|Publication number||US5452287 A|
|Application number||US 08/123,654|
|Publication date||Sep 19, 1995|
|Filing date||Sep 20, 1993|
|Priority date||Sep 20, 1993|
|Also published as||CA2148914A1, CA2148914C, DE69429333D1, DE69429333T2, EP0671087A1, EP0671087A4, EP0671087B1, WO1995008880A1|
|Publication number||08123654, 123654, US 5452287 A, US 5452287A, US-A-5452287, US5452287 A, US5452287A|
|Inventors||Stephen DiCecco, Steven R. Cook, Anthony J. Risica|
|Original Assignee||Motorola, Inc.|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (4), Referenced by (91), Classifications (8), Legal Events (7)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
This invention concerns communication and computer networks.
Modern computer and communication networks are capable of supporting calls to and from a variety of network user equipment. The network user equipment may utilize many different protocols, classes and options (PC&O) as part of their normal operation. There are several protocol possibilities, each with its own set of classes and options, which may exist at a time for any given piece of user equipment attached to the network. To provide optimal network service across all PC&O variations, the network therefore supports a variety of packet, frame, cell, and/or circuit based user information transport methods internal to the network.
To determine which PC&O to use, calling and called network users "negotiate" between themselves and the network, at call establishment time, in a three-party exchange. The PC&O provides the network with enough information during call negotiation to select the appropriate method for user information transport. The network negotiation should be accomplished without unduly constraining any user-to-user negotiation taking place over and above that occuring internal to the network during call establishment.
Several problems are attendant in this process. The mismatch of PC&O between calling and called users create a problem for network implementation. Frequently, the network is not made aware of a user's PC&O requirements until the user requests a call from the network. Similarly, the network may be unaware of the called user's PC&O requirements until after the called user responds to a network notification of an incoming call. The network must consolidate and harmonize the potential PC&O differences to determine the appropriate method for user information transport to be used in support of the call. Furthermore, the PC&O requirements of the calling user may combine with PC&O requirements of the called. user so as to affect the resources which must be allocated to the call to support the method of user information transport.
Present computer network provide single methods of user information transport. In Present negotiation strategies require that the network negotiate between calling and called users in a singly circular fashion, passing PC&O from the calling user (source) to the called user(s) (destination(s)) and return. As the network does not aquire PC&O from both the source and destination(s), the method of user information transfer by the network is not optimized for the finally negotiated PC&O. Calls are implemented in present compute networks simply by applying user information transport methods which may vary only in protocol options and not by protocol and class.
In addition, if PC&O information is known prior to the user's call, then the information for the calling user and the called user must be stored for use by the network. If the PC&O information is stored, whenever a user changes equipment, the stored information about the PC&O must be changed.
If PC&O information could be obtained at call time while still conducting the negotiation effectively, the network could select a method of user information transport optimal for the negotiated user PC&O. Also, obtaining PC&O at call time results in greater flexibility in network operation and maintenance, since user equipment could change while requiring minimal changes configuration information.
FIG. 1 shows a network.
FIGS. 2.1, 2.2, & 2.3 show a flowchart for PC&O determination for the network.
A method solving this problem is presented herein. A special negotiation strategy is employed during call processing to obtain and coordinate PC&O information from the calling and called network users. The special negotiation strategy involves querying the destination edge for destination related PC&O, sending this information back to the source and subsequently proceeding with traditional source to destination and return call processing.
Referring to FIG. 1, network 5 has a sets of nodes 20, 40. User equipment 10 is connected by physical media 30. User equipment may be fax machines, modems, digital signal processors or computer terminals. Physical media 30 may be telephone lines, cellular telephone links, satellite links, or microwave links.
Logically, user equipment 10 is attached at the edges of the network 5. User equipment 10 is attached to edge nodes 20. All other nodes are intermediate nodes 40.
The links 30 between nodes 20, 40 may be logical subdivisions of the actual physical links connecting network 5. These logical internodal links 30 may transparently overlay physical medial and telecommunication equipment in the public network and are relatively static. Typically, the internodal link is the entire physical link, although it may occupy only part of the physical link. A single physical link may contain multiple internodal links.
Network manager 50, comprising at least one computer, manages addressing, as call endpoints, for the network nodes. However, the network manager does not directly participate in the negotiations involved in call setup.
Each edge node 20 maintains call endpoint information for each user's address, which is defined local to that particular edge node. User's addresses are said to be local to a node if the addressed user's equipment is connected to the node via some physical media. Calling users (source) signal the network to place calls passing PC&O in the process. The source edge node queries the destination edge network node for the PC&Os supported by the destination. The destination edge may be required to obtain PC&O from the destination to respond. Upon response to the PC&O query issued by the source node and therfore armed with information from both edges, the source node can determine the appropriate method for the transport of user information by the network. The PC&O information from the destination edge is combined with the source PC&O information and is considered fully negotiated. The negotiated PC&O is used to determine and implement an optimal method for user information transport thereby completing the call.
FIGS. 2.1, 2.2, and 2.3 show a flowchart showing how a network user's call is handled by the source and destination edge nodes. These network nodes must negotiate a final set of PC&O between the calling user equipment, the called user equipment, and the network. The PC&O, thus determined, provides the source edge node with enough information to select the appropriate user information transport method, while not unduly constraining any end user-to-user negotiation. All information exchanged is assumed to be in terms of PC&O.
Refering to FIGS. 2.1, 2.2, and 2.3 the improved negotiation algorithm has two starting states (steps 100, 102) representing the user's request of the network to initiate a call on the user's behalf. The user may have chosen to initiate the call upon a specific time of day (step 100) or by communicating directly with the network (step 102).
The network node to which the originating user's equipment is attached (source edge node) determines the set of addresses corresponding to the call's participants (step 104). These addresses are defined to be the source address and destination addresses corresponding the calling and called parties. These addresses may have come from either configuration or may have been passed to node directly by the user/user equipment.
Using the addresses thus determined, the edge node to which the originating (call) user equipment is attached determines the set of destination edge nodes (step 106).
Having determined the set of destination edge nodes, the source edge node seeks the PC&Os employed by the source user's equipment.
If PC&O related to the calling user was not passed to the network as information embeded in the user's call request (step 108), the source node fetches such information from its own local configuration data as determined by the calling user's address (step 110). Otherwise, the PC&O received from the calling user's equipment is used.
The source node the queries all destination edge nodes, passing the addresses of the called party, asking for the PC&O associated with each destination user's equipment as identified by the called address received in the query (step 112). Destination edge nodes are identified at the source node by local lookup on the addresses of the called user's equipment. The queries are supported by protocols internal to the network manger 50, which exist solely in support of the network and whick are unrelated to the PC&O being negotiated between users by the network.
Each destination node receiving a query requesting PC&O for addressed called parties performs identical functions. The destination node uses the destination addresses passed in the query from the source node to lookup a list of PC&O possibilities supported by the called user's equipment (step 114). This is then merged with that received from the source node query to produce a superset of PC&O from both the source node and destination node (step 116). If the user equipment is attached to the destination edge node of the network in such a fashion that it is possible for the network to communicate the superset PC&O in a notification of an incoming call (step 118), this is accomplished at this time by the destination node (step 120).
In this case, the destination user's equipment may reply to the notification of an incoming call by responding in the positive and passing the subset of the superset PC&O which it is willing to support back to the destination edge network node (step 122). If the destination user's equipment selected a subset of the superset PC&O (step 124), that subset is used to form a repy to the source node's query (126). Otherwise, the superset PC&O is used instead to form the reply (step 128). In either case, the destination node replies to the source node's query providing a set of PC&O supportable by the destination user's equipment (step 130).
Upon receipt of query responses from all queried, destinations, the source edge node attempts to select a final PC&O set by combination of the PC&O information associated with the calling and called user's equipment used in conjunction with locally configured information (step 132). If the combination of source and destination PC&O are noncompatible, the call is terminated (step 134) control transfers to the initial states (steps 100, 102). Otherwise, the source selects the final PC&O set as defined above (stpe 136).
Having selected the final PC&O set to be used by the network in support of the users call, the source edge node uses this result, the final PC&O, to select a method for transporting the user's information internal to the network which guarantees the traffic characteristics described by the PC&O negotiated between users and the network (step 138). The network allocates any internal resource required to support the transport of user information by the network (step 140) and activates these resources thereby enabling the call for the network users (step 142).
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US5142528 *||Feb 2, 1990||Aug 25, 1992||Hitachi, Ltd.||Protocol selector and protocol selection method|
|US5224098 *||Jul 17, 1991||Jun 29, 1993||International Business Machines Corporation||Compensation for mismatched transport protocols in a data communications network|
|US5295139 *||Nov 15, 1991||Mar 15, 1994||Dsc Communications Corporation||Management system for partitioned multi-bandwidth communications network|
|US5357625 *||Oct 26, 1992||Oct 18, 1994||International Business Machines Corporation||System for identifying common formats and protocols and allocating respective buffers spaces for simultaneous communication|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US5835735 *||Mar 3, 1995||Nov 10, 1998||Eastman Kodak Company||Method for negotiating software compatibility|
|US6006255 *||Apr 5, 1996||Dec 21, 1999||International Business Machines Corporation||Networked computer system and method of communicating using multiple request packet classes to prevent deadlock|
|US6125122 *||Jan 21, 1997||Sep 26, 2000||At&T Wireless Svcs. Inc.||Dynamic protocol negotiation system|
|US6178456 *||Aug 21, 1997||Jan 23, 2001||Advanced Micro Devices Inc.||Method of communicating between a personal computer and a service provider|
|US6181940||Feb 10, 1998||Jan 30, 2001||Telefonaktiebolaget Lm Ericsson (Publ)||Methods and apparatus for location area scheme negotiation in communications systems|
|US6229809||Oct 10, 1997||May 8, 2001||Novell, Inc.||Method and system for combining computer network protocols|
|US6434168||Jun 3, 1997||Aug 13, 2002||Nokia Telecommunications Oy||Data compression on a data connection|
|US6445716 *||Aug 8, 2000||Sep 3, 2002||At&T Wireless Services, Inc.||Method and apparatus for dynamic negotiation of protocols|
|US6631128||May 27, 1999||Oct 7, 2003||Telefonaktiebolaget L M Ericcson (Publ)||Core network optimization of topology and technology for traffic handling|
|US6643258 *||Oct 22, 1998||Nov 4, 2003||Kabushiki Kaisha Toshiba||Communication resource management method and node device using priority control and admission control|
|US6671367||May 16, 2000||Dec 30, 2003||Telefonaktiebolaget Lm Ericsson||Capability negotiation in a telecommunications network|
|US6697336 *||Oct 27, 1999||Feb 24, 2004||Telefonaktiebolaget Lm Ericsson (Publ)||Method to configure a communication link for a data transmission|
|US6747957 *||Apr 28, 2000||Jun 8, 2004||Cisco Technology, Inc.||Network availability monitor|
|US6865187 *||Jun 30, 1999||Mar 8, 2005||Cisco Technology, Inc.||Method and apparatus using transition state protocol signaling for fax transport manner capability exchange|
|US6999419 *||Oct 14, 2003||Feb 14, 2006||Kabushiki Kaisha Toshiba||Communication resource management method and node control device using priority control and admission control|
|US7054332 *||Jul 18, 2002||May 30, 2006||Cingular Wireless Ii, Inc.||Method and apparatus for dynamic negotiation of protocols|
|US7072388 *||Apr 10, 2002||Jul 4, 2006||Qualcomm Incorporated||Method for providing service and rate negotiation in a mobile communication system|
|US7130913||Jul 28, 2003||Oct 31, 2006||Realtime Data Llc||System and methods for accelerated data storage and retrieval|
|US7161506||Sep 22, 2003||Jan 9, 2007||Realtime Data Llc||Systems and methods for data compression such as content dependent data compression|
|US7177944 *||Aug 27, 2002||Feb 13, 2007||Mindspeed Technologies, Inc.||Trans-compression selection and configuration in modem over packet networks|
|US7181608||Feb 2, 2001||Feb 20, 2007||Realtime Data Llc||Systems and methods for accelerated loading of operating systems and application programs|
|US7321937||Apr 8, 2006||Jan 22, 2008||Realtime Data Llc||System and methods for accelerated data storage and retrieval|
|US7352300||Jan 8, 2007||Apr 1, 2008||Realtime Data Llc||Data compression systems and methods|
|US7358867||Apr 8, 2006||Apr 15, 2008||Realtime Data Llc||Content independent data compression method and system|
|US7359335 *||Jul 18, 2003||Apr 15, 2008||International Business Machines Corporation||Automatic configuration of network for monitoring|
|US7376772||Apr 8, 2006||May 20, 2008||Realtime Data Llc||Data storewidth accelerator|
|US7378992||Apr 8, 2006||May 27, 2008||Realtime Data Llc||Content independent data compression method and system|
|US7386046||Feb 13, 2002||Jun 10, 2008||Realtime Data Llc||Bandwidth sensitive data compression and decompression|
|US7394807 *||Aug 10, 2001||Jul 1, 2008||Nokia Corporation||Communication system and method providing a mode selection procedure|
|US7395345||Apr 8, 2006||Jul 1, 2008||Realtime Data Llc||System and methods for accelerated data storage and retrieval|
|US7400274||Mar 13, 2007||Jul 15, 2008||Realtime Data Llc||System and method for data feed acceleration and encryption|
|US7400618||Dec 28, 2004||Jul 15, 2008||Cisco Technology, Inc.||Method and apparatus using transition state protocol signaling for fax transport manner capability exchange|
|US7415530||Oct 26, 2006||Aug 19, 2008||Realtime Data Llc||System and methods for accelerated data storage and retrieval|
|US7415711 *||Aug 1, 2003||Aug 19, 2008||Microsoft Corporation||System and method for a transport independent gaming API for mobile devices|
|US7417568||May 7, 2003||Aug 26, 2008||Realtime Data Llc||System and method for data feed acceleration and encryption|
|US7426567||Sep 4, 2001||Sep 16, 2008||Emageon Inc.||Methods and apparatus for streaming DICOM images through data element sources and sinks|
|US7523355||Sep 25, 2006||Apr 21, 2009||Cisco Technology, Inc.||Method and apparatus for outage measurement|
|US7664097||Mar 22, 2004||Feb 16, 2010||Verizon Services Corp.||Telephone service via networking|
|US7688745||Aug 14, 2000||Mar 30, 2010||Nokia Siemens Networks Oy||Communication system and method providing a mode selection procedure|
|US7714747||Jan 8, 2007||May 11, 2010||Realtime Data Llc||Data compression systems and methods|
|US7724648||Aug 22, 2007||May 25, 2010||International Business Machines Corporation||System and method for monitoring the functionality of network interfaces|
|US7733948||Jun 27, 2006||Jun 8, 2010||Qualcomm Incorporated||Method for providing service and rate negotiation in a mobile communication system|
|US7777651||Jun 2, 2008||Aug 17, 2010||Realtime Data Llc||System and method for data feed acceleration and encryption|
|US7813332||Feb 7, 2005||Oct 12, 2010||Verizon Services Corp.||Voice call alternative routing through PSTN and internet networks|
|US7822048||Oct 15, 2008||Oct 26, 2010||Slt Logic Llc||System and method for policing multiple data flows and multi-protocol data flows|
|US7826384||May 4, 2001||Nov 2, 2010||Nortel Networks Limited||Method and apparatus for negotiating bearer control parameters using property sets|
|US7835344||Jul 23, 2001||Nov 16, 2010||Verizon Services Corp.||Transport of caller identification information through diverse communication networks|
|US7835375||Dec 5, 2007||Nov 16, 2010||Slt Logic, Llc||Method and apparatus for providing multi-protocol, multi-stage, real-time frame classification|
|US7978606||Sep 20, 2005||Jul 12, 2011||Slt Logic, Llc||System and method for policing multiple data flows and multi-protocol data flows|
|US8031625||Mar 10, 2008||Oct 4, 2011||International Business Machines Corporation||Automatic configuration of network for monitoring|
|US8054879||Jan 8, 2010||Nov 8, 2011||Realtime Data Llc||Bandwidth sensitive data compression and decompression|
|US8073047||May 19, 2008||Dec 6, 2011||Realtime Data, Llc||Bandwidth sensitive data compression and decompression|
|US8090936||Oct 19, 2006||Jan 3, 2012||Realtime Data, Llc||Systems and methods for accelerated loading of operating systems and application programs|
|US8112619||Oct 19, 2006||Feb 7, 2012||Realtime Data Llc||Systems and methods for accelerated loading of operating systems and application programs|
|US8275897||Apr 8, 2006||Sep 25, 2012||Realtime Data, Llc||System and methods for accelerated data storage and retrieval|
|US8502707||Feb 9, 2010||Aug 6, 2013||Realtime Data, Llc||Data compression systems and methods|
|US8504710||Oct 26, 2006||Aug 6, 2013||Realtime Data Llc||System and methods for accelerated data storage and retrieval|
|US8553759||Jun 6, 2011||Oct 8, 2013||Realtime Data, Llc||Bandwidth sensitive data compression and decompression|
|US8643513||Jun 6, 2011||Feb 4, 2014||Realtime Data Llc||Data compression systems and methods|
|US8692695||Aug 16, 2010||Apr 8, 2014||Realtime Data, Llc||Methods for encoding and decoding data|
|US8717203||Sep 24, 2013||May 6, 2014||Realtime Data, Llc||Data compression systems and methods|
|US8717204||Sep 24, 2013||May 6, 2014||Realtime Data Llc||Methods for encoding and decoding data|
|US8719438||May 5, 2011||May 6, 2014||Realtime Data Llc||System and methods for accelerated data storage and retrieval|
|US8723701||Sep 24, 2013||May 13, 2014||Realtime Data Llc||Methods for encoding and decoding data|
|US8742958||Sep 24, 2013||Jun 3, 2014||Realtime Data Llc||Methods for encoding and decoding data|
|US8756332||Oct 26, 2006||Jun 17, 2014||Realtime Data Llc||System and methods for accelerated data storage and retrieval|
|US8867610||Dec 19, 2013||Oct 21, 2014||Realtime Data Llc||System and methods for video and audio data distribution|
|US8880862||May 27, 2011||Nov 4, 2014||Realtime Data, Llc||Systems and methods for accelerated loading of operating systems and application programs|
|US8929442||Dec 19, 2013||Jan 6, 2015||Realtime Data, Llc||System and methods for video and audio data distribution|
|US8933825||Apr 11, 2014||Jan 13, 2015||Realtime Data Llc||Data compression systems and methods|
|US8934535||Sep 20, 2013||Jan 13, 2015||Realtime Data Llc||Systems and methods for video and audio data storage and distribution|
|US8938062||Jun 18, 2012||Jan 20, 2015||Comcast Ip Holdings I, Llc||Method for accessing service resource items that are for use in a telecommunications system|
|US9054728||Sep 24, 2014||Jun 9, 2015||Realtime Data, Llc||Data compression systems and methods|
|US9116908||Jun 12, 2014||Aug 25, 2015||Realtime Data Llc||System and methods for accelerated data storage and retrieval|
|US9141992||Feb 23, 2012||Sep 22, 2015||Realtime Data Llc||Data feed acceleration|
|US9143546||Oct 3, 2001||Sep 22, 2015||Realtime Data Llc||System and method for data feed acceleration and encryption|
|US20020052866 *||Sep 4, 2001||May 2, 2002||Wortmann Joseph P.||Methods and apparatus for streaming DICOM images through data element sources and sinks|
|US20040131013 *||Oct 14, 2003||Jul 8, 2004||Kabushiki Kaisha Toshiba||Communication resource management method and node control device using priority control and admission control|
|US20040174880 *||Mar 22, 2004||Sep 9, 2004||White Patrick E.||Internet telephone service|
|US20050013255 *||Jul 18, 2003||Jan 20, 2005||International Business Machines Corporation||Automatic configuration of network for monitoring|
|US20050028166 *||Aug 1, 2003||Feb 3, 2005||Microsoft Corporation||System and method for a transport independent gaming API for mobile devices|
|US20050220289 *||May 31, 2005||Oct 6, 2005||Verizon Services Corp.||Methods and apparatus for providing telephone support for internet sales|
|US20060039372 *||Jun 6, 2005||Feb 23, 2006||Slt Logic Llc||Method and apparatus for providing multi-protocol, multi-stage, real-time frame classification|
|US20060159019 *||Sep 20, 2005||Jul 20, 2006||Slt Logic Llc||System and method for policing multiple data flows and multi-protocol data flows|
|US20060181441 *||Apr 8, 2006||Aug 17, 2006||Fallon James J||Content independent data compression method and system|
|US20060190644 *||Apr 8, 2006||Aug 24, 2006||Fallon James J||Data storewidth accelerator|
|EP0998078A1 *||Oct 30, 1998||May 3, 2000||Telefonaktiebolaget Lm Ericsson||Method for configuring a communication link for data transmission|
|WO1997048212A1 *||Jun 3, 1997||Dec 18, 1997||Nokia Telecommunications Oy||Data compression on a data connection|
|WO2000027074A1 *||Sep 25, 1999||May 11, 2000||Ericsson Telefon Ab L M||Method to configure a communication link for data transmission|
|WO2000074303A2 *||Apr 28, 2000||Dec 7, 2000||Ericsson Telefon Ab L M||Optimization of topology and switching technology in a core network|
|WO2001084790A1 *||May 4, 2001||Nov 8, 2001||Nortel Networks Ltd||Method and apparatus for negotiating bearer control parameters using property sets|
|U.S. Classification||370/236, 370/465, 370/252, 703/24, 703/25|
|Nov 12, 1993||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: CODEX CORPORATION, MASSACHUSETTS
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:DICECCO, STEPHEN;REEL/FRAME:006813/0799
Effective date: 19931102
|Dec 30, 1994||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: MOTOROLA, INC., ILLINOIS
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:CODEX CORPORATION;REEL/FRAME:007279/0391
Effective date: 19941216
|Dec 14, 1998||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 4
|Dec 30, 2002||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 8
|Feb 20, 2007||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 12
|Dec 13, 2010||AS||Assignment|
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:MOTOROLA, INC;REEL/FRAME:025673/0558
Effective date: 20100731
Owner name: MOTOROLA MOBILITY, INC, ILLINOIS
|Oct 2, 2012||AS||Assignment|
Effective date: 20120622
Free format text: CHANGE OF NAME;ASSIGNOR:MOTOROLA MOBILITY, INC.;REEL/FRAME:029216/0282
Owner name: MOTOROLA MOBILITY LLC, ILLINOIS