|Publication number||US5624619 A|
|Application number||US 08/373,217|
|Publication date||Apr 29, 1997|
|Filing date||Jul 10, 1993|
|Priority date||Jul 18, 1992|
|Also published as||DE4223703A1, EP0652818A1, EP0652818B1, WO1994002300A1|
|Publication number||08373217, 373217, PCT/1993/1812, PCT/EP/1993/001812, PCT/EP/1993/01812, PCT/EP/93/001812, PCT/EP/93/01812, PCT/EP1993/001812, PCT/EP1993/01812, PCT/EP1993001812, PCT/EP199301812, PCT/EP93/001812, PCT/EP93/01812, PCT/EP93001812, PCT/EP9301812, US 5624619 A, US 5624619A, US-A-5624619, US5624619 A, US5624619A|
|Original Assignee||Hp - Chemie Pelzer Research & Development, Ltd.|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (12), Non-Patent Citations (2), Referenced by (8), Classifications (11), Legal Events (5)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
The subject matter of the invention are moulded articles with leather-like surfaces for use in the automobile industry as well as a process for the production thereof.
The use of waste leather is known from "Ullmanns Encyklopadie der technischen Chemie", 4. ed., vol. 16, p. 174. According to this, waste leather can be defibrated and subsequently can be processed to fibrous waste leather. By this single-layered sheet materials of leather fibers and binders are understood. According to this, the fibrous leather materials are used for bag leather goods, but particularly in the production of shoes as well as for technical leather gaskets. The waste leather materials are, for instance, wet or dry ground in crushing mills, or wet ground in toothed disk mills and refiners, or also wet defibrated in hollander beaters, whereby the fibers should have a length of 3 to 12 mm. Water insoluble, particularly natural or synthetic rubber latices as well as dispersions of acrylic ester, vinylester and isobutylene polymerizate and mixed polymerizates have been found to be particularly successful as binders. The amount of binder is between 8 and 40%. With fibrous leather materials having higher portions (20 to 30%) of water insoluble binders, the characteristics of the binder are according to this preponderating. With goods having a lower content of binder (less than 20%), the fibrous character is preponderating; these materials are more absorptive and more leather-like.
From DE 34 17 369 C2 a process is known for producing an injection-mouldable compound material in which a polyester-cotton mixed fiber from waste fabric is fused with a polyolefin. However, the material prepared in this way does not have a sufficient water-absorbing capacity, as well as the feel characteristics, typical of leather.
DE 21 20 149 A1 describes weather resistant and torsion-free plates, tubes, rods and other moulded articles consisting of binders and filler made of used material, among other things waste of paper, cardboard articles, knitted goods, cottons, linens, synthetic fibers, leather, rags, hay, straw, foliage, grass, shells of cereals and fruits, pits and peels of fruits and potatoes as well as metal chips, metal grains, metal powders, metals, polystyrene, waste from plastic processing, natural fibers like jute, sisal or hemp. Information about the amounts of used filler materials is not included.
In opposition to that, the object of the present invention consists in the fact to provide moulded articles with leather-like surface properties in the automobile industry on the basis of thermoplastic materials or elastic duroplasts which, however, have a soft leather-like feel and the water-absorbing capacity, typical of leather.
In a first embodiment of the present invention, the above mentioned object is resolved by moulded articles in the automobile industry having leather-like surface properties, comprising a thermoplastic material or an elastic duroplast and ground waste leather in an amount of up to 95% per weight in relation to the moulded article.
Steering wheel coverings in the automobile sector are often made of thermoplastic polyurethane foams. The plastic foam is applied on a core of metal or splinterproof plastic according to the per se known injection moulding process. However, the disadvantages of such steering wheel coverings, which are known in the state of the art, are the non-existent water-absorbing capacity and the relatively hard feel of the used polyurethane foam.
It has been found now by means of the present invention that by using ground waste leather, the surface properties of such moulded articles could be substantially improved. By this way, a leather-like soft feel and a high water-absorbing capacity was attained when waste leather in an amount of, for instance, 70% per weight was added to the polyurethane during the injection moulding.
The fiber length of the waste leather does principally influence the surface structure and particularly the visual appearance and the feel of the moulded articles to be produced. According to this, in another embodiment of the present invention it is preferred that the fiber length of the waste leather is 0,1 to 10 mm, particularly 0,1 to 5 mm.
Besides the fiber length, it is self-evident that additionally the amount of the ground waste leather to be used, is of particularly importance for the leather-like surface properites. A too low amount of the ground waste leather is not suitable to provide the desired leather-like surface properties. According to this, in a further embodiment of the present invention it is particularly preferred to add the ground waste leather in an amount of from 20 to 95% per weight, particularly 60 to 80% per weight.
The desired surface propterties can be further refined or accentuated by subsequent treatments of the surface area by means of the most different processes. For instance, it is possible to prepare the desired surface treatment by embossing, grinding, plasma treatment, corona discharge, sandblasting or shot peening.
By means of the present invention, it is possible to produce a series of moulded articles in the automobile industry, e.g. surface coatings of objects, parts of installations, textiles, facings, sheathing, particularly floor coverings, linings of luggage trunks, roof linings, dashboard sheathing, switches, shift lever knobs, door knobs and/or steering wheel coverings. In the praxis, the waste leather can be used in any place where the optical properties play an important role. Furthermore, a sound-insulating is also of importance.
Moulded articles in the meaning of the present invention comprise, besides such that essentially consist of thermoplastic waste materials and waste leather, also such whereby the mixture of these components is applied to a carrier, e.g. a nonwoven fabric. In this way, besides a covering in the form of layers, the provision of composite material is comprised.
Generally, the way of adding the waste leather to the thermoplastic materials or elastic duroplasts is not critical. Principally, the ground waste leather may be added during the production or processing of the plastic material.
According to this, in a further embodiment of the present invention it is preferred to add the ground waste leather during the polymerization, polycondensation or polymer conversion. In the same way it is naturally possible, to add the ground waste leather during compounding, particularly when mixing, rolling, kneading, granulating, particularly hot-cut pelletization or strand pelletization, comminution or grinding of the thermoplastic materials.
Furthermore, it is particularly preferred to add the ground waste leather during casting, particularly monomer casting, film casting, die casting, pouring out, rotational casting and centrifugal casting, immersion, particularly paste dipping, powder dipping and coating, sintering, particularly sintering moulding, pour sintering, rotational sintering, fluidized-bed coating, flame spraying and electrostatic coating, foaming, compression, rolling, calendering, extrusion or injection moulding.
A further embodiment of the process according to the invention is to be seen in the application of waste leather in the form of fibers of the same length to the still uncured moulded article, feeding an electrostatic field to the plastic material and curing the plastic material.
In this case, fibers form waste leather of the same length are sprinkled over the still uncured moulded article made of thermoplastic material or elastic duroplast, and thereby being exposed to an electrostatic field (e.g., of from 20 000 to 60 000 volts). The fibers cut to the same length are aligned in the electrostatic field and are shooting like little spears into the still viscous surface area of the plastic material. However, the acceleration of the fibers is limited by the high-voltage; also, the distance between the poles should not be too large because the air causes a retardation anyway, and an increase of the voltage no more causes an acceleration, at the most a spark discharge.
The unassembled fiber powder can be eliminated at the desired places by commutation of the electrostatic field or by beating under simultaneous sucking-off.
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US4497871 *||Apr 27, 1983||Feb 5, 1985||Henke Edward W||Reconstituted leather and method of manufacturing same|
|US5171494 *||Mar 12, 1990||Dec 15, 1992||Ein (America) Inc.||Method of producing a paint which on application imparts a surface with a tanned skin or leather-like appearance|
|US5405563 *||Nov 6, 1992||Apr 11, 1995||Sekisui Kaseihin Kogyo Kabushiki Kaisha||Process for producing leather-like thermoplastic polyester series resin sheet|
|DE2120149A1 *||Apr 24, 1971||Nov 9, 1972||Moulded articles mfrd from bonding agents, plastics and scrap - filling material esp for cladding panels|
|DE2700505A1 *||Jan 7, 1977||Jul 13, 1978||Hermann Wentzel||Leather fibre fabrics prodn. by wet processing - using heat coagulable binder to assist dewatering on the drainage wire|
|DE3417369A1 *||May 10, 1984||Nov 15, 1984||Mikuni Seisakusho||Verbindung aus zusammengesetztem material unter verwendung von abfall-kunstfaser|
|DE3823157A1 *||Jul 8, 1988||Feb 8, 1990||Inst Textil & Faserforschung||Process for producing a beflocked sheet material by means of high-energy rays starting from low molecular weight polymerisable compounds|
|EP0089029A2 *||Mar 11, 1983||Sep 21, 1983||Amf Incorporated||Reconstituted leather product from fibrillated leather fibers|
|EP0092594A1 *||Apr 24, 1982||Nov 2, 1983||Edmond Dominique Krecke||Method for making a leather base material and material made according to the method|
|EP0256663A2 *||Jul 13, 1987||Feb 24, 1988||Ein (America) Inc.||Animal protein resin-plastic compositions and manufactures incorporating animal skins and/or leather and/or gelatin powder therein, the powder therein, and method of producing the same|
|HU40316A *||Title not available|
|JPS57154472A *||Title not available|
|1||*||DATABASE WPI Week 8704, Derwent Publications Ltd., London, GB; AN 87-024105; & HU-A-40 316 (NADEX NADGAZDASAGI)|
|2||*||Ullmanns Encyklopadie der Technischen Chemie, 4th ed., vol. 16, p. 174.|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US6264879 *||Jun 4, 1999||Jul 24, 2001||Mat, Inc.||Reconstituted leather product and process|
|US6454974||Dec 17, 1999||Sep 24, 2002||Magna International Of America, Inc.||Method for vacuum pressure forming reinforced plastic articles|
|US6872432||Aug 16, 2002||Mar 29, 2005||Magna International Of America, Inc.||Hard top produced by method for vacuum pressure forming reinforced plastic articles|
|US6977115||Dec 17, 1999||Dec 20, 2005||Magna International Of America, Inc.||Low pressure compression molded parts having nano-particle reinforced protrusions and method of making the same|
|US6988305||Dec 17, 1999||Jan 24, 2006||Magna International Of America, Inc.||Method and apparatus for blow molding large reinforced plastic parts|
|US8623249 *||Jul 26, 2010||Jan 7, 2014||Bader Gmbh & Co. Kg||Method for producing leather pellets and compound granules, and use thereof|
|US20050048276 *||Jul 29, 2004||Mar 3, 2005||Magna International Of America, Inc.||Structural foam composite having nano-particle reinforcement and method of making the same|
|US20120133071 *||Jul 26, 2010||May 31, 2012||Bader Gmbh & Co. Kg||Method for producing leather pellets and compound granules, and use thereof|
|U.S. Classification||264/109, 264/913, 264/916|
|International Classification||C08L89/06, B60R13/02|
|Cooperative Classification||C08L89/06, B60R13/02, Y10S264/913, Y10S264/916|
|European Classification||C08L89/06, B60R13/02|
|Feb 15, 1995||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: HP-CHEMIE PELZER RESEARCH & DEVELOPMENT LTD., IREL
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:PELZER, HELMUT;REEL/FRAME:007438/0020
Effective date: 19950109
|Sep 14, 2000||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 4
|Oct 10, 2004||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 8
|Jan 25, 2006||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: BAYERISCHE LANDESBANK, GERMANY
Free format text: SECURITY AGREEMENT;ASSIGNOR:HP-CHEMIE PELZER RESEARCH & DEVELOPMENT LIMITED (FKA LINKLINE LIMITED);REEL/FRAME:017057/0947
Effective date: 20051114
|Sep 26, 2008||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 12