Search Images Maps Play YouTube News Gmail Drive More »
Sign in
Screen reader users: click this link for accessible mode. Accessible mode has the same essential features but works better with your reader.

Patents

  1. Advanced Patent Search
Publication numberUS5493583 A
Publication typeGrant
Application numberUS 08/406,775
Publication dateFeb 20, 1996
Filing dateMar 17, 1995
Priority dateMay 5, 1993
Fee statusPaid
Also published asUS5533056, US5550865
Publication number08406775, 406775, US 5493583 A, US 5493583A, US-A-5493583, US5493583 A, US5493583A
InventorsPeter K. Cripps
Original AssigneeNational Semiconductor Corporation
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Wireless data transceiver
US 5493583 A
Abstract
A full duplex data transceiver for transmitting and receiving frequency-modulated ("FM") signals representing binary data includes separate transmit and receive antennas, and a single oscillator which serves as both the radio frequency ("RF") signal source for the transmitter and the local oscillator ("LO") signal source for the receiver. During signal transmission, the oscillator output is frequency-modulated to provide a FM transmit signal to the transmit antenna. The oscillator output is frequency-modulated with binary transmit data by modulating an error feedback signal which serves as the control voltage for a voltage-controlled oscillator in a phase-lock-loop, thereby producing the FM transmit signal. During signal reception, the oscillator output, in the form of the transmitted FM signal, is received via the receive antenna along with a FM receive signal for mixing therewith to down-convert the FM receive signal. As part of the demodulation of the down-converted FM receive signal, the binary transmit data is subtracted out.
Images(8)
Previous page
Next page
Claims(23)
What is claimed is:
1. A data transceiver for transmitting and receiving modulated radio frequency (RF) signals, comprising:
a transmitter antenna;
a receiver antenna;
transmitter means coupled to said transmitter antenna for receiving a first modulation signal M1 and generating a second modulation signal M2 therefrom, generating a RF signal having a first carrier frequency F1, modulating said RF signal in accordance with said first modulation signal M1 and transmitting via said transmitter antenna said modulated RF signal as a first modulated RF signal; and
receiver means coupled to said receiver antenna and said transmitter means for receiving via said receiver antenna a second modulated RF signal having a second carrier frequency F2 modulated by a third modulation signal M3, receiving via said receiver antenna said transmitted first modulated RF signal and mixing said received first and second modulated RF signals to produce a modulated intermediate frequency (IF) signal having a modulated center frequency F3 equal to a difference ↑F1-F2| between said first carrier frequency F1 and said second carrier frequency F2, and for receiving said second modulation signal M2 and in accordance therewith demodulating said modulated IF signal.
2. A data transceiver as recited in claim 1, wherein said transmitter means comprises a phase-lock-loop which includes a frequency-controllable oscillator and generates and combines a frequency error signal with said received first modulation signal M1 to produce a frequency control signal for said frequency-controllable oscillator.
3. A data transceiver as recited in claim 2, wherein said first modulated RF signal comprises a frequency-modulated signal.
4. A data transceiver as recited in claim 2, wherein said frequency control signal comprises said second modulation signal M2.
5. A data transceiver as recited in claim 1, wherein said receiver means comprises:
an IF circuit for receiving and mixing said first and second modulated RF signals to produce said modulated IF signal; and
a demodulator connected to said IF circuit for receiving said second modulation signal M2 and in accordance therewith receiving and demodulating said modulated IF signal.
6. A data transceiver as recited in claim 5, wherein said IF circuit comprises a single-input mixer which receives said first and second modulated RF signals on a single signal line from said receiver antenna.
7. A data transceiver as recited in claim 5, wherein said demodulator comprises a frequency discriminator.
8. A data transceiver as recited in claim 1, wherein said receiver means comprises:
an IF circuit for receiving and mixing said first and second modulated RF signals to produce said modulated IF signal; and
a demodulator connected to said IF circuit for receiving and demodulating said modulated IF signal to produce a baseband signal, and for receiving and subtracting said second modulation signal M2 from said baseband signal.
9. A data transceiver as recited in claim 8, wherein said IF circuit comprises a single-input mixer which receives said first and second modulated RF signals on a single signal line from said receiver antenna.
10. A data transceiver as recited in claim 8, wherein said demodulator comprises a frequency discriminator.
11. A data transceiver which transmits and receives modulated radio frequency (RF) signals, comprising:
a transmitter antenna;
a receiver antenna;
a modulator-transmitter, connected to said transmitter antenna, which receives a first modulation signal M1 and generates a second modulation signal M2 therefrom, generates a RF signal having a first carrier frequency F1, modulates said RF signal in accordance with said first modulation signal M1 and transmits via said transmitter antenna said modulated RF signal as a first modulated RF signal; and
a demodulator-receiver, connected to said receiver antenna and said modulator-transmitter, which receives via said receiver antenna a second modulated RF signal having a second carrier frequency F2 modulated by a third modulation signal M3, receives via said receiver antenna said transmitted first modulated RF signal and mixes said received first and second modulated RF signals to produce a modulated intermediate frequency (IF) signal having a modulated center frequency F3 equal to a difference |F1-F2| between said first carrier frequency F1 and said second carrier frequency F2, and which receives said second modulation signal M2 and in accordance therewith demodulates said modulated IF signal.
12. A data transceiver as recited in claim 11, wherein said modulator-transmitter comprises a phase-lock-loop which includes a frequency-controllable oscillator and generates and combines a frequency error signal with said received first modulation signal M1 to produce a frequency control signal for said oscillator.
13. A data transceiver as recited in claim 12, wherein said first modulated RF signal comprises a frequency-modulated signal.
14. A data transceiver as recited in claim 12, wherein said frequency control signal comprises said second modulation signal M2.
15. A data transceiver as recited in claim 11, wherein said demodulator-receiver comprises:
an IF circuit which receives and mixes said first and second modulated RF signals to produce said modulated IF signal; and
a frequency demodulator, connected to said IF circuit, which receives and frequency-demodulates said modulated IF signal to produce a baseband signal, and which receives and subtracts said second modulation signal M2 from said baseband signal.
16. A data transceiver as recited in claim 15, wherein said IF circuit comprises a single-input mixer which receives said first and second modulated RF signals on a single signal line from said receiver antenna.
17. A data transceiving method for transmitting and receiving modulated radio frequency (RF) signals, comprising the steps of:
receiving a first modulation signal M1 and generating a second modulation signal M2 therefrom;
generating a RF signal having a first carrier frequency F1;
modulating said RF signal in accordance with said first modulation signal M1;
transmitting said modulated RF signal as a first modulated RF signal via a transmitter antenna;
receiving via a receiver antenna a second modulated RF signal having a second carrier frequency F2 modulated by a third modulation signal M3;
receiving via said receiver antenna said transmitted first modulated RF signal;
mixing said received first and second modulated RF signals to produce a modulated intermediate frequency (IF) signal having a modulated center frequency F3 equal to a difference |F1-F2| between said first carrier frequency F1 and said second carrier frequency F2; and
receiving said second modulation signal M2 and in accordance therewith demodulating said modulated IF signal.
18. A data transceiving method as recited in claim 17, wherein said step of generating a RF signal having a first carrier frequency F1 comprises generating a frequency error signal in a phase-lock-loop which includes a frequency-controllable oscillator and combining said frequency error signal with said first modulation signal M1 to produce a frequency control signal for said frequency-controllable oscillator.
19. A data transceiving method as recited in claim 18, wherein said step of modulating said RF signal in accordance with said first modulation signal M1 comprises frequency-modulating said RF signal in accordance with said first modulation signal M1.
20. A data transceiving method as recited in claim 18, wherein said step of modulating said RF signal in accordance with said first modulation signal M1 comprises modulating said RF signal with said second modulation signal M2 as said frequency control signal.
21. A data transceiving method as recited in claim 17, wherein said step of mixing said received first and second modulated RF signals to produce a modulated IF signal comprises inputting said first and second modulated RF signals to a single-input mixer on a single signal line from said receiver antenna.
22. A data transceiving method as recited in claim 17, wherein said step of receiving said second modulation signal M2 and in accordance therewith demodulating said modulated IF signal comprises demodulating said modulated IF signal to produce a baseband signal and subtracting said second modulation signal M2 from said baseband signal.
23. A data transceiving method as recited in claim 22, wherein said step of demodulating said modulated IF signal to produce a baseband signal comprises frequency discriminating said modulated IF signal.
Description

This is a continuation of application Ser. No. 08/057,621 filed on May 5, 1993, now abandoned.

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

1. Field of the Invention

The present invention relates to wireless data transceivers, and in particular, to asynchronous, full duplex wireless data MODEMs with data encoding and decoding.

2. Description of the Related Art

As modern computer systems have moved away from centralized processing, such as with mainframe computers, toward more distributed processing, such as with personal, or desktop, computers, the need for providing reliable communications between the remote processing elements has become greater. A common conventional communication link has been a data transceiver often referred to as a MODEM (MODulator/DEModulator) in which data is modulated, transmitted over the communication medium, and then demodulated at the receiving end.

Perhaps one of the most common MODEMs is one in which the data is transmitted and received over telephone lines. These types of MODEMs, as well as many other types, rely on a "hard-wired" connection and typically operate in a simplex or half duplex mode. However, hard-wired communication links tend to restrict the mobility of the users. Further, any reconfiguration of the communication link requires the time and expense of relocating, or otherwise reconfiguring, the hard-wired connections, e.g. installing and/or relocating cables.

Accordingly, a solution has been developed which has seen increased use as wireless communications technology advances, namely wireless MODEMs. Such MODEMs continue to transmit and receive data but do so without using wires or cabling as the communication medium. Instead, data transmission is accomplished wirelessly, i.e. "over-the-air" with the atmosphere (or space) as the communication medium. This results in a significant increase in mobility of the users, as well as enhanced opportunities to operate in a full duplex communication mode.

Various types of wireless MODEMs have been proposed. For example, the MODEM described in U.S. Pat. No. 4,759,078 provides for wireless data communication by transmitting data via a "leaky" local oscillator which has been modulated by the data intended to be transmitted, and receiving wireless data via a receive antenna and down-converting it with the aforementioned local oscillator. However, upon closer scrutiny of the proposed MODEM, a number of disadvantages will be realized.

One disadvantage results from the very feature which is expressly intended to be advantageous, namely the use of a "leaky" local oscillator for signal transmission whereby a separate transmit antenna is unnecessary. A problem with this is that it is difficult, if not impossible, to determine just how "leaky" the oscillator must be for reliable signal transmission. Further, by purposely causing the local oscillator to be "leaky", interference with or self-jamming of the companion receiver would be difficult to avoid. Moreover, full duplex operation of this type of transceiver would further suffer from interference with the receive signal due to the presence of modulation on the internal local oscillator.

Further still, such a transceiver design still requires a radio frequency ("RF") interface between the transmitter and receiver sections. In other words, a hard-wired RF interface is needed to convey the local oscillator signal from the transmitter section in which it resides to the receiver section for use therein as the local oscillator for down-conversion of the received signal. Hence, while maintaining a sufficiently "leaky" local oscillator to effect data transmission, it becomes much more critical to provide reliable RF shielding for the receiver, particularly the intermediate frequency ("IF") section, from outside radiation interference.

Therefore, it would be desirable to have a simple wireless data transceiver which would allow for full duplex operation and simple, reliable data modulation and demodulation.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

A data transceiver in accordance with the present invention uses separate transmit and receiver antennas for transmitting and receiving data-modulated signals, respectively. A single local oscillator provides both the RF carrier for the transmit signal and the local oscillator ("LO") signal for the down-conversion of the receive signal in the receiver section. The LO signal is conveyed from the transmitter section to the receiver section in the form of the radiated transmit signal from the transmit antenna to the receive antenna. Full duplex operation is achieved by cancelling out the transmit data from the down-converted receive signal which has been introduced by the modulated transmit signal used as the LO signal, and by setting the carrier of the local oscillator at a frequency which is offset from that of the incoming data-modulated carrier signal by an amount equal to the desired intermediate frequency.

In further accordance with the present invention, a frequency modulator is provided in which a phase-lock-loop is used for generating a frequency-modulated signal. The phase-lock-loop receives a reference signal and generates an output signal which is synchronized to the reference signal in accordance with an internally generated frequency control signal. A modulator receives a binary data signal and in accordance therewith modulates the frequency control signal, which in turn causes the output signal frequency to be modulated.

In still further accordance with the present invention, a binary-to-trinary data encoder is provided for encoding binary data to trinary data. The first of the three trinary data values corresponds to an absence of binary data transitions, the second of the three trinary data values corresponds to positive binary data transitions, and the third of the three trinary data values corresponds to negative binary data transitions. In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the trinary data values are represented by a frequency-modulated signal in which one of three frequencies each represents one of the trinary data values.

In still further accordance with the present invention, a trinary-to-binary data decoder is provided. A demodulator receives and demodulates a trinary modulated signal to produce a demodulated trinary signal containing trinary data. A decoder decodes the demodulated trinary signal to a binary signal which contains binary data corresponding to the trinary data. In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the demodulator is a frequency demodulator and the trinary modulated signal is a frequency-modulated signal.

These and other features and advantages of the present invention will be understood upon consideration of the following detailed description of the invention and the accompanying drawings.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

FIG. 1 is a functional block diagram of two data transceivers in accordance with the present invention.

FIG. 2 is a functional block diagram of a data transceiver in accordance with the present invention.

FIG. 3 illustrates exemplary signal waveforms for various signals within the data transceiver of FIG. 2.

FIG. 4 illustrates exemplary frequency spectrums for the transmit and receive signals of the data transceiver of FIG. 2.

FIGS. 5A, 5(A)1, 5(A)2, 5B and 5C together are a schematic diagram of a preferred embodiment of the data transceiver of FIG. 2.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION

Referring to FIG. 1, a communication system 10 using two data transceivers 12, 14 in accordance with the present invention includes two each of the following elements: modulator 16; frequency modulator-transmitter 18; transmitter antenna 20; receiver antenna 22; mixer 24; and IF amplifier and demodulator 26 (all connected substantially as shown). As should be understood, the modulator 16 and frequency modulator-transmitter 18 constitute the transmitter section, and the mixer 24 and IF amplifier and demodulator 26 constitute the receiver section.

The discussion that follows is addressed specifically to the first transceiver 12, but it should be understood that the second transceiver 14 operates in a similar fashion, with the exception of its transmit and receive frequencies as discussed further below.

During signal transmission, the modulator 16 receives binary transmit data 28 as its input modulation signal, and in accordance therewith provides a modulation signal 30 to the modulator-transmitter 18. The modulator 16 also provides a modulation feedback signal 32 to the IF amplifier and demodulator 26 in the receiver for use in cancellation of the transmit data from the demodulated receive signal (discussed further below).

The modulator-transmitter 18 outputs a modulated RF signal 34 (with carrier frequency F1), modulated by its input modulation signal 30, to the transmitter antenna 20. One component 36a of the radiated transmit signal is received by the second transceiver 14, and another component 36b is received by the receiver antenna 22 of the subject transceiver 12 for use as its receiver LO signal (discussed further below).

During signal reception, the receiver antenna 22 receives a modulated RF signal 36c from the second transceiver 14 and the transmitted modulated RF signal 36b from its companion transmitter. The resulting combined signal 38 is received by the mixer 24 which mixes the two signal components to produce an IF signal 40. The IF signal 40 has a center frequency F3 which is equal to the difference between the transmitter carrier frequency F1 of the companion transmitter and the transmitter carrier frequency F2 of the second transceiver 14 (F3=|F1-F2|).

The IF amplifier and demodulator 26 receives the IF signal 40, demodulates it and outputs the resulting receive binary data 42. As discussed further below, this demodulation uses a modulation feedback signal 32 to cancel out the effects of the modulation of the transmit signal 36b used as the local oscillator in the receiver.

Full duplex operation of the two transceivers 12, 14 is achieved by offsetting their respective transmit carrier frequencies F1 and F2 by that amount desired to be used as the IF frequency F3. Full duplex operation is enhanced by using a modulation feedback signal 32 representing the transmitter modulation to cancel out modulation effects within the receiver IF signal 40 due to the use of the transmitted modulated RF signal 36b as the receiver local oscillator.

A further advantage of the circuit topology of the present invention is the lack of a need for a hard-wired RF interface between the receiver and transmitter, even though only a single local oscillator is used. In other words, even though the sole local oscillator is resident within the transmitter, it need not be hard-wired to the receiver to provide a LO signal thereto, since the LO signal for the receiver is supplied via the transmitter and receiver antennas 20, 22 as the transmit signal 36b. Hence, a much lower frequency interface is all that is needed, i.e. to provide the modulation feedback signal 32.

Referring to FIG. 2, a preferred embodiment of a data transceiver 12 in accordance with the present invention can be better understood. The transmitter, namely the modulator 16 and frequency modulator-transmitter 18, is constructed from a phase-lock-loop ("PLL") 44 which includes: voltage-controlled oscillator ("VCO") 46; divide-by-N prescaler 48; frequency reference source 50; phase comparator 52; lowpass loop filter 54; and signal summer 56 (all connected substantially as shown).

The VCO 46 produces a RF output signal 34 which is received by the prescaler 48. The prescaled signal 58 is received by the phase comparator 52, along with a reference signal 60 from the frequency reference source 50. The phase comparator 52 compares the relative phases of the prescaled 58 and reference 60 signals and produces an error signal 62 representing the difference between those signal phases. The signal summer 56 receives the error signal 62 and sums it with the transmit data 28. The sum signal 64 is lowpass filtered by the loop filter 54 to produce the frequency control signal 66 for the VCO 46.

As should be understood, with no transmit data 28 applied, i.e. with the transmit data 28 equal to a "zero" value, the sum signal 64 is the same as the error signal 62. Under these conditions, the PLL 44 is in a synchronized state, meaning that the phase of the VCO 46 output 34 is synchronized, or locked, with that of the reference signal 60. With transmit data 28 applied, the sum signal 64, and therefore the VCO frequency control signal 66, become modulated by the transmit data 28, thereby causing the RF output signal 34 of the VCO 46 to be frequency-modulated. It is this RF signal 34 (which is frequency-modulated) that is transmitted via the transmitter antenna 20.

As noted above and discussed further below, the filtered sum signal 66 is conveyed as the modulation feedback signal 32 to the receiver section. The receiver, as discussed above, has a receiver antenna 22 and mixer 24. The IF amplifier and demodulator 26 is made up of a serial combination of: bandpass filter 68; IF amplifier 70; frequency discriminator 72; signal summer 74; bandpass filter 76; and amplitude window discriminator 78 (all connected substantially as shown).

The receive signal 36c from the other data transceiver 14 is received by the receiver antenna 22, as is the transmitted signal 36b from the companion transmitter. As discussed above, the combined signals 38 are received and mixed within the mixer 24 to produce the IF signal 40. A bandpass filter 68 filters the IF signal to reduce incoming signal noise and spurious signals. The filtered signal 80 is amplified by the IF amplifier 70. The IF amplifier 70 produces an amplified IF signal 82 which goes to the frequency discriminator 72 for demodulation thereof in the form of frequency discrimination.

The IF amplifier 70 also produces a DC signal which is proportional to the logarithm of the input signal 80 to the IF amplifier 70 and thereby represents the signal strength of that signal 70. Accordingly, this DC signal 84 is commonly referred to as a "receive signal strength indicator" ("RSSI") signal.

The demodulated signal 86 is summed differentially within the signal summer 74 with the transmit data modulation feedback signal 32. This causes the effects of the transmit data within the demodulated signal 86 to be netted, e.g. subtracted, out. The resulting difference signal 88 is filtered once again by a bandpass filter 76. This filtered signal 90 goes to the amplitude window discriminator 78, along with the RSSI signal 84 from the IF amplifier 70 (discussed above).

The filtered, demodulated signal 90 is amplitude window-discriminated, i.e. compared in amplitude against two amplitude thresholds, within the amplitude window discriminator 78 to decode the trinary data back to binary data (discussed further below). The RSSI signal 84 from the IF amplifier 70 is used to enable the amplitude window discriminator 78 (discussed further below). The decoded, i.e. binary, data constitutes the outputted receive data 42.

Referring to FIG. 3, the frequency modulation of the VCO 46 output 34 and the demodulation and decoding of the receive data can be better understood. As discussed above, the transmit data 28 and receive data 42 are binary in form; however, in between, the data is trinary in form. In other words, the binary transmit data 28 is encoded to trinary data which is used to modulate the transmit signal 34 produced by the VCO 46 in the PLL 44. Similarly, the receive signal 36c is frequency modulated with trinary data representing binary data. The demodulated and filtered signal 90 also represents trinary data corresponding to the original binary transmit data 28. The decoding of this trinary data back to binary takes place within the amplitude window discriminator 78.

FIG. 3A shows a single positive data transition of the transmit data 28. This step input to the signal summer 56 (FIG. 2) produces a positive-going transient in the sum signal 64 which is filtered by the loop filter 54. In turn, this causes the VCO frequency control signal 66 to also have a positive-going transient, as shown in FIG. 3B. This positive transient in the VCO frequency control signal 66 causes the frequency of the VCO output signal 34 to increase accordingly. Similarly, the inverse is true, meaning that negative data transitions in the transmit data 28 produce negative transients in the VCO frequency control signal 66 and frequency of the output signal 34. However, within a brief period of time, the PLL 44 compensates for such output frequency transients (by appropriately adjusting the phase error signal 62), and the VCO frequency control signal 66 returns to its steady-state level. (In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the duration of the transient depicted in FIG. 3B is approximately 8 microseconds.)

Accordingly, as seen in FIGS. 3C and 3D, a binary transmit data stream 28 produces a VCO frequency control signal 66 with positive and negative transients as shown. Those portions of the VCO frequency control signal 66 waveform labeled A correspond to the steady-state conditions after the PLL 44 has compensated for any transients induced by any positive or negative transmit data 28 transitions. Those portions labeled B are the positive transient peaks resulting from positive binary data transitions in the transmit data 28, and those portions labeled C are the negative transient peaks resulting from negative binary data transitions in the transmit data 28.

FIGS. 3C and 3D are also applicable when considering the demodulation and decoding of the receive signal by the receiver. On the receive side, FIG. 3D represents the filtered, demodulated signal 90 (trinary data) inputted to the amplitude window discriminator 78 (FIG. 2). The amplitude window discriminator 78, with internally set high TH and low TL thresholds (and enabled by the RSSI signal 84), decodes the trinary input data 90 into two intermediate data signals 42a and 42b, as shown in FIGS. 3E and 3F, respectively.

The first intermediate data signal 42a, as shown in FIG. 3E, is a "positive edge signal". This signal 42a is a binary signal whose trailing edges, i.e. negative transitions, occur at those points at which the trinary data 90 rises above the high threshold TH, and whose leading edges, i.e. positive transitions, occur at those points at which the trinary data 90 falls below the high threshold TH.

The second intermediate data signal 42b, as shown in FIG. 3F, is a "negative edge signal". This signal 42b is a binary signal whose trailing edges, i.e. negative transitions, occur at those points at which the trinary data 90 crosses below the low threshold TL, and whose leading edges, i.e. positive transitions, occur at those points at which the trinary data 90 rises above the low threshold TL.

These two intermediate data signals 42a and 42b are logically combined (e.g. by way of a set-reset flip-flop) to produce the binary receive data 42, as shown in FIG. 3G. As can be seen by comparing FIGS. 3C and 3G, the binary data is thereby faithfully reproduced.

Referring to FIG. 4, the output frequency spectrum of the transmit signal 34 (and receive signal 36c) can be better understood. At the steady-state levels A of the VCO frequency control signal 66, the output frequency remains at the nominal carrier frequency fC =F1 (commonly referred to as the "center" frequency). At the positive transient peaks B of the VCO frequency control signal 66, the output frequency increases to an upper "peak" frequency f+P. At the negative transient peaks C of the VCO frequency control signal 66, the output frequency decreases to a lower "peak" frequency f-P. Thus, the trinary data, as represented by the VCO frequency control signal 66, produces a frequency-modulated output signal 34.

Referring to FIGS. 5A, 5B and 5C, a schematic of a preferred embodiment of a data transceiver 12 in accordance with the present invention will be used to further discuss the structure and operation of the present invention. Within the modulator-transmitter 18 (FIG. 1), the VCO 46 is a self-excited oscillator which includes transistor Q1 and a printed antenna element 20 (e.g. microstrip). The phase comparator 52 is an EXCLUSIVE-OR phase comparator U2B. The divide-by-N prescaler 48 is a divide-by-256/257 prescaler U7 (whose divide ratio is selectable with switch S1 to be either 256 or 257), the output of which is amplified and level-converted with two EXCLUSIVE-OR gates U2D and U2C connected as inverters. The final EXCLUSIVE-OR gate U2A, also connected as an inverter, operates with crystal Y1 (approximately 3.58 megahertz [MHz]) as a crystal oscillator for the frequency reference source 50.

As discussed above, the gain and frequency response of the PLL 44 are set, using the components and values as shown, so that a step input to the loop produces the transient response shown in FIG. 3B.

In the receiver, signals from the receive antenna 22 are matched to the mixer 24 with a resonant transmission line (e.g. microstrip). The mixer 24 uses a pair of Schottky diodes D1 connected in a single-balanced configuration to produce a balanced IF signal 40. The bandpass filter FL1 68 is a two-pole L-C filter (e.g. TOKO H354BAI-1425-DAD), and performs a balanced-to-unbalanced signal conversion, as well as provide selectivity at the IF frequency of approximately 3.5 MHz.

The IF amplifier 70 and frequency discriminator 72 are embodied within integrated circuit U6 (Signetics NE604). Additional IF filtering is provided by filter FL2 (e.g. TOKO H354BAI-1425-DAD), and elements C14, L1 and R8 form a quadrature network for use in the frequency discrimination performed by U6. Noninverted and inverted discriminator outputs 86a, 86b are available (discussed further below) using switch S2. The selected output 86 is summed with the modulation feedback signal 32 (which is inverted, amplified and phase-compensated with amplifier U5A with a phase delay to compensate for the receiver front-end phase delays), and then filtered in an active lowpass filter U5B.

The RSSI signal 84 is used to activate the window discriminator 78. This activation is achieved by using the output of voltage comparator U1D to selectively provide a current path to ground for the voltage divider R15, R13, R17 which provides the reference voltages for voltage comparators U1A and U1B. The action of the window discriminator 78 is to generate pulses for positive- and negative-going transitions in the original data stream as represented by the filtered, demodulated signal 90. The original data is then derived from a set-reset flip-flop U3A.

Switches S1 and S2 are used to establish the compatibility of a pair of data transceivers 12, 14 (FIG. 1) in accordance with the present invention. As discussed above, the transmitter frequency reference and the receiver IF are each approximately 3.58 MHz. Accordingly, the upper and lower peak frequencies are fC +3.58 MHz and fC -3.58 MHz, respectively. With switch S1 set to establish the divide ratio N of U7 at 256, the transmit carrier fC is approximately 916.48 MHz, and with switch S1 set to establish the divide ratio N of U7 at 257, the transmit carrier fC is approximately 920.06 MHz.

Switch S1 of the first data transceiver 12 is set for N=256 so that its transmit carrier frequency fC (and therefore its receiver LO signal 36b frequency) is 916.48 MHz, while switch S1 of the second data transceiver 14 is set for N=257 so that its transmit carrier frequency fC (and therefore its receiver LO signal 36d frequency) is 920.06 MHz. Therefore, with receiver IFs of 3.58 MHz (and no image frequency rejection), the first data transceiver 12 can receive and process signals centered about 912.90 MHz or 920.06 MHz, and the second data transceiver 14 can receive and process signals centered about 916.48 MHz or 923.64 MHz.

With these S1 switch settings, the first data transceiver 12 will receive and process the signals 36c centered about 920.06 MHz from the second data transceiver 14, and the second data transceiver 14 will receive and process the signals 36a centered about 916.48 MHz from the first data transceiver 12. This allows the data transceivers 12, 14 to operate without interfering with one another and with no self-jamming.

Furthermore, with these S1 switch settings, switch S2 of the first data transceiver 12 must be set so that the noninverted output 86a of the frequency discriminator 72 (U6 in FIG. 5) is selected, and switch S2 of the second data transceiver 14 must be set so that the inverted output 86b of the frequency discriminator 72 is selected. This ensures that the demodulated signals 90 processed by the amplitude window discriminators 78 of the data transceivers 12, 14 have the proper polarity.

Various other modifications and alterations in the structure and method of operation of this invention will be apparent to those skilled in the art without departing from the scope and spirit of the invention. Although the invention has been described in connection with specific preferred embodiments, it should be understood that the invention as claimed should not be unduly limited to such specific embodiments.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3162724 *Jul 3, 1961Dec 22, 1964Ringelhaan Otmar ESystem for transmission of binary information at twice the normal rate
US3167712 *Mar 17, 1961Jan 26, 1965IttFrequency shift keyer with automatic frequency control
US3230310 *Nov 8, 1962Jan 18, 1966Brogle Jr Albert PBiternary pulse code system
US3495032 *Oct 7, 1968Feb 10, 1970Graphic Transmission Systems IBandwidth reduction system
US3631463 *Mar 10, 1969Dec 28, 1971Sperry Rand CorpSelf-clocked encoding scheme
US3723880 *Feb 1, 1971Mar 27, 1973Philips CorpSystem for the transmission of multilevel data signals
US3760277 *May 17, 1971Sep 18, 1973Milgo Electronic CorpCoding and decoding system with multi-level format
US3872381 *Aug 24, 1972Mar 18, 1975Nippon Telephone And TelephoneDigital transmission system
US3988676 *Feb 20, 1975Oct 26, 1976Milgo Electronic CorporationCoding and decoding system with multi-level format
US4063235 *Oct 29, 1976Dec 13, 1977Siemens AktiengesellschaftNon-return to zero mark to non-return to zero level code converter
US4087642 *Mar 22, 1977May 2, 1978International Standard Electric CorporationDigital data communication system
US4282601 *Jun 5, 1979Aug 4, 1981Burroughs CorporationThree level data transmission system having means for seeking a constant average value for the transmitted signals
US4361904 *Jul 17, 1980Nov 30, 1982Nissan Motor Company, LimitedMethod of testing transceiver and transceiver including testing apparatus
US4397042 *Jul 22, 1981Aug 2, 1983Sumitomo Electric Industries, Ltd.Optical modulation/demodulation system
US4411005 *Dec 21, 1981Oct 18, 1983General Electric CompanyData circuit for frequency modulating an oscillator
US4583090 *Oct 16, 1981Apr 15, 1986American Diversified Capital CorporationData communication system
US4618941 *Sep 19, 1983Oct 21, 1986Motorola, Inc.Apparatus and method for generating filtered multilevel data from NRZ data
US4665531 *Jan 7, 1986May 12, 1987Northern Telecom LimitedAlternate mark inversion (AMI) receiver
US4745622 *Jul 29, 1986May 17, 1988Integrated Network CorporationEqualizer for digital transmission systems
US4759078 *Nov 14, 1986Jul 19, 1988Rose Communication Systems, Inc.Coordinated local oscillator receiving system
US5095497 *Nov 20, 1989Mar 10, 1992At & T Bell LaboratoriesTechnique for achieving the full coding gain of encoded digital signals
US5107520 *Jan 9, 1990Apr 21, 1992U.S. Philips CorporationAdaptive predistortion circuit for a digital transmission system
US5119402 *Jun 26, 1990Jun 2, 1992Digital Equipment CorporationMethod and apparatus for transmission of local area network signals over unshielded twisted pairs
US5148448 *Mar 14, 1990Sep 15, 1992U.S. Philips CorporationAdaptive predistortion circuit with memory
US5166956 *May 21, 1990Nov 24, 1992North American Philips CorporationData transmission system and apparatus providing multi-level differential signal transmission
US5259007 *Jun 16, 1992Nov 2, 1993Sony CorporationPhase locked loop frequency synthesizer
US5303265 *Jun 29, 1990Apr 12, 1994Digital Equipment CorporationFrequency independent encoding technique and apparatus for digital communications
US5313173 *Apr 26, 1993May 17, 1994Ericsson Ge Mobile Communications Inc.Quadrature modulated phase-locked loop
US5323125 *Mar 15, 1993Jun 21, 1994Motorola, Inc.Frequency agile method for transmitting multi-level data
US5355513 *Dec 28, 1990Oct 11, 1994Schlumberger Industries LimitedTransponder with reply frequency derived from frequency of received interrogation signal
GB1122801A * Title not available
GB2122456A * Title not available
WO1991012672A1 *Feb 5, 1991Aug 22, 1991Rose Communications IncMethod and apparatus for selective sideband in a proximal cable-less communication system signal
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US5715285 *Dec 15, 1995Feb 3, 1998Victor Company Of Japan, Ltd.Data transmission apparatus, a data receiving apparatus, and a data transmission system
US5734676 *May 24, 1996Mar 31, 1998International Business Machines CorporationApparatus, method and article of manufacture for carrier frequency compensation in a FM radio receiver
US5751114 *May 24, 1996May 12, 1998International Business Machines CorporationApparatus, method and article of manufacture for carrier frequency compensation in a FM radio transmitter
US5761259 *May 24, 1996Jun 2, 1998International Business Machines CorporationApparatus, method and article of manufacture for carrier frequency compensation in a FM radio
US5914980 *Sep 20, 1996Jun 22, 1999Kabushiki Kaisha ToshibaWireless communication system and data storage medium
US6137997 *Aug 4, 1998Oct 24, 2000Motorola, Inc.Circuit for receiving and transmitting signals and method
US6163711 *Dec 1, 1997Dec 19, 2000Nokia Mobile Phones, LtdMethod and apparatus for interfacing a mobile phone with an existing audio system
US6636171 *Jan 16, 2001Oct 21, 2003Chen-Ping ChangAutomobile bi-direction remote control transmission circuitry
US6735181Jun 26, 2000May 11, 2004Atmel CorporationWireless transceiver with subtractive filter compensating both transmit and receive artifacts
US6754474 *Jul 21, 2000Jun 22, 2004AlcatelRadio transmission system
US6925135Nov 25, 2003Aug 2, 2005Ut-Battelle, LlcDigital-data receiver synchronization
US6973145Sep 1, 2000Dec 6, 2005Ut-Battelle, LlcDigital-data receiver synchronization method and apparatus
US7349672 *Feb 19, 2004Mar 25, 2008Matsushita Electric Industrial Co., Ltd.Digital signal transceiver
US7587011Apr 26, 2005Sep 8, 2009Ut-Battelle, LlcDigital-data receiver synchronization method and apparatus
US8411788 *Nov 17, 2006Apr 2, 2013Qualcomm, IncorporatedDigital transmitters for wireless communication
EP2258779A1May 11, 2006Dec 8, 2010Yazaki CorporationAntireflective coating compositions and methods for depositing such coatings
EP2757134A2May 11, 2006Jul 23, 2014Yazaki CorporationAntireflective coating compositions and methods for depositing such coatings
Classifications
U.S. Classification375/219, 375/296, 375/316, 455/86
International ClassificationH03C3/09, H04L27/148, H04L27/12, H04L25/49, H04B1/40
Cooperative ClassificationH04L27/12, H04L27/148, H03C3/0975, H04L25/4925, H04B1/40
European ClassificationH03C3/09A6, H04B1/40, H04L27/12, H04L27/148, H04L25/49M3B
Legal Events
DateCodeEventDescription
Aug 20, 2007FPAYFee payment
Year of fee payment: 12
Aug 20, 2003FPAYFee payment
Year of fee payment: 8
Aug 19, 1999FPAYFee payment
Year of fee payment: 4
May 21, 1996CCCertificate of correction