|Publication number||US5490334 A|
|Application number||US 08/350,581|
|Publication date||Feb 13, 1996|
|Filing date||Dec 6, 1994|
|Priority date||Mar 5, 1992|
|Also published as||CA2090986A1, CA2090986C|
|Publication number||08350581, 350581, US 5490334 A, US 5490334A, US-A-5490334, US5490334 A, US5490334A|
|Original Assignee||Frame Master, Inc.|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (14), Referenced by (41), Classifications (7), Legal Events (3)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
This is a continuation of application(s) Ser. No. 07/967,802 filed on Oct. 27, 1992 now abandoned which was a continuation-in-part of U.S. patent application Ser. No. 07/846,384 filed on Mar. 5, 1992, now abandoned.
1. Field of the Invention
The present invention relates to the installation of studs, joists, rafters and like orthogonal elements, that are disposed between headers, footers, plates and like traversal elements in a frame for a wall, roof, partition or the like in an architectural construction.
2. Background of the Invention
A variety of tools have been required during procedures for installing studs, joists, rafters and like orthogonal framing elements of standardized rectangular cross-section during the construction of walls, roofs, partitions and the like in a wide variety of public and private buildings. For convenience of explanation, these orthogonal framing elements often will be referred to herein simply as studs. Typically, these studs are arranged on a floor or other planar support while being assembled between footers, headers and like traversal elements into an initially horizontal frame assemblage, which, after being completed, is pivoted from and moved about the floor into an upright or oblique orientation for installation. These procedures typically have involved the use of various tools such as rules, squares, markers and the like. It is desired to ameliorate the difficulties inherent in selecting and manipulating such tools during these construction procedures, particularly while using such further required hand tools as hammers and nail-guns.
The present invention provides a construction framing tool comprising an elongated body member and a pair of cooperative members at its opposite ends for assembling studs, joists and rafters between headers and footers. Generally, all of these orthogonal and transversal elements are rectangular in cross section. The tool includes a holder or cradle as a part of one cooperative member and a shoulder as part of the other cooperative member. The cradle's mouth can be freely fitted about an uninstalled and loose stud only vertically from above the stud and possibly also endwise between the holder's jaws transversely with respect to the tool's axis of elongation. It will be appreciated that the cradle's mouth is not freely accessible to a stud along the tool's axis of elongation. The shoulder on the other hand is freely accessible to a fixed or set stud in all directions, including the tool's axis of elongation. Thus the cradle can be snugly fitted onto a loose stud for translation and orientation along a plane. Then the shoulder can be moved along the same plane and snugly fitted against a fixed stud to control the final position of the loose stud, which is being held by the cradle's jaws. Technically, for clarity, a predeterminedly fixed, already installed stud may be thought of as a predecessor stud, and a loose stud to be installed may be thought of as a successor stud.
A further object of the present invention is to provide a novel process utilizing a speed hand tool of the type described above. As indicate above, this hand tool is intended to position what is in effect a successor stud with respect to what is in effect a predecessor stud. The predecessor stud is either the first stud to have been installed or another stud that has been installed after having been predeterminedly located with respect to the first stud. The hand tool is pressed downwardly by one hand until the cradle snugly fits about a successor stud, which is lying on the floor. Then the hand tool, together with that successor stud, is moved by that hand horizontally and angularly until the shoulder snugly fits against a predecessor stud, which has been secured into the structural module being created. The effective surfaces of the cradle and shoulder are configured to rest in a stable manner on surfaces of the studs that they snugly contact. Then, the successor stud is held in position by the tool under the control of one hand, while a nail gun is positioned and fired under the control of the other hand. Alternately, a hammer under the control of the other hand is used to nail the successor stud into fixed position. The arrangement is such that the hand holding the tool at one face of a footer or header is at a safe distance from the nail gun being held and aimed by the other hand.
Other objects of the present invention will in part be obvious and will in part appear hereinafter.
For a fuller understanding of the nature and objects of the present invention, reference is made to the following specification which is to be taken in connection with the accompanying drawings wherein:
FIG. 1 is a perspective view illustrating the use of the tool of the present invention for moving a free stud on the floor, without lifting the stud or either of its ends from the floor, in accordance with the present invention;
FIG. 2 illustrates the free stud of FIG. 1 after it has been located a standard distance from a fixed stud prior to firing a nail from a nail gun through a header into its end;
FIG. 3 illustrates certain technical principles of the present invention;
FIG. 4 is a side elevation of the tool of FIGS. 1 to 3;
FIG. 5 is a top view of the tool of FIG. 4, in association with top phantom views of studs to which it is being applied;
FIG. 6 is a cross-sectional view, taken along the line 6-6 of FIG. 4;
FIG. 7 is a cross-sectional view, taken along the line 7--7 of FIG. 4;
FIG. 8 is a cross-sectional view, taken along the line 8--8 of FIG. 4;
FIG. 9 is a top plan view of another tool of the present invention;
FIG. 10 is a side elevation of the tool of FIG. 9;
FIGS. 1 to 8 illustrate a preferred tool 20, which comprises an elongated body member 21 that can serve as a handle, and a pair of cooperative members at the tool's opposite ends in the form of a cradle 23 and a shoulder 25. The cradle 23 is freely accessible to a loose or stud 22 only perpendicularly to or transversely of the tool's 20 axis of elongation, but not longitudinally of the tool's 20 axis of elongation. The shoulder 25 is freely accessible to a set stud 24 longitudinally of the tool's 20 axis of elongation. The arrangement is such that the cradle 23 can be snugly fitted about three faces of a loose stud 22 for translation and orientation along a plane, and the shoulder can be moved freely and snugly fitted against two faces of a set stud 24 to control the final position of the loose stud with respect to headers and footers, one of which is shown at 26. In this position, the loose stud 22 under the control of one hand 27, can be nailed into fixed position by a nail gun 29, which is held by the other hand 31. The procedure is performed on the horizontal floor 33 to form a structural module which can be lifted into an upright or angular position for installation as part of the framework of a house or other building. Ordinarily, the various orthogonal and traversal elements, which are rectangular in cross-sectional profile, are composed of either wood or galvanized steel configured into elements of like cross-sectional profile.
As shown in FIG. 3, the three rotational axes of the illustrated tool and the three rotational axes of the free stud are specifically related. The tool 20 is designed to enable a user to translate the loose stud 22 along the floor 33 with one hand as well as: (1) to swivel the stud about its vertical or yaw axis 35; (2) to rock the stud about its longitudinal or roll axis 37; and (3) to avoid lifting one end of the stud (or even the whole stud) about its transverse or pitch axis 39. From the foregoing considerations, it follows that the tool 20, once its cradle 23 is fitted on the loose stud 22, is intended: (1) to avoid rocking about its longitudinal or roll axis 41 by which its cradle would lose its fit to the loose stud 22 and the surfaces of the shoulder 25 could not be fitted to the set stud 24; (2) to permit the user to swivel the tool about its vertical or yaw axis 43; and (3) to permit the user to lift the shoulder slightly only if necessary or convenient to permit the tool to pivot or move about its transverse or pitch axis 45 until the shoulder 25 is in snug contact with the set stud 24.
As shown in FIGS. 4 to 8, the tool 20 is a plastic or aluminum casting, the members of which integrally incorporate an inner portion 28 and an outer perimeter portion 30. These portions extend throughout the elongated body member 21, the cradle 23 and the shoulder 25. The specific longitudinal and transverse spatial relationships among the elongated body member 21, the cradle 23 and the shoulder 25, the specific cross-sectional relationships between the inner portion 28 and the perimeter portion 30, and the specific profile of the tool 20 as a whole contribute to its proper operation.
It is preferred that the perimeter portion 30 is a peripheral flange that extends perpendicularly outwardly in both directions with respect to the inner portion 28 and that the inner portion 28 is a plate. In the elongated body member 21, the perimeter of the tool 20 is characterized by a horizontal upper planar face 40 and a horizontal lower planar face 42, which are parallel and spaced apart.
In the shoulder 25, the perimeter portion 30 includes a short shoulder end face 44 of a length that is substantially the same as the distance between the upper planar face 40 and the lower planar face 42. Extending inwardly and at a right angle from the lower end of the shoulder end face 44 is a horizontal shoulder face 46 that is substantially aligned with the lower planar face 42 and that in length is substantially equal to about one half the thickness of the set stud 24. Extending downwardly from the inner end of the horizontal shoulder face 46 and at a right angle thereto is a vertical shoulder face 48 which is greater in length than is the horizontal shoulder face 46. Extending inwardly from the lower end of the vertical shoulder face 48 and at a right angle thereto is a shoulder bottom face 50, which is shown as being approximately equal in length to the shoulder end face 44, but which may vary with respect thereto in alternative embodiments. The vertical shoulder face 48 and the shoulder bottom face 50 jointly form a shoulder jaw 51.
In the cradle 23, the perimeter portion 30 is configured as follows. The perimeter portion 30 includes a cradle end face 52 which is substantially equal in length to the distance between the upper planar face 40 and the shoulder bottom face 50. Extending inwardly and at a right angle from the lower end of the cradle end face 52 are a pair of aligned spaced apart cradle bottom faces 54 and 56. These planar faces are separated by a pair of vertical cradle faces 58 and 60 which are of substantially the same length as vertical shoulder face 48 and which are joined by a horizontal cradle face 62. The horizontal cradle face 62 is aligned with and approximately twice the length of the horizontal shoulder face 46. The first cradle bottom face 54 and the first vertical cradle face 58 are connected and jointly form a first jaw 63. Similarly, the second cradle bottom face 56 and the second vertical cradle face 60 are connected and jointly form a second jaw 65. The first jaw 63 and the second jaw 65, in combination with the horizontal cradle face 62 form a cradle mouth 72.
In a preferred embodiment, the horizontal cradle face 62 extends outwardly beyond the perimeter in both directions to provide ears 68 and 70 that ensure stability when one or the other rests on the header 26.
As shown, the shoulder bottom face 50 and the cradle bottom face 56 are joined to the lower planar face 42 by upwardly converging planar faces 64 and 66. The width of the perimeter portion 30 is sufficiently great for the tool to maintain stability when faces 50, 54 and 56 rest on the floor. The orientations and dimensions of and among planar adjoining faces 58, 60 and 62 are such as to snugly fit three faces of the loose stud 22. The orientations and dimensions of and between faces 46 and 48 are such as to snugly fit against two adjoining faces of the set stud 24. The ears 68, 70 are of the same thickness as the perimeter portion 30.
______________________________________(1) Thickness of the inner 3/16 inchportion 28 and perimeter portion 30(2) Distance between 185/16 inchesfaces 44 and 52(3) Distance between 16 inchesshoulder end face 44 and midwaybetween vertical cradle faces 58 and 60(4) Distance between 31/2 inchesupper planar face 40 andfaces 50, 54 and 56(5) Distance between upper 11/2 inchesplanar face 40 and lower planar face 42(6) The overall width of the 3/4 inchflanged perimeter portion 30(7) Distance between 15/8 inchesvertical cradle faces 58 and 60______________________________________
The illustrated tool is cast from high density polyethylene and is designated to set 2×4, 2×6, 2×8, 2×10, and 2×12, inch wooden or aluminum studs at 16 inch centers.
FIGS. 9 and 10 illustrate an adjustable tool 80, in accordance with the present invention, for assembling studs, joists, rafters and like orthogonal elements, which may be of 10 different selected thicknesses and at different selected distances apart, between headers, footers, plates and like traversal elements in a framing procedure. The tool comprises an elongated body member 82 that can serve as a handle, and a pair of conjunctive members in the form of a cradle 84 and a shoulder 86 at its opposite ends.
The positions and distance between the jaws of the cradle 84 are adjustable with respect to the elongated body member 82. The position of the shoulder 86 is adjustable with respect to the elongated body member 82. The cradle 84 is freely accessible to a loose or uninstalled stud only perpendicularly to or transversely to the tool's 80 axis of elongation, but not longitudinally of the tool's 80 axis of elongation. The shoulder 86 is freely accessible to a set or installed stud longitudinally of the tool's 80 axis of elongation. The arrangement is such that the cradle 84 can be snugly fitted about three faces of a loose stud of arbitrary dimensions for translation and orientation along a plane, and the shoulder 86 can be moved freely and snugly fitted against two faces of a set stud that is an arbitrary distance therefrom to control the final position of the loose stud with respect to headers and footers.
As shown in FIGS. 9 and 10 the elongated body member 82 is a plastic or aluminum casting having parallel upper and lower planar faces 88 and 90, and parallel side faces 92 and 94.
In the vicinity of the cradle 84, the elongated body member 82 has an elongated cradle slot 96 that opens upwardly at the upper planar face 88 and downwardly at the lower planar face 90. At the upper planar face 88, the elongated cradle slot 96 is surrounded by an upper cradle slot depression 98. At the lower planar face 90, the elongated cradle slot 96 is surrounded by a lower cradle slot depression 100.
At the lower planar face 90 are a pair of cradle aligned arms 101 that extend in opposite directions along the lower planar face 90 and a pair of cradle perpendicular arms 103 that project downwardly from the lower planar face 90 and cooperate with the lower planar face 90 to form a cradle. The cradle aligned arms 101 ride on the lower planar face 90 and are constrained by cradle keys 106 and 108, which are integral with and project upwardly from the cradle aligned arms 101 into the lower cradle slot depression 100. The cradle perpendicular arms 103 constitute jaws. One cradle aligned arm 101 attaches to one cradle perpendicular arm 103 forming cradle brackets 102, 104. Cradle brackets 102 and 104 are adjustably fixed with respect to the elongated body member 82 by a pair of elongated bolts 110, 112, which project through the elongated cradle slot 96 and are turned by wing heads into nuts 113 which are retained within the upper cradle slot depression 98.
In the vicinity of the shoulder 86, the elongated body member 82 has an elongated shoulder slot 114 that opens upwardly at the upper planar face 88 and downwardly at the lower planar face 90. At the upper planar face 88, the elongated shoulder slot 114 is surrounded by an upper shoulder slot depression 116. At the lower planar face 90, the elongated shoulder slot 114 is surrounded by a lower shoulder slot depression 118.
At the lower planar face 90 also is an L-shaped shoulder bracket 120 which has a shoulder perpendicular arm 121 that projects downwardly and cooperates with the lower planar face 90 to provide the shoulder 86. The shoulder bracket 120 also has a shoulder aligned arm 123 that rides on the lower planar face 90. Integral with the shoulder aligned arm 123 is a shoulder bracket key 122 that projects into the lower shoulder slot depression 118. The shoulder bracket 120 is adjustably fixed with respect to the elongated body member 82 by an elongated bolt 124, which projects through the elongated shoulder slot 114 and is turned by a wing head into a nut 125 that is retained within the upper shoulder slot depression 116.
Each of the illustrated tools is particularly designed for setting 2×3's, 2×4's, 2×6's, 2×8's, 2×10's, and 2×12's, i.e. studs, joists and rafters having nominal cross sectional dimensions of 2×3, 2×4, 2×6, 2×8, 2×10, and 2×12 inches, respectively. For convenience, these dimensions are referred to generally as 2×X inches. In practice, for example, a succession of 2×3's or 2×4's are laid out on the floor, and a first stud, joist or rafter, i.e. a predecessor orthogonal element is nailed between a header and footer pair at right angles thereto. Thereafter, the cradle of the tool is seated on a successor orthogonal element, and the associated tool and length of stock are positioned in such a way that the shoulder snugly fits against the predecessor orthogonal element. The process then is continued until an entire module is framed.
The arrangement is such that, when the loose stud is held in position by one hand with the aid of the tool the nail gun is fired by the other hand. The nail gun, when held by one hand, is displaced a safe distance away from the tool which is under the control of the other hand. It will be observed that the user, during this operation is a safe distance rearwardly of the nail gun. The interaction between the cradle and the shoulder is critical. The cradle can be readily pressed onto or removed from any stud because there is only one snug fit that is involved. The shoulder, which does not involve a snug fit at the opposite side of a stud, does not impede the fitting process. It will be appreciated that contending with one snug fit is much easier that contending with two snug fits simultaneously. The reason for this is that a slight rocking motion may be required, particularly during removal of the tool from one construction element. However, if two construction elements were seated in two cradles simultaneously, the rocking motion necessary for removal from one construction element would impede removal from the other.
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US52960 *||Mar 6, 1866||Improved rock-drill|
|US297435 *||Nov 9, 1883||Apr 22, 1884||Railroad-track gage|
|US441979 *||Feb 27, 1890||Dec 2, 1890||Track-walker s tool|
|US1242210 *||Nov 7, 1916||Oct 9, 1917||Ernest Legon||Track-gage.|
|US2567586 *||Aug 24, 1950||Sep 11, 1951||Raymond E Werder||Template for setting timbers for uniform nailing|
|US2686959 *||Apr 2, 1951||Aug 24, 1954||Wayne C Robinson||Spacing tool|
|US2744334 *||Jun 9, 1952||May 8, 1956||Jondole Stephen C||Stud spacer gauge|
|US2896910 *||May 18, 1955||Jul 28, 1959||Dan Gordon||Carpenter's tool|
|US3201874 *||Jun 22, 1962||Aug 24, 1965||Christy Donald F||Self-positioning stud spacing gauge|
|US4237614 *||Nov 2, 1979||Dec 9, 1980||Williams James R||Adjustable locator for furring strips|
|US4625415 *||Feb 26, 1985||Dec 2, 1986||Damon Diamontis||Stud spacer|
|US4843726 *||Jan 19, 1988||Jul 4, 1989||Ward James E||Stud alignment and positioning tool|
|US4958814 *||Oct 13, 1989||Sep 25, 1990||Johnson Brian A||Interval locator|
|US5129153 *||Feb 5, 1991||Jul 14, 1992||Burns Sr Joseph F||Structural member spacing tool|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US5628119 *||Jul 31, 1995||May 13, 1997||Old Stone Corporation||Adjustable framing jig|
|US5884411 *||Dec 3, 1997||Mar 23, 1999||Raber; William G.||Truss alignment apparatus|
|US5937531 *||Jul 30, 1997||Aug 17, 1999||Frame Master, Inc.||Adjustable spacing tool|
|US6173503||Jan 5, 1999||Jan 16, 2001||Gary D. Houghton||Adjustable gauge device for use in installing railing spindles|
|US6324727||Jan 14, 2000||Dec 4, 2001||The Stanley Works||Track spacer for twin sliding door installations|
|US6381908||May 30, 2000||May 7, 2002||Jerry A. Fisher||Stud setting device|
|US6508010 *||Apr 9, 2001||Jan 21, 2003||John C. Hanson||Deck board spacer|
|US6530180||Jan 24, 2001||Mar 11, 2003||Ben C. Edmondson||Framing layout template|
|US6539641||Nov 28, 2001||Apr 1, 2003||J. Leo Belliveau||Tool for spacing separable objects|
|US6877291||Oct 23, 2002||Apr 12, 2005||Simpson Strong-Tie Company, Inc.||Strap holding device|
|US6988346||Oct 30, 2001||Jan 24, 2006||Simpson Strong-Tie Company, Inc.||Strap holding device|
|US6993882||Dec 3, 2000||Feb 7, 2006||Simpson Strong-Tie Company, Inc.||Truss spacer and brace|
|US7152336||Aug 10, 2004||Dec 26, 2006||Mark Andrew Orr||Tool for measuring compliance with building construction codes|
|US7377048||Mar 24, 2006||May 27, 2008||Koetter Raymond E||Truss setting bracket|
|US7484310||Apr 28, 2005||Feb 3, 2009||Frook Pty Ltd||Clamp assembly|
|US7681324 *||Oct 25, 2006||Mar 23, 2010||Hooks Sherill L||Prefabricated jig to position and align roof trusses|
|US8056785 *||Nov 15, 2011||Illinois Tool Works Inc.||Moveable fastening tool holding bracket|
|US8235270 *||Oct 15, 2007||Aug 7, 2012||Illinois Tool Works Inc.||Fastening tool holding bracket|
|US8443568||May 21, 2013||Simpson Strong-Tie Company, Inc.||Adjustable hip-end purlin|
|US8474217||Mar 3, 2011||Jul 2, 2013||Gordon Andrew Paton||Framing aid|
|US8683772||Jun 2, 2009||Apr 1, 2014||Simpson Strong-Tie Company, Inc.||Truss mounting brace|
|US20030079419 *||Oct 30, 2001||May 1, 2003||Simpson Strong-Tie Company, Inc.||Strap holding device|
|US20040231178 *||May 23, 2003||Nov 25, 2004||Leonard Collins||Apparatus for placing furring straps|
|US20040237450 *||Apr 2, 2004||Dec 2, 2004||Michael Barborka||Framing jig|
|US20060032067 *||Aug 10, 2004||Feb 16, 2006||Orr Mark A||Tool for measuring compliance with building construction codes|
|US20060156558 *||Jan 14, 2005||Jul 20, 2006||Owens Jimmy R||Multipurpose framing and layout guide kit|
|US20060236554 *||Jun 23, 2006||Oct 26, 2006||Peterson Larry W||Number one jib tool|
|US20060260219 *||May 20, 2005||Nov 23, 2006||Marlin Riddle||Stud framing brace|
|US20070044418 *||Mar 24, 2006||Mar 1, 2007||Koetter Raymond E||Truss setting bracket|
|US20070044419 *||Aug 24, 2005||Mar 1, 2007||Koetter Raymond E||Truss setting bracket|
|US20070056241 *||Sep 14, 2005||Mar 15, 2007||Stalling Adam R||Truss spacing devices|
|US20070216078 *||Apr 28, 2005||Sep 20, 2007||Jaffers Kenneth G||Clamp Assembly|
|US20080053035 *||Sep 6, 2007||Mar 6, 2008||Zev Rosenberg||Modular Metal Wall Framing System|
|US20090095786 *||Oct 15, 2007||Apr 16, 2009||Anatoly Gosis||Fastening tool holding bracket|
|US20090095789 *||Sep 26, 2008||Apr 16, 2009||Anatoly Gosis||Moveable fastening tool holding bracket|
|US20090100694 *||Oct 25, 2006||Apr 23, 2009||Hooks Sherill L||Prefabricated Jig to Position and Align Roof Trusses|
|US20090173035 *||Jan 9, 2008||Jul 9, 2009||Collins William N||Joist hanger tool|
|US20110154770 *||Jun 2, 2009||Jun 30, 2011||Niels Friis||Truss Mounting Brace|
|US20110214389 *||Sep 8, 2011||Gordon Andrew Paton||Framing aid|
|WO2005111341A1||Apr 28, 2005||Nov 24, 2005||Frook Pty Ltd||A clamp assembly|
|WO2007050787A1 *||Oct 25, 2006||May 3, 2007||Hooks Sherrill L||Prefabricated jig to position and align roof trusses|
|U.S. Classification||33/613, 269/904, 33/501|
|Cooperative Classification||E04G21/1891, Y10S269/904|
|Jul 22, 1999||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 4
|Aug 13, 2003||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 8
|Jul 31, 2007||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 12