horizontal position.

to shade the back of persons occupying the settee. As the cross bars 0', C are moved to adjust the awning, the awning strip slides The front cross bar 0' of the awning frame is preferably made slightly heavier than the 5 ICO employ a single horizontal end bar c at each end of the frame to connect the front and rear cross bars C C to which the awning strip D is attached instead of a jointed end bar as before described. These end bars 0 0 are notched as shown and engage the pins 0 in the vertical standards 0 the canvas sliding over the top cross bar 0 as the frame is adjusted. It will be seen by reference to these figures that we can obtain all of the adjustments which can be obtained with the form of frame shown in Figs. 1 to 6 inclusive. The front cross bar C being heavier than the rear cross bar 0 the notches in the bars 0 0 will be held in engagement with the pins 0 in any position to which the frame is adjusted.

In Fig. 10 we have shown another slight modification of our device in which straight end bars 0 c are employed to connect the front cross bar 0 and rear cross bar 0 notched to engage pins 0 in the vertical standards (3 as in the form just described. In this case however in order to relieve the canvas strip D from strain, links 0 c are employed connecting the central portions of horizontal end bars 0 c to the upper ends of standards C (3 just below the upper cross bar 0 This construction we also find very convenient and desirable. The cross bar 0 is made heavier than cross bar 0 in this case also for the reason previously mentioned in describing the other forms.

While we may make the front cross bar heavier than the rear cross bar, this is not essential as the frictional contact of the awning on the central supporting bar, and the leverage afforded the front bar in most of its positions fully suffice to hold the notched bars in engagement with the pins.

What we claim, and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is

1. The combination with the vertical standards and the central supporting bar, of an awning strip passing loosely over said central bar, movable cross bars secured to the ends of the said awning strip, end bars connecting the ends of said cross bars and means for adjusting said end bars in respect to said standards, substantially as described.

2. The combination with the vertical standards and central supporting bar, of the movable cross bars on either side of said central bar, the end bars connecting the said movable bars at each end of the awning having notched portions, an awning strip secured to said movable cross bars and passing over said central bar, and pins in said vertical standards adapted to be engaged by the notched portions of said end bars to adjust said end bars longitudinally of the same with respect to said standards, substantially as described.

3. The combination with the vertical standards and central supporting bar connecting the upper ends of said standards of the movable cross bars, an awning strip secured thereto and passing loosely over the central bar, end bars connecting said cross bars and provided with notches or recesses, pins on said standards adapted to be engaged by said notches, one of said movable bars being of greater weight than the other, for holding said notched end bars in engagement with said pins, substantially as described.

4.. The combination with the vertical standards and the central supporting bar connecting their upper ends, of the movable cross bars, an awning strip rigidly connected thereto and passing loosely over the central bar, end bars connecting said movable cross bars and provided with notches, pins on said standards adapted to be engaged by said notched end bars, and links pivotally connected to said standards and to said end bars intermediate the ends of the same, substantially as described.

In testimony whereof we afiix our signatures in presence of two witnesses.



Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2851045 *May 28, 1957Sep 9, 1958N D Cass CompanyAdjustable sandbox canopy
US5553914 *Sep 18, 1995Sep 10, 1996Holladay; Carshena Y.Toddler car seat shade
US20050087247 *Jun 5, 2001Apr 28, 2005Yungrwei ChenEnergy attenuation device for a fluid-conveying line and method of attenuating energy in such a line
Cooperative ClassificationE04H15/003