Combination-cabinet for liquids on draft
US 537434 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
3 Sheets-Sheet 1.
(NoModeU H. D. BERNER. COMBINATION CABINET FOR LIQUIDS 0N DRAFT.
No. 537,434. Patented Apr. 16, 1895.
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(No Model.) 3 Sheets-Sheet 2. H. D. BBRNER. COMBINATION CABINET FOR LIQUIDS 0N DRAFT. N0. 537,434.
Patented Apr. 16, 1895.
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H. D. BERNER. COMBINATION CABINET FOR LIQUIDS 0N DRAFT.
' Patented Apr. 16, 1895.
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ATTUFPNEY I UNITED, STATES PATENT UFFICE.
HERMAN, D. BERNER, OF CLEVELAND, OHIO.
COMBINATION-CABINET FOR LIQUIDS ON DRAFT.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 537,434, dated April 16, 1895.
Application filed October 30, 1894. Berial No. 527,425. (No model.)
' To aZZ whom zit may concern.-
Be it known that I, HERMAN D. BERNER, a citizen of the United States, residing at Oleveland, in the county of Cuyahoga and State of Ohio, have invented certain new and useful 'Improvements in Combination-Cabinets for Liquids on Draft; and I do hereby declare that the following is a full, clear, and exact description of the invention, which will enable others skilled in the art to which it appertains to make and use the same.
My invention relates to improvements in combination cabinets forliquids on draft, and
. the invention consists in the construction and combination of partssubstantially as shown and described and particularly pointed outin the claims.
In the accompanying drawings, Figure 1 is a perspective view of my improved combination cabinet. Fig. 2 is a vertical sectional elevation thereof on a line corresponding to 2, 2, Fig. 3. Fig. 3 is aplan View of the cabinet with the cover of the top chamber removed so as to disclose the arrangement of the pipe coils on its inside. Fig. 4 is a horizontal section of the cabinet on a line corresponding to 4, 4, Fig. 2, looking downward and disclosing the arrangement of the pipe coils in the lower chamber.
The combined article and apparatusshown and described herein is adapted to be used for drawing mineral waters or liquids of any kind which are under a sufficient pressure to flow through the pipe from beneath upward through the several chambers to the faucets, and either natural or artificial pressure may be used to produce the flow as described.
- In carrying out my invention I have designed a cabinet of peculiar and novel construction which is especially adapted to my purpose, and which may be built of any size desired. For use at a counter at which the trade is of an average character, I generally find that a cabinet of about four to four and one-half feet in length is sufficient, but a larger or smaller one may be used according to the demands of the place and trade. It is furthermore designed that each cabinet shall be as complete as possible in itself, so that it will practically embody every convenience either for stationary or portable use, portability being desired for picnic and'camping occasions and the like, .where temporary arrangements are made to accommodate people. To these ends I have sought to make the cabinet complete in all essential details, and have, first of all, a bottom or base chamber A, provided with a suitable lining -3 of copper, zinc, or other material so as not only to make the chamberperfectly fluid tight, but to protect the wood-wook of the chamber from moisture. To prevent moisture on'the outside of the chamber I may insert asbestos or other inner lining or build it with an inner air space. This chamber A in a large sense is a refrigerating or ice chamber, and hence is constructed as such a chamber ordinarily would be to accommodate the desired amount of ice and to cool the pipe coils B distributed side by side over the bottom thereof after the manner shown, for example, in Fig. 4, or in some other arrangement which will give the requisite surface exposure to said coils for cooling purposes. If necessary, I might extend the coil area by repeating the bends in the chamber at its bottom or carrying them also along one side or end. Each pipe B is distinctly separate from the'other in so far as its end connections are concerned. It is intended thatthe draft shall be from separate sources for each pipe. all be arranged to draw from a given source,
but this is not my present thought-or arr'angement.
It will be'seen in Fig. 2 that the pipes B approach the cabinet from the bottom, and pass up through a walled space in its rear, said surface having an inner or supplemental Wall -5- which runs up to near the top of the chamber or chest A, at which point the pipes B descend along the side of the said inner wall to the bottom of the chamber. Atthe point of the bends -6 over said inner wall 5 I have arranged a hood or shield --7 so as to protect the pipes at that point from moisture which will run downand drip from the pipes above. If the pipes B entered the chamber A at the ends of the cabinet this hood would not be necessary. .After the Of course they might upper chamber E is considerably reduced in size as compared with the lower chamber A, but here. again the pipes B are coiled back and forth several times so as to practically cover the bottom of said chamber with the several coils, and this chamber likewise is designed to be filled with ice and to serve for further cooling the liquid. There are, therefore, two ice chambers with a communicating air space between them, and this space afiords an open passage-way for said pipes and forms an air channel between the chambers, so that it will normally have a reduced temperature by reason of its open connections with the ice chests. Thus, the pipes B are subjected to the cooling influence of the ice in both chambers and along their entire length in the cabinet, and in this way I am enabled to put a cask of comparatively warm liquid under draft and yet draw it in a cool and refreshing state from the faucets G. Each of the several pipes B has its own faucet G at the front of the chamber E.
Now, as I have hereinbefore stated, this combination cabinet and apparatus is designed to be complete in itself. To this end I employ'a sectional cover for the chamber A, and said sections consist, first, in this-instance, of a drip pan H at the front thereof adapted to receive and convey away the drippings from and through the perforated sheet cover K resting upon shoulders along the front and rear edges of said pan and serving as a receptacle for said cups or glasses. The back of this cover is the other section L, likewise running the full length of the cabinet and resting on ledges or pieces 9- and provided with a corrugated or fluted sheet metal top 10- which extends over the front edge of the bottom part L sufficiently to convey the drippings into the drip pan H. Either or both the sections maybe removed to fill the chamber A With ice or for any other purpose. Obviously, these latter parts might be modified and yet remain within the spirit of the invention.
The elevation of the entire cabinet is designed ordinarily to be such as to bring the top of the chamber E to a level, substantially, with the ordinary counter in a drug store or the like, so that we have the counter board on a plane with the top of the cabinet and built about the same.
As the beverage is drawn from the faucets it is designed to be set upon the perforated sheet metal cover -1l which in use is designed to been a level with the top of the counter board, if one be used, and rests upon shoulders on the drip pan 12 beneath the said plate. From said drip pan the drippings pass down through the short pipe 13 into the small receptacle 15 having a discharge tube or pipe l4= at its corner, whence the drippings pass down and out of the cabinet in said pipe 15 shown in Fig. 2. The advantage of this arrangement is obvious. As
the beverage is drawn for customers it is set in glasses or cups upon the perforated plate 1lon the top of the cabinet. Any drippings whatever from the cups will come upon this plate and pass thence into the drip pan beneath and from there out through the channels 13, 14 and -15- hereinbet'ore described. This helps to keep a clear serving counter and avoid constant wiping with a cloth.
In operation, the attendant stands in front of the cabinet to serve his customers, and he is supposed to keep a supply of clean glasses before him on the corrugated drip plate 10- beneath the top chamber and out of the way. Then as glasses are served they are placed on the plate 1l above, and the soiled glasses are not placed back upon the corrugated plate 10-' until they have been washed. Any
overflow in drawing the beverage of course comes onto the perforated plate K, whence it passes at once into the drip pan beneath. Altogether, the construction and arrangement of cabinet thus provided is complete in itself, and it has no points where there can be offensive accumulations. All the drippings flow away, and the pans cannot overflow. Both chambers are kept clear of the fluid or draft, and their own drippings can easily be taken care of.
Having thus described my invention, what I claim is- 1. The cabinet described having thelower chamber and the cover therefor consisting of the drip pan H, and perforated plate K over the same, and the separate removable cover section L along its back portion having the drain plate overlapping the said drip pan, and the upper chamber having the faucets above the said drip pan H, substantially as set forth.
2. The cabinet described, having the chambers -A and -E and the back portion O connecting said chambers, a series of faucets arranged along the front portion of the chamber E'-, the drip plate K and associated parts over the front portion of the chamber A.-, and the cover L having a drainer surface overlapping the said plate -K, substantially as set forth.
3. The cabinet described, consisting of the two chambers A and E- and the back wall connecting said chambers, the faucets G- along the front of chamber E- and the drip plate llthereon, the drip plate -K over the front of the chamber -E beneath faucets G and the removable cover L over the rear part of chamber A and a fluted drip plate -10 on said cover --L overlapping the plate K, substantially as set forth.
Witness my hand to the foregoing specification this l5th day of October, 1894.
HERMAN D. BERNER.
G. E. COLLINGS, M. G. NORTON.