US 541125 A
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A. SIMONSON. HAIR STRUCTURE.
4110. 541,125. mallteam-1in@ 1a, 1895.
75.6255557510/ Y y 5m.
UNITED STATES l PATENT OFFICE.
ALBERT SIMONSON, OF NEW YORK, N. Y.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 541,125, dated June 18, 1895.
Application filed April 18, 1895.
To all whom it may concern:
Be it known that I, ALBERT SIMoNsoN, a citizen of the United States, residing at New York, in the county of New York and State of New York, have invented a new and useful Improvement in Hair Structures; andIdo hereby declare the following to be a full, clear, and exact description of the same, reference being had'to the accompanying drawings, in which- Figure I is a perspective view of a hair structure according to my invention, partly brokeny away, with the hair hanging freely Fig. Il is a perspective view of the same hair structure arranged in a coil. Fig. III represents the foundation-ring for one of my hair structures, and Fig. IV is a cross-section at the ring of a portion of a hair structure according to my invention.
This invention relates to that class of devices which women wear upon their heads to create the appearance of a bountiful supply of natural hair, and its object is to provide a foundation over which the natural hair may be dressed, or to add to the natural hair in various styles of dressing so as to maintaina full, or puffed form without the aid vof cushions or of inexible and heavy foundations.
To this end my invention consists in lthe construction and combination of parts forming ahair structure hereinafter described and claimed, reference being had to the accompanying drawings, in which- 7 5 represents one or more rings of elastic and flexible material such as very thin spring steel, or brass, or whalebone. This spring may first be covered with cloth or webbing 6 iniany usual manner and -then a covering 7 of silk of the same shade of color as the hair to be used is secured neatly over the ring and upon the foundation. Thus constructed the hair' 8 may be sewed, or tied, or secured in any usual manner so as to entirely inelose and conceal the foundation. The hair thus secured is to be turned all to one face of the ring and be combed out like a switch which may be braided or twisted and afterward permitted to iiow freely to give a wavy appearance as shown in Fig. I. Hair structures thus made of selected live human hair may be so manipulated and dressed with a womans hair as to defy detection by a close observer.
One of the principal methods of utilizing this hair structure is to make the persons hair into a small knot that will it closely Serial No. 546,202. (No model.)
giving the appearance of a great abundance of natural hair and yet the hair structure when thus coiled being hollow is much lighter andless heating to the wearers head than natural hair would be that had the same fullness in appearance..
A very excellent article to serve as springs in my' hair structure is made of very thin steel covered with webbing and sold on the market under the name of duocirclette.
I am aware that hair has been made into what is called rats, orpus like hollow cones,
but in such cases the hair is bent around to form a series of rings usually secured to a support along one side of the puff, but I do not claim such pus as my invention; neither do I claim a cushion ora basket of any material, or a coil without elasticity as a foundation for supporting hair structures. vThe described manner in which the springs are covered to prepare them as a foundation for these hair structures is not absolutely necessary to this invention as it may-be possible to find some material for such springs that would not require to be covered.
In this specification the word hair structure is used in its common acceptance as a mere name but in no way limiting the invention.
Having thus fully described my invention, what I believe to be new, and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is the following:
As an article of manufacture a hair structure comprising a resilient ring and hair secured to the entire periphery thereof and concealing said ring and depending therefrom, substantially as described.
In testimony whereof I affix my signature.
H. Q. VAN TINE,