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Publication numberUS55511 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJun 12, 1866
Publication numberUS 55511 A, US 55511A, US-A-55511, US55511 A, US55511A
InventorsCharles Lentz
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Improvement in speculums
US 55511 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)



Specification forming part of Letters Patent No. 55,511, dated June 12, 1866.

To all whom it may concern Be it known that I, CHARLEs LEN'rz, of the city of Philadelphia and State of Pennsylvania, have invented a new and useful Improvement in Speculums; and I do hereby declare the following to be a full and exact description thereof7 reference being had to the accompanying drawings, and to the figures and letters of reference marked thereon.

My invention relates to that class of surgical instruments named speculums,7 which are provided with four valves or leaves, and so arranged in the manner of tongs that the leaves may be dilated after insertion and secured at any required point of expansion.

rIhe object of my invention is, on the one hand, to simplifythe mechanical arrangement of such instruments, and also to so construct the same that the most ample space is provided in the neck or joint of the same for the purpose of ocular examination, or for the insertion of instruments in operating, while the exterior surfaces of the instrument shall be entirely free from perforations or projecting bulbs, which are liable to injure the patient. All instruments of this class are necessarily so arranged that they can be readily taken apart for the purpose of cleaning or examining them thoroughly, and in their ordinary construction the pins or buttons by means of which the outer pair of leaves is hinged to the inner pair are provided with one-sided heads andarranged to swivel on their axes, so that when they stand in one position the heads will hold the outer leaf to its place, while a partial turn ofthe button will permit the removal of the leaf'. In addition to this l mode of j ointing the outer pair of leaves to the understood, I will now proceed more particularly to describe the same.

On reference to the drawings making part of this specification, and in which similar letters of reference allude to like parts throughout the several views, Figure l is a sectional side view of the improved speculum in its contracted condition. Fig.2 is the same View with the leaves dilated. Fig. 3 is a sectional plan of the instrument, and Fig. 4 a sectional end view of the joints ofthe leaves.

A A are the inner leaves of the speculum, jointed like scissors or tongs at b, and provided with handles C C. f D is aqnadrant, in the form of a flattenedscrew, hinged to one of the handles at c and provided with a milled nut, E, by means of which the instrument canr be secured in any required position of its leaves between the point of closing and extreme dilation.

The outerleaves, F F, are each provided with a pair of inwardly-projecting pins,Gr Gr, which pass through corresponding holes in the inner leaves, A A. These pins are notched in the manner best seen at Fig. 4, the notches being provided to receive the sidewise-projecting wings lt h of the springs I, whereby the outer leaves are held in place upon the inner leaves. In the holes there is, however, enough play allowed for the pins G, that the instrument may be freely opened and closed without binding in these joints. The shape of springs l I and the manner in which they are attached to and actuate the leaves of the instrument are best understood upon reference to Figs. l and 2. Bymeans of a small pin,t' t', on their outer ends they are held in place.

To take the instrument apart itis simply required to lift the pins z' i out of their sockets, and to withdraw the springs from their hold in the notched pins Gr Gr, whereby the outer leaves, F F, become detached from the inner leaves, A A.

To put the instrument together again, the leaves F Fare first laid in their places, and then the springs I I are pushed inward until their wings h lt have entered their notches, and the dowel-pins fi t' are made to enter their respective sockets in the leaves F F.

Having thus described the nature and construction of my invention, I wish to be understood as not desiring to confine myself to the described arrangement of the parts in every minutia; but

What I claim as my invention, and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is-

The described improvement in speeulums, consisting in the use of the springsl I and notched pins Gr G, or their equivalents, when arranged relative to each other and to the leaves A A and F F, substantially as and. for the purpose specified.


THnoDoRE BERGNER, Guns. E. PnNooAsT.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US6024697 *Jan 11, 1999Feb 15, 2000Pisarik; PaulMulti-bladed speculum for dilating a body cavity
US6280379 *Dec 1, 2000Aug 28, 2001Scott ResnickSpeculum
US7481766Aug 13, 2004Jan 27, 2009Synthes (U.S.A.)Multiple-blade retractor
US8192463Apr 28, 2008Jun 5, 2012Mcloughlin JosephSurgical retractor and related methods
US8517935Jul 1, 2010Aug 27, 2013DePuy Synthes Products, LLCSurgical retractors and methods of minimally invasive surgery
US8523770May 2, 2012Sep 3, 2013Joseph McLoughlinSurgical retractor and related methods
US8550995Jun 17, 2011Oct 8, 2013DePuy Synthes Products, LLCSurgical access devices and methods of minimally invasive surgery
US8602984Sep 30, 2008Dec 10, 2013DePuy Synthes Products, LLCSurgical retractor systems and illuminated cannulae
US8622897Aug 30, 2011Jan 7, 2014DePuy Synthes Products, LLCSurgical methods and surgical kits
US8979751 *Dec 15, 2005Mar 17, 2015Samuel GeorgeSpecula
US20060074278 *Sep 1, 2005Apr 6, 2006Dominique PetitTissue retractor producing a widened operating channel
US20090099422 *Dec 15, 2005Apr 16, 2009Samuel GeorgeSpecula
US20110213207 *Sep 1, 2011Depuy Spine, Inc.Non-rigid surgical retractor
Cooperative ClassificationA61B1/32