US 548243 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
S. G. WOOD. AUTOMATIC BARREL REGISTER.
Patented dot. 22, 1895.
n IMMMI UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.
SOLOMON C. WOOD, OF WEST ORANGE, NEW JERSEY, ASSIGNOR TO HIMSELF, AND HENRY J. BANG, OF NEW YORK, N. Y.
smotncanon forming part of Letters Patent N0. 548,243, dated October 22, 1895.
kpplication ma real 25, 1895. Serial at 539,619. on model-l To all whom it may concern:
Be it known that I, SOLOMON 0. W000, a citizen of the United States, residing at West Orange, in the county of Essex and State of New Jersey, have invented an Improvement in Automatic Barrel-Registers, of which the following is a specification.
Registers have heretofore been made in which a lever is moved by the barrel or package passing along a skid or conveying device adjacent to such lever, the lever being moved to a greater or less extent, according to the size of the passing barrel or other article, and in some instances a register or counting device has been moved mechanically and in other instances electrically, as will be seen upon reference to Letters Patent No. 526,140, granted September 18, 189;, to H. J. Bang.
In the present instance a compound lever is made use of, the two parts being moved together, or nearly so, until such compound lever has been fully moved, according to the size of the article passing beneath the same, and thereafter a portion of the compound lever receives a secondary movement by the passing article, and the connections to the counting or registering devices are so made and arranged that the primary movement of the lever determines which of the counting or registering devices is to be actuated, such register being the one allotted to the particular size of barrel or other article that is passing the registering apparatus, and the movementgiventothesecondary lever orconnected apparatus actuates the said registering or counting mechanism, thus insuring accuracy in the registering or counting devices with any size of barrel or other article that may pass adjacent to the compound lever.
In the drawings, Figure 1 is a. side view of the improvement as applied in connection with an elevating device. Fig. 2 is an elevation, partially in section, of the compound lever and the arms therewith connected at right angles to Fig. 1. Fig. 3 is an elevation of a modification representing mechanical connectious to the registering devices. Fig.4shows an elevation of a modification of the electric connections, and Fig. 5 a plan view of the same.
The barrel A or other article is to be moved past the registering device. In Fig. 1 such barrel is represented as upon an inclined conveyer or elevator B, which may be of any de sired character. Where the skid or conveyer is horizontal or at an inclination, the portions of the1registering devices will correspond, they being properly shaped and located with reference to the movement of the barrel or other article.
The compound lever is fitted to swing upon a cross-shaft or pivot D, and it is placed so that the barrel or article A can pass freely beneath the pivot and move the compound lever upon its cross-shaft or axis D, and the portion 2, forming a curve or incline in the primary lever C, is in such a position that when the barrel or other article reaches such bend or incline 2 the primary lever C has re ceived all, or nearly all, of the motion that the passing article can give to the same, and upon this primary lever is a secondary lever E, with a projection which is beyond the curve or incline 2, and hence the barrel or other article as it passes along does not give any motion to this secondary lever to change the position of the secondary lever to the primary lever until the primary lever has received the full movement aforesaid, after which the barrel or other article passing along acts upon the projecting end 3 of the secondary lever to change the position of the secondary lever to the primary lever, and in so doing to efiect a registration or counting of the article passing along, so that the first movement determ nes which of the counting or registering devices is to be moved, and the secondary motion etfects the movement of that particular counting or registering device.
I have represented at F, G, and H counting or registering devices which may be of any desired character and operated either mechanically or electrically.
In Figs. 1, 2, and 4 the improvement is illustrated in connection with a circuit-breaker (or operating the counting devices electrically, and in Fig. 3 the connection is represented as mechanical for moving either one of the counting or registering devices.
It is advantageous to employ a dash-pot K and a connection to the primary lever, which connection is represented in the form of a rod 5, extending from the cylinder of the dashpot to a hinge connection to such. compound lever, and the piston of the dash-pet is sufficiently loose to allow air to pass thesame'in either direction, but sufiiciently tight to pre; vent a sudden movement of the lever that might allow the lever to drop too rapidly, and I have represented the dash-pot as pivoted at 6, so that the said cylindrical dash-pot can swing upon said pivots as the compound lever rises or falls.
The connection between the secondary lever or projection and the lever (I may be of any desired character, having in view the objects to be accomplished, as before expressed. I have, however, represented the secondary lever E as extending to a tube E, that surrounds the cross-shaft D, so that such shaft D becomes the pivot for both levers, and a finger or flange 7 upon the secondary lever E, resting upon the lever C, prevents the lever E from dropping beyond a fixed position and allows such lever E to be raised to give the motion that operates either of the counting devices, and upon the shaft D is an arm C and upon the tube E is a second arm E, and these arms 0' and E maintain a definite relative position while the compound lever is be ing raised or lowered; but when the barrel or other article passes the angle 2 and comes into contact with the projecting end 3 of the lever E the arm E is moved in its relation to the arm 0', and in so doiuga movement is obtained that operates the counting or registering device. Hence in operating this apparatus the arms 0' and E move together until they come to the proper place for moving the proper register or counting device, and the motion given to the secondary lever E by the barrel or other article acting upon the projection 3 moves the arm E in its relation to the arm 0' and produces the motion that actuates the register allotted to the size of barrel or other article passing beneath or adjacent to the compound lever.
Any suitable device may be employed in giving the movement to the register when the arm E is moved in its relation to the arm 0'. In Fig. 2 I have represented upon the arm 0' a ratchet-wheel L and upon the arm E a spring-pawl N and theinsnlated circuitcloser upon it, which is near to but not in contact with the separate insulated plates 9 10 11, from which wires pass to the electrically-operated counters or registers F G H, and there is a battery M and return-circuit wire to the spring-pawl N, so that the circuit remains broken, as the pawl may move back or forth adjacent to the contact-plates 9, 10, and 11 by any movement of the compound lever, and when there isa movement given to the arm E by a passing article moving the secondary lever E in its relation to the primary lever the spring-pawl N runs over a tooth upon the ratchet-wheel L, and as it is lifted it closes the electric circuit to the proper counter or register and the pawl drops from one tooth to the other and breaks the circuit before the secondary lever completesits movement, and the compound lever can be moved in either direction until the operations are repeated. The spring-pawl N holds the ratchet-wheel from turning back.
Any suitable character of circuit-closing device can be employed, the same being operated by the movement of the arm E in its relation to the arm C after the parts have been brought into position to operate the proper register or counting device.
In Fig. 3 the parts before described are shown without any electrical connections, and the spring-pawl N, as it runs over one of the teeth on the ratchet-wheel, is raised and presses upon one of the segmental ends of one of the levers, Q, R, or S, from which levers wires or other connections lead to the counting or registering devices, and it will be apparent that the compound lever and the arms 0' E can swing in either direction without actuating either of the counting devices until the projection 3 is moved so as to change the relative position of the arm E to the arm C, and thereby give the motion necessary to actuate the counting or registering devices. The advantage derived from using a ratchet-wheel is that the pawl drops from one tooth to another when the secondary lever is completing its movement. Hence the contact is broken before there can be any other movement given to the levers and a false registration is prevented.
In Figs. l and 5 the same devices are represented as in Fig. 1, with the addition of an insulated contact-plate O at the end of the arm 0', which rubs upon the plates 9, 10, and 11, and the circuit is closed by the pawl with this plate 0, instead of directly with either plate 9, 10, or 11.
I claim as my invention- 1. The combination in an automatic indieating and registering device, of separate counting or registering mechanisms, a lever acted upon by the passing barrel or other article, and a secondary lever mechanism carried by the main lever and receiving a move ment from the passing article after the main lever has reached its proper position, and a connection actuated by the secondary mechanism for moving the proper counting or registering device, substantially as set forth.
2. In an automatic registering mechanism, the combination with the registers, of a lever moved by the barrel or other passing article into a position corresponding to the register allotted to the given size of barrel or package, and a mechanism carried by such lever and receiving a motion from the passing article to operate the particular register or counting device, substantially as set forth.
3. The combination with the counting or registering devices, of a lever and its shaft, a secondary lever pivoted upon the same shaft, two arms connected to the respective levers there being a projection upon the secondary lever that is acted upon by the barrel or passingarticle after the main lever has been moved to the designated position, a spring pawl and a connection to the counting or registering 5 devices brought into action by such spring pawl, substantially as set forth.
4. The combination with the counting registers, of a primary lever receiving its motion from the barrel or other passing article, a secro ondary mechanism carried by such lever, a circuit closer receiving its motion from the secondary mechanism, a source of electric energy and a contact plate for each register whereby the circuit closer is first moved to the proper contact plate by the primary lover I 5 and then closed by the secondary mechanism, substantially as set forth.
Signed by me this 20th day of February, 1895.
Geo. T. Pmcxnm', S. T. HAVEAND.