Search Images Maps Play YouTube News Gmail Drive More »
Sign in
Screen reader users: click this link for accessible mode. Accessible mode has the same essential features but works better with your reader.


  1. Advanced Patent Search
Publication numberUS549678 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateNov 12, 1895
Publication numberUS 549678 A, US 549678A, US-A-549678, US549678 A, US549678A
InventorsJoseph A. Miller
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
US 549678 A
Abstract  available in
Previous page
Next page
Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

(No Model.) I


BOTTLE STOPPER. No. 549,678. Patented Nov. 12, 1895.

8 I, 2 g? 7 9 Z 3 F w g vvw 8 5 7 w 6 1 Q p 0..



@fiM/M L- the city of Providence, in the county of Provithan the parts forming the stopper.

portion or the whole of the liquid contents of applied. The tubular neck may be provided .To all whom it may concern:




SBEOIFICATION' forming part of Letters Patent No. 549,678, dated November 12, 1895.

Application iilad November 14, 1893.

. Be it known that I, J osEPn A. MILLER, of

dence and State of Rhode Island, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Bottle-Stoppers; and I hereby declare that the following is a full, clear, and exact description of the same, reference being had to the accompanying drawings, forming part of this specification.

This invention has reference to an improvement in stoppers adapted to close the opening in bottles and other vessels- The object of the invention is to provide a stopper for a bottle or other vessel that will be cheap and simple in construction and by which the contents of a bottle or vessel or any desired portion of the contents may-be readily drawn ofi.

Another object of the invention is to produce a stopper for bottles of. india-rubber or similar material andwithout the use of any metal that, while it can be readily entered into the neck of a bottle, will be held and retained in the same against internal pressure without the use of any fastening device other The invention consists in the peculiar and novel construction of the stopper, as will be more fully set forth hereinafter.

Figure 1 is a vertical section of a bottle provided with a stopper adapted to automatically close the outlet and permit of the withdrawing of a portion of the liquid. Fig. 2 is vertical section of a bottle provided with a stopper adapted to permit the discharge of a the bottle. Fig. 3 is a vertical section of a bottle and a stopper adapted to discharge aerated liquid under pressure. Fig. 4 is a horizontal cross-section of the stopper on the line A B shown in Fig. 1.

The stopper consists in the tubular neck 6, which ismade to fit the outlet-opening of the bottle 7 or other vessel to which the stopper is with projections or enlargements fitting the interior of the outlet of the bottle or vessel, such as are shown at the lower end of the neck in the drawings, to secure the stopper, but will be firmly held in the bottle-neck without such projections. The outer end of the Serial lio- 490,935- (No modal.)

tubular neck 6 is closed by the arch 8, which forms, by the curved connection with the neck 6, an elastic bulb, an outlet 9 being made at one side for the discharge of the liquid. This outlet may be made in the wall of the stopper, as is shown .in Fig. 2, or'it may be extended and form the tube 10. Another opening 9 may be made opposite the opening 9, as is indicated in Fig. 2, to permit the air to enter the bottle or vessel at this hole while the liquid is discharged from the opening 9. The valve-stem 11 is secured to the arch 8 and has at its lower end the valve 12. The valve-stemv may be secured to the arch by cementation, as is shown in Figs. 1 and 2. It may be extended through the arch and provided with the button or secured in any other manner.

. The stopper may be made of any suitable elastic material; but I prefer to make the whole of rubber or some similar elastic compound. In practice I make the tubular neck 6 and arch 8 of rubber sufiiciently vulcanized to secure the desired. resiliency in the arch 8 to hold the valve 12 firmly against its seat. The valve-stem -11 and valve 12 I usually make of hard rubber. The stopper may be made without the openings 9 9' or tube 10 and used as an ordinary stopper.

The operation of the stopper is as follows: The stopper shown in Fig. 1, ;if used for aerated liquids under pressure, will discharge the liquid when the arch 8 is pressed down to move the valve 12 off from its seat and the bottle is tilted, so that the gas-pressure will act on the liquid. If used for'still liquids, the air-hole 9 facilitates the flow of the liquid. In all the forms shown pressure exerted on the arch 8 opens the valve 12. On the release of the pressure the valve closes.

When bottles provided with these stoppers are to be filled with liquidsunder pressure,

the valve may be held in the open position by a suitable device and the liquid forced into- .ing, the tubular neck into the bottle the arch B is compressed to bring the valve 12 below the open end of the neck, which can now be crimped, so that it will readily enter the bottie, and when inserted the elasticity of the neck 6 expands it and the elasticity of the arch 8 draws the valve 12 into and against the open end of the neck. Internal pressure forces the valve 12 against the open end and sides of the neck and increases the adhesion of the neck of the stopper on the bottle and no auxiliary fastening is required.

llaving thus described my invention, I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent- 1. A bottle-stopper consisting of a tubular neck provided at one end with an elastic bulb havinga lateral outlet, and a valve, the stem of which is secured to the elastic bulb, constructcd to close the open end of the tubular neck, as described.

2. A bottle-stopper made of elastic material consisting of a tubular neck open at one end and closed at the other end by an arched disk, and a conical valve, the stem of which is connected with the closed arched end of the tube, constructed to close the open end of the tubular neck and force the same against the neck of the bottle by the inherent resiliency of the closed arched end, as described.

In a bottle-stopper formed of elastic material the combination with the flexible tubular-neck 6, the arched bulbous end 8, and the discharge-tube 10, of the valve 12 and the valve-stem 11 connected with the end 8, constructed to close the passage through the stopper and expand the neck to secure and hold the stopper against the pressure in the bottle, as described.

In witness whereof I have hereunto set my hand.




Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2487434 *Sep 23, 1948Nov 8, 1949Bowman Dairy CompanyFlexible nozzle operated dispensing valve
US2539559 *May 31, 1947Jan 30, 1951Sherwin Williams CoSpraying device
US2602628 *Jul 26, 1946Jul 8, 1952Turenne Wilfred JFluid transfer system and apparatus
US2725161 *Aug 16, 1951Nov 29, 1955John BrowningPowder can and dispenser therefor
US2761593 *Feb 15, 1951Sep 4, 1956Nat Dairy Res Lab IncValve for pressurized containers
US2761594 *Feb 11, 1953Sep 4, 1956Scovill Manufacturing CoAerosol bomb dispensing cap
US2854176 *Oct 19, 1955Sep 30, 1958Illinois Tool WorksDispensing valve assembly
US2913000 *Jun 23, 1954Nov 17, 1959Baxter Don IncFlow control valve
US3049088 *Oct 31, 1960Aug 14, 1962Curtis Gerald JDrain for boats
US3080994 *Jul 28, 1960Mar 12, 1963Chausson Usines SaClack-valve plug, more particularly for cooling radiators of motor vehicles
US3122156 *Oct 21, 1959Feb 25, 1964Kersh Ronald CFlexible check valve
US3151787 *Oct 31, 1961Oct 6, 1964Gustave MillerDispensing bottle tap
US3158176 *Apr 18, 1962Nov 24, 1964Ford Motor CoSealing means for a drain opening
US3187965 *May 12, 1964Jun 8, 1965Bourget David LSpout for milk container
US3276635 *Aug 18, 1964Oct 4, 1966Donald J WheelerDevice for dispensing an additive fluid into a carrier fluid
US3283961 *Aug 2, 1965Nov 8, 1966Rait Joseph MAerosol container with valve having a biased actuator
US3402864 *Aug 31, 1966Sep 24, 1968Derek A. RogersConstruction of valves for aerosols
US3595445 *Jan 27, 1969Jul 27, 1971Rayford Ind IncFluid-dispensing valve
US3598324 *Feb 19, 1969Aug 10, 1971Richard Terence Macguire CoopeValve devices
US4375825 *Dec 17, 1979Mar 8, 1983Greenspan Donald JIntegral valve apparatus
US4471807 *Mar 26, 1982Sep 18, 1984Waddington & Duval LimitedPress taps
US4475566 *Mar 9, 1982Oct 9, 1984Waddington & Duval Holdings LimitedPress taps
US4583688 *Mar 29, 1985Apr 22, 1986S. C. Johnson & Son, Inc.Hose-end dispenser
US4693400 *Aug 26, 1985Sep 15, 1987Frahm Carl EExtendable-nestable dispensing apparatus
US4707279 *Nov 19, 1986Nov 17, 1987Walls Gary CSelf-seating valve with compressive release
US5142610 *Sep 27, 1991Aug 25, 1992Sunbeam CorporationLiquid heating and dispensing appliance and valve construction
US6648186Feb 13, 2002Nov 18, 2003The Meyer CompanyPush-button faucet
US7878373 *Apr 13, 2004Feb 1, 2011Mayex Usa Kft.Dispensing cap
US20050032741 *Aug 6, 2003Feb 10, 2005Balaji VenkataramanVitamin Compositions
US20060266773 *Apr 13, 2004Nov 30, 2006Mayex Usa Kft.Dispensing cap
DE1475960B *Dec 1, 1965Jan 29, 1970Inland Container CorpAbgabeventil fuer drucklose Behaelter,vorzugsweise fuer Wegwerfpackungen
EP2639198A1 *Oct 16, 2012Sep 18, 2013Flexbo (Tianjin) Logistic System Hi-Tech Co., LtdValve for discharging liquids from containers
Cooperative ClassificationB65D47/286