US 563784 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
No. 563,784. Patented July '114, 1896.
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UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.
ALBRT MORLEY, OF CHICAGO, ILLINOIS.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 563,784, dated July 14, 1896. Application filed October 23,1894. Serial No. 526,701. (No model.)
To cri/ZZ whom it may concern-.-
Be it known that I, ALBERT MORLEY, a citi` zen of the United States, residing` at Chicago, in the county of Cook and State of Illinois, have invented a certain new and useful Improvement in Curling-Irons, of which the following is a specilication.
illy invention relates to curling-irons, and has for its object to provide a curling-iron having the peculiar action and the new and improved constructional featureshereinafter described.
My invention is illustrated in the accompanying drawings, whereinl Figure 1 is a side elevation, in part section, of a curling-iron embodying my invention. Fig. 2 is aview of the same when in position to be heated. Fig. 3 is a view of the same when in position to release the curled hair.
Like letters refer to like parts throughout the several figures.
The handle A of the curling-iron is hollowed out for the reception of the `shaft A'. Said shaft is free to rotate, but is prevented from moving longitudinallT by the pin A2,
which passes through the handle A and enters the groove A3, extending around the shaft A. The shaft A has a mandrel pivoted or hinged thereto at the point A5. A sleeve B surrounds the shaft A and is provided with the slot B', through which passes the pin A6, which is attached to the shaft. The hole in the handle A is larger than the shaft, as shown, so that the sleeve B may slide longitudinally along said mandrel and shaft. A coil-spring C surrounds the sleeve B and bears at one end against the handle A and at the other against the knob or button G, rigidly attached to said sleeve. The clasp D is pivoted to the sleeve B at D' and is provided with the thumb-piece D2. An eX- pansionspring C2, connected with the thumb* piece D2 and knob C', normally holds said clasp against the mandrel. lt is evident th at these several parts may be somewhat modilied in construction and arrangement without departing 'from the spirit of my invention, and I therefore do not wish to be limited to the exact construction shown.
The use and operation of my invention are as follows:
The curling-iron is normally in the position shown in Fig. l. lVhen it is desired to heat the mandrel, the knob C' is pulled toward the handle by means of the finger or thumb, and when the outer end of the sleeve B passes the pivotal point A5 of the mandrel said mandrel takes the posit-ion shown in Fig. 2. When in this position, the sleeve B is locked by said mandrel, so that it cannot move back to its normal position, when the knob G' is released and the spring C is held in its compressed position. The other end of the mandrel may be inserted in a lamp-chimney, for example, and the handle will be in a position where it will not be affected by the heat. The handle may also be released while the mandrel is being heated, as the curling-iron will remain in position on the top of the lamp-chimney When thus released. lVhen the mandrel becomes sufficiently heated, it may be withdrawn from the chimney, and if the curlingiron is then thrown upward without being released from the grasp the outer end of the mandrel will be moved in line with the inner end, and, the spring G being released, the parts will take the position shown in Fig. 1. The hair may now be clasped between the heated mandrel and the clasp D in the usual manner and said mandrel and clasp rotated by rotating the knob C'. Said knob is in such a position that this may conveniently be done by the thumb or fin ger of the hand grasping the handle A. The pin AG causes the sleeve and mandrel to rotate together. Said pin also keeps the sleeve B and mandrel in the same relative position, so that said mandrel will always be free to take the position shown in Fig. 2 when the sleeve is drawn back past the pivotal point- A5. Then it is desired to release the hair from the curling-iron, the knob C is held stationary and the mandrel is drawn out of the coil or curl of hair, the sleeve B moving longitudinally along the shaft and mandrel, the parts taking the position shown in Fig. 3. Vhen the mandrel is withdrawn from the curl of hair, said curl will be left in position on the end of the clasp D. Said clasp can then be easily withdrawn, so that the hair is left in a curled position and the necessity of rotating the curling-iron so as to uncoil the hair is obviated.
The pin A5 limits the motion and prevents the mandrel from being entirely withdrawn IOC from the sleeve B. The iron may now be brought baek to the position shown in Fig. 2 and reheated.
l claiml. The combination in a Curling-iron of a clasp, a handle, a shaft rotatably mounted in said handle, a mandrel pivoted or hinged to said shaft, a sleeve that normally holds said mandrel and shaft in line, movable longitudinally with relation to said mandrel and shaft so as to release the mandrel when moved and allow it to be moved to an angular position.
2. The Combination in a curling-iron of a handle, a shaft rotatably mounted in said handle, a mandrel about which the hair is curled pivoted or hinged to said shaft, a clasp or clamp movably connected With said man drel and adapted vto Clamp the hair to the mandrel, the connection between said clasp and mandrel being suoli that said clasp may be moved longitudinally with relation to said mandrel so that said mandrel and clasp may be independently withdrawn from the ooilof hair, thus allowing,` the curling-iron to be removed without uneoilin'g the hair.
The Combination in a Curling-iron of al handle, a shaft rotatably mounted in said handle, a mandrel pivoted or hinged to said shaft, a sleeve encircling said shaft and mandrel and movable longitudinally 'therealong so as to release the mandrel, a elasp or clamp adapted to Clamp the hair to the mandrel and a spring which normally holds said sleeve so that it engages the shaft and mandrel and keeps them in line.
4. The combination in a curling-iron of a handle, a shaft rotatably mounted in said handle, a mandrel pivoted or hinged to said shaft, a sleeve surrounding said mandrel, and adapted to be moved therealong, a spring which normally holds the sleeve in a position toengage said shaft and mandrel and keep them in line but movable longitudinally therealong so as to allow said mandrel to move to an angular position with relation to said shaft, a connection between said sleeve and said shaft by which they are made to .rotate zogether, vand a knob attached to said sleeve vand in a position to be moved by the hand that grasps the handle, substantially as described.
5. In a eurlingdron, the Combination or' a handle, a rotary shaft mounted therein. a mandrel hinged to said shaft, the hinge being independent of the handle, and means for ro tating the shaft.
JNO. H. COULTER, FRANCIS M. IRELAND.