|Publication number||US5390369 A|
|Application number||US 08/109,221|
|Publication date||Feb 21, 1995|
|Filing date||Aug 19, 1993|
|Priority date||May 11, 1992|
|Publication number||08109221, 109221, US 5390369 A, US 5390369A, US-A-5390369, US5390369 A, US5390369A|
|Inventors||William E. Tubin|
|Original Assignee||Scorpion Sunglasses, Inc.|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (7), Referenced by (63), Classifications (7), Legal Events (8)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
This is a continuation of application Ser. No. 07/881,247, filed on May 11, 1992, now abandoned.
The present invention relates to anti-solar and anti-glare protective eyewear and, more particularly, to multi-functional anti-solar and anti-glare protective eyewear that adjustably accommodate a wide range of wearers and that adaptably serve under a wide range of conditions.
Anti-solar and anti-glare protective eyewear are often called sunglasses even though often constructed exclusively of plastic rather than glass. This eyewear is intended to offer year-round comfort and protection for the eyes against direct sunlight, direct glare, and reflected glare, and against related visible and near visible radiation including ultraviolet and near ultraviolet (blue) radiation. Typically, sunglass frames are composed of polymeric and/or metallic materials and sunglass lenses are composed of polycarbonate or glass. There have been numerous basic lens types, including constant density, photochromic, mirror, gradient and polarizing. There have been many hundreds of sunglass frame designs, some incorporating visors, that have been designed to perform specific functions which are mandated by specific light conditions and users' activities. In connection with such conditions and activities, such criteria as sunlight attenuation and impact resistance have been defined by the American Standards Institute (ANSI). The foregoing technology/industry perspective has dominated eyeglass appearance and function for many years. In the past, however, traditional eyeglass designs have continued essentially unchanged, each design being limited to particular users for particular conditions.
The object of the present invention is to provide an eyewear design in which a particularly designed visor, a particularly designed lens, and particularly designed temple components all function interactively to provide comfort and protection for a wide range of users under a wide range of conditions. Specifically the following three features are required for performance in accordance with the present invention. The visor component integrally sweeps arcuately over the bridge of the nose and over both eyes between opposed extremities that are positioned rearwardly of the outer corners of both eyes. The lens component, in either a one-piece version for both eyes or a two-piece version for the eyes separately, sweeps arcuately across both eyes between opposed extremities that are positioned rearwardly of the outward corners of both eyes. At the rearward profile of the visor component is an arcuate groove in which the upper profile of the lens component is seated and bonded. At the center of the groove, the visor provides a pair of downwardly extending opposed tabs for reinforcement of the position of the center of the lens component in the vicinity of the bridge of the nose. At each outer extremity of the groove, the visor component provides a rearwardly extending anchor piece that carries a hinge, but tapers to an acute angle that permits free flow of air from under the visor component. Each of the temple components has forward and rearward parts. One of these parts is pivoted to this hinge. These parts telescopically mate. The rearward part snugly fits over the ear.
The design is such as to serve a variety of functions in addition to simply shielding the eyes from harmful light and glare. The visor design shields the eyes from direct exposure to the sun and permits a wearer to tilt his or her head downwardly to achieve partial or total blockage of annoying or harmful light; does not add noticeable weight or bulk; does not create imbalance; does not impede vertical field of view; ensures comfortable and secure positioning on the face while presenting an aerodynamic surface to high wind velocity and variable wind direction.
For a fuller understanding of the nature and objects of the present invention, reference is made to the following detailed specification, which is to be taken in connection with the accompanying drawings wherein:
FIG. 1 is a forward perspective view of a preferred embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a rearward perspective view of the embodiment of FIG. 1;
FIG. 3 is a front view of the embodiment of FIG. 1;
FIG. 4 is an exploded view of the lens component and nose piece component of the embodiment of FIG. 1;
FIG. 5 is a top plan view of the visor component of the embodiment of FIG. 1;
FIG. 6 is a front view of the visor component of the embodiment of FIG. 1;
FIG. 7 is a cross-section, taken along the line 7--7 of FIG. 5;
FIG. 8 is a cross-section, taken along the line 8--8 of FIG. 5;
FIG. 9 is a top plan view of one of the mating temple parts of the embodiment of FIG. 1;
FIG. 10 is a side elevation of the temple part of FIG. 9;
FIG. 11 is a cross-section, taken along the line 11--11 of FIG. 10;
FIG. 12 is a cross-section, taken along the line 12--12 of FIG. 10;
FIG. 13 is a cross-section, taken along the line 13--13 of FIG. 10;
FIG. 14 is a cross-section, taken along the line 14--14 of FIG. 10;
FIG. 15 is a side elevation of one of the mating temple parts of the embodiment of FIG. 1;
FIG. 16 is a cross-section, taken along the line 16--16 of FIG. 15;
FIG. 17 is a cross-section, taken along the line 17--17 of FIG. 15;
FIG. 18 is a cross-section, taken along the line 18--18 of FIG. 15;
FIG. 19 is a top plan view of the forward temple part of FIG. 15; and
FIG. 20 is an outer side view of the forward temple part of FIG. 15.
As shown in FIGS. 1 and 2, the illustrated preferred embodiment comprises a fixed visor component 30, a fixed lens component 32, and a pair of adjustable temple components 34, 34. Visor component 30 integrally sweeps arcuately over the bridge of the nose as at 36 and over both eyes between opposed extremities 42, 44. Lens component 32 integrally sweeps arcuately over the bridge of the nose at 36 and across both eyes between opposed extremities 38, 40, which wrap around the head and are positioned rearwardly of the outward corners of both eyes. Opposed extremities 42, 44 of the visor component are positioned above opposed extremities 38, 40 of the lens component.
As shown in FIG. 5, an arcuate groove 46 extends along the rearward edge of visor component 30 between extremities that are adjacent to extremities 42, 44, but that lie therebetween. In the vicinity of bridge 36, the visor includes a buttress region having a pair of downwardly depending crests 48, 50 with inner surfaces that are continuations of the inner surfaces of groove 46. In the vicinity of extremities 42, 44, the visor includes a pair of anchor regions 43, 45, which are solid at 54, 56 and bifurcated at 58, 60 to provide opposed and deepened continuations of groove 46. These anchor regions terminate before reaching a pair of rearwardly projecting journals 62, 64, which serve for pivotal attachment to the temple components in a manner to be discussed below.
Lens component 32 is an optically active curved sheet that is approximately as thick as groove 46 is wide. The upper and lower edges 66, 68 of lens component 32 converge in arcs oppositely and outwardly to vertices 70, 72. The medial portion 73 is seated in groove 46 between crests 48, 50. The outer regions in the vicinity of vertices 70, 72 are seated in bifurcated regions 58, 60 of the anchor regions and are cemented into position.
Lens component 32 is cut away at 33 to accommodate the bridge of the nose and to receive a forward nose piece 35. Nose piece 35 is reversely bent to provide a shaped surface having an outer groove 37 in which corresponding edges of lens component 32 are seated but not bonded. Forward nose piece is held in position by a pair of cusps 39, 41 in lens component 32 at the lower extremities of the opening for the nose. A rearward nose piece 43, also reversely bent, is removably attachable to forward nose piece 35 by pins 45 which can be seated in holes 47 of the rearward nose piece. The upper rim of the lens component in a horizontal plane has a lesser radius of curvature than the lower rim of lens component in a horizontal plane. In other words, the lens is configured along a conical surface of revolution about a vertical axis. Lens component 32 has an interference coating of alternate layers of different indices of refraction, which are related in thickness to the wave lengths of radiation to be attenuated and which thereby constitute a light filter.
Each of temple components 34 includes a forward part 74 and a rearward part 76. As will be described below, these parts are pivotally adjustable as a unit with respect to visor component 30 and telescopically adjustable with respect to each other.
Forward part 74, which is integral, includes a forward hinge portion 78 and a rearward receptacle portion 80. As shown in FIG. 18, the receptacle portion has a generally rectangular outer profile with upper and lower horizontal short sections and outwardly bowed vertical sections. The corresponding inner profile is truly rectangular with straight parallel upper and lower horizontal short sections, and straight vertical parallel long sections. Each forward hinge portion 78 includes a pair of ears which snugly receive one of journals 62, 64 and which include holes that register with the hole in these journals. Metal pins extend through these holes to complete the pivot. The inner section of receptacle portion 80 has a series of holes 82, five as shown in the present embodiment, for a purpose to be described below.
Rearward part 76 includes a forward elongated straight portion 84 and a rearward ear engaging curved portion 86. The forward portion, in cross section, is truly rectangular with straight horizontal upper and lower short sections, and straight vertical long side sections. The inner cross-sectional profile of receptacle portion 80 and the outer cross-sectional profile of forward elongated straight portion 84 are different only to the extent that they are enabled to reciprocate telescopically with respect to each other. The rearward portion of rearward part 76 curves inwardly and rearwardly in order to accommodate the shape of the head, and provides a hook-like configuration to accommodate the ear.
Inwardly directed from forward elongated straight portion 84 are two detent projections 86 which are characterized by the same spacing that characterizes holes 82 in receptacle portion 74. The arrangement is such that there are four secure positions at which the pair of detent projections engage a selected pair of holes, i.e. the forward pair of holes, two middle pairs of holes, and the rearward pair of holes.
The following dimensions and materials have been found to be specifically advantageous: distance between the pins at 42, 44-140 mm; maximum distance between upper and lower boundaries 66, 68 of lens component 32-47 mm; chemical composition of visor and temple components - nylon; chemical composition of nose pieces 35-Nylon, 43-polyester thermoplastic elastomer; chemical composition of lens 32-polycarbonate or glass; lens coatings, typically alternating titanium and silicon - (1) 11 strata on gray base to provide violet hue; or (2) 13 strata on brown base to produce gold hue. The radii of curvature in millimeters (mm) of various contours of the visor are as follows: radius 100 between points a and b - 80 mm; radius 102 between points b and c - 200 mm; radius 104 between points c and d - 80 mm; radius 106 between points e and f - 100 mm; radius 108 between points f and g - 60 mm; radius 110 between points g and h - 100 mm; radius 114 between points i and j - 200 mm; radius 116 between points j and k - 150 mm; radius 120 between points k and l - 200 mm; radius 122 between points i and l - 300 mm.
In one alternative embodiment of the present invention, the lens is split into left and right eye parts and the nose piece is connected directly to the visor component. In another alternative embodiment, auxilliary customized lenses are bonded to the inner surfaces of the integral lens of the illustrated embodiment.
In operation, temple components 34 are readily adjustable to accommodate a wide range of wearers. The depth and configuration of nose piece assemblage 35, 43 cooperate with temple components 34 assist in this accommodation. The relationships among (1) radius of groove 46, which establishes the upper contour of lens 32, (2) radii 106, 110 at the forward rim of visor 30, and (3) radii 114, 120 at the upper profile of the visor, cooperate to minimize aerodynamic resistance in such a way as to maximize security of the eyewear on the face of the wearer. Specifically, the radius of curvature of the lens component is less than the radius of curvature at the outer portions of the front profile of the visor about a substantially vertical axis, and both of these radii are less than the radii of the upper and lower profiles of the visor about a substantially horizontal axis. The arrangement is such that the illustrated eyewear fits snugly and comfortably on a wide variety of wearers and maintains its position on the wearer despite a variety of ambient conditions, particularly aerodynamic conditions. The rearward part of the nose piece is adapted for ready removal from the easy forward part for cleansing and reassembly.
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US604238 *||Sep 15, 1897||May 17, 1898||Spectacle eye guard or shield|
|US2545078 *||Apr 12, 1949||Mar 13, 1951||Gardner Clyde E||Eyeshield|
|US3544204 *||Jun 12, 1969||Dec 1, 1970||Glendale Optical Co Inc||Adjustable temple for safety spectacles|
|US4309775 *||Aug 25, 1980||Jan 12, 1982||Jory Robert L||Visor for goggles and method of attachment|
|US4916754 *||Jan 27, 1989||Apr 17, 1990||Kang Hyung B||Antiglare apparatus|
|US4951316 *||Aug 7, 1989||Aug 28, 1990||Moody Monty L||Sun visor with eyeshield and method therefor|
|US5016292 *||Dec 7, 1989||May 21, 1991||Mark Rademacher||Combination gamma, ultraviolet and X-radiation goggles|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US5555038 *||Oct 28, 1994||Sep 10, 1996||Bausch & Lomb Incorporated||Unitary lens for eyewear|
|US5689323 *||Sep 5, 1996||Nov 18, 1997||Oakley, Inc.||Decentered noncorrective lens for eyewear|
|US5697386 *||May 24, 1996||Dec 16, 1997||Chang; Wen-Shyong||Hair band|
|US5737055 *||Aug 22, 1996||Apr 7, 1998||Bausch & Lomb Incorporated||Nosepiece for eyewear|
|US5768716 *||Sep 2, 1995||Jun 23, 1998||Porsche Design Gmbh||Goggles, in particular for sports and/or leisure wear|
|US5805261 *||Jan 8, 1997||Sep 8, 1998||Oakley, Inc.||Biased eyeglass frames|
|US5815848 *||Jul 14, 1995||Oct 6, 1998||Oakley, Inc.||Impact resistant face shield for sporting helmets|
|US5969789 *||Mar 20, 1997||Oct 19, 1999||Oakley, Inc.||Decentered noncorrective lens for eyewear|
|US6009564 *||Jun 24, 1998||Jan 4, 2000||Oakley, Inc.||Optically corrected goggle|
|US6010217 *||Nov 1, 1996||Jan 4, 2000||Oakley, Inc.||Optically corrected shield for safety helmet|
|US6010218 *||Nov 7, 1996||Jan 4, 2000||Oakley, Inc.||Decentered noncorrective lens for eyewear|
|US6038705 *||Oct 6, 1998||Mar 21, 2000||Oakley, Inc.||Impact resistant face shield|
|US6056399 *||Jan 29, 1997||May 2, 2000||Oakley, Inc.||Interchangeable nosepiece system|
|US6056400 *||Dec 10, 1998||May 2, 2000||Yorktowne Optical Company, Inc.||Protective eyewear with transparently tinted visor|
|US6106116 *||Sep 8, 1998||Aug 22, 2000||Oakley, Inc.||Biased eyeglass frames|
|US6129435 *||Apr 9, 1998||Oct 10, 2000||Nike, Inc.||Decentered protective eyewear|
|US6168271||Jun 23, 1997||Jan 2, 2001||Oakley, Inc.||Decentered noncorrective lens for eyewear|
|US6231178||Feb 11, 2000||May 15, 2001||Jon C. Greaves||Protective sunglasses system having removable prescription capable lenses|
|US6250756||May 2, 2000||Jun 26, 2001||Oakley, Inc.||Biased eyeglass frames|
|US6513171 *||Nov 3, 2000||Feb 4, 2003||Soper Enterprises, Inc.||Activity eye wear|
|US6578578||Apr 6, 2000||Jun 17, 2003||Abstrac Products, Inc.||Eye masks to facilitate sleeping under certain conditions|
|US6755525||Dec 2, 2002||Jun 29, 2004||Nike, Inc.||Decentered protective eyewear|
|US6929364||Nov 13, 2000||Aug 16, 2005||Oakley, Inc.||Contoured metal eyeglass frames|
|US7222959||Aug 16, 2005||May 29, 2007||Oakley, Inc.||Contoured metal eyeglass frames|
|US7389543||Jun 30, 2004||Jun 24, 2008||Nike, Inc.||Optically decentered face shield|
|US7490359||Nov 1, 2005||Feb 17, 2009||Op-D-Op, Inc.||Lightweight ventilated face shield frame|
|US7686449||Apr 24, 2007||Mar 30, 2010||Oakley, Inc.||Eyewear retention system and method|
|US7954942||Jul 3, 2009||Jun 7, 2011||Oakley, Inc.||Floating lens mounting system|
|US8161974||Apr 24, 2012||Syracuse University||Hearing protection apparatus with incorporated eyewear|
|US8408695||Apr 2, 2013||Oakley, Inc.||Floating lens mounting system|
|US8469510||Feb 3, 2011||Jun 25, 2013||Oakley, Inc.||Eyewear with enhanced ballistic resistance|
|US8485660||Sep 23, 2011||Jul 16, 2013||Solergy Sunglasses, Inc.||Eyewear frame including visor|
|US8534830||May 4, 2012||Sep 17, 2013||Oakley, Inc.||Eyeglass with enhanced ballistic resistance|
|US8661562||May 7, 2012||Mar 4, 2014||Oakley, Inc.||Eyewear with rigid lens support|
|US8668330||Aug 12, 2011||Mar 11, 2014||Oakley, Inc.||Eyewear with lens retention mechanism|
|US8746877||Jun 24, 2013||Jun 10, 2014||Oakley, Inc.||Eyewear with enhanced ballistic resistance|
|US8800067||Mar 18, 2011||Aug 12, 2014||Oakley, Inc.||Eyewear with interchangeable lens mechanism|
|US8850626||Mar 18, 2011||Oct 7, 2014||Oakley, Inc.||Eyewear with enhanced pressure distribution|
|US8881316||Mar 18, 2011||Nov 11, 2014||Oakley, Inc.||Eyewear with rigid lens support|
|US8911076||Mar 19, 2013||Dec 16, 2014||Oakley, Inc.||Floating lens mounting system|
|US9122078||Nov 29, 2012||Sep 1, 2015||Oakley, Inc.||Releasable earstem mounting mechanism for eyewear|
|US9188792||Sep 21, 2012||Nov 17, 2015||Oakley, Inc.||Mounting mechanism for eyewear|
|US20030169397 *||Dec 2, 2002||Sep 11, 2003||Nike, Inc||Decentered protective eyewear|
|US20060000011 *||Jun 30, 2004||Jan 5, 2006||Nike, Inc.||Optically decentered face shield|
|US20060112474 *||Nov 1, 2005||Jun 1, 2006||Landis Timothy J||Lightweight ventilated face shield frame|
|US20060139565 *||Aug 16, 2005||Jun 29, 2006||Jannard James H||Contoured metal eyeglass frames|
|US20070200997 *||Apr 24, 2007||Aug 30, 2007||Oakley, Inc.||Contoured metal eyeglass frames|
|US20080074610 *||Sep 22, 2006||Mar 27, 2008||Tackles George J||Quadrilateral lens|
|US20080158503 *||Dec 27, 2006||Jul 3, 2008||Estrem Scott A||Eyewear with forehead-ventilating provisions|
|US20100065069 *||Aug 18, 2009||Mar 18, 2010||Syracuse University||Hearing protection apparatus with incorporated eyewear|
|US20100085533 *||Apr 8, 2010||Oakley, Inc.||Floating lens mounting system|
|US20100212065 *||Aug 26, 2010||Chia-Ching Yeh||Foldable mask with temples|
|US20110194065 *||Aug 11, 2011||Oakley, Inc.||Eyewear with enhanced ballistic resistance|
|US20110225709 *||Sep 22, 2011||Oakley, Inc.||Eyewear with interchangeable lens mechanism|
|US20110225710 *||Sep 22, 2011||Oakley, Inc.||Eyewear with enhanced pressure distribution|
|USD747401 *||Oct 10, 2014||Jan 12, 2016||Ontel Products Corporation||Eyewear|
|USRE41097||Feb 9, 2010||Uvex Arbeitsschutz Gmbh||Glasses with flexible temples|
|WO1996013236A1 *||Oct 30, 1995||May 9, 1996||Bausch & Lomb Incorporated||Unitary lens for eyewear|
|WO1997021138A1 *||Dec 4, 1996||Jun 12, 1997||Oakley, Inc.||Optically corrected shield for safety helmet|
|WO2004098715A2 *||May 3, 2004||Nov 18, 2004||Op-D-Op, Inc.||Lightweight ventilated face shield frame|
|WO2004098715A3 *||May 3, 2004||Sep 22, 2005||Clay Allen||Lightweight ventilated face shield frame|
|WO2010022039A2 *||Aug 18, 2009||Feb 25, 2010||Syracuse University||Hearing protection apparatus with incorporated eyewear|
|WO2010022039A3 *||Aug 18, 2009||May 14, 2010||Syracuse University||Hearing protection apparatus with incorporated eyewear|
|U.S. Classification||2/12, 2/446, 2/432, 2/448|
|Sep 15, 1998||REMI||Maintenance fee reminder mailed|
|Feb 16, 1999||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 4
|Feb 16, 1999||SULP||Surcharge for late payment|
|Feb 14, 2003||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 8
|Feb 14, 2003||SULP||Surcharge for late payment|
Year of fee payment: 7
|Sep 6, 2006||REMI||Maintenance fee reminder mailed|
|Feb 21, 2007||LAPS||Lapse for failure to pay maintenance fees|
|Apr 17, 2007||FP||Expired due to failure to pay maintenance fee|
Effective date: 20070221