|Publication number||US546323 A|
|Publication date||Sep 17, 1895|
|Publication number||US 546323 A, US 546323A, US-A-546323, US546323 A, US546323A|
|Inventors||George Henry Harland|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (5), Classifications (1)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
. G. H. HARLAND.
' TURNED SHOE.
Patented Sept. 17, 1895.
Unirse S'rnrns nrnnr @erica GEORGE HENRY HARLAND, OF DETROIT, MICHIGAN.
Y SPECIFIGATIGN forming part of Letters Patent No. 546,323, dated September 17, 189 5.
Application filed August 10, 1894@ Serial No. 519,964. (No model.) t
To @ZZ whom may concern.-
Be it known that l, GEORGE HENRY HAR- LAND, a subject of the Queen of Great Britain, residing at Detroit, in the county of l/Vayne and State of Michigan, have invented a ne7 and useful Turned Shoe, of which the following is a specification.
The invention relates to improvements in turned shoes.
The object. of the invention is to cheapen and improve the construction of such shoes and to provide a shoe which will not Wear out at the toe and that has no scams underneath the toe to injure the foot.
The invention therefore primarily contemplates a specitic construction of turned shoe that is especially designed for the use of intants and children, in order to protect the toes from undue chafing on seams While at the same time protecting the front end of the vamp from wearing out; and to secure these desirable results the invention provides at the rbe skived or thinned to facilitate the operafront end of the shoe abroad at bearingsnrface that is disposed at j ust such an angle that the same will come in contact with the floor when the child is creeping or crawling.
The invention consists in the novel construction and arrangement of parts, as hereinafter fully described, and illustrated in the accompanying drawings, which form a part of this specification.
In the drawings, Figure l is a perspective view of the completed shoe. Fig. 2 is a vertical section thereof. Fig. 3 is a plan of the shortened vamp, and Fig. 4 is a plan of the elongated sole.
Like numerals of reference indicate corre- .spending parts in all the figures of the drawings.
l represents the vamp, which may be of any of the customary forms and may be either of a separate piece or integral with the quarters of the shoe. The vamp is shortened at the toe, as shown at 4, or, in other Words, is of less length than the shoe 1.o be constructed.
2 represents the quarters, which in this instance are separate from the vamp and comprise two pieces-wiz., the outside and inside quarters.
3 represents the sole, which is of the ousyposes of the invention Whether the style of the shoe be the laced, buttoned, or gaiter class. The upper thus prepared is mounted on a last or form Wrong-side out. The elongated ,sole 3 is then applied,and the sole and upper are stitched together by any preferred means.
The elongation or extension 5 of the sole 3 .iis bent to meet the shortened end of the vamp and stitched or otherwise secured thereto. rl"he last or form is then removed, andthe vshoe is turned right-side out.
A spring or other form of heel may be aprplied to the shoe after turning it a heel should `be desired.
The fiat elongated portion 5 ot the sole may tion of bending it to an obtuse angle from the Vbody of the sole and sewing it to the shortened vamp, and when a moderately thick sole is used this method is desirable, as it also makes a neater iinish at the point of union of the vamp and the end ot' the sole.
By reason of the above-described improvement the upper can be out to tit the shape of the foot accurately, inasmuch as the downturned portion of the vamp is omitted and is replaced by the upturned portion of the sole, and in addition to this advantage it will be seen that the puckering of the vamp contiguous to its point of attachment to the sole at the front is avoided, said puckering in the ordinary construction being due to the contraction of the vamp, which is necessary at the point of attachment to the sole. Furthermore, the front portion of the vamp is pro tected from Wear by the upturned portion of the sole, and when the improvement is used in connection'with childrens shoes this ad- 9Q5 vantage is of special importance, for therea- ICO of the sole is connected to the front edge of the vamp being arranged at the upper portion of the front of the toe of the shoe does not receive the pressure of the foot, and hence does not inconvenience the wearer, and in order to strengthen the upper at its point of attachment to the extension of the sole, I employ an ordinary form of exterior tip or reinforcement, as shown clearly in the drawings, Figs. l and 2, the upper edge of the extension and the front edges of the vamp and tip being stitched together.
Changes in the form, proportion, and the minor details of construction within the scope ofthe claim may be made without departing from the principle or sacrificing any of the advantages of this invention.
In constructing shoes embodying the vital principles of the invention it will be understood that the sole 3 Will be formed from such stock and material generally employed for such purpose and which is sufficiently stiff to resist Wear and retain the proper shape of the shoe. The upper, comprising the quarters and vamp, is formed from comparatively thin and light stock, which is pliable to conform to the shape and movements of the foot without inflicting pain and causing inconvenience to the wearer. It is Well known that the toe of shoes receives the greatest Wear, and particularly is this the case with infants shoes. Hence it is a desideratum to protect this point, which is effected in a simple and eficient manner by the present invention, by extending the front end portion of the stilitcned sole beyond the prescribed outline of the inished slice a sufficient distance to form and provide a stiffened toe when said extended portion is bent at approximately a right angle to the plane of the sole to meet the shortened vamp to which it is stitched. The edges of the vamp and quarters are brought to the plane of the sole and stitched to the edge portions thereof in the ordinary manner.
A shoe of the improved construction embodies astiened sole, Whose parts are in substantially the same plane, except the stiftened toe-piece, and an upper of light pliable material, having the edges of the quarters and vamp terminating or brought to the plane of -the sole and attached to the edges thereof by stitching in the ordinary manner, the vamp being shortened and attached to the edge of the upturned stiffened toe-piece. In these particulars the present invention distinguishes essentially and materially from moccasins as heretofore constructed, which have the sole and upper formed of substantially the same material, the edge portions of the sole being upturned and crimped and attached to the shortened quarters and Vamp.
What I claim is- As an improved article of manufacture, a shoe comprisinga stiff sole having. all its parts in substantially the same plane except the front end, which is extended beyond the prescribed outline of the finished shoe and bent to form a stilfened toe, and an upper, comprising quarters and a vamp, of comparatively thin and pliable material and having its lower edges brought to the plane of the sole and stitched to the edges thereof, the front end of the vamp being shortened to correspond With the said outline of the shoe and stitched to the edge of the said upturned stitiened toe, substantially as set forth.
In testimony that I claim the foregoing as my own I have hereto aftxed my signature in the presence of two Witnesses.
GEORGE HENRY HARLAND.
E. W. RICHARDS, J. G. HARLAND.
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|US2502393 *||Apr 22, 1947||Mar 28, 1950||Child s garment|
|US2587300 *||Nov 14, 1947||Feb 26, 1952||Everston Joseph H||Shoe with sole leather toe|
|US4939853 *||May 15, 1989||Jul 10, 1990||Jon Farbman||Marching shoe|
|US6604299||Apr 6, 2000||Aug 12, 2003||Steven A. Libassi||Athletic shoe with a sole extension|
|WO2005016048A1 *||Jul 31, 2003||Feb 24, 2005||Libassi Steven A||An athletic shoe with a sole extension|