US 556002 A
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4 Sheets-Sheet 1.
D. A. CARPENTER. MACHINE FOR ATTAGHING. BUTTONS T0 GARMENTS.
No. 556,002. Patented Mar. 10,1896.
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(No Model.) 4 Sheets-Sheet 2.
11. A. CARPENTER. MACHINE FOR ATTAGHING BUTTONS T0 GARMENTS.
No. 556,002. Patented Mar. 10, 1896,
nmllill Witmaooeo @W/ MW! I .allplllmd (No Model.) 4 Sheets-Sheet 3v D. A. CARPENTER.
MACHINE FOR ATTAGHING BUTTONS T0 GARMENTS. No. 556,002. Patented Mar. 10, 1896.
wimooeo m i h gwvemtoz Maw 920' AM w @Wq W (No Model. 4 Sheets-Sheet 4 1). A. CARPENTER. A MACHINE FOR ATTAGHING BUTTONS T0'GARMENTS1 No. 556,002.
Patented Mar. 10, 1896.
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DANIEL A. CARPENTER, OF NEIV YORK, N. Y.
MACHINE FOR ATTACHING BUTTONS TO GARMENTS.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 556,002, dated March 10, 1896. Application filed May 8,1393. erial No- 473,4=11. (N0 model.)
To aZZ whom it may concern:
Be it known that I, DANIEL A. CARPENTER, of New York city, in the county and State of New York, have invented a certain new and useful Improvement in Machines for Attaching Buttons to Garments, of which the following is a full, clear, and exact description, reference being had to the accompanying drawings, forming part of this specification.
This invention relates to improvements in machines which are adapted to attach buttons to garments by means of tubular metallic fasteners; and the invention consists of a machine having substantially the construction and combination of parts herein described and claimed.
In the accompanying drawings, Figure l is a side elevation of the machine mounted on a column, with pieces removed to expose the mechanism; Fig. 2, a front view, partly sectional, of the machine and upper part of the column, on an enlarged scale; Fig. 3, a fragmentary front view, on an enlarged scale,illustrating the operation; Fig. 4, a similar view at the end of the operation, with the table in section; Fig. 5, a side view, partly sectional, corresponding to Fig. 3; Fig. 6, a similar view corresponding to Fig. 4; Fig. 7, a section of the ends of the plunger and anvil, with the fastener upset in the button; Fig. 8, an under side view of the table; Fig. 9, a detail of the guide for the anvil; Fig. 10, a front view of a button-receiver different from that shown in the figures above described; Fig. 11, a side view of the same, and Fig. 12 a side view from the opposite side of the machine.
Similar reference-numbers designate like parts in the different views.
The button which this machine attaches to garments is commonly made in one piece and with a round hole through the center, and it is attached to the garments by means of a tubular fastener similar to an ordinary eyelet.
The machine rests on a standard, such as the column 1, and is operated by a treadle 10. On the top of this column is a flanged plate 11, forming a platform on which buttons and packages containing fasteners may be placed. The casting 2, composed of the upright part 20, the base 21, and part 22 extending downward from the base, forms the frame of the machine. To the frame is pivoted a lever 3, which is connected by a link 30 with a plunger 4 held in a guide 23 in the Between the sides of the part 22 are pivoted I a lever 5 and a guide-block 6. The guideblock is slotted so that the lever may be inserted in the end of the block, and the pin 50 passes through them both and through the sides of the part 22. tends upward through the base 21. The anvil 7 passes through the upper part, 60, of the guide-block and is connected by a link 51 with the lever 5. 6 is fixed a plate 61, which projects beyond the side of the block, as best shown in Fig. 2.
A slide 52 is attached to the frame by screws passing through slots in the slide, and its upper part overlaps and rests against the edge The guide-block ex- On the front of the block of the part 22 of the frame, and this part of l which is pivoted at its upper end to the slide and held at its lower end by a screw passing through a slot in the link. A spring 62 tends to tip the block 6 backward, as shown in Fig. 5.
In the anvil 7 is a pin 7 O, which is adapted to project from the anvil and rests on a spring 71, (shown in Fig. 7,) and the face of the anvil conforms to the base of the fastener. A rod 32 is connected by pivots to the lever3atone end and to the lever 5 at the other, and a rod 55 extends from the lever 5 to the treadle. The spring 56 attached to the standard near the bottom and to the lever 5 helps to restore the parts to their'proper positions after an operation.
On an arm 2& bolted to the frame is a reservoir 25, in which the fasteners are placed in bulk and from which they are discharged into the chute 8. The reservoir has openings in its side, and the fasteners are agitated and caused to pass through these openings by a rotating brush, to which motion is imparted by the rod 33 and ratchet and pawl 34. The chute is made at its lower end like that of an eyelet-machine and projects over the upper end of the anvil 7 when the block 6 is in clined, as shown in Figs. 1 and 5.
A table 9 is attached to the frame by an arm 90, which projects from the flat part 91 of the table. The part or plate 91 and the arm are cast in one piece. In the upper side of the plate is a groove in which are fitted slides 92, which lie flush with the surface of the plate. Each slide has a notch in its inner end, and the slides are so arranged that when they meet an opening 93 (shown in Fig. 8) is formed under the needle 40 that is just large enough to receive the needle. The slides are provided with blocks which are inserted in an opening in the plate 91, and whose inner faces 94: are beveled, as appears in Fig. 4. Pins 95 are fixed in the slides near their ends, and in the plate 91 is a pin 96, and on these pins are springs 97, which tend to press the slides together. The edges of the grooves in the plate 91 overlap the edges of the slides, as indicated, for example, in Fig. 5.
Between the table 9 and the guide 23 is a holder for the buttons. Two forms of such a holder are shown in the drawings. Figs. 1 to 6 inclusive show one of these, and Figs. 10 to 12 inclusive the other. The holder shown in Figs. 1 to (5 consists of the L-shaped part 12 and the spring 13. The part 12 rests on both sides of the frame behind the guide 23, and is fastened tightly thereto by a bolt, and it extends under the guide 23. The spring is made from a piece of flat steel, and is attached to the arm 90 of the table, and projects forward under the part 12.
In the part 12 is a channel 14 conforming to the buttons, and at the inner end of the channel is a hole through which the buttons may pass so as to rest on the spring. There is a slot in the spring adapted to receive the hub of the buttons and cause them to rest in a proper position under the plunger, as indicated in Fig. 5. The channel 14 and spring are inclined downward from the front part of the holder, so that the buttons will slide freely into the holder.
The holder illustrated in Figs. 10 to 12 is preferred to the one above described, and the machines are now being provided with this holder. It has the slotted foot 15 and extends upward on both sides of the frame behind the guide 23 and is pivoted by its sides 16 to the frame at 17. A rod 18 slotted at one end extends from the holder to the lever 3, as shown in Fig. 12, and a spring 19 tends to throw the foot of the holder forward and hold it under the guide of the plunger. Above the inner end of the foot 15 is a lip 29 adapted to overlap the flanges of the buttons when they rest in the holder.
The garment 99, to which a button is to be attached, is laid on the table 9, and the button is dropped into the button-holder. The
button slides into the holder with its hub in the slot in the spring 13, or in the slot in the foot 15 of the other holder, and when the hub reaches the inner end of the slot the opening in the button is directly under the needle. Pressure being applied to the treadle, the
anvil 7 is forced upward by the lever 5 and the link 51 until the pin enters the lowest fastener in the chute, the guide-block 6 re maining stationary in the meantime and until the screw in the hub 53 of the lever reaches the bottom of the slot in the link 54, and while the anvil is thus moved upward the plunger is caused to descend by the action of the lever 5 upon the rod 32 and of that rod on the lever 3. After the pin 7 O in the anvil '7 enters the fastener in the end of the chute the block 6 is thrown forward on the pivot 50 by the action of the slide or cam 52 on the projection formed by the plate 61, the slide being drawn downward by the link 54, and the fastener is drawn out of the chute and settles on the anvil, while the guide-block is held firmly in an upright position, so that the axis of the anvil coincides with that of the plunger. The anvil afterward moves upward as if it was held in a fixed vertical guide. As the plunger descends the needle 40 passes through the button, and if the button-holder is like that shown in Figs. 1 to 6 the spring 13 is forced downward by the plunger with the button resting in the spring, and the needle pierces the garment and enters the opening 93 in the table.
If the button-holder is like that shown in Figs. 10 to 12, it is drawn backward by the rod 18, so that the button falls out of the holder upon the garment or table, as indicated in dotted lines in Fig. 12; but before the holder is moved the plunger descends far enough to pass the needle through the button, and the point of the needle reaches the garment before the button falls out of the holder, so that the button slides down theneedle into the proper position on the garment and is there held by the needle. lVhen the needle has passed through the garment and into the hole in the table it meets the pin 7 O of the anvil, the spring 71 is compressed, and the pin recedes into the anvil followed by the needle. The slides 92 are separated by the action of the anvil on the beveled faces 94, and the fastener is forced up on the needle through the garment and button and clinched on the die at the base of the needle within the button. Pressure is then removed from the treadle and the parts are restored to the positions in which they normally rest; but the slide 52 does not start to move upward until the pin in the hub 53 reaches the upper end of the slot in the link 54, and the block 6 is not released from the slide, so as to be drawn backward into the inclined position in which it previously rested, until the upper end of the pin 7 O is below the level of the end of the chute.
By making the block 6 so that it extends down to the pin 50, and pivoting it there instead of above that point, the slide or cam may be made to act on the block such a long distance from the pivot as to hold the block Very firmly in its upright position, and it is important that the block should be thus held lest the needle and pin 70 should fail to meet in the proper manner and one of them be either bent or broken.
Having thus described my invention, what I claim as new, and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is-
1. In a machine for attaching buttons to garments, the combination of a guide-block pivoted to the frame and having a projection 61, the lever 5, anvil 7, link 51, cam 52, and link 54., substantially as described.
2. In a machine for attaching buttons to garments, the combination of the guide-block 6 having a projection 61, the lever 5, the pin forming a common pivot for the block and lever, the anvil 7, link 51, cam 52, link 54, and a spring tending to throw the upper end of the block backward, substantially as described.
3. In a machine for attaching buttons to garments, the combination of the guide-block 6 and lever 5 secured by a common pivot in the frame, the anvil 7, link 51, a cam adapted to throw the upper end of the guide-block forward, and means whereby the cam is actuated substantially as described.
4. In a machine for attaching buttons to garments, the combination of a chute adapted to supply fasteners, an anvil adapted to move upward and take fasteners from the chute, a plunger provided with a needle, and a table interposed between the guides of the anvil and plunger and having slides 92 with notches at their inner ends and with beveled surfaces 94 and with a spring or springs tending to from the chute, a plunger provided with a use dle, and a table interposed between the guides of the plunger and anvil and having movable plates with notches at their inner ends and with beveled surfaces 94 and with a spring or springs tending to force the plates together, substantially as described.
6. In a machine for attaching buttons to garments, the combination with an anvil and plunger of the lever 3, the button-holder pivoted to the frame and having the foot 15 provided with the slot open at one end and adapted to receive the hub of the button, the button-holder being arranged with the foot 15 projecting into the path of the plunger when the plunger is in the posit-ion in which it normally rests, a spring 19 tending to keep the button-holder in the path of the plunger, and a rod 18 connected to the button-holder and to the lever 3 and adapted to retract the holder simultaneously as the plunger advances, substantially as described.
DANIEL A. CARPENTER.
In presence of- CHAS. COLEMAN MILLER, FRANK B. PACKARD.