US 554115 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
(No Model.) I
F. G. FISHER. I PERPUMING DEVICE. 7
N 554,115. PatentedFeb. 4,189 6.
A INVENTOH MJQXM UNITED STATES 1 PATENT OFFICE.
FREDERICK G. FISHER, or BATTLE CREEK, MICHIGAN.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 554,115, dated February 4, 1896.
' Application filed May 8,1895. Serial No. 548,472. (No model.)
To all whom, it may concern:-
Be it known that I, FREDERICK G. FISHER,
of Battle Creek, in the county of Calhoun and State of Michigan, have invented a new and Improved Perfuming Device, of which the following is a full, clear, and exact description.
This invention relates to perfuming devices, and especially to that class of perfuming devices adapted for perfuming or scenting the air of rooms, and the object of the invention is to provide a device of this character of a simple and inexpensive nature, adapted for continuous and regulated operation, whereby the perfume will be utilized in the most economical manner possible.
The invention comprises a pivotally-mounted receptacle adapted to receive the perfume, and provided with an outlet, and a clock mechanism adapted to actuate said receptacle, so as to discharge the contents thereof in a continuous and regulated manner.
The invention also contemplates certain novel features of construction and combinations of parts, whereby certain advantages are attained over other similar devices heretofore in use, all as will be hereinafter fully set forth.
The novel features of the invention will be carefully defined in the claims.
Reference is to be had to the accompanying drawings, forming a part of this specification, in which similar characters of reference indicate corresponding parts in all the views.
Figure 1 is a vertical section through the casing of aclock, showing my improved perfuming device applied thereto. Fig. 2 is a side elevation of the clock-casing provided with my improvements, a portion of the side wall of the clock-casing being broken out to show the inclosed mechanism. Figs. 3 and 4 are respectively transverse and longitudinal sections taken through the reservoir wherein the perfumery is held. Fig. 5 is a perspective view showing the upper end of the actuating-rod and the pawl carried thereby for rotating the receptacle shown in Figs. 3 and 4-. These three views are drawn to an. enlarged scale; and Fig. 6 is a fragmentary detail view showing a modified arrangement of the gear for driving the perfumery-holder.
In the drawings, 1 represents'the casing of a clock, which may be of any form and material, and 2 represents the clock mechanism located therein, on the arbor of which is mounted a star-wheel 3, the teeth of which are adapted to successively engage, as said wheel rotates, a vertical slide rod or bar 4, the lower end of which is guided in a bearing 5, secured to theframe of the clock mechanism 2, and the upper end of which is guided in a perforation 6 that is formed through the top plate of the clock-casing 1, as clearly seen in Fig. 1.
' The upper end of the slide bar or rod 4 is provided with an angular or L-shaped part 7, to the extremity of which is pivoted at 8 a springpawl 9, formed ofaupiece of sheet metal havingi t s sideportions 1O bent to stand on opposite sides of the angular upper end 7 of the slide-rod, the nose of said pawl 9 being adapted to engage the teeth of a ratchet or other gear wheel 11, secured at one end of the hollow drum-like perfume holder or receptacle 12,which is rotatably mounted in brackets 13 secured to and projecting above the upper face of the clock-casing 1, as clearly indicated in Fig. 2, one of said brackets 13 being provided with a perforation through which projects one of the pivots or journals of the said receptacle 12, and the other bracket 13 being slotted at its upper end to receive the other pivot or journal of said receptacle, and being provided with a spring 14., adapted to engage said journal and hold the drum in position.
The drum 12, as shown in Fig. 4, is provided with a screw-cap 15,which is formed integrally with one of its journals, preferably that opposite the gear or ratchet wheel 11, and said screw-cap 15 is adapted to be removed when it is desired to supply the receptacle or holder with perfumery.
In order to feed the perfume from the receptacle or holder 12, I employ a feed-tube 16, the inner end of which is arranged inside the receptacle or holder 12, being bent or curved to conform to the curvature of the inner side thereof, as clearly seen inFig. 3, the outer end 17 of said tube being carried through a perforation suitably form ed in the wall of the holder or receptacle, and being provided with a notch 18 in its front face, adapted to receive the rear edge of a piece of blotting-paper 19 or other fibrous or porous material, the opposite edge of which is held in place by a springclip 20 secured to the outer face of the drum or receptacle 12. As clearly seen in Fig. 3, the notch 18 is formed in that side of the projecting end 17 of the tube 10 which is in front as the holder or receptacle rotates in the direction of the arrow 21, and the projecting end 17 will, by preference, be arranged in such a way as to be inclined rearwardly to the direction of rotation of said holder.
In operation, as the star-wheel 3 rotates, being actuated from the clock mechanism 2, the teeth thereof engage the lower end of the slide rod or bar 4, whereby the same is lifted so as to cause the nose of the pawl 9, at the upper end of said rod or bar, to engage the teeth of the ratchet or gear wheel 11 and impart rotary movement to said wheel and to the perfume holder or receptacle 12, said slide rod or bar 4 being of sufficient weight to fall after the tooth of the star-wheel 3 has passed beneath it, the pawl 9 riding freely on the teeth of the ratchet-wheel 11 into its original position, in which it stands until the starwheel 3 has moved sufficiently to cause the next tooth to engage under and raise said slide rod or bar.
At each rotation of the holder or receptacle 12, a portion of the perfume contained therein (which perfume will be, of course, in liquid form) will be taken up by the tube 16 and delivered slowly and gradually to the sheet 19 of blotting-paper at the outer side of the receptacle, so that the perfume will be absorbed thereby and exposed over a greater surface so as to be diifused throughout the air of the room.
The curvature of the tube 16 is such that when the inner end thereof is dipped below the level of the liquid inside the holder 12, the outer end 17 will be above the level of said liquid, so that said tube 10 fills with perfume, but said perfume is prevented from running out of said holder through said tube 16. As the holder continues to rotate, the inner end of said tube 16 rises above the level of the liquid in the holder so that no more perfume can pass into said tube, and the outer end 17 of said tube 16 is lowered so that the liquid in the tube escapes therefrom through the notch 18 and is absorbed by the blotting-paper 19.
The speed at which the holder or receptacle 12 rotates will be, of course, dependent to some extent on circumstances, but I have found it sufficient if said holder be timed so as to make one revolution per hour. If desired, the device may be so constructed that the speed with which the holder or receptacle rotates may be adjusted or varied at will.
As shown in Fig. 2 of the drawings, the perfuming device is arranged on a clock, the front plate of the casin g 1 of which is provided with an ornamental upper portion or cornice 1 arranged to hide the holder 12 and its actuating device from view, and when the invention is embodied in a clock or timepiece,
ments for the sake of economy and convenience in a timepiece, and this may be of any approved form.
The arrangement of the holder or receptacle 12 as herein set forth with one bearing slotted renders it possible to readily and fconveniently remove said holder from its bearings when it is desired to fill the same with perfume, and said slotted bearing being provided with a spring it will be evident that when the holder or receptacle has been filled and replaced it will be securely held against accidental dislodgment from said bearings.
I do not wish to be understood as limiting myself to the precise construction and arrangement of the means employed for rotatin g the holder or receptacle as herein shown, since it is evident some change may be made therein without material departure from the principles of the invention; nor do I wish to be understood as limiting myself to the precise means employed for mounting said holder, since the same may be arranged in other ways. For example, the holder or re ceptacle 12 may be driven by the gearing shown in Fig. 6, if desired. In this construction, the ratchet or gear wheel 11 is replaced by a similar wheel, 11, journaled in abracket 13, the upper part of which is provided with a journal in which is removably arranged a pin on the end of the holder or receptacle 12 which is provided with a gear-wheel 12 arranged to engage the gear 11 when the holder is in place. By this construction the pawl 9 is always held in position to engage gearwheel 11.
Having thus described my invention, I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent- 1. A perfumin g device or the like, comprising a pivotally-mounted receptacle for the perfume, means for moving said receptacle, and a discharge-pipe having one end inside the receptacle and the other end outside thereof, said discharge-pipe being bent and having its outer end arranged to stand above the liquid-level when the inner end is below the same and below the liquidlevel when the inner end is above the same, whereby as said receptacle is moved, a portion of the liquid therein is discharged through said pipe, substantially as set forth.
2. A perfuming device or the like, comprising a pivotally-mounted receptacle for the perfume, means for moving the same, a discharge-pipe having one end inside the receptacle and the other end outside thereof, the ends of said discharge-pipe being adapted as the receptacle is moved, to be alternately lowered beneath and lifted above the liquid-level in the receptacle, whereby a portion of the liquid therein is discharged from the receptacle, and an evaporating device composed of absorbent material arranged to receive the liquid discharged from said receptacle, substantially as set forth.
3. A perfu ming device or the like, comprising a rotatively-mounted receptacle for the perfume, means for rotating the same, a discharge-pipe having one end inside the receptacle and its other end outside thereof, the ends of said discharge-pipe being adapted as the receptacle rotates to be alternately lowered and lifted beneath and above the liquidlevel in said receptacle, whereby a portion of the liquid is discharged from the receptacle at each rotation thereof, a clip on said receptacle and an evaporating device composed of absorbent material held by said clip and arranged to receive the liquid discharged from said receptacle, substantially as set forth.
4:. A perfuming device or the like, comprising a rotatively-mounted receptacle for the perfume, means for rotating the same, a discharge-tube having one end arranged inside the receptacle anditsother end outside thereof and notched, the ends of said tube being adapted as the receptacle rotates to be alternately lowered and lifted beneath and above the liquid-level in the receptacle, whereby a portion of the liquid is discharged from the receptacle at each rotation thereof, a clip on the outer side of the receptacle, and a piece of absorbent material held at one side by said clip and having its other end held in the notch in the outer end of the discharge-tube in position to receive the perfume therefrom, substantially as set forth.
5. A perfumin g device or the like, comprising a receptacle for the perfume having one end open and provided with a plug having a projecting journal, and having at its other end a journal aligned with the journal on the plug, bearings for said journals, means for rotating said receptacle, and a discharge-pipe having one end outside and the other inside the receptacle, the ends of said tube being adapted as the receptacle rotates to be alternately lowered and lifted beneath and above the liquid-level in the receptacle, substantially as set forth.
FREDERICK G. FISHER.
JOHN G. PETERSON, E. WALTON.