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Publication numberUS546421 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateSep 17, 1895
Publication numberUS 546421 A, US 546421A, US-A-546421, US546421 A, US546421A
InventorsFred W. Duke
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Soldering-clamp
US 546421 A
Abstract  available in
Images(2)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

{No Model.) 2 Sheets-Sheet 1. F. W. DUKE.

I SOLDERING CLAMP. No. 546,421. Patented Sept. 17, 1895.

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UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.

FRED W. DUKE, OF FORT DODGE, IOWA.

SOLD'ERlNG-CLAMP.

SPECIFFCATION forming part Of Letters Patent NO. 546,421, dated September 17, 1895. A 1 Application filed October 1Q, 1894. Serial No. 525,497- (Ho model.)

To all whom it may concern:

Be it known that I, FRED W. DUKE, a citizen of the United States, residing at Fort Dodge, in the county of Webster and State of Iowa, have invented a new and useful Sol- Goring-Forceps, of which the following is a specification.

My invention relates to. soldering-forceps designed for the use of jewelers, dentists, plumbers, and others in making and repairing small articles and designed to hold such articles in convenient positions for soldering and manipulation, the different parts or members of the apparatus being capable of occupying an infinite number of relative positions.

The objects and advantages of the invention will appear in the following description, and the novel features thereof will be particularly pointed out in the appended claims.

In the drawings, Figure 1 is a perspective view of a device embodying my invention. Fig, 2 is a similar view of a device having a modified form of frame for supporting the articulated arms. Fig. 3 is a. detail view in perspective of one of the clips for attachment to and adjustment upon the frame shown in. Fig. 1.

Fig. 4 is a modified form of clip, also adapted for use in connection with the frame shown in Fig. 1. one of the clamps or tweezers for engaging the work. 7 Fig. 6 is a detail sectional view of the clip shown in Figs. 1 and 3. Fig. 7 is a detail view of an intermediate arm provided'at each end with an elbow. Fig. 8 shows a modified form of base and stem. Fig. 9 is a detail view of tweezers, showing a modified form of clip. Fig. 10 is a similar view, showing said modified form of clip attached to a frame, a portion only of the frame being shown.

Similar numerals of reference indicate corresponding parts in all the figures of the drawmgs. 7

variously-shaped frames may be employedsuch as round, square, or other convenient form; but in the construction illustrated in in Fig. 1' thenumeral 1 designates a frame which is of reetangularshape with rounded or curved: corners, adapted to facilitate the fastening thereto and the adjustment thereon of the clips 2. These clips are approximately V-shaped and the arms 3 thereof are provided Fig. 5 is a detail view of near the apex of the clip with alignedperforations 4 for the reception of the-round .-bar or rod forming the frame. These-clips? are the inner members of articulated arms 5,

which carry the terminal clamps or tweezers 6, said clamps being of any suitable orpreferred construction.

Various means for securing the clips in the desired position andat the desired points on the frame may be employed, the form shown in Fig. l and in the detail view, Fig. 3, consisting of a. small wedge-block7, arranged in the angle of the clip and between the inner surface thereof and the adjacent surface'of the wire or rod forming the frame, said wedgehlock having a threaded extension or stem 8, upon which is fitted a loose collar 9, to bear upon the edge of the clip, and athumb-nut, preferably having a milled periphery, threaded upon the extremity of said extension or stem. By tightening the thumb-nut the beveled surface of the wedge-block is forced into frictional contact with the surface of the rod or wire forming the frame, thereby locking the clip in the desired position.

In Fig. 4 I have shown a modified form of the means for securing the clip at the desired adjustment, in which a thumb-screw 9 is threaded in a perforation in the apex of the clip and is adapted to hear at its extremity against thesurface of the rod or wire forming the frame.

The terminals of the arms of" the clip are provided with opposite depressions or partial spherical sockets for the reception of aball 10 on the inner end of an intermediate arm 11, forming one member of the articulated-v arm 5. The outer extremity of said member 11 is fitted with a. similar ball 12, which fits in partial spherical sockets 13 inthe inner surfaces of the arm 14 at the inner end of the,

clamp or tweezers 6. The arms 14 maybe ad; I

each other to hold the article engaged in the desired position over a flame or blow-pipe, and the,substantially rectangular or parallel sided construction of the frame provides for the proper bracing of the ness during operation."

To one side or angle of the frame is attached a clip 16, similar in construction to those above described, but preferably fixed in position, the terminal arms of this clip being provided with opposite concaved surfaces or sockets for the reception of a ball 17 on the upper end of a stem 18 and with a set-screw 16 to adjust said arms. -This stem is fitted in a vertical socket in the base or standard 19 and is held at the desired vertical adjustment by means of a set-screw 20.

parts to secure firm- 1 ,Referring to the modified form of my invention, which is illustrated in Fig. 2, it will be seen that the articulated arms are of substantially the same construction, but that the frame, instead of being parallel-sided, consists of a series of radial arms 21, preferably bifurcated to form divergent cheeks 22, which perform the function of the divergent arms of the clips described in connection with Fig. 1. These divergent cheeks 22 are provided with terminal concavities or sockets for the reception of the balls on the inner ends of the in termediate members of the articulated arms, and said divergent checks are adjusted to take up lost motion by means of set-screws 23. This frame is preferably constructed of a series of fiat bars, which are bent upon themselves medially,'and are secured together by means of rivets or similar fastening devices, as shown at 24. The inner ends of two of the flat bars are arranged in contact to form a clip 25 for the engagement of the ball 26 on the upper end of the stem 27.

The arms of the clips .are provided near their outer ends with registering perforations 31 for the reception of set-screws 32, whereby lost motion may be taken up between the balls and the sockets. I

The uses and manner of operation of devices of this class are well known, and therefore a detailed description thereof is unnecessary, it being obvious that the ball-andsocket joints, which are provided between the members composing the arms, together with the bends in the. arms, allow free adjustment in all directions, so that the clamps may be disposed in the most convenient relative positions.--,

I preferably employ large balls in the conof the joint between an intermediate member and a clamp is accomplished by the thumbscrows 15 without affecting the adjustment of the jaws of the clamp, and therefore, after an article has been engaged between the jaws of a clamp any desired change in the position of the arm supporting the clamp or of the members of said arm may be made without releasing the article. In the same way the adjustment of the clips upon the frame is entirely independent of the adjustment of. the joints between the outer ends of said clips and the contiguous ends of the intermediate members of the arms.

In the drawingsI have illustrated two forms of intermediate members of the arms, one having a single and the other twin angular bends located near the balls, but it will be understood that the amount of deflection at these bonds, and the particular location of the bends may be altered to suit the particular class of work for which the apparatus is designed. In Figs. 1 and 2 these intermediate members 11 areshown provided with one bend or elbow 30, whereas in the detail view the corresponding member is. provided with terminal bends 33 and 34, the bond 33 being right angular, while the bend 34 is an obtuse angle.

In Fig. 8 I have shown a modified form of base which terminates at its upper end in spring-jaws 35, having opposite cavities or sockets 36, said jaws being connected by the set-screws 37, and fitting in the sockets or cavities of'the jaws is a ball 38 on the extrernity of a stem 35), which corresponds in function with the stem 18 hereinbefore described. This stem 39 is provided at its opposite end with a ball 40 similar to the ball 17 and adapted to fit in the clip on a frame, as before described, the stem at points adjacent to the'terminal balls thereof being provided with annular bends or elbows 41.

Fig. 9 illustrates a. modified form of clip for attaching the tweezers to the outer ends of the intermediate arms. The clip consists of opposite parts or members &2 having concaveconvex cups 43 for engaging the balls at the outer end of an intermediate arm, and a thumb-screw passing loosely through a perforation in one of the members and threaded in' a similar perforation in the other member. The parts of the tweezers 44 are pivotally connected to the outer surfaces of the cups, and the thumb-screw passes through a perforation 45, which registers with the perforations in the clip member engaged by the'thurnb-screw. Said clip members are also provided with perforations 46, as shown in Fig. 10, for engagement with a frame, (shown at 47,) one of the members being soldered, keyed, or otherwise permanently secured to the frame, while the sary in holding the parts of a piece of jewelery firmly in position. A fqrther advantage of an open frame is thatit allows of manipulation through the frame, and therefore upon all sides of each arm, and at the same time provides for placing the frame over a lamp or jet, whereby the flame rises through the space inclosed by such frame.

The form of clip 2, which is shown in the drawings, is especially adapted for allowing freedom of movement through an extensive are, such freedom being secured by forming the seats or cavities of such depth as to cover a very limited portion of the surface of the ball. The-two seats or cavities in the arms of the clip when combined cover less than onehalf the area of the ball, and by leaving the c pen spaces between said arms of the clip the connected member of the device may be swung between the arms of the clip when necessary for adjustment through a large are. The above-described construction of clipis also used in forming the connection between the base and the frame, the rod 18 being provided with a bend or elbow which allows the clip to swing through a larger arcin a vertical plane than is possible with a straight rod. Furthermore, the fact; that the arms of the clip are separated contiguous to the opposite seats or depressions therein allows the clip to be arranged in positions in which the upper portion of the rod 18 is between said arms.

This provides for the movement of the frame, independently of the movement of the artic ulated arms,through an are greater than one hundred and eighty degrees,and only limited by the plane or surface upon which the base rests. In other words, the frame can be swung down upon opposite sides of thebase until its extremity is in the same plane with the bottom of the base, whereby adjustment of the frame to arrange the soldered portion of an article at the lower side thereof, or to secure the proper arrangement of the article with relation to a lamp or flame, can be accomplished independently of the engagement of the article by the clamps at the extremities of the articulated arms. In other words, the question of the position of the article does not come into consideration until such article has been engaged by the clamps and is arranged in position for access from all sides.

Various changes in the form, proportion, and the minor details of, construction may be resorted to without departing from the spirit or sacrificing any of the advantages of this invention.

Having thus described my invention, I

claim clamps,

1. In a device of the class described, the combination with aframe,of a plurality of articulated arms having clips adj ustably mounted upon the frame, terminal clamps for the engagement of work, and intermediate members connecting said clips and clamps, the articulations between the intermediate members, and the clip and clamp of each arm consisting of universal joints, substantially as specified.

2. In a device of the class described, the combination with a frame, of a plurality of articulated arms comprising clips ad justably mounted upon the frame, clamps for the engagement of work, and intermediate members provided with angular bonds or elbows, the articulations between the parts of the arms consisting of universal joints, substantially as specified.

3. In a device of the class described, the combination with a frame, of a plurality of articulated arms comprising clips adjustably mounted upon the frame, terminal clamps for the engagement of work and intermediate members provided with angular bends or elbows, said intermediate members being provided with terminal enlarged balls, and the clips and clamps being provided with sockets for the reception of said terminal balls and means for adjusting the sockets to secure the parts in the desired relative positions, substantially as specified.

4. In a device of the class described, the combination with a frame, of a plurality of articulated arms supported by the frame and each having a terminal clamp and an intermediate member arranged' between the clamp and the frame, a universal joint. being arranged at the inner and outer end of the intermediate arm, substantially as specified.

5. The combination with an endless frame surrounding an open space, articulated arms having terminal clamps, and means for securing the inner ends of said arms adj ustably to the frame, of a base, and a universal joint'between the base and the frame, substantially as specified.

6. The combination with a frame, of articulated arms having intermediate members ad- I ceiving the balls at the extremities of their diameters, only, substantially as specified.

7. The combination with a frame, of a series of articulated arms having outer terminal inner V-shaped clips, and intermedi ate members provided at their inner ends with balls fitting in sockets in the inner surface of the arms of the clips, said clips beingprovided adjacent to their apices with registering perforations for the reception of a rod or wire forming the frame, means for adjusting the arms of the clips to take up lost motion between the sockets and balls, and means for locking the clips at the desired adjustment on the frame, substantially as specified.

8. The combination with a frame, of articulated arms having terminal clamps, and inner V-shaped clips provided in their arms with registering perforations for the reception of the rod or wire forming the frame, and means for'lockingthe clips on the frame, such means consisting of wedge-blocks inserted between the rod or wire and the apex of the clip and provided with a threaded stem, and a thumbnut threaded upon said stem and seated upon the edge of the clip, substantially as specified.

9., The combination with a frame, of a series of articulated arms carried thereby, each arm comprising a clip slidably and rotatably mounted upon the frame, means for securing the clip at the desired adjustment, an intermediate arm universally jointed to the clip and having an outer terminal ball, means for locking the joint between the clip and the intermediate member to hold the latter in the desired relativeposition, a clamp having ad-. justable jaws, and provided at its rear end with adjustable arms having'terminal sockets for the reception of the ball at the outer end of the intermediate arm, and a thumb screw for adjusting the arms of the clamp to cause the desired frictional contact between the sockets and the balls, substantially as specified.

10. The combination with a frame, of a se ries of articulated arms carried thereby, each arm comprising a terminal clamp, an intermediate arm universally jointed at one end to the clamp and provided at the opposite end with a ball, means for locking the joint be-.

- tween the clamp and the intermediate arm to hold said parts in the desired relative position, a V-shaped clip provided in the inner surfaces of its arms near their outer extremities with sockets'or depressions for the reception of'the said ball, on the intermediate arm and provided near the meeting point of its arms with registering perforations for the reception of a rod or wire forming a part of the frame,a thumb-screw connecting the arms to the clip contiguous-to the sockets at the outer ends thereof, and means arranged near the apex of the clip forsccuring the latter at the desired adjustment upon the frame, substan tially as specified.

11. In a device of the class described, an articulated arm having a clip comprising flat, twin, opposite relatively adjustable arms provided with shallow seats or depressions, means for adjusting the arms of the clip, and a member provided with a. ball mounted in said seats or depressions, the seats or depressions covering less than one-half the area of the ball, substantially as specified.

12. In a device of the class described, the combination with a frame, and articulated arms carried thereby and provided with clamps, of a support and a universally jointed connection between the frame and the support, said connection having a clip provided with opposite seats or depressions, and a rod havinga ball mounted in said seatsor de' pressions, the rod being provided adjacent to the ball with a bend or elbow, substantially as specified.

13. In a device of the class described, the

combination with a frame, and articulatedarms carried thereby and provided with clamps, of a support anda universally jointed connection between the frame and the support, said connection having a clip comprising spaced arms provided with opposite seats or depressions, means for adjusting the arms of the clip, and a rod havingta ball fitted in said seats or depressions, the interval between the arms of the clip being sufficient to allow the portion of the rod contiguous to the ball to pass therebetween, substantially as specified.

In testimony that I claim the foregoing as my own I have hereto affixed my signature in the presence of two witnesses.

FRED W. DUKE. Witnesses:

O. P. BERRIAN, R. REES.

Referenced by
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US2448331 *Jan 3, 1946Aug 31, 1948Staab Alvin WRepair jig for automatic record changers
US2456383 *Nov 24, 1944Dec 14, 1948Richard D CollinsAdjustable holder for precision indicators
US2669958 *Apr 18, 1951Feb 23, 1954Joseph R HagueWelder's work-holding appliance
US2817892 *Jul 11, 1955Dec 31, 1957B & J Mfg CompanyJig for pre-assembling plumbing units
US2824536 *Jun 18, 1954Feb 25, 1958Gamble John MTrue lining vise or jig
US2887974 *Mar 9, 1956May 26, 1959David H WeinfeldMultiple portable support means
US2994128 *Sep 7, 1956Aug 1, 1961Penney Gaylord WApparatus for assembling collecting cells for electrostatic precipitators
US3286339 *Jul 18, 1963Nov 22, 1966Nat Res DevConstruction of models representing molecular and other structures
US4070011 *Mar 18, 1977Jan 24, 1978Glesser Louis SArticulated tool
US4236705 *Aug 28, 1978Dec 2, 1980Fun Sculpture, Inc.Sculpture holding apparatus
US5918356 *Apr 17, 1997Jul 6, 1999Societe Nationale D'etude Et De Construction De Moteurs D'aviation "Snecma"Tools for mounting a turbo aero engine distributor
US7464853May 5, 2006Dec 16, 2008The Boeing CompanyAdaptable spring force clamping apparatus and methods
US7707765 *Mar 23, 2007May 4, 2010Lih Yann Industrial Co., Ltd.Fishing rod fixing device
US7748591Dec 14, 2004Jul 6, 2010The Boeing CompanyPressure foot clamp for friction stir welding machine
US7896325 *Jul 18, 2008Mar 1, 2011Jamal CareyHolding apparatus
US8307527 *Feb 17, 2010Nov 13, 2012Poul Chang Metal Industry Co., Ltd.Device for holding timing gears
US20110197411 *Feb 17, 2010Aug 18, 2011Chia-Hao HuangDevice for Holding Timing Gears
Classifications
Cooperative ClassificationB25B1/20