Joseph paquot and casper engh
US 547447 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
J. PAQUOT & C. ENGR. MAGAZINE PISTOL.
Patented Oct. 8, 1895.
ANDREW l GRAHAM, PHUTO-LHMQWASMMGTDM. of;
UNITED STATES PATENT OEEICE.
JOSEPH PAQUOT AND CASPER ENGH, OF LIEGE, BELGIUM.
MAGAZIN E- PISTOL.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 547,447, dated October 8, 1895.
Application tiled October l5, 1894:. Serial No. 525,957- (No model.)
To all whom iv' may concern:
Be it known that we, JOSEPH PAQUOT and CASPER ENGH, subjects of the King of Belgium, residing at Liege, in the Kingdom of Belgium, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Magazine-Pistols, of which the following is a specification.
This invention relates to repeating or magazine pistols, and has for its object to provide precision and rapidity of firing, solidity and simplicity of construction,lightness of weight and convenience in handling, and to avoid the danger so common with revolvers.
The invention will be described with reference to the accompanying drawings, in which- Figure l is a longitudinal section through the barrel and the right side of the butt; Fig. 2, a longitudinal section through the barrel and the left side of the butt. Fig. 3 is acrosssection on the line a b of Fig. 2. Fig. 4 is a side elevation from the right. Fig. 5 is an elevation of the operating slide from the right; Fig. 6, a plan view of the same; Fig. 7, an elevation of the same from the left. Fig. 8 is a side elevation of the trigger from the right. Fig. 9 is a detail view of the stud u.
Referring to the drawings, a is an opening for ejection of the` spent cartridge; b, the ramrod; c, the bolt which throws the cartridge into position; c', the cartridge extractor; d, a recess'in the bolt to receive the head of a lever e, which latter turns ou a pin fand carries a stud g, engaging in a sloth in a slide i', provided with a ring j, by which it may be pulled in or out.
j is a supplementary half ring to allow of two fingers being used in ring.
k is the hollow butt, divided by a partition w into two chambers lo and k2, which receive the cartridges and lock, respectively;
los, the firing-pin working in the bolt c; Z, the
hammer pivoted at m and having a tooth n; o, a spring pressing a tumbler p against the tooth lnof the hammer; p, a cartridge in position for firing; q, a double spring of which one arm operates the hammer while the other arm engages a small arm s pivotcd on the slide t'.
7 is the trigger, having one end t in engagement with the tumbler p.
u is a loose stud carrying a rigid arm u,
which together form a precision-tiring catch adapted to be turned up to engage the spring q.
'v is a guide-slot in the slide 1l in which enw gages the head of the pin f, the said head being reduced approximately to a rectangular cross-section.
w is the cover-plate of the magazine held in position by a spring-catch L02 is the cover-plate of the lock.
y is a cartridgeelevator acting under the impulse of a spring y2, coiled on a pin y.
z is a connecting-pivot for securing the cover-plate w2 of the lock.
This pistol works with a bolt c and with a rectilinear movement, and is operated for repeated tiring by simply pulling the trigger and slide with the finger. For this purpose the slide 1I is normally pressed outward into the position shown in Fig. 4 by the spring q, and in taking this position it pulls on the stud g by means of the sloth, thereby throwing over the lever e which turns on the pivot f. By this movement the head of the lever e throws hack the bolt c, thereby cooking the hammer Z and allowing a cartridge to spring up in front of the bolt. On grasping the pistol in the customary manner and pulling the slide z' inward by placing the finger in the ring j the parts will assume the position shown in Fig. l, the bolt c being thrown forward, pushing before it the cartridge p into position for firing, while the hammer 'w still remains cocked, being held so by the tumbler 1o. The trigger r, which slides within the slide t', is carried along with the latter in the movement just described until its end t engages with the tumbler p', as shown. The trigger fr now projects a little into the ringj, and on the pull of the finger on the ring j being still continued the trigger r isl consequently pressed "inward, thus pushing, by means of its end t,
the tumbler p out of engagement with the tooth n of the hammer Z, so that the latter, under the impulse ofthe spring q, springs against the firing-pink?, striking the latter into the cartridge, and the pistol is tired. The bolt c, which can only be returned by movement .of the slide t', withstands the pressure ofthe powder-gases. Upon removing the pressure of the tinger-on the ringj the slide 'L' again springs outward .to the position shown in Fig. 4, throwing back the bolt c, while the ex- IOO tractor c draws back the spent cartridge, and
the hammer Z, which during the firing rested behind the bolt c, is again cocked by the latter and the pistol is thus again ready for another shot, the spent cartridge being pushed out sidewise at a by a fresh cartridge rising to take its place.
For firing with more precision of aim the ramrod b is detached and is inserted in a hole transversely through the head of the stud u of the precision-tiring catch, so as to obtain suiiicient leverage to rotate the latter, thereby raising the arm u until its end is heard to enter the notch in the claw of the spring q, thus taking the pressure of the spring from off the slide t'. The ramrod is then replaced in its socket below the barrel. If the pistol be now taken in the right hand and the slide i be drawn out by pulling the ringj with the left hand, the bolt c will be thrown back, the spent cartridge extracted, another cartridge elevated in front of the bolt, and the hammer Z cocked, all precisely the same as was done by the spring q in the movement described in the previous paragraph with reference to repeated tiring. The slide 1I is now pushed in, thus throwing the bolt forward, so that the parts assume the position shown in Fig. 1, with the exception that the arm u will in this case be up in engagement with the spring q, thus taking the pressure of the latter from oif the slide 1i, so that the parts will remain in the position shown while precise aim is taken, when a slight pressure on the trigger fr will tire the pistol, whereas in the case of repeated firing, previously described, the parts were only retained in this position by continued pressure of the finger on the ringj of the slide, which prevented precision of aim. After ring the slide i is again drawn out and pushed n bythe left hand in order to prepare for another shot. To allow of two fingers being used in tiring, and thus facilitate considerably the operating of the mechanism, the slide 'L' is formed with a supplementary half ring j. Precision of aim may thus be obtained with repetition of fire, and directly the magazine is empty of cartridges shots may be discharged in the usual manner by loading each time afresh a single cartridge through the aperture a.
In order to load or recharge the magazine, the pistol must be taken in the left hand at the same time that the right-hand thumb ts into the hollow formed in the cover-plate w of the magazine, in order to depress the catch and the cover-plate is then pushed downward until the opening is large enough to allow of the cartridges being inserted, and the magazine is then closed. A stop-tenon may lbe used as a precaution to lock the bolt c in its backmost position while recharging, as above.
In order to take the pistol to pieces the pin y of the magazine must be unscrewed, and then this pin drops out of itself by the pressure of the spiral spring y2, the plate w covering the magazine and the elevator y are withdrawn, the connecting-pivot z is turned a quarter of a revolution in order that it may stand with its two wings opposite the groove formed in the bottom of the magazine,aud the cover-plate of the lock may then be removed, the operating slide-piece 1l is withdrawn, the spring q of the hammer Z is taken off, the pin Z of the wedge Z2 which covers the passage of the bolt is removed, and also the cock Z, the bolt c, the closing piece or lever e, the tumbler p', the spring o of the tumbler, and the catch u u of the precision-firing arrangement. The cartridgeemployed for this weapon is choked, of a caliber of six millimeters, or of other caliber according to the use of the pistol, and loaded with a metallic ball and a special smokeless powder which produces very little detonation. A better trajectory is obtained with this improved pistol than with any other hitherto employed.
We declare that what we claim is-A 1. In a pistol, the combination with a boit c having a recess d, of a pivoted lever e having its head engaging in said recess, and a slide having a slot h in which engages a stud g on said lever, substantially as set forth.
2. In a pistol, the combination with a bolt c having a recess d, of a lever e engaging in said recess and movable on a fulcrum pin f having its head reduced approximately to a rectangular cross section, and a slide 'Z having a slot h in which engages a stud g on said le' ver and a slot 'u in which engages the laterally flattened head of said fulcrum pin, whereby said slide is guided in a straight line and is adapted to operate through the lever e, the bolt c, so as to throw the cartridge into position for firing and to hold said bolt as a closing piece to said cartridge during fire, substantially as set forth.
3. In a pistol the combination with a 'hammer, a tumbler, a bolt and a pivoted lever engaging said bolt, of a slide z', adapted to operate said lever and thereby the bolt, and a trigger r carried by said slide and movable therein and adapted to engage the tumbler to free the hammer for the purpose of percussion substantially as set forth.
4. In a pistol the combination with a hammer, a bolt, and a slide having means for operating said bolt, of a double main spring Q having one arm engaging the hammer, and the other engaging the slide, whereby both the percussion and the automatic action of the pistol are effected by one sp1-in g substantially as set forth.
5. In a pistol, the combination with a hammer and a tumbler engaging said hammer, of bolt c, a tiring pin k3 within said bolt, a cartridge extractor o on said. bolt, pivoted lever e, slide t', a trigger r carried by said slide but movable therein and having one end t adapted to engage said tumbler, and adouble mainspring q having one arm engaging the hammer and the other engaging a small arm s pivoted on said slide, whereby the bolt is IOO IIO
moved forward to throw a cartridge into position for firing, thehammer is caused to strike the firing pin, the bolt is held as a closing piece to the cartridge during fire, the bolt is withdrawn, the cartridge extracted and ejected and the hammer' again cocked, all by one single pressure of the finger, substantially as set forth.
6. In a pistohthe combination with a hammer, a bolt, and a slide having means for operating said bolt, of a double lnainspring q having one arm engaging the hammer and the other engaging the slide, a ring j formed on said slide, and a loose stud u located between the ringg and the upper end of the front arm of the spring, and carrying a rigid arm u and adapted to be turned as desired to bring said arm either out of or into engagement with one arm of said spring, whereby the weapon may be used either for quick firing by leaving the spring free to automatically return the slide, or for greater precision of aim by taking the spring pressure from off the said slide, substantially as set forth.
7. In a repeating or magazine pistol the combination with a chamber or magazine adapted to contain a number of cartridges, of a pin y arranged longitudinally in the rear of said chamber, and an elevator 1/ carried by and" movable on said pin and impelled upward by a spring y2 coiled on said pin, substantially as set forth.
In testimony whereof we have signed our names to this specification in the presence of two subscribing witnesses.
J. PAQUOT. CASPER ENGII. Witnesses:
I-I. DEBRUS, J. BOTTON.