US 544091 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
G. J. GLA DM-AN.
Patented Aug. 6, 1895 \\\\\\\\w fi WITNE SES:
UNITED STATES PATENT Enron;
GEORGE J. GLADMAN, OF SYRACUSE, NEW YORK.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 544,091, dated August 6, 1895.
Application filed August 27, 1894- Serial No. 521,395. (No model.)
, To aZZ whom it may concern:
Be it known that I, GEORGE J. GLADMAN, of Syracuse, in the county of Onondaga, in the State of New York, have invented new and useful Improvements in Pessaries, of which the following, taken in connection with the accompanyingdrawings, is a full, clear, and exact description.
My invention relates to improvements in supports or pessaries, and has for its object the production of a device for holding the uterus in its normal position which is simple in con struction, is economically manufactured, and
is readily placed in its designed position; andto this end it consists, essentially, in a disk or plate for engaging the neck of the uterus, and an arm or stem projecting from the disk or plate for entering the cavity of the uterus.
The invention also consists in the detail construction and arrangement of the parts, all as hereinafter more particularly described, and pointed out in the claim.
In describing this invention reference is had to the accompanying drawings, forming a part of this specification, in which like letters indicate corresponding parts in all the views.
Figure l is a longitudinal sectional view of a section of a uterus, the adjacent portion of the vagina and contiguous tissue, and my improved pessary, partly in elevation, shown in its operative position. Fig. 2 is an enlarged longitudinal sectional view of my detached pessary; and Figs. 3 and 4 are enlarged elevations, partly in section, of slightly-modified constructions of my invention.
It is well known that the uterus is subjected to various displacements and that different forms of pessaries have been devised for causing the uterus to assume its normal position. These devices are so constructed as to embrace the neck of the uterus and depend for their support upon the walls of the vagina or outside supporting devices, which are in convenient and annoying in use. My present invention is radically different from this type .ably secured together.
from one face of the disk or plate a. The disk or plate a and the arm or stem at are here shown as formed integral with each other, but may obviously consist of separate parts suit- The arm or stem a is also shown as of considerable length, but may be shorter, if desired. The disk or plate a is formed of suitable size and form to readily engage the end of the neck of the uterus, and, as clearly seen at Fig. 2, it is provided with a convex lower face a and a concave upper face 0. The arm or stem a is preferably formed with an enlarged rounding free end a and is of suitable size to readily enter the cavity of the uterus. As clearly seen at Fig. 1, the walls of the inner os of the uterus firmly engage the adjacent portion of said arm or stem.
As clearly seen in the drawings, the upright wall of my pessary is formed concave longitudinally and said arm or stem gradually decreases in diameter from each extremity toward its central portion, which is of less diameter than either extremity thereof. This peculiar construction of the arm or stem causes the same to closely fit the inner and outer 0s and the adjacent portion of the uterine cavity, and particularly adds to the-prac ticability and effectiveness of my pessary.
The pessary A is formed with a longitudinal perforation of, extending from the upper end a through the disk or plate a, and this perforation serves to conductsecretions longitudinally through the pessary. It will be obvious, however, that the secretions are also free to pass between the adjacent walls of the uterus and the pessary.
Ifhave here illustrated the upper end of the stem 0. as provided with the series of branchv My improved pessary may be readily in-' serted to operative position with the exercise of a minimum degree of sklll and may be worn continuously until the uterus assumes its normal position, when it may be withdrawn IOC at will. \Vhen worn continuously the device is readily cleansed without removal by subjecting the vagina to a hot water douche, but, if desired, the device may be withdrawn at will for suitable cleansing.
At Figs. 3 and 4 I have shown slightly-modified forms of my invention, in which the disk or plate a a are provided with lateral arms a a, extending upwardly therefrom for en gaging the adjacent vaginal walls. These latter modifications are particularly suitable for sustaining the uterus when extreme anteflection, anteversion, retroflection, or retroversion thereof are present.
The operation of my invention will be readily understood upon reference to the foregoing description and the accompanying drawings.
Having thus fully described my invention, what I claim as new, and. desire to secure by Letters Patent, is-
As a new article of manufacture, the herein described pessary, the same comprising a disk tering the uterine cavity formed integral with the disk or plate a and projecting vertically from substantially the central portion of said concave face and having its upright wall formed concave longitudinally, said arm or stem having its central portion formed of less diameter than either extremity and decreasing gradually in diameterfrom each extremity toward its central portion, said pessary being formed with a series of branch apertures a, leading downwardly from the upper end of its arm or stem, and a longitudinal aperture a leading from the former apertures through said arm or stem and the disk or plate, substantially as set forth.
In testimony whereof I have hereunto signed my name, in the presence of two attesting witnesses, at Syracuse, in the county of Onondaga, in the State of New York, this 23d day of August, 1894.
GEORGE J. GLADMAN.
CLARK H. NORTON, A. WEIsBURe.