|Publication number||US5567543 A|
|Application number||US 08/439,331|
|Publication date||Oct 22, 1996|
|Filing date||May 11, 1995|
|Priority date||May 11, 1995|
|Publication number||08439331, 439331, US 5567543 A, US 5567543A, US-A-5567543, US5567543 A, US5567543A|
|Inventors||Douglas W. Constable|
|Original Assignee||Eastman Kodak Company|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (4), Non-Patent Citations (2), Referenced by (4), Classifications (17), Legal Events (5)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
The invention relates generally to the field of photography, and in particular to a filmstrip and flexible battery unit.
It is generally known in the field of instant photography for a film cassette to include discrete film sheets on which respective exposures are to be made in a camera and a separate planar battery which provides electrical energy necessary to operate an exposure control, film transport, and flash unit in the camera. When all of the film sheets in the cassette are exposed, the cassette with the battery is discarded.
Conversely, in non-instant traditional photography the film cassette only includes a filmstrip. The battery is a conventional off-the-shelf item which is not included in the cassette.
According to the invention, a film and battery unit comprises:
a filmstrip having a photosensitive side with successive imaging area is at which respective exposures are to be made and a non-photosensitive side; and
a thin, flat, flexible battery extending at least substantially along the non-photosensitive side of the filmstrip for providing electrical energy incidental to making the exposures, whereby the filmstrip and the flexible battery can be coiled into a roll inside a film cassette for example.
Preferably, an adhesive releasably secures the flexible battery toe the non-photosensitive side of the filmstrip to allow the flexible battery to be stripped from the filmstrip before the filmstrip is chemically processed to render the exposures visible.
In one embodiment of the invention, the flexible battery includes a plurality of individual cells located one after the other at least substantially along the non-photosensitive side of the filmstrip, and a conductive strip connects the individual cells in series and has respective anode and cathode electrodes for each of the cells.
In an alternative embodiment of the invention, the flexible battery includes an anode layer and a cathode layer in superposed relationship. The filmstrip includes an emulsion layer overlying the anode layer but leaving an edge portion of the anode layer exposed. An insulation strip overlies an edge portion of the cathode layer contiguous with the edge portion of the anode layer that is exposed to prevent the edge portion of the anode layer that is exposed from contacting the cathode layer when the filmstrip and the flexible battery are coiled into a roll.
In either embodiment, the flexible battery and/or the filmstrip include film metering perforations.
FIG. 1 is a plan view of one side of a film and flexible battery unit according to one embodiment of the invention;
FIG. 2 is a cross-section view of the film and flexible battery unit as seen in the direction of the arrowed line 2--2 in FIG. 1;
FIGS. 3 and 4 are plan views of reverse sides of an alternative embodiment of the film and flexible battery unit; and
FIG. 5 is a cross-section view of the film and flexible battery unit as seen in the direction of the arrowed line 5--5 in FIG. 3.
The invention is disclosed as being embodied preferably in a filmstrip and flexible battery unit. Because many features of a filmstrip and a flexible battery are known, the description which follows is directed in particular only to those elements forming part of or cooperating directly with the disclosed embodiment. It is to be understood, however, that other elements may take various forms known to a person of ordinary skill in the art.
A filmstrip and flexible battery unit 10 is shown in FIGS. 1 and 2 comprising a filmstrip 12 and a multi-cell, thin, flat, planar battery 14 which, together, can be coiled into a roll inside a film cassette for example.
The filmstrip 12 has a photosensitive side 16 with successive imaging areas 18 at which respective exposures are to be made and a non-photosensitive side 20, and is divided into a relatively short film leader portion 22, a relatively long film imaging portion 24 including the imaging areas 18, and a relatively short film trailer portion 26. See FIGS. 1 and 3. A pair of anticipation and metering perforations 28 and 30 are provided for each of the imaging areas 18, and single end-of-roll and turnaround perforations 32 and 34 are provided proximate the film trailer portion 26. As shown in FIG. 2, the filmstrip 12 has three layers, a non-conductive emulsion layer 36 including the photosensitive side 16, a non-conductive base layer 38, and a non-conductive transparent magnetic overcoat layer 40 including the non-photosensitive side 20.
The flexible battery 14 comprises a number of identical, evenly spaced cells 42 secured to the non-photosensitive side 20 of the film imaging portion 24 of the filmstrip 12 via a known non-conductive adhesive 44. The adhesive 44 secures the respective cells 42 opposite the imaging areas 18 as shown in FIG. 1, and is a releasable type which allows the flexible battery 14 to be stripped from the filmstrip 12 before the filmstrip is chemically processed to render the exposures made at the imaging areas visible. As shown in FIG. 2, each of the cells 42 have a planar anode layer 46 and a planar cathode layer 48 in superposed relationship. A number of conductive strips 50 connect the respective cells 42 in series. The conductive strips 50 each have integral portions forming a pair of anode and cathode electrodes 52 and 54 which are to be contacted in a camera to provide electrical energy incidental to making the exposures in the camera. The anode electrode 52 depends from atop the planar anode layer 46 onto a longitudinal edge portion 56 of the filmstrip 12, and the cathode electrode 54 extends from beneath the planar cathode layer 48 to an opposite edge portion 58 of the filmstrip.
An example of the technology from which the flexible battery 14 is derived is known as "the Bellcore battery system", and is described in the publication INDUSTRY WEEK, Dec. 19, 1994, pages 38, 39, 40 and 42, incorporated in this patent application. The Bellcore battery system is a thin-film plastic battery which can be cut, bent, and punched with holes, without leaking.
A filmstrip and flexible battery unit 60 is shown in FIGS. 3, 4, and 5 comprising a filmstrip 62 and a single-cell, flat, planar battery 64 which, together, can be coiled into a roll inside a film cassette for example.
The filmstrip 62 has a photosensitive side 66 with successive imaging areas 18 at which respective exposures are to be made, and is divided into a relatively short film leader portion 68, a relatively long film imaging portion 70 including the imaging areas 18, and a relatively short film trailer portion 72. As shown in FIG. 5, the filmstrip 62 has a single layer, a non-conductive emulsion layer 74 including the photosensitive side 66.
The flexible battery 64 comprises a single planar anode layer 76 and a single planar cathode layer 78 which with the emulsion layer 74 are in superposed relationship as shown in FIG. 5. The emulsion layer 74 overlies the anode layer 76 but leaves a longitudinal edge portion 80 of the anode layer exposed or uncovered. See FIG. 3. An insulation strip 82 overlies a longitudinal edge portion 84 of the planar cathode layer 78 contiguous with the longitudinal edge portion 80. See FIG. 4. The insulation strip 82 acts as a shield to prevent the longitudinal edge portion 80 from contacting the planar cathode layer 78 when the filmstrip 62 and the flexible battery 64 are coiled into a roll. The longitudinal edge portions 80 and 84 together with the insulation strip 82 have common pairs of anticipation and metering perforations 86 and 88 provided for the respective imaging areas 18.
Two arrows 90 and 92 indicate in FIG. 5 respective portions of the longitudinal edge portion 80 and the planar cathode layer 78 which are to be contacted in a camera to provide electrical energy incidental to making the exposures in the camera.
The invention has been described with reference to a preferred embodiment. However, it will be appreciated that variations and modifications can be effected by a person of ordinary skill in the art without departing from the scope of the invention.
10. filmstrip and flexible battery unit
14. flexible battery.
16. photosensitive film side
18. film imaging areas
20. non-photosensitive film side
22. film leader portion
24. film imaging portion
26. film trailer portion
28. anticipation perforations
30. metering perforations
32. end-of-roll perforation
34. turn around perforation
36. emulsion layer
38. base layer
40. transparent magnetic overcoat layer
46. planar anode layers
48. planar cathode layers
50. conductive strips
52. strip anode electrodes
54. strip cathode electrodes
56. longitudinal film edge portion
58. longitudinal film edge portion
60. filmstrip and flexible battery unit
64. flexible battery
66. photosensitive film side
68. film leader portion
70. film imaging portion
72. film trailer portion
74. emulsion layer
76. planar anode layer
78. planar cathode layer
80. longitudinal anode edge portion
82. insulation strip
84. longitudinal cathode edge portion
86. anticipation perforations
88. metering perforations
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US3967292 *||Dec 23, 1974||Jun 29, 1976||Polaroid Corporation||Film assembly including a hermetically sealed battery|
|US4188105 *||Nov 6, 1978||Feb 12, 1980||Polaroid Corporation||Battery containing film cassette wherein removal of last sheet insulates contacts|
|US4427748 *||Dec 22, 1975||Jan 24, 1984||Polaroid Corporation||Planar battery comprising a terminal plate having gas venting orifice covered with a layer of gas permeable material|
|US5326652 *||Jan 25, 1993||Jul 5, 1994||Micron Semiconductor, Inc.||Battery package and method using flexible polymer films having a deposited layer of an inorganic material|
|1||*||Industry Week; Dec. 19, 1994; pp. 38 42; Technology Of The Year; Bellcore; By Tim Stevens.|
|2||Industry Week; Dec. 19, 1994; pp. 38-42; Technology Of The Year; Bellcore; By Tim Stevens.|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US5776628 *||Jun 30, 1997||Jul 7, 1998||Wilson Greatbatch Ltd.||Flat-folded, multi-plate electrode assembly|
|US6040075 *||Dec 15, 1995||Mar 21, 2000||Loughborough University Of Technology||Electrolytic and fuel cell arrangements|
|CN100433411C||Jul 23, 1999||Nov 12, 2008||蒋重光;雷敏宏||Cell card and electronic apparatus using same|
|WO2001006580A1 *||Jul 23, 1999||Jan 25, 2001||Chaing Cyril C K||Battery card and electrical apparatus using same battery card assembly|
|U.S. Classification||429/127, 429/162, 396/301, 396/512, 429/160|
|International Classification||G03B17/32, H01M6/18, G03C3/00, G03C1/76, G03C3/02, H01M6/40|
|Cooperative Classification||H01M6/40, G03B17/32, H01M6/181|
|European Classification||G03B17/32, H01M6/40, H01M6/18B|
|May 11, 1995||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: EASTMAN KODAK COMPANY, NEW YORK
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:CONSTABLE, DOUGLAS W.;REEL/FRAME:007509/0685
Effective date: 19950510
|Mar 29, 2000||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 4
|May 12, 2004||REMI||Maintenance fee reminder mailed|
|Oct 22, 2004||LAPS||Lapse for failure to pay maintenance fees|
|Dec 21, 2004||FP||Expired due to failure to pay maintenance fee|
Effective date: 20041022