|Publication number||US547645 A|
|Publication date||Oct 8, 1895|
|Publication number||US 547645 A, US 547645A, US-A-547645, US547645 A, US547645A|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (43), Classifications (1) |
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
Pneumatic sole and heel
US 547645 A
PNEUMATIC SOLE AND HEEL.
Patented 001:. 8;, 1895.
' mueu to z; 7556 hlfiwl'azr/ WWI wows: (flaw/WW4 0 2/4 NAM. PNUTU-LHHQWASHINBTOKQC UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.
JOSEPH LAGROIX, OF FALL RIVER, MASSACHUSETTS.
PNEUMATIC sore AND HEEL...
SPECIFICATION forming partof Letters Patent No. 547,645, dated October 8, 1895. Application fileciiiuly 18,1895. Srla11iio|556,486. (iiomoiem To all whom it may concern;
Be it known that I, JOSEPH LAOROIX, a citizen of the United States, and a resident of Fall River, in the county of Bristol and State of Massachusetts, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Pneumatic Soles and Heels, and I do hereby declare that the following is a full, clear, and exact description of the invention, which will enable others skilled in the art to which it appertains to make and use the same, reference being had to the accompanying drawings, which form a part of this specification.
My invention relates to improvements in rubber and leather soles and heels for boots and shoes, and its object is to provide such a sole and heel which shall possess superior advantages with respect to efiiciency and comfort in use.
The invention consists in the novel con-. struction and combination of parts hereinafter fully described and claimed.
In the accompanying drawings, Figure 1 is a central longitudinal section of a sole and heel constructed in accordance with my invention. Fig. 2 is a horizontal sectional view. Fig. 3 is a cross-section on the line mm, Fig. 1.
In the said drawings the reference-numeral 1 designates the outer part of the sole, 2 the shank portion, and 3 the heel, all made of vulcanized rubber in one piece.
The numeral 4 designates the inner part of the sole, made of leather, covered on its upper face with rubber and recessed on its under side from near the point to the shank and provided with a covering 5, of thin leather, forming an air-chamber 6. The rubber sole is connected to this leather sole and to the covering 5, and the combined sole thus formed is secured to the upper of a boot or shoe in anyordinary or convenient manner.
Located in the shank of sole 4 is a passage 7, which communicates with the air-chamber, and which communicates at its rear end with a pipe 8, provided with an automatic valve 9.
In practice the air-chamber has air forced therein by means of a pneumatic pump connected with the pipe 8. After sufficient pressure has been obtained the pump is'disconnected, when the valve will be closed by the back-pressure, thereby preventing leakage. It will thus be seen that an air-cushion will be formed between the outer and inner portions of the sole, whereby walking will be rendered more comfortable. The invention will be found to be especially Valuable to persons who are compelled to be on their feet much, as it is more springy than the ordinary soles, as it will rest the feet when standing still, and in walking or running will be less tiresome. It will also be of great use to persons with sore or sensitive feet, and also to invalids or sick people. It can be applied to any kind of foot-wear. Having thus fully described my invention, what I claim iS- As an improved article, a combined rubber and leather inflatable sole and heel, consisting of the leather portion recessed at the front and heel and formed with a horizontal connecting passage, the covering secured to the under side of said leather portion, the rubber sole and heel secured thereto, the rubber insole, and the inflation valve communicating with the recess in the heel, substantially as described.
In testimony that I claim the foregoing as my own I have hereunto affixed my signature in presence of two witnesses.
' JOSEPH LAOROIX.
J OHN OoUeHLIN, JosnPH RENAULT.
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US3785069 *||Jul 12, 1972||Jan 15, 1974||Brown J||Footwear|
|US4020569 *||Aug 11, 1975||May 3, 1977||Tatsuo Fukuoka||Sole of a footwear|
|US4237625 *||Sep 18, 1978||Dec 9, 1980||Cole George S||Thrust producing shoe sole and heel|
|US4358902 *||Apr 2, 1980||Nov 16, 1982||Cole George S||Thrust producing shoe sole and heel|
|US4577417 *||Apr 27, 1984||Mar 25, 1986||Energaire Corporation||Sole-and-heel structure having premolded bulges|
|US4799319 *||Jun 16, 1987||Jan 24, 1989||Max Zellweger||Device for warming the foot of a wearer|
|US5113599 *||Sep 27, 1990||May 19, 1992||Reebok International Ltd.||Athletic shoe having inflatable bladder|
|US5678328 *||Nov 30, 1995||Oct 21, 1997||Energaire Corporation||Heel and sole structure with opposite cavities|
|US5842291 *||Oct 26, 1995||Dec 1, 1998||Energaire Corporation||Thrust producing multiple channel-multiple chamber shoe and bladder|
|US5987779 *||Apr 17, 1996||Nov 23, 1999||Reebok International Ltd.||Athletic shoe having inflatable bladder|
|US6092309 *||Mar 22, 1999||Jul 25, 2000||Energaire Corporation||Heel and sole structure with inwardly projecting bulges|
|US6158149 *||Feb 16, 2000||Dec 12, 2000||Robert C. Bogert||Article of footwear having multiple fluid containing members|
|US6457263||Oct 16, 2000||Oct 1, 2002||Marion Franklin Rudy||Article of footwear having multiple fluid containing members|
|US6722059||Oct 25, 2001||Apr 20, 2004||Acushnet Company||Dynamic and static cushioning footbed|
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|US8037623||Jun 29, 2006||Oct 18, 2011||Nike, Inc.||Article of footwear incorporating a fluid system|
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|US8414275||Jan 11, 2007||Apr 9, 2013||Reebok International Limited||Pump and valve combination for an article of footwear incorporating an inflatable bladder|
|US8540838||Nov 23, 2009||Sep 24, 2013||Reebok International Limited||Method for manufacturing inflatable footwear or bladders for use in inflatable articles|
|US8572786||Oct 12, 2010||Nov 5, 2013||Reebok International Limited||Method for manufacturing inflatable bladders for use in footwear and other articles of manufacture|
|US8677652||Mar 9, 2012||Mar 25, 2014||Reebok International Ltd.||Shoe having an inflatable bladder|
|USRE34102 *||May 14, 1991||Oct 20, 1992||Energaire Corporation||Thrust producing shoe sole and heel|