|Publication number||US5448809 A|
|Application number||US 08/206,976|
|Publication date||Sep 12, 1995|
|Filing date||Mar 7, 1994|
|Priority date||Mar 9, 1993|
|Also published as||DE4307434A1, EP0615071A2, EP0615071A3, EP0615071B1|
|Publication number||08206976, 206976, US 5448809 A, US 5448809A, US-A-5448809, US5448809 A, US5448809A|
|Original Assignee||Trw United Carr Gmbh & Co. Kg|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (15), Referenced by (46), Classifications (15), Legal Events (4)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
The subject invention is directed to a holding element formed of plastic and having a basic body and an adjoining resilient stop or spring retainer. Formed onto the basic body are several resilient detents mounted in opposed pairs oriented with their front surfaces facing the spring retainer.
A similar holding element is already known as state of the art (German Petty Patent 8,113,637). In this known design, the basic body has the shape of a cylinder and there are diagonally opposite pairs of resilient tongues with front surfaces in the same plane. Between the pairs of tongues there is arranged at the circumference of the basic body another pair of resilient tongues, the frontal surfaces of which are positioned in another plane vis-a-vis the underside of the spring retainer. This construction is built in such manner that the result is an expensive fabrication.
The state of the art further includes a holding element whose basic body is also cylindrical in cross section and has two diagonally opposing detents formed thereon (see U.S. Pat. No. 3,393,431). With this known construction, there may result the drawback or disadvantage that with a rotation of 90° around the longitudinal axis firm seating and proper engagement is no longer guaranteed.
Likewise, identical drawbacks and disadvantages are attached to another construction where two opposite detents are equipped with different or stepped gradations (see U.S. Pat. Nos. 2,424,757; 3,079,581; and, 3,493,918).
Additionally, a holding element is known that has a basic body of rectangular form (see U.S. Pat. No. 2,836,215). In this known construction, only two opposing detents are provided. By placing a screw into a central opening, the detents spread apart and position themselves behind the areas of a support. Thus, with this known construction, a tightening element, namely a screw, is required in order to facilitate fastening to a support.
The present invention has the task and primary object of creating a holding element of the initially-mentioned type which, even with 90° rotation around its longitudinal axis, guarantees excellent, secure seating within a support. Additionally, with the design of the invention, there is to be guaranteed a technically readily realizable and cost-efficient fabrication.
According to the invention, this task is solved in that the basic body is designed with a rectangular cross section and exhibits in the interior a free, open space. The basic body is equipped on all four sides surfaces with resilient detents located in diagonally opposite pairs. At least two of the diagonally opposite detents respectively exhibit a T-shape with the transverse cross-piece of the T-shape forming a front engagement surface and the vertical cross-piece of the T-shape arranged between two recesses positioned in the plane of the side surfaces of the basic body. Each detent is surrounded by perforations extending through to the free, open space in the interior of the basic body.
This design results in the advantage that the basic body is kind of a centering cage, which guarantees, even with random rotation around its longitudinal axis, a precise centering in the support opening. Any undesired down-tilting is definitely avoided regardless of whether the opening in the support is shaped as a cylindrical bore, a long slot-like hole, or as rectangular opening. Because of the specific design there results, moreover, (from a technical tooling perspective) an easily realizable, cost-saving fabrication.
The basic body may also be oval in shape or exhibit another form. In each instance, however, there must exist a centering cage in order to produce the desired function.
The above and other objects and advantages of the invention will become apparent from the following description when read in conjunction with the accompanying drawings wherein:
FIG. 1 is a side view of a holding element formed in accordance with a preferred embodiment of the invention;
FIG. 2 is a top plan view of the holding element of FIG. 1;
FIG. 3 is a view taken on line III--III of FIG. 1;
FIGS. 4 and 5 are bottom perspective views of the holding element according to the invention, respectively rotated approximately 90° around the longitudinal axis;
FIG. 6 partial frontal view of another embodiment; and,
FIG. 7 is a cross section accordingly to line VII--VII in FIG. 6.
Referring more particularly to the drawings wherein the showings are for the purpose of illustrating preferred embodiments only and not for the purpose of limiting same, FIG. 1 illustrates the preferred form of the holding element as comprised of plastic and including, essentially, a basic main body 2 and an adjoining resilient stop in the form of, for example, a circumferential and radially extending resilient spring retainer 3. The spring retainer can be round, according to FIG. 2, but the possibility also exists to design the same in oval or angular form or in some other configuration.
The basic body has a square design in cross section and, as shown in FIG. 2, has four side surfaces A, B, C, and D. These four side surfaces are respectively fitted with diagonally opposite pairs of resilient detents, 4, 4' and 5, 5'.
As can be noted, the detents 5 and 5' are positioned in side surfaces B and D and protrude slightly therefrom. In frontal view, the detents 5 and 5' have the shape of a "T".
It is apparent from FIG. 1 that the transverse cross-piece 9 of the T-shaped detent 5 has the front surface 7, while the vertical cross-piece be is arranged between two recesses 11 and 12, positioned in the plane of side surface D of the basic body 2.
Correspondingly, detent 5' also exhibits a T-shape, with a transverse cross-piece 9' and a vertical cross-piece 10' which, in turn, is arranged between two recesses 11' and 12' positioned in the plane of side surface A (see FIG. 2).
Additionally, it is apparent from FIG. 2 that the basic body 2 exhibits in the interior thereof a free, open working space. The space 8 extends up to the height of the underside of the spring retainer 3 but can also be interrupted by at least one cross-piece.
Out of sides A or C there are, again, two diagonally opposite detents formed outwardly, which, according to FIG. 3 exhibit a rectangular shape in frontal view. The end region 14 or 14' of these rectangular detents 4, 4' is, vis-a-vis the side surface A or C of the basic body, pulled into the space 8 so that, according to FIG. 2, the free, open working space 8 exhibits two diagonally opposite, pulled-in thicker regions 15 and 15'.
It is apparent from FIGS. 4 and 5 that the T-shaped detents 5' protrude both with the vertical cross-piece 10' as well as with the transverse cross-piece 9' from the plane of the interpositioned recesses 11, 12. In contrast thereto, the diagonally opposite detents 4 and 4' are designed in such manner that their respective end region 14 is positioned at the level of their assigned side surfaces and that the detents 4, 4' are angled off only at approximately the middle. Their front surfaces 6, 6' thus protrude from the side surfaces A and C, assigned to them. In accordance with this construction according to FIG. 2, the aforementioned pulled-in regions 15 or 15' are present in the basic body 2.
Each of the detents 4, 4' or 5, 5' or their recesses 11 and 12; 11' and 12' is surrounded by a perforation which extends up to the "free working" 8 of the basic body 2. Thus, the detents 4, 4' or 5, 5' have an excellent resilient effect, so that the corresponding front surfaces 6 and 6' or 7 and 7' of the aforementioned detents position themselves at the underside of a not indicated support, whereas the opposite side of said support is acted upon by the circumferential edge of the resilient part 3.
The basic body 2 with quadratically designed cross section having specifically formed detents 4 and 4' and 5 and 5' thus forms collectively a centering cage. Precise centering in a support opening is thereby attained, regardless of whether the opening is designed as a circular bore, a long hole, or a rectangular hole. Undesired down-tilting around the central axis Z according to FIG. 2 is not possible.
It is apparent from FIG. 3 that the front surfaces 6, 6' and 7, 7' of the respective detents face the underside of the spring retainer 3 and are located in the same horizontal plane.
In an unillustrated form of the invention, the possibility also exists that these front surfaces 6, 6' and 7, 7' of the respective detents can be located in at least two different horizontal planes, so that the holding element 1 according to the invention can also be inserted in supports with varying thickness and be efficiently secured therein.
Above the spring retainer there may be located, according to FIGS. 1 or 3, a connecting region 16 for a not specifically identified storage, holding, or engagement element, for instance a cable tape for mounting of pipes, a clip region, or an engagement (device) for storage of a not more specifically identified part.
In order to simplify the mounting of the basic body 2 in a support opening, the basic body 2 exhibits frontally an insertion flange or chamfer 17 according to FIGS. 1 and 3.
While in the illustrated embodiment the basic body 2 exhibits a rectangular form, there also exists the possibility of forming the same in oval or some other configuration. In each instance, however, it must definitely be ascertained that there will result a centering cage with opposing detents.
According to FIGS. 6 and 7, detents 4" may also be present at different heights in the side surfaces of the basic body 2, whereby attachment of the holding element is possible even with different support thicknesses.
Because of the specific design, a holding element of plastic is created which guarantees, even with random rotation around its central axis Z, excellent fixed seating and excellent centering in a support opening. Undesirable down-tilting is avoided. In addition, the entire unit is conceived in such manner that a mechanically sound and cost-effective fabrication is obtained.
The invention has been described with reference to the preferred embodiment. Obviously, modifications and alterations will occur to others upon a reading and understanding of this specification. It is intended to include all such modifications and alterations insofar as they come within the scope of the appended claims or the equivalents thereof.
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US2424757 *||Jun 6, 1945||Jul 29, 1947||Jr Ferdinand Klumpp||Self-locking bushing|
|US2836215 *||Aug 11, 1954||May 27, 1958||Illinois Tool Works||Plastic nut-like fastener with resilient wings|
|US3079581 *||Feb 12, 1958||Feb 26, 1963||Jr Ferdinand Klumpp||Self locking bushing|
|US3393431 *||Jun 16, 1967||Jul 23, 1968||Robin Products Co||Plastic fastening device|
|US3493918 *||Feb 16, 1968||Feb 3, 1970||Tinnerman Products Inc||Panel-mounted electrical terminal clip|
|US4488206 *||Jul 1, 1982||Dec 11, 1984||Nifco Inc.||Lamp housing fixing structure|
|US4704059 *||Jul 16, 1986||Nov 3, 1987||Nifco Inc.||Screw grommet|
|US4762437 *||Mar 10, 1987||Aug 9, 1988||Nifco Inc.||Fastener|
|US4787795 *||Sep 9, 1986||Nov 29, 1988||Trw United-Carr Gmbh||Push-in fastener|
|US4902182 *||Oct 6, 1988||Feb 20, 1990||Trw Inc.||Push-in fastener|
|US4927306 *||May 18, 1988||May 22, 1990||Kato Hatsujo Kaisha, Ltd.||Screw grommet|
|US5011356 *||Jan 25, 1990||Apr 30, 1991||Itw-Mapri Industria E Comercio Ltda||Panel fastener|
|US5039040 *||Jun 12, 1990||Aug 13, 1991||Itw De France||Snap-fastener|
|US5046223 *||Nov 16, 1989||Sep 10, 1991||Trw United Carr Gmbh & Co.||Holding element of plastic|
|US5084944 *||Feb 1, 1991||Feb 4, 1992||Budd R. Brothers||Universal material clip|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US5671513 *||Jul 12, 1995||Sep 30, 1997||Molten Corporation||Clip|
|US5690403 *||Oct 23, 1995||Nov 25, 1997||Steelcase Inc.||Insert for filling utility access opening in furniture panel|
|US5875522 *||Sep 3, 1996||Mar 2, 1999||Illinois Tool Works Inc.||Grommet and adjustable strap fastener assembly|
|US6095594 *||Jul 21, 1998||Aug 1, 2000||Chrysler Corporation||Exterior body side cladding attachment for a motor vehicle and related method|
|US6319436||Oct 27, 1997||Nov 20, 2001||Trw Inc.||Method for making floor fan seal plug with thermoexpanding seal ring and axial guide members|
|US6575681||Mar 14, 2002||Jun 10, 2003||Piolax Inc.||Resin clip|
|US6604730 *||Feb 1, 2002||Aug 12, 2003||Michael Shafer||Vehicle lifting pad system|
|US6928705||Jul 28, 2003||Aug 16, 2005||Newfrey Llc||Low insertion effort U-base retainer|
|US6955514 *||Aug 29, 2003||Oct 18, 2005||Nifco Inc.||Connector with male part for final fixing|
|US7096638||May 30, 2003||Aug 29, 2006||Newfrey Llc||Low insertion effort U-base retainer|
|US7120971||Mar 4, 2002||Oct 17, 2006||Newfrey Llc||Low insertion effort u-base retainer|
|US7179013||May 10, 2004||Feb 20, 2007||Newfrey Llc||Self centering sill plate retainer with opposing wings|
|US7186051||Apr 21, 2004||Mar 6, 2007||Newfrey Llc||Metal/plastic insert molded sill plate fastener|
|US7186068 *||Sep 18, 2003||Mar 6, 2007||A. Raymond & Cie||Fixing element|
|US7222394 *||Mar 8, 2005||May 29, 2007||Halex/Scott Fetzer Company||Bushing for metal studs and the like|
|US7272873||Jun 1, 2004||Sep 25, 2007||Newfrey Llc||Sill plate retainer|
|US7278810 *||Jan 30, 2004||Oct 9, 2007||Itw Automotive Products Gmbh & Co. Kg||Grommet|
|US7364382||Aug 17, 2006||Apr 29, 2008||Newfrey Llc||Metal/plastic insert molded sill plate fastener|
|US7455192||Nov 3, 2004||Nov 25, 2008||Illinois Tool Works Inc.||Overmolded adhesive hole plug|
|US7627973 *||Jul 18, 2007||Dec 8, 2009||Hannspree, Inc.||Frame structure adapted to different display panel thicknesses and corresponding engaging device|
|US7757997 *||Jul 20, 2010||Delphi Technologies, Inc.||Clip for fastening an article to a panel having a self-expanding clip head|
|US8282047 *||Apr 8, 2005||Oct 9, 2012||Avery Dennison Corporation||Cable tie with insert fastener|
|US8286924 *||Nov 27, 2009||Oct 16, 2012||Sumitomo Wiring Systems, Ltd||Clip|
|US9010884||Oct 24, 2011||Apr 21, 2015||Bsh Bosch Und Siemens Hausgeraete Gmbh||Backing piece for attaching an electrical component to a housing wall|
|US20030131443 *||Dec 3, 2002||Jul 17, 2003||Trent Robert S.||Release rod grommet|
|US20030233738 *||May 30, 2003||Dec 25, 2003||Osterland Robert W.||Low insertion effort U-base retainer|
|US20040052612 *||Jun 16, 2003||Mar 18, 2004||Nifco Inc.||Fastener|
|US20040084099 *||Aug 5, 2003||May 6, 2004||Nifco Inc.||Sealing plug|
|US20040091334 *||Aug 29, 2003||May 13, 2004||Nifco Inc.||Connector with male part for final fixing|
|US20040111841 *||Mar 4, 2002||Jun 17, 2004||Osterland Robert Williams||Low insertion effort u-base retainer|
|US20040191025 *||Jan 30, 2004||Sep 30, 2004||Christian Bauer||Grommet|
|US20040223805 *||Apr 21, 2004||Nov 11, 2004||Benedetti Steven M.||Metal/plastic insert molded sill plate fastener|
|US20040240932 *||May 10, 2004||Dec 2, 2004||Benedetti Steven M.||Self centering sill plate retainer with opposing wings|
|US20040244160 *||Jun 1, 2004||Dec 9, 2004||Rosalind Nessel||Sill plate retainer|
|US20050016116 *||Jul 21, 2003||Jan 27, 2005||Siegel-Robert, Inc.||One-piece integrated snap fastening mechanism|
|US20050260060 *||Sep 18, 2003||Nov 24, 2005||Viktor Zoubek||Fixing element|
|US20060200936 *||Mar 8, 2005||Sep 14, 2006||Halex/Scott Felzer Company||Bushing for metal studs and the like|
|US20060225244 *||Mar 22, 2006||Oct 12, 2006||Sebastien Melinette||Curtain rail slider|
|US20060280554 *||Aug 17, 2006||Dec 14, 2006||Benedetti Steven M||Metal/plastic insert molded sill plate fastener|
|US20070000102 *||Jun 1, 2004||Jan 4, 2007||Rosalind Nessel||Sill plate retainer|
|US20070084663 *||Oct 16, 2006||Apr 19, 2007||Denso Corporation||Mounting structure of collision detection apparatus|
|US20080250609 *||Apr 8, 2005||Oct 16, 2008||Avery Dennison Corporation||Cable Tie With Insert Fastener|
|US20080276516 *||Jul 18, 2007||Nov 13, 2008||Hannspree, Inc.||Frame structure adapted to different display panel thicknesses and corresponding engaging device|
|US20100025547 *||Jul 31, 2008||Feb 4, 2010||Smutny Dale J||Clip for fastening an article to a panel having a self-expanding clip head|
|US20110239412 *||Nov 27, 2009||Oct 6, 2011||Sumitomo Wiring Systems, Ltd.||Clip|
|US20150245723 *||May 14, 2015||Sep 3, 2015||Ember Technologies, Inc.||Heated or cooled dishware and drinkware|
|U.S. Classification||24/453, 24/297, 411/913, 411/510|
|International Classification||F16B21/02, F16B5/06, F16B21/08, F16B13/14|
|Cooperative Classification||F16B5/0621, F16B21/086, Y10T24/42, Y10T24/309, F16B21/02, Y10S411/913|
|Apr 29, 1994||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: TRW UNITED CAR GMBH & CO. KG, GERMANY
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:KRAUS, WILLIBALD;REEL/FRAME:006988/0433
Effective date: 19940415
|Apr 6, 1999||REMI||Maintenance fee reminder mailed|
|Sep 12, 1999||LAPS||Lapse for failure to pay maintenance fees|
|Nov 23, 1999||FP||Expired due to failure to pay maintenance fee|
Effective date: 19990912