Frank napoleon allen
US 550315 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
P. N. ALLEN. NoN-PILLABLE BOTTLE.
Patented Nov. 26, 1895.
0 G 'NDISNINSVMUHLITOLOHd 'NVNVUD'B MIND NY y UNITED e STA-TES PATENT OFFICE.
FRANK NAPOLEON ALLEN, OF NEW YORK, N. Y., ASSIGNOR OF ONE-HALF TO HENRY G. VOLKMAR, OF SAME PLACE.
SPECIFICATION forming part ef Letters Patent Ne. 550,315, dated November 2e, 1895.
Application filedApril 9, 1895. Serial No. 545,068. (No model.)
.To all whom; it' may concern.-
Be it known that 1, FRANK NAPOLEON AL- LEN, a citizen of the United States, and a resident of New York, county of New York, and State of New York, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Non -Fillable Bottles, of which the following is a specification, reference being had to the accompanying drawings, forming a part thereof, in which similar numerals of reference indicate corresponding parts.
This invention relates to bottles, and the object thereof is to produce a bottle which having been once filled and emptied of its contents cannot be refilled or again used.
The invention is'fullydisclosed in the following specification, of which the accompany'- ing drawings form a part, in which-- Figure 1 represents a central vertical section of my improved bottle; Fig. 2, a transverse section on the line 2 2 of Fig. 1, and Fig. 3 a detail of a device employed in making the bottle. l
Referring to the drawings, the numeral 2 designates the body of a bottle having an inwardly-directed shoulder or fiange 3 near the top thereof, the upper end of the bottle being preferably contracted at and above said fiange or shoulder, and a short distance above this annular flange or shoulder the bottle is abruptly contracted, forming a narrow neck 4, above which is formed a solid glass eXtension 5 considerably larger indiameter than the neck 4, and on the lower end of which, just above said neck, is formed an outwardlydirected annular rim or flange 6.
The lower end of the bottle 7 is conveXoconcave, the convex surface being directed upward and inward, and in the central portion thereof is formed a downwardly directed tube or nozzle 8, forming a lling-oriiice. Within the bottle, extending vertically through the tube or nozzle 8 and through the central openingin thel inwardly-directed flange or shoulder 3 and up into the solid extension 5, is a metal rod 9, the upper end of which is provided with a projection or shoulder 10, as shown in dotted lines. This rod is placed in the bottle at the time of molding or forming the same, and the latter is formed around it, the extension 5 being molded or formed around the upper end of the rod in the manner shown in Fig. 1, the extension or shoulder 10 thereon being designed to retain the rod within the glass extension 5 and pre- 55 vent its being withdrawn therefrom.
The nozzle 8 is closed by a cork or plug 11 and a metal cap or plug 12, provided with an annular flange 13, and the said metal cap or plugV is also provided on its outer walls with Co vertical supports or projections 14, adapted to engage corresponding vertical recesses or grooves 15, formed in the inner walls of the neck or nozzle 8, as clearly shown in Fig. 2.
On the rod 9, above the inwardly-directed shoulder or projection 3, is placed an elastic valve 16, which is done in the following manner: A tube 17 is provided having a central bore 18, through which the rod 9 is adapted to pass, and the upper part of this tube is con- 7o caved, as shown at 19.
On this surface the valve 1G is placed, as shown in Fig. 3, it being provided wit-h a small central perforation 20, through which the rod 19 is adapted to pass.
The tube 17 is then inserted through the noz- 75 zle 8, the rod 9 passing through the perforation 2O in the valve and the bore 18 of the tube, and the tube is pressed upward until the upper end thereof passes through the central bore 21 in the inwardly-directed shoulder 8o or projection 3, after which the tube 17 is withdrawn, and the valve 16, being formed of elastic material, will remain, as shown in dotted lines in Fig. 1.
lThe parts are assembled in the following manner: The valve 16 is first placed in position, as hereinbefore described, after which the bottle is filled with its required contents through the neck or nozzle'S at the lower end thereof. The cork or stopper 11 is then pressed 9o into position, in which operation it is pierced by the rod 9, this operation being so performed that the solid extension 5 at the top of the bottle may not be broken off by the rod. After this the metal cap or plug`12 is placed-in po- 95 The object of the vertical 10o or otherwise loosen the stopper. If, now, it is desired to empty the bottle, the extension 5 is broken od at the narrow neck 4, which is done by giving the cap or plug 12 a quick stroke with a hammer or by holding the bottle in the hand and striking said cap or plug' on a hard firm surface and driving the same into the nozzle S, by which the extension 5 will be broken off, as shown in dotted lines in Fig. 1. In this operation the valve 13 on the cap strikes on a packing 22 at the bottom of said neck or nozzle, which will prevent injury thereto, and the extension 5 will be tilted to one side, as shown in dotted lines in Fig. 1, the rod 5 bending but preventing the separation of the parts. The contents of the bottle may now be poured out through the aperture formed by the broken neck, as will be readily understood.
It is evident that the bottle cannot be refilled by pouring liquids in through the aperture formed therein by the breaking of the neck, as any liquids thus admitted would fall upon the valve 16, which will efectually prevent the same from passing into the body of the bottle, and it will be observed, of course, that this valve, being elastic, opens to permit of the liquids flowing out of the bottle; but, as hereinbefore stated, any attempt to refill the same will result in the elastic valve being expanded and firmly seated, which will thus cause the passage 21 into the body of the bottle to be closed, as shown in Fig. l, and the position of the broken-off extension 5 on the rod 9 is such as to prevent the insertion of an instrument of any kind to interfere with or prevent the operation of the valve, and even if it were possible to refill the bottle through the orice formed by breaking off of said extension the said extension would have to be resecured to the bottle, which could not be done without showing evidence of the fact and also at a considerable cost, if at all.
I thus accomplish the object of my invention by means of a device simple in construction and operation, which is comparatively inexpensive, and which is well adapted to ac-` complish the object for which it is intended.
Having thus fully described my invention,
what I claim, and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is-
1. A bottle having a filling orifice at its lower end, an inwardly projected flange or shoulder near the upper end thereof having a central passage therethrough, a contracted neck above said flange or shoulder and a solid extension above said contracted neck, and a rod passing through the neck or nozzle at the bottom, the central opening in the inwardly directed annular flange or shoulder, Where it is provided with a valve adapted to close said opening, and the upper end thereof being rigidly secured within the solid extensiomsub stantially as shown and described.
2. A bottle provided with a solid integral extension at its upper end, a contracted neck below the same, an inwardly directed flange or shoulder below the contracted neck, havl ing a central opening, a filling orice at the bottom, and a rod passing through said filling orifice, the central opening in the inwardly directed flange or shoulder, the contracted neck, and secured at the upper end within the solid extension, and means for closing the filling orifice at the lower end, and provided with a valve adapted to close the central opening in the inwardly directed flange or shoulder, substantially as shown and described.
3. A bottle provided with a solid integral extension at its upper end, a contracted neck below the same, an inwardly directed flange or shoulder below the contracted neck, having a central opening, a filling orifice at the bottom, and a rod passing through said filling orifice, the central opening in the inwardly directed flange or shoulder, the contracted neck, and secured at the upper end within the solid extension, and means for closing the filling orifice at the lower end, said rod being provided with a valve adapted to close the central opening in the inwardly directed flange or shoulder, a cork or stopper adapted to be inserted into the filling orice,which is pierced by the said rod, and a cap one end of which is also inserted into said orifice and which is secured to said rod, substantially as shown and described. i
4. A bottle provided with a solid integral extension at its upper end, having at the lower end thereof an annular outwardly directed flange or projection, a contracted neck below the same, an inwardly directed flange or shoulder below the contracted neck, having a central opening, a lling orifice at the bottom, and a rod passing through said filling orifice the central opening in the inwardly directed flange or shoulder, the contracted neck, and secured at the upper endwithin the solid extension, and means for closing the filling orifice at the lower end, said rod being provided with a valve adapted to close the central opening in the inwardly directed flange or shoulder, substantially as shown and described.
5. A bottle provided with an inwardly curved bottom having a filling nozzle or tube in the center thereof, a contracted neck at the top and an j integral solid extension above the same, and a rod passing through the filling tube or orifice, the upper end of which is secured in said solid extension, said rod being provided with a valve which closes an opening into the body of the bottle immediately below the contracted neck, and means for closing the filling tube ororifice, substantially las. shown and described.
In testimony that I claim the foregoing as my invention I have signed my name, in presence of two witnesses, this 3d day of April,
' FRANK` NAPOLEON ALLEN;
lllitnesses PnRcr T. GRIFFITH, L. M. MULLER.